Book of Proverbs : Chapters 1-15. (New International Commentary on the Old Testament)

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Book of Proverbs : Chapters 1-15. (New International Commentary on the Old Testament)

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  • Eerdmans Pub Co(2004/10発売)
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  • ポイント 134pt
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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 693 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
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Full Description


Over twenty-five years in the making, this much-anticipated commentary promises to be the standard study of Proverbs for years to come. Written by eminent Old Testament scholar Bruce Waltke, this two-volume commentary is unquestionably the most comprehensive work on Proverbs available. Grounded in the new literary criticism that has so strengthened biblical interpretation of late, Waltke's commentary on Proverbs demonstrates the profound, ongoing relevance of this Old Testament book for Christian faith and life. A thorough introduction addresses such issues as text and versions, structure, authorship, and theology. The detailed commentary itself explains and elucidates Proverbs as -theological literature.- Waltke's highly readable style -- evident even in his original translation of the Hebrew text -- makes his scholarly work accessible to teachers, pastors, Bible students, and general readers alike.

Table of Contents

General Editor's Preface                           xix
Author's Preface xxi
Abbreviations xxvi
Introduction
Title 1 (1)
Text and Versions 1 (8)
Hebrew Texts 2 (1)
Greek Versions (LXX) 2 (3)
Other Ancient Versions 5 (2)
Conclusion 7 (2)
Structure 9 (19)
Introduction 9 (1)
Collection I: Title with Preamble 10 (4)
(1:1-7), Prologue (1:8-8:36), and
Epilogue (9:1-18)
Title with Preamble (1:1-7) 10 (1)
Prologue and Epilogue (1:8-9:18) 10 (1)
Prologue (1:8-8:36) 10 (1)
Epilogue (9:1-18) 11 (1)
Organization of 1:8-9:18 12 (2)
Collection II: Proverbs of Solomon 14 (7)
(10:1-22:16)
Introduction 14 (1)
Sections of Collection II 15 (2)
Units of Collection II 17 (4)
Collection III: The Thirty Sayings of the 21 (3)
Wise (22:17-24:22)
Collection IV: Further Sayings of the 24 (1)
Wise (24:23-34)
Collection V: Solomon II (25:1-29:27) 25 (1)
Collection VI: The Sayings of Agur Son of 26 (1)
Jakeh (30:1-33)
Collection VII: The Sayings of Lemuel 27 (1)
(31:1-31)
Ancient Near Eastern Wisdom Literature 28 (3)
Authorship 31 (7)
Solomon 31 (5)
Agur and Lemuel 36 (1)
The Final Editor 36 (2)
Forms of Proverbs 38 (25)
Poetry 38 (7)
Terseness and Aphorisms 38 (1)
Imagery or Figures 39 (2)
Parallelism 41 (1)
Sounds and Syllables 41 (1)
Words, Phrases, and Syntax 42 (1)
Meaning of the Verset Halves 43 (2)
Poetics 45 (5)
Wisdom Genre 50 (5)
Genres in the Book of Proverbs 55 (3)
Definition of ``Proverb'' 55 (2)
Proverbs and Sayings 57 (1)
Short Sayings and Long Admonitions 57 (1)
Setting 58 (5)
Setting of Composition 58 (4)
Setting of Dissemination 62 (1)
Theology 63 (70)
Introduction 64 (3)
The Theology of Proverbs and Biblical 64 (1)
Theology
Proverbs and Pan-Oriental Wisdom 65 (2)
Literature
God 67 (9)
Names of God 67 (1)
God as Creator 68 (1)
The Lord's Transcendence and Immanence 69 (1)
The Lord's Transcendence 69 (2)
The Lord's Immanence 71 (2)
Retribution 73 (3)
Revelation, Inspiration, and Tradition 76 (12)
Definitions of ``Wisdom'' and of 76 (2)
``Knowledge''
Revelation 78 (2)
Inspiration 80 (3)
Identification of Woman Wisdom 83 (1)
Her Persona 83 (3)
Her Reality 86 (1)
Tradition 87 (1)
Anthropology 88 (38)
Human Beings in General 89 (1)
Words for Humankind 89 (1)
Nepes (Traditionally ``Soul'') 90 (1)
Heart 90 (2)
Spirit 92 (1)
The Wise and Fools 93 (1)
Introduction: Correlative Terms 93 (1)
The Wise and Righteous 94 (1)
The Wise and Righteous and Other 94 (6)
Correlative Terms
The Fear of the Lord 100 (1)
The Wise and Words 101 (2)
The Wise and Wealth 103 (1)
The Wise and Their Rewards: Life 104 (3)
Does Proverbs Promise Too Much? 107 (2)
Fools and the Wicked 109 (1)
Fools, the Wicked, and Other 109 (2)
Correlative Terms
The Gullible (pett) 111 (1)
Two Words for Fool (ewil and kesil) 112 (2)
The Mocker (les) 114 (1)
The Sluggard ('asel) 114 (1)
The Senseless (hsar leb) 115 (1)
The Grave (Traditionally Sheol) 116 (1)
Male and Female 116 (1)
Man and Woman 116 (2)
Husband and Wife 118 (1)
Father and Mother 118 (1)
The Unchaste (``Strange'') Wife 119 (1)
The ``Unchaste Woman'' (issa zara) 120 (1)
The ``Outsider'' (nokriya) 121 (1)
``An Unfaithful, Apostate Wife'' 122 (2)
Conclusion 124 (2)
Pedagogy 126 (1)
Christology 126 (7)
Proverbs' Enduring Relevance 126 (1)
Woman Wisdom as a Type of Jesus Christ 127 (1)
Historical Background 127 (3)
Similarities and Superiority of Jesus 130 (1)
Christ to Woman Wisdom
The Superiority of Jesus Christ to 131 (1)
Solomon's Wisdom
Conclusion 132 (1)
Bibliography 133 (40)
TEXT AND COMMENTARY
Collection I (1:1-9:18) 173 (274)
Title and Preamble (1:1-7) 173 (8)
Title (1:1) 173 (1)
Preamble (1:2-7) 174 (1)
Purpose and Addressees (1:2-6) 174 (1)
Summary of Purpose: Substance and 175 (2)
Expression of Wisdom (1:2)
Substance of Wisdom and Addressees 177 (2)
(1:3-5)
Expression of Wisdom (1:6) 179 (1)
The Book's Foundation (1:7) 180 (1)
Prologue and Epilogue (1:8-9:18) 181 (266)
Lecture 1: Exhortation to Listen and to 183 (3)
Reject the Gang's Invitation (1:8-19)
A Parent's Exhortation and a Son's 186 (1)
Adornments (1:8-9)
Address and Admonition (1:8) 186 (1)
Motivation (1:9) 187 (1)
Lesson: Resist the Gang's Invitation 188 (1)
(1:10-19)
Introduction: Summary Statement (1:10) 189 (1)
Body: Sinners' Temptation Unfolded 190 (3)
(1:11-14)
Body: The Father's Warning Unfolded 193 (3)
(1:15-18)
Conclusion: The Lesson's Moral (1:19) 196 (1)
First Interlude: Wisdom's Rebuke of the 197 (4)
Gullible (1:20-33)
The Setting of the Sermon (1:20-21) 201 (1)
Wisdom's Sermon (1:22-27) 202 (1)
Introductory Accusation (1:22-23) 202 (3)
Denunciation (1:24-27) 205 (4)
Wisdom's Reflection on Her Sermon 209 (1)
(1:28-33)
Certainty and Finality of the 209 (3)
Gullible's Judgment (1:28-31)
Conclusion: Summary of the Destinies of 212 (1)
Fools and the Wise (1:32-33)
Lecture 2: Safeguard against the Wicked 213 (6)
(2:1-22)
Introduction: Conditions (2:1-4) 219 (3)
Consequence: Protection (2:5-11) 222 (1)
Religious Education Leading to Divine 222 (5)
Protection (2:5-8)
Ethical Education Leading to Character 227 (1)
Protection (2:9-11)
The Purpose of Protection (2:12-22) 228 (1)
Deliverance from the Wicked Man 228 (2)
(2:12-15)
Purpose 2: Deliverance from the 230 (3)
Unchaste Wife (2:16-19)
Conclusion: Life on the Earth versus 233 (3)
Death (2:20-22)
Lecture 3: The Lord's Promises and the 236 (4)
Son's Obligations (3:1-12)
Introduction: Admonitions to Preserve 240 (3)
the Father's Teaching (3:1-4)
Body: A Lesson in Piety: Trust, Fear, 243 (5)
and Honor the Lord (3:5-10)
Conclusion: Do Not Reject the Lord's 248 (2)
Discipline (3:11-12)
Lecture 4: The Value of Wisdom (3:13-35) 250 (5)
Exordium: The Value of Wisdom (3:13-26) 255 (1)
The Value of Wisdom to adam (3:13-18) 256 (4)
The Value of Wisdom to the Lord 260 (3)
(3:19-20)
The Value of Wisdom to the Son (3:21-26) 263 (2)
Lesson: Covenant Obligations to 265 (1)
Neighbors (3:27-35)
Commands: Obligations to Good Neighbors 266 (3)
(3:27-30)
Center Line (Janus): Do Not Envy a 269 (1)
Violent Man (3:31)
Argument: The Lord Punishes the Wicked 270 (4)
but Rewards the Righteous (3:32-35)
Lecture 5: Get the Family Heritage 274 (2)
(4:1-9)
Introduction: Addressees and 276 (1)
Admonitions (4:1-2)
The Lesson: The Grandfather's Lecture 277 (1)
(4:3-9)
Narrative Introduction to the 277 (1)
Grandfather's Lecture (4:3-5)
The Grandfather's Lecture: Get Wisdom 278 (5)
(4:5-9)
Lecture 6: Stay Off the Wrong Way 283 (3)
(4:10-19)
Introduction and Body (4:10-17) 286 (1)
Admonitions to Walk in the Way of 286 (3)
Wisdom (4:10-13)
Admonitions to Avoid the Way of the 289 (2)
Wicked (4:14-17)
Conclusion (4:18-19) 291 (2)
Lecture 7: Don't Swerve from the Right 293 (3)
Way (4:20-27)
Introduction: Keeping the Interior 296 (1)
Anatomy (4:20-22)
Address and Admonitions to Keep the 296 (1)
Father's Teaching (vv. 20-21)
Motivating Argument: Teachings Give 297 (1)
Life (4:22)
Janus: Guard the Heart, the Source of 297 (1)
All Behavior (4:23)
Lesson: Keep the Exterior Anatomy Fixed 298 (1)
on What Is Right (4:24-27)
The Mouth and Eyes (4:24-25) 299 (1)
The Foot (4:26-27) 300 (1)
Lecture 8: Folly of Adultery, Wisdom of 301 (5)
Marriage (5:1-23)
Introduction (5:1-6) 306 (1)
Address, Admonition, and Aim (5:1-2) 306 (1)
Motivation (5:3-6) 307 (3)
Lesson (5:7-20) 310 (1)
The Folly of Adultery (5:7-14) 310 (6)
The Wisdom of Marriage (5:15-20) 316 (7)
Conclusion (5:21-23) 323 (2)
Appendix: Three Inferior Types of Men 325 (4)
(6:1-19)
Warning against Becoming Surety (6:1-5) 329 (2)
Introduction: The Foolish Situation 331 (2)
(6:1-2)
Body: Urgent Admonitions to Resolve the 333 (1)
Situation (6:3-4)
Conclusion: Summary of the Lecture (6:5) 334 (1)
Warning to the Sluggard (6:6-11) 335 (1)
Admonition to Learn Wisdom from the Ant 336 (2)
(6:6-8)
Condemnation of the Sluggard (6:9-11) 338 (3)
Warning against the Insurrectionist 341 (1)
(6:12-19)
Seven Marks of an Insurrectionist 342 (3)
(6:12-15)
Catalogue of Seven Abominations to the 345 (3)
Lord (6:16-19)
Lecture 9: The High Price of an 348 (2)
Unchaste Wife (6:20-35)
Introduction (6:20-24) 350 (1)
Address and Admonition to Be Attentive 350 (1)
(6:20-21)
Motivation (6:22-24) 351 (2)
Lesson (6:25-35a) 353 (1)
Admonition (6:25) 353 (1)
Argument 1: Adultery's Severe, 354 (5)
Inevitable, Unending Penalty (6:26-33)
Argument 2: The Cuckold Cannot Be 359 (2)
Compensated (3:34-35)
Lecture 10: The Unchaste Wife's 361 (7)
Seductive Tactics (7:1-27)
Introduction: Address and Admonition to 368 (2)
Hear the Father's Lecture (7:1-5)
Lesson: The Unchaste Wife's Seductive 370 (1)
Tactics (7:6-23)
Encounter: The Father's Observations 370 (6)
(7:6-13)
Seduction: The Unchaste Wife's Smooth 376 (6)
Speech (7:14-20)
Fall: The Gullible's Submission 382 (2)
(7:21-23)
Conclusion (7:24-27) 384 (1)
Admonition: Listen to the Father, Not 384 (1)
to the Unchaste Wife (7:24-25)
Motivation: The Unchaste Wife Is Deadly 384 (2)
(7:26-27)
Interlude 2: Wisdom's Self-Praise to 386 (8)
the Gullible (8:1-36)
Introduction (8:1-11) 394 (1)
The Setting and Addressees of Wisdom's 394 (2)
Speech (8:1-5)
Wisdom's Exhortation to Listen with 396 (3)
Motivation (8:6-11)
Lesson (8:12-31) 399 (1)
Wisdom's Communicable Attributes in 400 (1)
Historical Time (8:12-31)
Wisdom's Role in Civil Order (8:12-16) 400 (3)
Wisdom's Gifts of Material Glory for 403 (3)
Her Lovers (8:17-21)
Wisdom's Birth and Celebration in 406 (17)
Primordial Time (8:22-31)
Conclusion: Wisdom's Final Invitation 423 (3)
and Warning (8:32-36)
Epilogue: Rival Banquets of Wisdom and 426 (5)
Folly (9:1-18)
Wisdom's Banquet (9:1-6) 431 (1)
Preparation for the Meal (9:1-3) 431 (5)
Wisdom's Invitation (9:4-6) 436 (2)
The Poet's Supplement to the 438 (1)
Invitations (9:7-12)
The Consequences to the Sage for 439 (2)
Correcting the Proud versus the Wise
(9:7-9)
Janus: The Beginning and Gain of Wisdom 441 (1)
(9:10)
The Consequences to Oneself of Being 442 (1)
Wise or a Mocker (9:11-12)
Folly's Banquet (9:13-18) 443 (1)
The Pretentious Hostess (9:13-15) 443 (2)
Folly's Invitation (9:16-17) 445 (1)
Conclusion: Death (9:18) 446 (1)
Collection II: Solomon I (10:1-22:16) 447 (242)
Collection IIA: Antithetic Parallels of 447 (193)
the Righteous Versus the Wicked
(10:1-15:29)
Superscription (10:1a) 447 (1)
The Wise and the Fool Defined by Their 447 (3)
Comportment in Wealth and Speech
(10:1b-16)
Introductory Educational Proverb (10:1b) 450 (1)
Wisdom and Wealth (10:2-5) 451 (1)
Ethical and Theological Foundations of 452 (2)
Wealth (10:2-3)
The Practical Foundation of Wealth 454 (2)
(10:4-5)
Effects of Speech on the Self and 456 (1)
Others (10:6-14)
On the Self (10:6-9) 456 (3)
Janus (10:10) 459 (1)
On Others (10:11-14) 460 (2)
Wealth and Security (10:15-16) 462 (3)
Deeds and Destinies of the Righteous 465 (1)
and the Wicked Contrasted (10:17-11:31)
Introduction: Social Effects of 465 (1)
Obedience (10:17)
The Speech and Expectations of the 466 (2)
Righteous and the Wicked Contrasted
(10:18-32)
Beneficial and Baneful Speech (10:18-21) 468 (4)
The Speech and Expectations of the 472 (1)
Righteous and the Wicked (10:22-32)
Pain and Pleasure (10:22-26) 473 (4)
The Security of the Righteous versus 477 (2)
the Transience of the Wicked (10:27-30)
The Permanence and Impermanence of 479 (1)
Righteous and Wicked Mouths (10:31-32)
Security through Honesty and 480 (2)
Righteousness (11:1-8)
Security through Honesty (11:1-2) 482 (2)
Security through Righteousness (11:3-8) 484 (5)
Janus: Security from Destructive Speech 489 (1)
through Knowledge (11:9)
Words in Community (11:10-15) 490 (7)
Benevolence and Community (11:16-22) 497 (7)
Desires and Paradoxical Fulfillment 504 (5)
(11:23-27)
Certain Gain or Loss (11:28-31) 509 (6)
Two Subunits on Speech and Deeds 515 (4)
(12:1-28)
The First Subunit (12:1-14) 519 (1)
Introduction (12:1-3) 519 (2)
Speech and One's Household (12:4-7) 521 (3)
Deeds and Property (12:8-12) 524 (6)
Janus Conclusion: Words and Deeds 530 (2)
(12:13-14)
The Second Unit (12:15-28) 532 (1)
An Introductory Rearing Proverb (12:15) 532 (1)
Wise and Foolish Speech (12:16-23) 533 (7)
Diligent Work and Good Speech (12:24-27) 540 (3)
Conclusion (12:28) 543 (2)
Good Teaching, Ethics, and Living 545 (6)
(13:1-25)
Introduction (13:1) 551 (1)
Speech and Ethics (13:2-6) 552 (4)
Wealth and Ethics (13:7-11) 556 (6)
Fulfillment through Wisdom versus 562 (8)
Frustration through Folly (13:12-19)
The Blessed Future of a Wise Son versus 570 (6)
the Baneful End of Fools (13:20-25)
Living in Wisdom (14:1-32) 576 (7)
Walking in Wisdom (14:1-7) 583 (5)
Not Walking by Sight (14:8-15) 588 (6)
Contrasting Social Characterizations 594 (1)
and Consequences (14:15-32)
Contrasting Wisdom Characterizations 594 (3)
and Their Ethical Comportment (14:15-18)
Contrasting Consequences of Social 597 (5)
Comportment Using Mostly Ethical Terms
(14:19-24)
Contrasting Characterizations and 602 (6)
Consequences of Life or Death (14:25-32)
Upholding Righteousness with a Gentle 608 (8)
Tongue (14:33-15:4)
The Importance of Instruction (15:5-19) 616 (2)
The Consequences of Accepting or 618 (6)
Rejecting Instruction (15:5-12)
The Overcomer's Superiority to 624 (1)
Circumstances (15:13-19)
The Heart's Superiority to 624 (4)
Circumstances (15:13-17)
Two Overcomers (15:18-19) 628 (1)
Consequences of Righteousness and 629 (2)
Wickedness (15:20-29)
Joy in Education (15:20-23) 631 (3)
Janus (15:24) 634 (1)
The Destinies of the Righteous and the 635 (5)
Wicked (15:25-29)
INDEXES
Subjects 640 (5)
Authors 645 (8)
Scripture References 653 (36)
Selected Hebrew Words and Phrases 689