地域開発と競争力<br>Local Development and Competitiveness (Geojournal Library)

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地域開発と競争力
Local Development and Competitiveness (Geojournal Library)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 280 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780792368298
  • DDC分類 338.9

基本説明

In the authors' view, the conception of a theory of local development implies radical rethinking in institutionalist terms of the way of viewing the economy and production.

Full Description


In recent years, the contemporary social sciences have again turned their attention to space and places. The hypothesis is that these are not accidental episodes but a full-blown revolution in the way of viewing economic processes and their links with social and cultural structures. In other words, this new sensitivity to places offers the possibility of rethinking issues typical of economics in a different perspective that might be defined as local development, one of the terms most (ab)used in the contemporary scientific and political debate. In this book the authors will thus try to support more strongly, although in a necessarily simplified manner, the possibility of constructing a theory of local development. The key idea is that there is no single development model operating at a given time and valid for all places, but that it is more correct to talk of multiple development paths that co-exist in the same place at the same time (multiplicity of development paths). The central point is not to identify the succession of distinct hegemonic models (Fordism versus post-Fordism, mass production versus lean production and so on), but to show how the complexity of the contemporary economy demands new concepts to explain its apparent contradictions. In the authors' view, the conception of a theory of local development implies radical rethinking in institutionalist terms of the way of viewing the economy and production, recognising that behind economic development lies a wealth of institutional assets that make the encounter between local and global more open and varied than ever before (institutional biodiversity).

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           ix
Preface xi
Introduction 1 (18)
A Unique Geographic Unit 1 (2)
Basic Geo-Ecological Features 3 (3)
Retrospect of Scientific Expeditions 6 (4)
Main Progress in Studies of Tibetan Plateau 10 (3)
Framework of the Book 13 (6)
References 15 (4)
Uplift and Environmental Changes of the 19 (28)
Tibetan Plateau
Tectonic Evolution of the Tibetan Plateau 20 (4)
Uplift Processes of the Tibetan Plateau 24 (4)
Quaternary Glacial Evolution of the Tibetan 28 (4)
Plateau
Lake Evolution 32 (6)
Climatic and Environmental Changes in 38 (9)
Holocene Age
References 42 (5)
Three Dimensional Differentiation of Natural 47 (24)
Zonation
Comparative Studies on the Altitudinal Belt 47 (4)
Some Unique Geo-Ecological Phenomena 51 (5)
Physical Regional Differentiation 56 (4)
Physic-Geographical Regional System 60 (11)
References 66 (5)
The Population Changes and Urban Development 71 (18)
Evolution of Administative Regionalization 71 (1)
Historical Population Change 71 (1)
Population Growth Since 1951 72 (2)
Main Reasons of Rapid Population Growth 74 (4)
Nationality Structure 78 (1)
The Restrict Resources and the Threat of 79 (3)
Over-Population
Population Quality and Education 82 (2)
Religion and Monk Population 84 (1)
Urbanization 85 (4)
References 87 (2)
Climate: Past, Present, and Future 89 (24)
Uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and Monsoon 89 (4)
System
Climatic Change during the Historical 93 (12)
Periods
Tibetan Plateau as Heat Source and Sink 105(1)
Moisture Transportation Pathways and its 105(4)
Geo-Ecological Significance
Sensitive Regions for Climatic Changes 109(4)
References 111(2)
Permafrost: Status, Variation and Impacts 113(26)
Distribution and Characteristics of 113(8)
Permafrost
Periglacial Processes and Landforms 121(3)
Permafrost and Geoecological Effects 124(5)
Permafrost and Global Change 129(4)
Summary and Conclusion 133(6)
References 134(1)
Acknowledgements 134(5)
Biodiversity: Biota and Biocoenose 139(20)
Composition and Characteristics of the 139(7)
Biota in the Tibetan Plateau
Main Types and Characteristics of the 146(13)
Biocoenose
References 156(3)
Human Health Aspect in Geoecology 159(22)
Influence of High Altitude on Health 159(3)
Effects of Life Elements in Geo-Ecosystem 162(14)
on Health
Impacts of Landscape Bio-Factors on Health 176(5)
References 178(3)
Land-Use and Agricultural Development 181(22)
Introduction 181(2)
Characteristics of Land-Use 183(3)
Farm Land and Crop Production 186(5)
Grazing Land 191(4)
Forest and Horticulture Land 195(4)
Other Lands 199(1)
Spatial Distribution of Agricultural 199(4)
Land-Use
References 201(2)
Natural Hazards and Environmental Issues 203(20)
Natural Hazards 203(11)
Environmental Issues 214(4)
Discussion and Conclusion 218(5)
References 220(3)
Nature Conservation 223(20)
An Outline of Nature Conservation 223(2)
Nature Reserves and Type Classification 225(3)
Typical Nature Reserves 228(7)
Rare and Precious Wildlife 235(8)
References 239(1)
Attach List 240(3)
Regional Social-Economic Sustainable 243(22)
Development
Sustainable Strategic Objects and Policies 243(6)
Fiscal Concern with Central Government 249(8)
Industrial Restructure Orientation and 257(8)
Allocation
References 264(1)
Geo-Ecology of Mts. Namjagbarwa Region 265(18)
Moisture Corridor Areas 265(4)
Geo-Ecological Observation in Vertical 269(3)
Natural Belts
Structure and Regional Differentiation of 272(3)
Vertical Zonation
Land Utilization and Conservation 275(8)
References 281(2)
Dry Valleys in Hengduan Mts Region 283(20)
Geo-Ecological Features and Type 283(3)
Classification
Formation and Regional Differentiation 286(8)
Resources Utilization and Environment 294(5)
Management
Highland and Lowland interaction 299(4)
References 302(1)
High-Cold Scrubs and Meadow Zone 303(24)
Geoecological Features 305(4)
The Three-Dimensional Distribution and 309(6)
Geo-Ecological Analysis
Grassland Resources and Degradation Problems 315(4)
Countermeasures for Sustainable Use of 319(8)
Alpine Meadow Grassland
References 323(4)
Hinterland of Qiangtang Plateau 327(22)
Natural Environment 328(4)
Ecosystem 332(9)
Utilization and Protection 341(4)
Cold and Dry Core Region 345(4)
References 348(1)
Kunlun Mountains Region 349(24)
Introduction 349(1)
Physical Environment 350(8)
Altitudinal Zonation of Landscape 358(7)
Regional System 365(1)
Land Use and Sustainable Development 366(7)
References 372(1)
Acknowledgements 373(2)
Contributors 375(2)
Subject Index 377