Rural Canada : Rural Sociological Perspectives (Canadian Studies (Lewiston, N.Y.), V. 3.) (Revised)

Rural Canada : Rural Sociological Perspectives (Canadian Studies (Lewiston, N.Y.), V. 3.) (Revised)

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  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780773474314
  • DDC分類 307.720971

Full Description


This work provides a social scientific overview of rural social structure and change in Canada. Revised Edition- Although the organization of Rural Canada has remained the same in the Revised edition, each chapter has been revised significantly in light of the more recent statistical data and substantive materials on the rural Canadian society published since 1987.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           v
Preface ix
Preface to the First Edition xiii
Rural and Urban: Frame of Reference 1 (22)
Defining Rural 3 (17)
Rural and Urban as a Dichotomy 3 (2)
Gerneinschaft and Gesellschaft 5 (1)
Mechanical and Organic Solidarity 5 (1)
Primary and Secondary Groups 6 (1)
Sacred and Secular Societies 7 (1)
Common Features of the Societal Typologies 8 (1)
Folk-Urban Continuum 9 (1)
Urbanism as a Way of Life 10 (1)
Orthogenetic and Heterogenetic Cities 11 (1)
Referent of Rural 12 (3)
Rural-Urban Continuum 15 (1)
Real but Relatively Unimportant? 16 (2)
A Conceptual Framework 18 (2)
The Transformation of Rural Canada 20 (2)
Summary 22 (1)
Rural Population: Distribution and Composition 23 (40)
Distributional Trends 24 (9)
Rural Decline 25 (4)
Farm and Nonfarm Populations 29 (3)
Rural Extinction or Revival? 32 (1)
Factors in Rural Population Growth 33 (12)
Natural Increase of Rural Population 34 (2)
Migration of Rural Population 36 (1)
Reasons for Migration 37 (2)
Characteristics of Migrants 39 (4)
Adjustment of Migrants 43 (2)
Compositional Trends 45 (15)
Age Composition 46 (2)
Rural Elderly 48 (3)
Sex Composition 51 (2)
Marital Status 53 (2)
Educational Attainment 55 (2)
Ethnic Composition 57 (1)
Occupational Composition 58 (2)
Summary 60 (3)
Changing Agriculture: Contributing Factors 63 (32)
Modernization of Canadian Agriculture 63 (3)
Agricultural Productivity 64 (1)
Productive Efficiency of Farmers 65 (1)
Factors in Modernization 66 (27)
Decline in labor Input 66 (1)
Increase in Capital Input 67 (1)
Increase in Mechanization 67 (3)
Fertilizers in Capital Input 70 (1)
Seed and Feed Input 70 (1)
Other Factors 71 (1)
Farm Size 71 (1)
Commercialization and Specialization 72 (2)
Marketing Structure 74 (1)
Producer Sales 75 (1)
Processors 76 (1)
Wholesalers 76 (1)
Retailers 76 (1)
Industrial and Export Markets 77 (1)
Vertical Integration 78 (2)
Knowledge and Education 80 (2)
Research and Development of New Farm 82 (1)
Practices
Studies on Division of Agricultural 83 (1)
Innovations
Adoption 84 (1)
Innovation 84 (2)
Time Lag 86 (1)
Adopter Categories 87 (1)
Channels of Communication 88 (2)
Social Structure 90 (1)
Cultural Factors 90 (1)
Division Studies in Canada 91 (2)
Summary 93 (2)
Changing Agriculture: Consequences 95 (50)
Agrifood Industry 95 (3)
Farming as an Occupation 98 (25)
Agricultural Ladder 100 (2)
Tenure Classes 102 (1)
Farm Owner 102 (2)
Part Owner 104 (1)
Farm Manager 105 (1)
Tenant 105 (1)
Farm Laborer 105 (4)
Corporation Farm 109 (2)
Decline of Family Farms 111 (3)
Types of Contemporary Family Farms 114 (1)
Corporation Family Farms 114 (1)
Partnership Family Farms 115 (1)
Commercial and Subsistence Family Farms 115 (2)
Off Farm Work and Part-time Farming 117 (3)
Women in Agriculture 120 (3)
Rural Cooperatives and Farmers' 123 (18)
Organizations
Rural Cooperatives 123 (1)
Cooperative Movement in Canada 124 (2)
Growth of Cooperatives 126 (1)
Marketing Cooperatives 126 (1)
Supply Cooperatives 127 (1)
Production Cooperatives 128 (1)
Service Cooperatives 128 (1)
Fishing Cooperatives 129 (1)
Credit Unions 129 (2)
Organizational Structure 131 (1)
Commodity Organizations 132 (1)
Farmers' Organizations 133 (1)
Farmers' Movements in Canada 133 (5)
Canadian Federation of Agriculture 138 (1)
National Farmers' Union 139 (2)
Social and Institutional Consequences 141 (1)
Summary 141 (4)
Rural Social Structure: The Community and 145 (46)
Family
The Rural Community 145 (24)
The Rural Neighborhood 146 (4)
The Trade Center: Village and Town 150 (3)
The Town-Country Community 153 (1)
Oyen: The Rural Village 154 (2)
The Small Town 156 (1)
Resurgence of Small Towns and Villages 157 (1)
The Farm City 158 (1)
The Rural-Urban Fringe 159 (5)
The Emerging Rural Community in Canada: 164 (5)
An Overview
The Rural Family 169 (20)
Rural Family in Transition 171 (1)
Decline in Number 171 (1)
Size of the Rural Family 172 (1)
Decrease in Size 173 (2)
Increase in Nuclearization 175 (3)
Extended Kinship 178 (3)
Internal Relationships 181 (4)
Changing Family Functions 185 (2)
Urbanization of the Rural Family 187 (2)
Summary 189 (2)
Rural Social Structure: The Church, School 191 (52)
and Local Government
The Rural Church and Religion 192 (19)
The Rural Church: Characteristics and 194 (1)
Transformations
Religious Affiliation 195 (3)
Church Membership and Attendance 198 (1)
Church Membership 198 (2)
Church Attendance 200 (5)
Decline of the Rural Church 205 (6)
The Rural School and Education 211 (12)
The One-Room School 211 (2)
Problems of Rural Education 213 (1)
School Attendance 214 (1)
Student Retention 214 (1)
Educational Aspiration 215 (2)
Consolidation of Rural Schools 217 (1)
Benefits of Consolidation 218 (1)
Disadvantages of Consolidation 219 (2)
Debate Over School Consolidation 221 (2)
The Rural Local Government 223 (18)
Development of Local Government 224 (2)
Contemporary Local Governments 226 (1)
Unitary Municipalities 227 (2)
Regional Municipalities 229 (2)
Quasi-Municipalities 231 (1)
Rural Municipalities 231 (2)
Types of Rural Municipalities 233 (1)
Township and Parish 233 (1)
Municipality 233 (1)
District 233 (1)
County 233 (1)
Incorporated Community Village, and Town 233 (1)
Municipal Councils 234 (1)
Functions Rural Municipalities 235 (1)
Financing Local Governments 236 (1)
Local Government Revenues 236 (1)
Puppets on a Shoestring 237 (1)
Problems of Local Government 238 (1)
Smallness of Size 238 (1)
Decline of Authority 238 (1)
Increasing Politicization 239 (1)
Inadequate Internal Organization 240 (1)
Local Government Reform 240 (1)
Summary 241 (2)
Rural Canada in Transformation: Summary and 243 (10)
Conclusion
The Contemporary Rural Society 248 (2)
Sources of Rural Social Change 250 (2)
Future of the Rural Society 252 (1)
References 253 (22)
Index 275