The Struggle for 'Community' in a British Multi-Ethnic Inner-City Area : Paradise in the Making (Mellen Studies in Sociology, 35)

The Struggle for 'Community' in a British Multi-Ethnic Inner-City Area : Paradise in the Making (Mellen Studies in Sociology, 35)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 440 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780773470422
  • DDC分類 306.0942819

Full Description


This book offers a new sociological approach to the slippery and contested concept of "community" Here, 'community is understood not as a 'thing' or even as a place, but as a radical social imaginary, a metaphor which guides people's struggle to live in a society which offers justice, equality and the absence of racialised conflict. Preface; This book represents a labour of love and this Preface is a thank-you to all those who have made it possible. It started in 1970 when I moved to Spencer Place, in Chapeltown, while a third-year student at Leeds University. Alan Dawe, Bob Towler and Dennis Warwick made sociology seem worthwhile, and almost commensurate with my revolutionary aspirations. John Rex's work, and his kind words, inspired me to engage in a study of a multi-ethnic inner city. Bob got me a SSRC grant (1972-4) during which I started research-and he smiled indulgently when I gave it up, having concluded that sociology was a bourgeois deviation. I had realised, as well, that I could learn little that was worth saying about Chapeltown within the period of a research grant. As this book shows, a notion like 'the people of Chapeltown' is too woolly for sociology-but the Preface claims the privileges of everyday life. It is 'the people of Chapeltown' who have to be thanked most of all: without the affection and help from innumerable people this book would never have materialised. Many of those who have criticised me have contributed to my self-knowledge and sociological understanding, and I thank them, too. People who were kind enough to allow me to record interviews are named in the list of primary sources. Some of them, and many others to whom I am indebted, are referred to in the text. Pseudonyms have been used where the material is personally sensitive. I hope that this book-despite its jargon and its fairly neutral tone of voice-betrays my personal, political support for the extraordinary struggles of ordinary people to realise their dream of a better life for all, to attain an earthly paradise. I also hope that it is used by those who wish to develop and extend those struggles in Chapeltown, and elsewhere. That, for me, would justify this enterprise.

Table of Contents

        List of maps and tables                    xi
Foreword xiii
Preface xv
Introduction: the aims of this study 1 (8)
Chapeltown: maps and demographics 9 (38)
Introduction: maps and impressions
Buildigns and open space: a brief history
Leeds: ethnic population statistics
Chapeltown: population statistics
Occupation and lifestyle
Ethnic segmentation and `community'
institutions in Chapeltown
Caribbean groups
South Asians
White populations
Conclusion
`We did not come alive in Britain': A brief 47 (32)
history of migration to Chapeltown
Introduction
The migration from the Caribbean
The migrations from South Asia and East
Africa
Indian (Sikh) settlement
Pakistani (Muslim) settlement
Bangladeshi (Muslim) settlement
Conclusion
The concept of community 79 (48)
Three dimensions of `actual community'
Territory and its (non) representation
Theorising the social: conceptualising
social relationships
Marx: alienation and the social
Weber: types of social relationship
Modern sociology: relationships in `mass
society'
The politics of `community': values and
goals
Community as a social imaginary
Beyond `community studies': a typology of
subjective orientations
Chapeltown: territory and the social 127 (34)
construction of space
Introduction
Maps and the sociology of space
The discursive construction of space and
territory in Chapeltown
Early modern settlers
Jewish settlers: discourses of the (white)
Other
Black settlers: the sexualised and
racialised discourse of hell
The economic construction of Chapeltown's
social space
Conclusion
Constructing `community': forming social 161 (46)
movements, 1972-75
The urban social movement thesis
Caribbean-led mobilisations in the early
1970s
The Chapeltown Parents Action Group:
`community' as racialised reform
The West Indian Afro Brotherhood:
`community' as racialised reform
Indian-led action in the early 1970s. The
Sikhs: `community' as religious reform
White and multi-cultural politics in
Chapeltown in the 1970s
The Chapeltown Community Association 1971 -
3: `community' as reform (inter-ethnic)
The CCA 1973 - 5: `community' as
anti-racist socialism
The CCA: an urban social movement?
Ethnic identities
Conclusion: the complexities of `community'
action
Violence and the competing politics of 207 (34)
`community', 1975-81
Introduction
Reggae and Rastafarianism: violence and
redemption
The proto-politics of Bonfire Night 1975
The 1981 rebellion: social movements and
the politics of violence
Conclusion
Segmenting `community': the decline of the 241 (56)
social movements, 1981-97
Introduction
The 1980s: processes of individualisation
and ethnic segmentation
The Harehills and Chapeltown Liaison
Committee
Professionalisation and individualisation
Arguing for ethnic unity
Ethnic segmentation
`Community' building(s)
`The Rushdie Affair': consolidating
Muslim `difference'
Partial social movements, 1986 - 1994:
`community' deconstructed
Changes in identification: `community'
politics, careers and ethnicities
Conclusion
Crime, social relations and the 297 (46)
de-construction of `community'
Introduction
Crime and its impact on `community' in
Chapeltown
Racialising street crime
Young people, unemployment and education
Attempting to mobilise `the community'
against hard drugs
Crime, everyday life and the breakdown of
trust
Trust and social control: some personal
accounts
Migration and ontological security: more
personal accounts
Conclusion
Conclusion: constructing and de-constructing 343 (16)
`community' in Chapeltown
Appendix Epistemology and methodology 359 (22)
Epistemology and methodology
Participant observation in Chapeltown
Six problems with participant observation
Documentary sources
Conclusion
Primary sources and bibliography 381 (18)
Index 399