手:人類の哲学的探究<br>The Hand : A Philosophical Inquiry into Human Being

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手:人類の哲学的探究
The Hand : A Philosophical Inquiry into Human Being

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 368 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780748617388
  • DDC分類 128.2

基本説明

The first part of a bold philosophical inquiry into the nature of the difference between human beings and other animals.

Full Description


What are the origins of human difference? The Hand, which is the first part of a bold philosophical inquiry into the nature of the difference between human beings and other animals, argues that it is the result of a complex sequence of events which began several million years ago with the evolution of the human hand. Possession of a fully developed hand profoundly transformed the relationship of the human being to its own body, thus altering the relationship between humans and the natural world. The interaction of the hand with the rest of the body brought about self-consciousness and laid the foundations for the unique sense of agency that is experienced by humans. Crucially, the hand inspired the tool-use that has come to dominate human life and which has led to the emergence of the complex symbolic systems - most importantly language - that underpin civilisation. The book also celebrates the hand in human life: the almost miraculous complexity of its manipulative, exploratory and communicative functions.Raymond Tallis combines philosophical reflection with a light-hearted look at gestures, the role of each finger, the origins of numbers - and the case for and against what he names 'handkind'. The Hand is the first of three volumes. The other titles are I Am: A Philosophical Inquiry into First-Person Being and The Knowing Animal: A Philosophical Inquiry into Truth and Knowledge.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   viii
Introduction 1 (20)
Overture
Grasping the Hand 21 (26)
Preliminary Grapplings 21 (2)
The Manipulative Hand 23 (4)
The Knowing Hand 27 (4)
The Communicative Hand 31 (1)
From Prehension to Apprehension 32 (15)
Part I Brachio-Chiral
The Armed Hand 47 (25)
Two Fingers to Over-Digitisation 47 (2)
The Genius of Reaching 49 (11)
Mechanism and Agency 60 (12)
The Talking Hand 72 (39)
Introduction: The Sign-Making Animal 72 (4)
Gesturing 76 (21)
Clapping and Other Hand Shouting 97 (6)
Handsome 103 (8)
Hand Talking to Hand 111 (24)
Manucaption 111 (6)
The Dialogue of the Left Hand with the 117 (5)
Right
The Interlocutors 122 (3)
The Hand Talking to its Self or the Self 125 (10)
The Playful Hand 135 (22)
Introduction 135 (1)
The Carnal Hand 135 (11)
Hand Games 146 (3)
Post-script: Handy (like) 149 (8)
Part II Chiro-Digital
One-Finger Exercises 157 (16)
Introduction 157 (1)
Thumb 158 (3)
Index 161 (5)
Middle 166 (1)
Ring 167 (2)
Little 169 (4)
Polydactylic Exercises 173 (22)
Introduction: The Ordeal of Precision 173 (4)
Two Fingers 177 (2)
Three Fingers 179 (4)
Four Fingers 183 (2)
Five Fingers 185 (4)
Ten Fingers 189 (6)
Abstract Digits 195 (23)
Introduction and Disclaimer 195 (1)
The Number Sense: From Magnitudes to 196 (5)
Digits
Digits and Digits 201 (8)
Units: From Counting to Measurement 209 (3)
The Unreasonable Power of the Precision 212 (6)
of Abstract Digits
The Tool of Tools 218 (45)
Prologue: The Self-Shaping Hand 218 (4)
Tool-using, Toolmaking and the Tool of 222 (8)
Tools
Tools and the Origin of Human Culture 230 (2)
Eolith to SuperCray 232 (5)
Tools and Language 237 (4)
Brain, Tools and Language 241 (3)
Beyond Biology and Biologism 244 (4)
Epilogue: Handicraft 248 (15)
Appendix: Karl Marx and the 258 (5)
Collectivisation of Human Consciousness
in Tools
Part III Towards Chiro-Philosophy
Getting a Grip on the Conscious Human Agent 263 (52)
Recapitulation 263 (10)
The Dawn of the Conscious Human Agent 273 (24)
From Biology to Philosophical Anthropology 297 (18)
Coda
Waving Farewell to the Hand 315 (38)
Introduction 315 (2)
The Paradox of Handyman: (1) Part of and 317 (4)
Separate from Nature
The Paradox of Handyman: (2) Subject to 321 (4)
and yet Manipulating Nature's Laws
The Balance Sheet: (1) Knowledge. Does 325 (7)
the Hand Grasp the Truth?
The Balance Sheet: (2) Moral and Spiritual 332 (11)
Handing On 343 (4)
A Last Wave Farewell 347 (6)
Index 353