政治哲学入門ガイド<br>Political Philosophy : A Beginners' Guide for Students and Politicians

政治哲学入門ガイド
Political Philosophy : A Beginners' Guide for Students and Politicians

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 194 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780745628479
  • DDC分類 320.01

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Introduction 1 (7)
Further reading 8 (1)
Part 1: Social Justice 9 (42)
Concept v. conceptions: the case of justice 11 (8)
Hayek v. social justice 19 (2)
Rawls: justice as fairness 21 (9)
Nozick: justice as entitlement 30 (9)
Popular opinion: justice as desert 39 (9)
Conclusion 48 (1)
Further reading 48 (3)
Part 2: Liberty 51 (40)
Two concepts of liberty? 52 (3)
Three distinctions between conceptions of 55 (13)
liberty
Effective freedom v. formal freedom 55 (4)
Freedom as autonomy v. freedom as doing 59 (5)
what one wants
Freedom as political participation v. 64 (4)
freedom beginning where politics ends
Freedom, private property, the market and 68 (9)
redistribution
Resisting the totalitarian menace 77 (11)
Conclusion 88 (1)
Further reading 89 (2)
Part 3: Equality 91 (42)
The egalitarian plateau 93 (5)
Equality of opportunity 98 (8)
Equality and relativities: should we mind the 106(9)
gap?
Positional goods 115(3)
Three positions that look egalitarian but 118(4)
aren't really
Utilitarianism (or any aggregative 118(2)
principle)
Diminishing principles, priority to the 120(1)
worst off, and maximin
Entitlement and sufficiency 121(1)
Equality strikes back 122(8)
Conclusion 130(1)
Further reading 131(2)
Part 4: Community 133(46)
Correcting misunderstanding and 136(24)
misrepresentations
Liberals assume that people are selfish or 139(2)
egoistic
Liberals advocate a minimal state 141(1)
Liberals emphasize rights rather than 142(4)
duties or responsibilities
Liberals believe that values are subjective 146(3)
or relative
Liberals neglect the way in which 149(3)
individual are socially constituted
Liberals fail to see the significance of 152(3)
communal relations, shared values and a
common identity
Liberals wrongly think that the state can 155(5)
and should be neutral
Summary 160(2)
Outstanding issues 162(12)
Liberalism, neutrality and multiculturalism 163(5)
Liberalism and the nation-state 168(6)
Conclusion 174(2)
Further reading 176(3)
Conclusion 179(6)
Index 185