ドラッグと社会:米国の公共政策<br>Drugs and Society : U.S. Public Policy

ドラッグと社会:米国の公共政策
Drugs and Society : U.S. Public Policy

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 228 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780742542457
  • DDC分類 362.2915610973

Full Description


There are two main approaches to reforming drug policy, which reflect differing American values. One is the public health or harm reduction or cost/benefit approach, which implements the American value of pragmatism. This approach looks at the social science and bio-medical evidence regarding the effects of each drug, attempts to weigh the positive and negative consequences of various courses of action, and proposes policies with the best overall mix of outcomes. Public health approaches to drug policy reform emphasize harm reduction (e.g., preventing the spread of disease, maintaining the health of drug users, and guaranteeing drug purity) and controlling in various ways the quantities available for individual purchase, dosage levels, and other aspects of drugs and their use, as well as drug advertising. The other approach to drug policy reform the libertarian or rights based-approach to legalizing drugs can be seen to implement the American value of individualism. This approach views the private behavior of adults as none of the government's business, and aims at maximizing individual freedom. Drugs and Society explains these differing views by American society in great detail, and will offer the reader all the information needed to create an alternative drug policy.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           ix
Gary E. Johnson
Preface xiii
Rethinking U.S. Drug Policy 1 (18)
Jefferson M. Fish
Appendix 1A: The United States and the 13 (6)
Netherlands
Douglas A. McVay
Part I: Historical Background
Protestant Missionaries: Creators of the 19 (24)
International War on Drugs
Jerry Mandel
Alcohol Prohibition and Drug Prohibition: 43 (36)
Lessons from Alcohol Policy for Drug Policy
Harry G. Levine
Craig Reinarman
Part II: Conceptual Background
Five Drug Policy Fallacies 79 (18)
Jefferson M. Fish
Competing Rationales for Drug Policy Reform 97 (32)
Douglas Husak
Part III: Policy Considerations
Legalization: An Introduction 129 (20)
Richard M. Evans
Stanley Neustadter
Acute Toxicity of Drugs versus Regulatory 149 (14)
Status
Robert S. Gable
Proposals for De-Escalating the War on Drugs 163 (10)
Jefferson M. Fish
Economics of Illegal Drug Markets: What 173 (28)
Happens If We Downsize the Drug War?
Mary M. Cleveland
Appendix 9A: Use, ``Abuse,'' Adverse 197 (4)
Health Effects, and Addiction
Mary M. Cleveland
Issues in Legalization 201 (22)
Steven B. Duke
Albert C. Gross
Index 223 (4)
About the Contributors 227