Examines America's history of immigration pressures, policy debates, and choices.
Throughout America's history immigration policy has always been a controversial and complex topic, going to the heart of what it means to be American. Now, with terrorism as a new concern, Americans have begun to look closer at the effects of rising immigration and porous borders.In this cogently-argued work, immigration scholar Otis L. Graham, Jr. examines the history of immigration pressures and American policy debates and choices. He begins with the first "Great Wave" of the 1880s and traces the effects of the system of national origins, enforced from the 1920s through 1965. The reforms of the 1960s ushered in an era of large-scale legal and illegal immigration, resulting in a vast social experiment in demographic transformation. In assessing the past, present, and future of immigration, Graham shows that the failure to control the influx of foreigners is leading America toward further security risks, unsustainable population growth, imported worker competition with American labor, and, ultimately, social fragmentation.
IntroductionPart I: Immigration Issues from the Founders to the Creation of a System of LimitationChapter 1: Nation of the Native Born Unready for the Great WaveChapter 2: Immigration Reform: The Beginnings of National PolicyChapter 3: Great Wave and the Search for National PolicyChapter 4: Labeling of ReformersChapter 5: In Search of National Immigration PolicyChapter 6: Reform Comes: New System for Choosing and Limiting America's ImmigrantsPart II: Benefits and Erosion of the National Origins SystemChapter 7: Immigration Restriction: Results and ReflectionsChapter 8: Reform of the Reform? Gate-Widening Counterattack Quietly BeginsChapter 9: Forties and Fifties: Regulated Immigration: Popular, and under Global PressurePart III: Second Great Wave and the Return of Mass ImmigrationChapter 10: Immigration Reform Again: Road to the 1965 Immigration ActChapter 11: Mass Immigration Builds Momentum: Refugees UnlimitedChapter 12: Illegal Immigration: "Peaceful Invasion" and Policy IneptitudeChapter 13: Case for Restriction: EconomicsChapter 14: Case for Restriction: Concerns over National CohesionChapter 15: Case for Restriction: Immigration's Population-Environment ConnectionPart IV: Strange Politics of Porous Borders: Present and FutureChapter 16: Politics of Immigration-The 1990sChapter 17: September 11-A Turning Point?Chapter 18: Our Mass Immigration Era: How Can This Be?Chapter 19: Dogmas of the Past