Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century : The Age of Meaning 〈2〉

Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century : The Age of Meaning 〈2〉

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 464 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780691115740
  • DDC分類 146.4

Full Description


This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date. As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are - analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth; and gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way.As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries - from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke - he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear. Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS                                    xi
INTRODUCTION TO VOLUME 2 xiii
PART ONE: LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN'S PHILOSOPHICAL 1 (64)
INVESTIGATIONS
CHAPTER 1 Rejection of the Tractarian 3 (29)
Conception of Language and Analysis
CHAPTER 2 Rule Following and the Private 32 (30)
Language Argument
Suggested Further Reading 62 (3)
PART TWO: CLASSICS OF ORDINARY LANGUAGE 65 (90)
PHILOSOPHY: TRUTH, GOODNESS, THE MIND, AND
ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 3 Ryle's Dilemmas 67 (25)
CHAPTER 4 Ryle's Concept of Mind 92 (23)
CHAPTER 5 Strawson's Performative Theory of 115 (20)
Truth
CHAPTER 6 Hare's Performative Theory of 135 (18)
Goodness
Suggested Further Reading 153 (2)
PART THREE: MORE CLASSICS OF ORDINARY LANGUAGE 155 (40)
PHILOSOPHY; THE RESPONSE TO RADICAL SKEPTICISM
CHAPTER 7 Malcolm's Paradigm Case Argument 157 (14)
CHAPTER 8 Austin's Sense and Sensibilia 171 (22)
Suggested Further Reading 193 (2)
PART FOUR PAUL GRICE AND THE END OF ORDINARY 195 (26)
LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY
CHAPTER 9 Language Use and the Logic of 197 (22)
Conversation
Suggested Further Reading 219 (2)
PART FIVE: THE PHILOSOPHICAL NATURALISM OF 221 (68)
WILLARD VAN ORMAN QUINE
CHAPTER 10 The Indeterminacy of Translation 223 (36)
CHAPTER 11 Quine's Radical Semantic 259 (28)
Eliminativism
Suggested Further Reading 287 (2)
PART SIX: DONALD DAVIDSON ON TRUTH AND MEANING 289 (44)
CHAPTER 12 Theories of Truth as Theories of 291 (21)
Meaning
CHAPTER 13 Truth, Interpretation, and the 312 (19)
Alleged Unintelligibility of Alternative
Conceptual Schemes
Suggested Further Reading 331 (2)
PART SEVEN: SAUL KRIPKE ON NAMING AND NECESSITY 333 (128)
CHAPTER 14 Names, Essence, and Possibility 335 (37)
CHAPTER 15 The Necessary Aposteriori 372 (25)
CHAPTER 16 The Contingent Apriori 397 (26)
CHAPTER 17 Natural Kind Terms and Theoretical 423 (34)
Identification Statements
Suggested Further Reading 457 (4)
EPILOGUE The Era of Specialization 461 (16)
Index 477