ナチス・ドイツの数学者たち<br>Mathematicians under the Nazis

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ナチス・ドイツの数学者たち
Mathematicians under the Nazis

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 488 p., 20 halftones
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780691004518
  • DDC分類 510.94309043

基本説明

Examines how the Nazi years affected the personal and academic lives of those German mathematicians who continued to work in Germany.

Full Description


Contrary to popular belief - and despite the expulsion, emigration, or death of many German mathematicians - substantial mathematics was produced in Germany during 1933-1945. In this landmark social history of the mathematics community in Nazi Germany, Sanford Segal examines how the Nazi years affected the personal and academic lives of those German mathematicians who continued to work in Germany. The effects of the Nazi regime on the lives of mathematicians ranged from limitations on foreign contact to power struggles that rattled entire institutions, from changed work patterns to military draft, deportation, and death.Based on extensive archival research, "Mathematicians under the Nazis" shows how these mathematicians, variously motivated, reacted to the period's intense political pressures. It details the consequences of their actions on their colleagues and on the practice and organs of German mathematics, including its curricula, institutions, and journals.Throughout, Segal's focus is on the biographies of individuals, including mathematicians who resisted the injection of ideology into their profession, some who worked in concentration camps, and others (such as Ludwig Bieberbach) who used the 'Aryanization' of their profession to further their own agendas. Some of the figures are no longer well known; others still tower over the field. All lived lives complicated by Nazi power. Presenting a wealth of previously unavailable information, this book is a large contribution to the history of mathematics - as well as a unique view of what it was like to live and work in Nazi Germany.

Table of Contents

PREFACE                                            xi
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xix
ABBREVIATIONS xxi
CHAPTER ONE
Why Mathematics? 1 (13)
CHAPTER TWO
The Crisis in Mathematics 14 (28)
CHAPTER THREE
The German Academic Crisis 42 (43)
CHAPTER FOUR
Three Mathematical Case Studies 85 (83)
The S s Book Project 86 (20)
The Winkelmann Succession 106 (18)
Hasse's Appointment at G tingen 124 (44)
CHAPTER FIVE
Academic Mathematical Life 168 (61)
Erich Bessel-Hagen and the General 170 (4)
Atmosphere
Dozentenschaft Reports 174 (7)
Foreign Contact and Travel 181 (7)
Mathematical Camps 188 (10)
Students and Faculty before and during 198 (15)
Wartime
The Value of Mathematics in the Nazi State 213 (7)
Secondary and Elementary Mathematics 220 (6)
The Wartime Drafting of Scientists 226 (3)
CHAPTER SIX
Mathematical Institutions 229 (105)
The Case of Otto Blumenthal 231 (3)
The Lachmann Paper Incident 234 (10)
Max Stech and the "Lambert Project" 244 (9)
Resistance to Ideological Articles 253 (2)
Heinrich Scholz, Logician 255 (5)
Miscellaneous Non-German Authors 260 (3)
The Bieberbach-Bohr Exchange and the 1934 263 (25)
Meeting of the DMV
The MR and the Content of University 288 (5)
Mathematics Teaching
The Post-Crisis Mathematical Society and 293 (8)
the Role of Wilhelm S s
The Creation of the Oberwolfach Institute 301 (5)
Applied Mathematics in Nazi Germany 306 (15)
Mathematics in the Concentration Camps 321 (13)
CHAPTER SEVEN
Ludwig Bieberbach and "Deutsche Mathematik" 334 (85)
Bieberbach and Landau 339 (2)
The Frankfurt Succession 341 (4)
Bieberbach's Conversion to Intuitionism 345 (4)
The Bologna Congress 349 (7)
The Question of Bieberbach's Motivations 356 (4)
Mathematics and Typological Psychology 360 (8)
Efforts to Ideologite Mathematics 368 (19)
Deutsche Mathematik 387 (23)
The Case of Herbert Knothe 410 (4)
Bieberbach's Standing with Colleagues 414 (2)
The Case of Richard Rado 416 (3)
CHAPTER EIGHT
Germans and Jews 419 (74)
Wilhelm Blaschke 423 (14)
The Development of Heinrich Behnke's 437 (2)
Attitudes
Erich Hecke 439 (3)
Oswald Teichm ler 442 (9)
Ernst Witt 451 (1)
Richard Courant 452 (2)
Edmund Landau 454 (1)
Felix Hausdorff 455 (6)
Ernst Peschi 461 (1)
Paul Riebesell 462 (3)
Helmut Ulm and Alfred St r 465 (2)
Ernst Zermelo 467 (2)
Gerhard Gentzen 469 (2)
Hans Petersson 471 (6)
Erich K臧ler 477 (3)
Wilhelm S s 480 (8)
The Positions of German Mathematicians 488 (5)
APPENDIX 493 (16)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 509 (14)
INDEX 523
0819566314
Acknowledgements ix
Introduction xi
A Note on the Text xxxiii
The Yellow Wave 1 (312)
Notes 313 (33)
Selected Bibliography 346 (4)
About the Editors 350