This updated edtion of the classic history of codes and ciphers-How they work, how they are broken, and the roles they have played in war and peace-has also been expanded to include a new final chapter on computer securiry issues.
The magnificent, unrivaled history of codes and ciphers-how they're made, how they're broken, and the many and fascinating roles they've played since the dawn of civilization in war, business, diplomacy, and espionage-updated with a new chapter on computer cryptography and the Ultra secret.Man has created codes to keep secrets and has broken codes to learn those secrets since the time of the Pharaohs. For 4,000 years, fierce battles have been waged between codemakers and codebreakers, and the story of these battles is civilization's secret history, the hidden account of how wars were won and lost, diplomatic intrigues foiled, business secrets stolen, governments ruined, computers hacked. From the XYZ Affair to the Dreyfus Affair, from the Gallic War to the Persian Gulf, from Druidic runes and the kaballah to outer space, from the Zimmermann telegram to Enigma to the Manhattan Project, codebreaking has shaped the course of human events to an extent beyond any easy reckoning. Once a government monopoly, cryptology today touches everybody. It secures the Internet, keeps e-mail private, maintains the integrity of cash machine transactions, and scrambles TV signals on unpaid-for channels. David Kahn's The Codebreakers takes the measure of what codes and codebreaking have meant in human history in a single comprehensive account, astonishing in its scope and enthralling in its execution. Hailed upon first publication as a book likely to become the definitive work of its kind, The Codebreakers has more than lived up to that prediction: it remains unsurpassed. With a brilliant new chapter that makes use of previously classified documents to bring the book thoroughly up to date, and to explore the myriad ways computer codes and their hackers are changing all of our lives, The Codebreakers is the skeleton key to a thousand thrilling true stories of intrigue, mystery, and adventure. It is a masterpiece of the historian's art.
CONTENTSPreface to the Revised EditionPrefaceA Few Words1. One Day of Magic2. The First 3,000 Years3. The Rise of the West4. On the Origin of a Species5. The Era of the Black Chambers6. The Contribution of the Dilettantes7. Crises of the Union8. The Professor, the Soldier, and the Man on Devil's Island9. Room 4010. A War of Intercepts: I11. A War of Intercepts: II12. Two Americans13. Secrecy for Sale14. Duel in the Ether: The Axis15. Duel in the Ether: Neutrals and Allies16. Censors, Scramblers, and Spies17. The Scrutable Orientals18. Russkaya Kriptologiya ("Russian Cryptology")19. N.S.A.SIDESHOWS20. The Anatomy of Cryptology21. Heterogeneous Impulses22. Rumrunners, Businessmen, and Makers of Non-secret Codes23. Ciphers in the Past Tense24. The Pathology of CryptologyPARACRYPTOLOGY25. Ancestral Voices26. Messages from Outer SpaceTHE NEW CRYPTOLOGY27. Cryptology Goes PublicBibliographyNotes to TextAcknowledgmentsNotes to IllustrationsIndex