Controlling the State : Constitutionalism from Ancient Athens to Today


Controlling the State : Constitutionalism from Ancient Athens to Today

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 480 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780674009776
  • DDC分類 342


New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 1999. Winner of the 1999 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Award of the Association of American Publishers for Government and Political Science.

Full Description

This book examines the development of the theory and practice of constitutionalism, defined as a political system in which the coercive power of the state is controlled through a pluralistic distribution of political power. It explores the main venues of constitutional practice in ancient Athens, Republican Rome, Renaissance Venice, the Dutch Republic, seventeenth-century England, and eighteenth-century America. From its beginning in Polybius' interpretation of the classical concept of "mixed government," the author traces the theory of constitutionalism through its late medieval appearance in the Conciliar Movement of church reform and in the Huguenot defense of minority rights. After noting its suppression with the emergence of the nation-state and the Bodinian doctrine of "sovereignty," the author describes how constitutionalism was revived in the English conflict between king and Parliament in the early Stuart era, and how it has developed since then into the modern concept of constitutional democracy.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            vii
Introduction 1 (18)
The Doctrine of Sovereignty 19 (41)
The Classical Doctrine of Sovereignty 19 (10)
The People as Sovereign 29 (7)
Parliament as Sovereign 36 (17)
Critics of Sovereignty 53 (7)
Athenian Democracy 60 (26)
Constitutional Development 63 (3)
The Athenian Political System 66 (9)
The Theory of the Athenian Constitution 75 (5)
The Doctrine of Mixed Government 80 (4)
The Constitutional Totalitarianism of Sparta 84 (2)
The Roman Republic 86 (30)
The Development of the Republic, and Its 87 (9)
The Political System of the Republic 96 (11)
Theoretical Interpretation of the Republic 107(9)
Countervailance Theory in Medieval Law, 116(13)
Catholic Ecclesiology, and Huguenot Political
Canon Lam and Roman Law 116(2)
Catholic Ecclesiology and the Conciliar 118(3)
The Huguenot Political Theorists 121(8)
The Republic of Venice 129(37)
Venice and Europe 129(8)
The Venetian System of Government 137(7)
Venetian Constitutionalism 144(5)
Church and State 149(6)
The Myth of Venice 155(7)
Venice, Mixed Government, and Jean Bodin 162(4)
The Dutch Republic 166(57)
The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic 166(17)
The Political History of the Republic, 183(11)
The Republican Political System 194(14)
Dutch Political Theory 208(15)
The Development of Constitutional Government 223(61)
and Countervailance Theory in
Seventeenth-Century England
Religious Toleration and Civic Freedom 228(4)
The Roles of Parliament 232(5)
``Mixed Government'' and the 237(1)
Countervailance Model
The Early Stuart Era 238(26)
From the Civil War to the Revolution of 1688 264(5)
The Provenance of English Countervailance 269(7)
The Eighteenth Century, and Montesquieu 276(8)
American Constitutionalism 284(43)
The Political Theory of the American 285(9)
The State Constitutions 294(5)
The National Constitution 299(18)
The Bill of Rights and the Judiciary 317(5)
A Note on Provenance 322(5)
Modern Britain 327(31)
Archaic Remnants: The Monarchy and the 332(2)
House of Lords
The House of Commons and the Cabinet 334(9)
The Bureaucracy 343(5)
The Judiciary 348(6)
Unofficial Political Institutions: Pressure 354(4)
Epilogue 358(5)
References 363(24)
Index 387