Major Problems in the History of American Families and Children : Documents and Essays

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Major Problems in the History of American Families and Children : Documents and Essays

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 524 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780618214754
  • DDC分類 306.870973

Full Description


Part of the Major Problems in American History series, this text for courses in family history or history of childhood balances its discussion of marriage and gender relations with coverage on children and childhood. Offering a thorough treatment of race, ethnicity, and class from colonial times to the present, this edition grants sustained attention to Native Americans and Latinos. Relating history to larger political events, the text narrative balances coverage of public policy toward families with coverage of the experiences of family life.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xiii
Studying Families and Children in 1 (31)
Historical Perspective
Essays
Digging Up Family History: Myths, 3 (11)
Realities, and Works-in-Progress
John Demos
Mythology and History in the Study of 14 (9)
the American Family
Stephanie Coontz
Reflections on the History of Children 23 (7)
and Childhood in the Postmodern Era
Joseph M. Hawes
N. Ray Hiner
Further Reading 30 (2)
Marriage, Family, and Kinship in Early 32 (39)
America
Documents
Three Europeans Comment on Native 33 (1)
American Marriage, Gender, and Kinship,
1600s--1700s
John Smith Describes the ``Naturall 33 (1)
Inhabitants of Virginia,'' 1608
Roger Williams Discusses Marriage and 34 (1)
Divorce Among New England Indians, 1643
Robert Beverley Defends the Morality of 35 (1)
Virginia's Native Americans, 1705
James Mooney Records Traditional 36 (2)
Cherokee Myths, 1900
Plymouth Colony Requires All Persons to 38 (1)
Live in Families, 1669
Puritan Minister Cotton Mather 39 (1)
Describes ``a Family Well-Ordered,''
1699
Slaves Escape in Search of Family 39 (3)
Members, 1750s--1760s
Essays
Matrilineal Kinship Among the Cherokee 42 (7)
Indians in the American Southeast
Theda Perdue
Patriarchy and Marriage in Colonial New 49 (9)
England
Lisa Wilson
Slavery and Family Life Among African 58 (11)
Americans in Eighteenth-Century Maryland
Allan Kulikoff
Further Reading 69 (2)
Children and Childrearing in a Developing 71 (34)
Democracy
Documents
Colonial Legislatures Permit Harsh 73 (1)
Punishment for Disobedient Children,
1642, 1646, 1654
A Colonial Mother Describes the Custom 74 (1)
of Breeching, 1679
English Philosopher John Locke 75 (2)
Recommends a Rational Approach to
Childrearing, 1693
Laura Wirt's Parents Offer Instruction 77 (2)
and Advice, 1810
The Reverend Francis Wayland Describes 79 (5)
Discipline, 1831
John J. C. Abbott Gives Advice to 84 (1)
Mothers, 1834
Lucy Larcom Remembers the Pangs of 85 (1)
Conscience, 1889
Essays
Breaking Wills in Colonial America 86 (10)
Philip Greven
Developing Character in Antebellum 96 (7)
America
Anne Scott MacLeod
Further Reading 103 (2)
Marriage and Family in Victorian America 105 (27)
Documents
Eliza Southgate Expresses Her Opinion 106 (2)
of Love Matches, 1800
Emma Willard Gives Marital Advice, 1815 108 (1)
Caroline Gilman Recommends Wifely 109 (2)
Submission, 1838
Martha Hunter Hitchcock Complains of 111 (2)
Loneliness and Illness, 1840--1846
Lizzie Neblett Describes Marriage and 113 (2)
Motherhood in Texas, 1860
Essays
Men, Women, and Marriage in the 115 (6)
Nineteenth-Century North
E. Anthony Rotundo
Marriage and Family in the 121 (9)
Nineteenth-Century South
Anya Jabour
Further Reading 130 (2)
Families in Bondage 132 (35)
Documents
Slave Husbands and Wives Correspond, 134 (1)
1840s--1850s
Frederick Douglass Describes Separation 135 (1)
and Sexual Abuse, 1845
Harriet Jacobs Remembers Growing Up a 136 (2)
Slave, 1861
Fanny Kemble Reports on Slave Women's 138 (2)
Health, 1863
Former Slaves Recall Family Life, 1930s 140 (4)
Essays
Marriage in Slavery 144 (11)
Brenda Stevenson
Motherhood in Slavery 155 (11)
Stephanie J. Shaw
Further Reading 166 (1)
Fathers and Children in the Civil War Era 167 (34)
Documents
A Confederate Father Writes to His 168 (6)
Daughter, 1861--1864
A Popular Poem Mourns a 174 (1)
Soldier-Father's Death, 1865
Children Play at War, 1863 174 (2)
A Southern Girl Records Her Brothers' 176 (2)
Eagerness to Fight, 1861--1862
A Union Veteran Remembers Military 178 (3)
Drills and Farewells, 1909
Essays
Fatherhood in the Confederacy 181 (11)
James Marten
Coming of Age in the Union Army 192 (8)
Reid Mitchell
Further Reading 200 (1)
Families on the Frontier 201 (49)
Documents
Harriet Taylor Upton Recalls Pioneer 202 (1)
Life, ca. 1870
Margaret Bell Describes Children's Work 203 (2)
on the Montana Frontier, ca. 1910
Esperanza Montoya Padilla Details Her 205 (3)
Mother's Home and Community Work in the
1920s
Socorro Felix Delgado Describes Family 208 (4)
and Religion in Arizona, ca. 1930
The U.S. Government Makes Contradictory 212 (1)
Proposals for Educating Indian
Children, 1940s
Willard W. Beatty Recommends Education 212 (2)
for Leadership, 1942
Congress Suggests That Schools Promote 214 (2)
Assimilation, 1944
Essays
Children on the Plains Frontier 216 (8)
Elliott West
Women, Work, and Community in Hispanic 224 (16)
New Mexico and Colorado
Sarah Deutsch
Fatherhood and Assimilation Among the 240 (8)
Southern Utes
Katherine M. B. Osburn
Further Reading 248 (2)
Children and Child-Savers in 250 (40)
Progressive-Era America, 1880--1920
Documents
William P. Letchworth Visits the New 252 (4)
York Catholic Protectory, 1876
The Reinhard Committee Investigates 256 (1)
Child Labor, 1896
Judge Ben Lindsey Encounters Youthful 257 (2)
Criminals, 1894
Psychologist G. Stanley Hall Defines 259 (2)
Adolescence, 1904
Sociologists Describe Juvenile 261 (8)
Delinquency Among Polish Immigrants,
1918
Essays
Child Abuse and Child Protection in 269 (10)
Boston, 1880--1910
Linda Gordon
Female Sexuality and Juvenile 279 (10)
Delinquency in Early Twentieth-Century
California
Mary E. Odem
Further Reading 289 (1)
The Family and the State: Origins of the 290 (33)
Modern Welfare System in the Early
Twentieth Century
Documents
Jewish Charitable Organizations 292 (1)
Recommend Supporting Mothers and
Children at Home, 1910
The New York Commission on Relief for 293 (2)
Widowed Mothers Demands Government Aid
for Poor Women and Children, 1914
The U.S. Children's Bureau Praises 295 (2)
``Home Life,''-1919
The White House Conference on Child 297 (3)
Health and Protection Defines Child
Welfare as a Community Responsibility,
1930
The International Society of Crippled 300 (2)
Children Issues a ``Bill of Rights''
for Disabled Children, 1931
Essays
Mothers' Pensions in Chicago, 1911--1931 302 (9)
Joanne L. Goodwin
The Children's Bureau and Child Welfare 311 (11)
During the Great Depression
Kriste Lindenmeyer
Further Reading 322 (1)
The Homefront: American Families During 323 (47)
World War II
Documents
A Nisei Daughter Describes Family Life 325 (3)
in a Detention Camp, 1942
A Japanese American Student Recalls the 328 (4)
Relocation Order, 1942
A Resident of Manzanar Internment Camp 332 (4)
Looks Back on Her Wartime and Postwar
Experiences, 1940s
Wartime Newlyweds Exchange Love 336 (4)
Letters, 1943--1945
A Woman War Worker Describes Work and 340 (3)
Family Life, 1944
A Child Care Worker Discusses Her 343 (5)
Trials and Triumphs, 1944--1946
Essays
Japanese Families and Japanese American 348 (11)
Daughters in World War II Detention
Camps
Valerie Matsumoto
Children and Families During World War 359 (10)
II
William M. Tuttle Jr.
Further Reading 369 (1)
The 1950s: Family Life in Modern America 370 (36)
Documents
Dr. Benjamin Spock Offers Advice to New 372 (2)
Parents, 1946
Americans Describe Marriage and Family 374 (1)
as Necessary to Happiness, 1960
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan Bemoans 375 (3)
the Breakdown of the Black Family, 1965
Adrienne Rich Recalls the Cultural 378 (1)
Promotion of Motherhood in Cold War
Era-America, 1976
Marge Piercy Describes a Woman's 379 (5)
Response to an Unplanned Pregnancy
Before Roe v. Wade, 1982
Essays
Visions of Family Life in Postwar 384 (11)
America
Elaine Tyler May
Illegitimacy and Adoption: Black and 395 (9)
White Teen Mothers, 1945--1965
Rickie Solinger
Further Reading 404 (2)
The New Immigrant Family, 1965 to the 406 (35)
Present
Documents
An Immigrant Daughter Describes 408 (1)
Population Control in Puerto Rico in
the 1950s
A Puerto Rican Remembers the Move to 409 (1)
New York City, 1951
An Elderly Vietnamese Man Despairs of 410 (3)
Parent-Child Relations in the United
States, 1989
Ba That Explains Changing Power 413 (3)
Dynamics in the Vietnamese American
Family, 1989
Essays
Puerto Rican Women and Their Families 416 (10)
in Chicago
Maura I. Toro-Morn
Vietnamese Parents and Children in 426 (13)
Philadelphia
Nazli Kibria
Further Reading 439 (2)
Family Politics in Late-Twentieth-Century 441 (42)
America
Documents
The U.S. Supreme Court Defines Women's 443 (1)
Right to Choose Abortion, 1973
The National Right to Life Committee 444 (2)
Opposes Abortion, 1974
Sociologists Make Predictions About 446 (8)
Family Life in the Next Millennium, 1988
Robert Bly Proposes a Cure for Modern 454 (3)
Men's ``Softness,'' 1990
Judith Stacey Relates ``The Family 457 (3)
Values Fable,'' 1999
Essays
Abortion and the Politics of Motherhood 460 (11)
Kristin Luker
Patriarchy and the Politics of 471 (10)
Fatherhood
Robert L. Griswold
Further Reading 481 (2)
Families and Children in Contemporary 483 (41)
America
Documents
Two Gay Men Describe Their 485 (3)
Relationship, 1989
Kellen Kaiser-Klimist and Her Two Moms 488 (4)
Discuss Marriage and Family, 1989, 1991
The U.S. Census Reveals Change and 492 (8)
Continuity in Family Life, 2000
Sociologist Michael Kimmel Comments on 500 (2)
School Shootings, 2000
Christian Parents Turn to 502 (6)
Home-Schooling, 2001
A Toddler's Mother Criticizes 508 (2)
``Toymania,'' 2003
Essays
The Meaning(s) of Marriage in 510 (8)
Postmodern America
Nancy F. Cott
Conspicuous Toy Consumption and Modern 518 (6)
Childhood
Gary Cross
Further Reading 524