Life and Public Services of Edwin M. Stanton 〈1〉

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Life and Public Services of Edwin M. Stanton 〈1〉

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 456 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780548137789
  • DDC分類 920

Table of Contents

Death of his Father
Clerk in a Store at Thirteen
Preparations for College
Characteristics as a Boy
His Struggle for an Education
His College Course unfinished for Want of 1 (10)
A Miniature Disunion Struggle at Kenyon
College, in which Stanton ``goes over to
Admitted to the Bar
Married 11 (8)
His Choice between the Political Parties in
A Political Review
Jackson and the United States Bank
Formation of the Whig Party
Its Elements
Calhoun a Whig Leader
Van Buren's Election
Toleration on the Slavery Question 19 (6)
Resumes his Residence in Steubenville
Relations with Senator Tappan
His Part in the Campaign of 1840 25 (6)
His Great Success as a Lawyer
``The Divine Alchemy of Work.''
His First Case in Washington
Removal to Pittsburg
His Career there
Second Marriage 31 (7)
Argument of Mr. Stanton in the Wheeling
Bridge Case in the United States Supreme
His Methods in preparing for an Argument 38 (8)
Removal to Washington
Employed by the Government as Special
Counsel in California Land Cases
The Limantour Fraud 46 (5)
Mr. Stanton in California
His Work there
Collection and Arrangement of the Mexican 51 (6)
The Limantour Case
The Claim rejected
Zeal, Ability, and Ingenuity of Stanton 57 (10)
in conducting the Case
Overthrow of the Forged Claim to the New
Almaden Quicksilver Mine
Stanton's Work in California
Land Cases in the Supreme Court of the 67 (4)
United States
Mr. Stanton's Political Views, Antecedents,
and Antagonisms
A Freesoiler in 1848
The ``Union-Saving'' Era from 1850 to 1860
Pro-Slavery Whigs adopt the Anti-Slavery
Stanton's Aversion to the Whigs
His Position in 1856-60
The Support he gave Buchanan 71 (10)
Appointed Attorney-General, December 20,
Review of the Political Situation
The Presidential Election
The Disunion Conspiracy
Movements in South Carolina
Her Agents in Washington
Floyd's Treason
Buchanan's Message revised by Jefferson 81 (13)
Mr. Buchanan asks Attorney-General Black's
The Opinion, November 20, 1860
The Same analyzed and reviewed
The Anti-Coercion Doctrine 94 (12)
President Buchanan's Last Annual Message
Censure of the North and Apology for the
Unconstitutional to use Force to preserve 106(5)
the Union
The Southern Forts
Resignation of Cass, Secretary of State
Secession Pronunciamento at Washington
Secession of South Carolina
Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter 111(10)
Stanton accepts Appointment
Judge Black's Influence in the Matter
Why exercised
His New Attitude
Perils of the Administration 121(6)
The South Carolina Commissioners
Anderson's Movement at Charleston
Jefferson Davis urges the President to
surrender Fort Sumter
Submission of the Question to the Cabinet 127(4)
The Cabinet Crisis
Anderson's Instructions
Buchanan's Pledge to South Carolina
Floyd's Demand
The President's Irresolution 131(11)
The President confers with the Commissioners
The Struggle in the Cabinet
Stanton's Attitude
Resignation of Floyd
The President's Letter to the South
Carolina Commissioners
His Final Break with the Secessionists 142(7)
Stanton's Account of the Cabinet Crisis
Judge Holt on the Same 149(11)
New Departure of the Administration
Anderson's Act approved
Attempt to reinforce Sumter
Rebel Attack on the Star of the West
Treason of Jacob Thompson
His Resignation
Anderson's Truce
The Confederacy erected
Attempts at Compromise
War not then seriously thought of
No War Party
The Government and the Secessionists 160(5)
equally disinclined to open Hostilities
Mr. Stanton's Work during the Remainder of
his Term as Attorney-General
Freedom from Disguises
He affiliates with Union Men of all
Parties, and antagonizes all Others.
Fidelity to the President
The Plot to seize the National Capital
Stanton's Interview with Sumner
Alarm of Black
The Real Peril
How it was averted by the Presence of
Importance of Stanton's Services at that 165(11)
Mr. Stanton's Democracy and his Patriotism
His Attitude towards Slavery
The Pro-Slavery Constitution
His Views on Compromise Propositions,
compared with those of Mr. Lincoln
Patriotic Motives of Both
Necessity of making Union and not
Anti-Slavery the Test
The Outlook for Emancipation at that Time
The Northern Disunionists 176(11)
Expiration of Buchanan's Administration
Summary of his Course towards the South
Stanton's Great Influence upon him 187(4)
The Accession of Mr. Lincoln
The Situation
Jealousy and Distrust among the Unionists 191(6)
Surrender of Fort Sumter favored by the
Lincoln Cabinet
Effect of Supposed Non-Resistant Policy
of Mr. Lincoln on Union Democrats
Mr. Stanton as a Representative Man of
this Class
His Letter to a Friend in 1861 on the
Union Question
His Aid or Advice not sought by the
Republican Administration
Did not meet Lincoln while President
until he was appointed Secretary of War
The Hostility between Republicans and
Union Democrats explained
Bombardment of Fort Sumter 197(11)
The Attack on Sumter
Stanton on the Outlook
His Want of Confidence in Mr. Lincoln
The Reasons for it
Mr. Buchanan declares his Allegiance to 208(4)
the Union Cause
The Two Uprisings
One for the Union, and the Other for
Radicals and Conservatives
Discontent among Union Men
Mr. Stanton's Trenchant Criticisms of the 212(7)
Administration in Private Letters
The Battle of Bull Run
Stanton's Views at the Time
McClellan called to the Command in 219(7)
McClellan in Command of the Division of the
Organization of the Army
Fortifying the Capital
Confidence reposed in him
His Private Letters from August to
General Scott retired and McClellan
placed in Command of all the Armies
Stanton's Relations with him at that Time
Public Impatience for Military Operations
Joint Committee of Congress on the
Conduct of the War, to investigate the
Causes of the Inactivity of the Army
Testimony of the Division Generals and
McClellan's Delay in appearing before the 226(12)
Stanton's Appointment as Secretary of War
Without Previous Consultation with him
Stanton consults McClellan before
Reasons for the Appointment
Comments on the Appointment by Men of
Stanton's Conception of the Duties of his 238(8)
Mr. Stanton at Work
Some of his Duties and Some of his 246(4)
His First Official Order
Care for Union Prisoners
Conference with the Committee on the
Conduct of the War
The Military Situation made known to him
through the Testimony of McClellan's
His First War Bulletin
In this the President's Military 250(5)
Supremacy asserted
Important War Measures enacted by Congress
on Mr. Stanton's Recommendation
Work in the Department
Congress calls for Information 255(3)
Army Contracts dealt with
An Order made to investigate them and
terminate Fraudulent Ones
Order taking Possession of all Railroads 258(4)
for Military Purposes
Order concerning Political Prisoners and
Military Arrests
Release of Prisoners
Further Extraordinary Arrests to be made
by the Military Authorities only
Mr. Stanton defends Arrests otherwise 262(6)
made up to that Time
Colonel Thomas A. Scott's Mission to the
Halleck and Buell
Grant escapes from Halleck and takes
Forts Henry and Donelson
Halleck demands his Reward for it
Nashville evacuated 268(9)
Correspondence between Secretary Stanton
and Assistant Secretary Scott
Stanton's Ideas of what War should be
His Intentions towards Halleck and Buell
Comments on this and Reference to Critics
Grant promoted to Major-Generalship on 277(6)
Recommendation made by Stanton on the
Morning following the Capture of Fort
Horace Greeley on Stanton
The Latter disclaims Credit not his Due
in a Letter to the ``Tribune.''
Comments on this Letter by Lewis Cass 283(5)
A Fleet of Steam Rams for Operations on the
Mississippi River
Constructed under Stanton's Orders by 288(9)
Charles Ellet, Jr.
The Capture of Memphis 297(143)
Halleck in the West
His Importunity for an Enlarged Command
His Ludicrous Pretensions
His Injustice to Grant undone by an
Inquiry from the War Department
He is given Supreme Command in the West
He then restores Grant to his Command
The Battle of Shiloh fought while Halleck
is still at St. Louis
He then takes the Field and resumes
Persecution of Grant
Halleck's Advance on Corinth by Parallels
Finds it evacuated 300(13)
General Butler's New Orleans Expedition
Cooperation of Naval Fleet under Admiral
Grand Naval Exploit and Capture of the
Occupation and Military Government by 313(8)
General Butler
Operations on the Mississippi River
First Movements on Vicksburg by Farragut 321(5)
and Butler
Lincoln and McClellan
The Relations between them
Reluctance of the President to force an
Issue with his General-in-Chief
Stanton's Hopes of McClellan
Elation of the Latter attributable to
Exaggerated Importance given to his
Operations in West Virginia
Brief Review of that Campaign
Stanton's Influence made Manifest
Lincoln asserts his Authority as
He orders a Movement of the Land and 326(10)
Naval Forces
McClellan proposes a Peninsular Campaign
Mr. Lincoln opposes it and orders a
Different Movement
The Question left unsettled until
Obstructions are removed from the Lower
Potomac and the Baltimore and Ohio
Blunders at Harper's Ferry compel an
Abandonment of an Important Movement
An Order to attack Rebel Batteries on the
Potomac revoked, because of an Opinion of
the Chief Engineer of the Army, Five
Months before the Order was made
General Lander's Brilliant and Successful
Rashness on his Part feared by the
Stanton's Contrary Opinion 336(9)
A Council of War
McClellan's Plan submitted and adopted
The Council summoned to the White House
The Plan laid before the President
The Council questioned by Secretary
The President accepts the Plan with 345(5)
Certain Modifications
The Peninsular Campaign
Conditions imposed by the President
Evacuation of Manassas
The Rebels in a Panic when deemed most
Formidable by McClellan
Advance of the Army on the Deserted Field 350(10)
McClellan relieved of General Command, and
assigned to the Army of the Potomac only
His Plan demanded by Stanton
Vague Response
Ordered to move by Some Route at once
The Transportation of the Army and its 360(6)
Supplies to Fortress Monroe
Stanton's New Duties
Daily Meetings of his Bureau Officers as
a Board of Administration
Its First Meeting
How to neutralize the Merrimac 366(10)
The Peninsular Campaign
McClellan's Disregard of Orders
His Attempt to leave Washington
How this was prevented
McDowell's Corps retained
McClellan's Misrepresentations
He treated the Enforcement of Conditions 376(5)
originally placed upon his Campaign as an
On the Peninsula
Stanton to McClellan
The Siege of Yorktown
Manassas repeated
Preparations and no Attack for Thirty Days
Yorktown then evacuated
Loud Demand for Troops which were sent
and never used
McClellan's Daily Promises to Stanton
daily broken
Said he would have attacked on the 6th of 381(10)
May if the Enemy had not retreated on the
The Battle of Williamsburg
McClellan says Battle was an Accident due
to Rapidity of Pursuit of the Enemy
ordered by him
How he saved the Day by Two Orders, 391(7)
neither of which he says was executed
The Fall of Norfolk and the Destruction of
the Merrimac
The James River then opened to McClellan 398(5)
McClellan's Snail Pace on the Peninsula
His Failure to take the Line of the James
River on two Favorable Occasions
Then attributes Failure of his Campaign
to not having taken it
His Correspondence, exposing Glaring 403(11)
Inconsistency, and refuting many
Statements in his Book
Slanders of Stanton by the McClellan and
Copperhead Press
Directly based on Private Letters of
The Latter boasts of having insulted 414(11)
President Lincoln
Stanton's Silence under Persecution, lest
Harm come to the Country
His Reply in a Private Letter, never
published until Seventeen Years after his
A Voice from the Grave 425(8)
The Battle of Fair Oaks
McClellan divides his Army by a River
rapidly being rendered impassable by a
Two Corps are saved by Summer's Energetic
Movement in Advance of McClellan's Order
A Costly Victory thrown away
Army ordered back when within Four Miles 433(7)
of Richmond
McClellan lies down on the Banks of the 440(7)
Chickahominy and awaits an Attack which he
says will destroy his Army
The Seven Days' Battles 447