The Free Church of Ancient Christendom and Its Subjugation under Constantine

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The Free Church of Ancient Christendom and Its Subjugation under Constantine

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 400 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780548130803
  • DDC分類 200

Table of Contents

Introduction On The State Of The World At The
Advent
Chapter I State Of The Gentiles. 3 (30)
Vast Extent and Resources the Roman Empire
at the Period or the Advent
Its Political Organisation
Brilliant Careens of the Literature of the
Augustan Age
Its degraded Spiritual Condition
Polytheism of the Masses, and Pantheism,
Scepticism, of Atheism of the Educated Ranks
Politic Forbearance of the Philosophies
towards the popular Creed
Aversion fan God the common Boot of
Superstition and Infidelity
The Mysteries
Views of the Heathen as to a Future Life
Earthly Spirit of the Heathen Worship
Connexion of the Various Pagan Religions
with the State
Cosmical Kingdom of Heaven
State of Ethical Speculation amongst the
ancients
Dreadful Moral Condition of the Old World
Chapter II State Of The Jews And Samaritans. 33 (20)
The Jews alone possessed of a positive
Preparation for Christianity
Their abuse of this Advantage as evinced by
their Spiritual Pride and Unconsciousness
of their need of Redemption
Their Superstitions Bent
Extract from the Letter to Diognetus
The Religious Sects of the Jews, farther
Proof of the deplorable Decay of Judaism
The Sadducees
The Essenes
The Pharisees
These last the Religious Guides of the
Nation at large
Disastrous Results of such Guidance
Sensuousness of the popular Conceptions of
the Messiah
The Samaritans
Their Idea of the Messiah more Spiritual
than those of the Jews
Reasons of this Difference
Their Views as to a Future Life
Reason of their Rejection of the Prophets
Their comparative Ripeness in spite of some
Heathenish Tendencies, for the Reception of
the Gospel
Apostolic Period From the Advent to the
Death of the Apostle John A.C. 5 A.D.100.
Chapter I Age Of Our Lord. 53 (29)
From the Nativity, A.C. 5, to the
Ascension, A.D. 30
Important Light shed upon the Nature of
the Church by our Lord's Life and Teaching
The Principles upon which that
Institution was to be based, laid down by
Himself
The projected Church externally and
internally free
Originality of the Idea of the Church,
and Inferences therefrom
Pasts in our Lord's early History
indicative of the unworldly Nature of his
Kingdom
Similar Illustrations supplied by His
Ministry
And especially by its closing Scene
Provision made by our Lord for the
Internal Freedom of the Church
Absolute Subordination of all its Members
to Himself, and Co-ordination to one
another, its Fundamental Principle
His Hints of the Abrogation of the
Particular Priesthood, and of the
Establishment of a Universal one
This latter not Inconsistent with the
Divine Appointment of the Christian
Ministry
True Nature of Church Power
Chapter II Age Of The Twelve. 82 (26)
From the Ascension, A.D. 30, to the
Martyrdom of the Apostle Paul, A.D. 65.
Preparation made by our Lord himself for
the Establishment of the Church
Election of Matthias to the vacant
Apostleship
Descent of the Holy Ghost, and its Meaning
Other immediate Effusions of the Spirit
Common Life of the First Christians at
Jerusalem
Case of Ananias and Sapphire
Institution of the Diaconate
Formation of Churches in other Parts of
Palestine
Conversion of Saul
And of Cornelius
Controversy at Jerusalem and Triumph of
Apostolic Meekness
The Church of Antioch and its Missions to
the Heathen
Its Disturbance by False Teachers from
Jerusalem
Measures taken in consequence
Convention of Jerusalem
Wide Spread of Christianity in this Age
Constitution of the Apostolic Churches
Persecution
Chapter III Age Of John. 108(19)
From the Martyrdom; of the Apostle Paul,
A.D. 65, to the Death of the Apostle John,
A.D. 100.
Harmonizing Character of the Johanneine
Age
Fall of Jerusalem
Great Significance of this Event
Remarks on Rothe's Theory of the
Foundation of the Church, by the
Institution of Prelacy, at this Epoch
The unique Biblical Instance of a Prelate
adduced by him
Anti-Hierarshical Character of the Third
Epistle of John
No Alteration made in the Church
Constitution during this Age
Herecies now broached, and Manner of
their Counteraction by John
Persecution under Domitian
Noble Testimony borne before the Emperor 108(19)
by the Relatives of our Lord
First Transition Period. From The Death Of The
Apostle John To The Martyrdom Of Polycarp. A.D.
164.
Chapter I Age Of The Apostolic Fathers. 127(44)
From the Death of John, A.D. 100, to the
Renovation of the Church at Jerusalem, A.D.
136.
Importance of tie Domestication of
Christianity in the Johanneine Age
The Apostolic Office not capable of
Transmission, and why
The Apostolic Fathers
Scantiness of our Information concerning
them
Paucity of their Writings accounted for
by their Missionary Activity
No Organized Persecution by the Roman
State in this Age
Correspondents between Pliny and Trajan
Import of Trajan's Rescript
Hadrian's View of Christianity
His Rescript to Minucius Fundanus
Martyrs in this Age
The Jews still furious Persecutors
Baring of their repeated Humillations
upon the Interests of Christianity
Review of the Dogmatic Tendencies of the
various Parts of Christendom
Palestine
Ebionitism and Elxai
Egypt
Asia Minor
Macedonia and Greece
Italy
Syria
Ignatius
Polity of the Churches in this Age
In what Sense the Origin of Prelacy
traceable to Palatine
Chapter II Age Of Polycarp 171(36)
From the Renovation of the Church at
Jerusalem, A.D.136, to the Martyrdom of
Polycarp, A.D. 164.
Spread of the Gospel in this Age
The Free Church, its Propaganda
Hostile Alliance for its Suppression
between the Court and the Schools
Writers against Christianity
Persecution under the Antonines
Martyrdom of Justin and Polycarp
Heresies of this Age
General View of Gnosticism
How far traceable to Simon Magus
Nature of his System and Extracts from
his Writings
Distinction between an earlier and a
later Gnosis
The Ophites
Character of the later Gnosis
Questions agitated by the Gnostics
Carpocrates
Valentinus
Marcion
Hierarchical Period. From the Martyrdom of
Polycarp, to the close of the Persecution under
Valerian. A.D. 164-259.
Chapter I The Age Of Victor. 207(25)
From the Martyrdom of Polycarp, A.D. 164,
to the Death of Victor, first Prelate of
Rome, A.D. 201.
Literary Activity of the Gnostics
Provision now made by their Antagonists
to meet the Intellectual Need
Pantaenus and the Catechetical School of
Alexandria
Christian Writers of this Age
Persecution
Progress of the Gospel, notwithstanding
Preaching of Pantaenus in the East
Introduction of Christianity into Britain
Prostration, without, of the Jewish
Opposition
Danger of its Revival within
Montanus
His pretended Reform of the Morality and
Polity of Christianity
The Clementines and their Scheme of
Church Polity
Forged Apostolical Constitutions
Ominous Character of this Age
Chapter II Age Of Tertulllian. 232(41)
From the Death of Victor, A.D. 201, to the
Death of Urban, Prelate of Rome, A.D. 230.
Historical Significance of Victor
Reasons for the Omission of any Reference
to him in the preceding Chapter
The outward Framework of the Church
Constitution not subverted before his Time
But its inward Vigour already greatly
sapped
Victor the probable Founder of the
Hierarchy
Two-fold Character of the Victories
Revolution
Carrying out of Victor's Views under his
Successors, Zephyrinus and Callistos
Reasons for supposing Victor's Complicity
in the Ignatian Fraud
The Persecution under Septimius Severus
Chapter III Age Of Cyprian. 273(36)
From the Death of the Roman Prelate, Urban,
A.D. 230, to the Close of the Persecution
under Valerian, A.D. 259.
The Forty Years' Peace and its Causes
Flourishing Condition of Christian
Literature at this Period
Feebleness of the Pagan Authors of the
same Epoch
Neo-Platonism
Continued Spread of Christianity
Disposition of the several Emperors
towards it
Further Development of the Hierarchy by
means of Cyprian
His Character
Separation headed by Felicissimus at
Carthage
Secession of Novatian at Rome
Breach between Cyprian and Stephen
Cyprian's Church
Principles
Second Transition Period. From the Close of the
Persecution under Valerian to the council of
Nice A.D. 259-325.
Chapter I Age Of Commodian. 309(24)
From the Close of the Persecution under
Valerian, A.D. 259, to the Elevation of the
two Caesars, Galerius and Constantius, A.D.
292.
Tolerant Policy of Gallienus
Christianity a Religio Licita
Unique Character of this Age, as one in
which the Church was neither Permeated
nor Patronized by the State
Growing bitterness of the Neo-Platonist
Antagonism, represented by Porphyry
Resources of the Church for meeting it
Great outward Expansion of Christianity
Low Moral Condition of the Churches at
this Epoch
Commodian's honest Censures
Heresy of Paul of Samosata
And of Mani
Chapter II Age Of Eusebius. 333(42)
From the Elevation of the two Caesars,
Galerius and Constantius, A.D. 292, to the
Council of Nice, A.D. 325.
Summary of the Political Events of the Age
Prognostics of the Ten Years' Persecution
Edict against the Manichaeans
Purgation of the Army
Case of the Centurion, Marcellus
Martyrdom of the Player, Gelasinus
Signs of the approaching Fall of
Heathenism
Conversion of Tiridats
The Nicomedian Conferences
Outbreak of the Ten Years' Persecution
Rash Act of a Christian
Double Fire at Nicomedia
Second, Third, and Fourth Edicts
Duration of the Persecution in the East
and West, respectively
Death of Galerius
Edict of Milan
Retrospective View of the bearing of the
Christians under the Persecution
Martyrdoms
Great amount of Apostasy
Donatist Controversy
Constantine's Interference therein
Arian Controversy
Council of Nice
Appendices 375