Modern Chemistry

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Modern Chemistry

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 737 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780547586632
  • DDC分類 540

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Matter and Change                    2  (24)
1 Chemistry Is a Physical Science 3 (3)
2 Matter and Its Properties 6 (10)
3 Elements 16 (10)
Cross-Disciplinary Connection Secrets 15 (3)
of the Cremona Violins
Why It Matters Superconductors 18 (3)
Math Tutor Converting SI Units 21 (4)
Standards-Based Assessment 25 (1)
Chapter 2 Measurements and Calculations 26 (36)
1 Scientific Method 27 (4)
2 Units of Measurement 31 (11)
3 Using Scientific Measurements 42 (20)
Why It Matters Models in Chemistry 30 (7)
QuickLab Density of Pennies 37 (4)
Chemistry Explorers Classical Ideas 41 (15)
About Matter
Math Tutor Scientific Notation 56 (5)
Standards-Based Assessment 61 (1)
Chapter 3 Atoms: The Building Blocks of 62 (28)
Matter
1 The Atom: From Philosophical Idea to 63 (5)
Scientific Theory
2 The Structure of the Atom 68 (5)
3 Counting Atoms 73 (17)
Careers in Chemistry Physical Chemist 66 (1)
Quicklab Constructing a Model 67 (10)
Chemistry Explorers Discovery of 77 (7)
Element 43
Math Tutor Conversion Factors 84 (5)
Standards-Based Assessment 89 (1)
Chapter 4 Arrangement of Electrons In Atoms 90 (34)
1 The Development of a New Atomic Model 91 (7)
2 The Quantum Model of the Atom 98 (7)
3 Electron Configurations 105(19)
Why It Matters Fireflies 96 (4)
QuickLab The Wave Nature of Light: 100(8)
Interference
Chemistry Explorers The Noble Decade 108(9)
Math Tutor Weighted Averages and Atomic 117(6)
Mass
Standards-Based Assessment 123(1)
Chapter 5 The Periodic Law 124(40)
1 History of the Periodic Table 125(5)
2 Electron Configuration and the Periodic 130(12)
Table
3 Electron Configuration and Periodic 142(22)
Properties
Quicklab Designing Your Own Periodic 128(9)
Table
Careers in Chemistry Materials Scientist 137(20)
Math Tutor Writing Electron 157(6)
Configurations
Standards-Based Assessment 163(1)
Chapter 6 Chemical Bonding 164(42)
1 Introduction to Chemical Bonding 165(3)
2 Covalent Bonding and Molecular Compounds 168(12)
3 Ionic Bonding and Ionic Compounds 180(5)
4 Metallic Bonding 185(2)
5 Molecular Geometry 187(19)
Chemistry Explorers Ultrasonic 170(24)
Toxic-Waste Destroyer
Careers in Chemistry Computational 194(4)
Chemist
Math Tutor Drawing Lewis Structures 198(7)
Standards-Based Assessment 205(1)
Chapter 7 Chemical Formulas and Chemical 206(40)
Compounds
1 Chemical Names and Formulas 207(13)
2 Oxidation Numbers 220(5)
3 Using Chemical Formulas 225(8)
4 Determining Chemical Formulas 233(13)
Careers in Chemistry Pharmacist 222(2)
Why It Matters Mass Spectrometry: 224(14)
Identifying Molecules
Math Tutor Calculating Percentage 238(7)
Composition
Standards-Based Assessment 245(1)
Chapter 8 Chemical Equations and Reactions 246(36)
1 Describing Chemical Reactions 247(15)
2 Types of Chemical Reactions 262(9)
3 Activity Series of the Elements 271(11)
Why It Matters Carbon Monoxide Catalyst 261(8)
Why It Matters Fluoridation and Tooth 269(1)
Decay
QuickLab Balancing Equations Using 270(4)
Models
Why It Matters Combustion Synthesis 274(1)
Math Tutor Balancing Chemical Equations 275(6)
Standards-Based Assessment 281(1)
Chapter 9 Stoichiometry 282(29)
1 Introduction to Stoichiometry 283(5)
2 Ideal Stoichiometric Calculations 288(8)
3 Limiting Reactants and Percentage Yield 296(15)
Careers in Chemistry Chemical Technician 284(2)
Chemistry Explorers The Case of 286(14)
Combustion
QuickLab Limiting Reactants in a Recipe 300(3)
Math Tutor Using Mole Ratios 303(6)
Standards-Based Assessment 309(2)
Chapter 10 States of Matter
1 The Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Matter 311(4)
2 Liquids 315(4)
3 Solids 319(5)
4 Changes of State 324(7)
5 Water 331(9)
Why It Matters Surface Melting 328(6)
Math Tutor Calculations Using 334(5)
Enthalpies of Fusion
Standards-Based Assessment 339(1)
Chapter 11 Gases 340(38)
1 Gas and Pressure 341(8)
2 The Gas Laws 349(9)
3 Gas Volumes and the Ideal Gas Law 358(8)
4 Diffusion and Effusion 366(12)
Why It Matters The Gas Laws and Scuba 348(8)
Diving
Chemistry Explorers Chemistry's First 356(4)
Law
Why It Matters Automobile Air Bags 360(7)
Quicklab Diffusion 367(2)
Math Tutor Algebraic Rearrangements of 369(8)
Gas Laws
Standards-Based Assessment 377(1)
Chapter 12 Solutions 378(32)
1 Types of Mixtures 379(6)
2 The Solution Process 385(11)
3 Concentration of Solutions 396(14)
QuickLab Observing Solutions, 383(3)
Suspensions, and Colloids
Careers in Chemistry Environmental 386(9)
Chemist
Cross-Disciplinary Connection 395(8)
Artificial Blood
Math Tutor Calculating Solution 403(6)
Concentration
Standards-Based Assessment 409(1)
Chapter 13 Ions In Aqueous Solutions and 410(30)
Colligative Properties
1 Compounds in Aqueous Solutions 411(11)
2 Colligative Properties of Solutions 422(18)
Chemistry Explorers The Riddle of 420(9)
Electrolysis
Why It Matters Water Purification by 429(4)
Reverse Osmosis
Math Tutor Boiling and Freezing Points 433(6)
of Solutions
Standards-Based Assessment 439(1)
Chapter 14 Acids and Bases 440(30)
1 Properties of Acids and Bases 441(11)
2 Acid-Base Theories 452(5)
3 Acid-Base Reactions 457(13)
QuickLab Household Acids and Bases 446(5)
Cross-Disciplinary Connection Acid 451(7)
Water---A Hidden Menace
Cross-Disciplinary Connection It's a 458(6)
Bitter Pill
Math Tutor Writing Equations for Ionic 464(5)
Reactions
Standards-Based Assessment 469(1)
Chapter 15 Acid-Base Titration and pH 470(30)
1 Aqueous Solutions and the Concept of pH 471(12)
2 Determining pH and Titrations 483(17)
Cross-Disciplinary Connection Liming 482(4)
Streams
QuickLab Testing the pH of Rainwater 486(2)
Careers in Chemistry Analytical Chemist 488(6)
Math Tutor Using Logarithms and pH 494(5)
Standards-Based Assessment 499(1)
Chapter 16 Reaction Energy 500(28)
1 Thermochemistry 501(15)
2 Driving Force of Reactions 516(12)
Why It Matters Self-Heating Meals 515(4)
Why It Matters Diamonds Are Forever? 519(2)
Math Tutor Hess's Law 521(6)
Standards-Based Assessment 527(1)
Chapter 17 Reaction Kinetics 528(26)
1 The Reaction Process 529(7)
2 Reaction Rate 536(18)
Why It Matters Explosives 540(6)
QuickLab Factors Influencing Reaction 546(1)
Rate
Why It Matters Catalytic Converters 547(1)
Math Tutor Writing Rate Laws 548(5)
Standards-Based Assessment 553(1)
Chapter 18 Chemical Equilibrium 554(40)
1 The Nature of Chemical Equilibrium 555(9)
2 Shifting Equilibrium 564(7)
3 Equilibria of Acids, Bases, and Salts 571(8)
4 Solubility Equilibrium 579(15)
Chemistry Explorers Fixing the Nitrogen 562(13)
Problem
Cross-Disciplinary Connection Blood 575(12)
Buffers
Math Tutor Determining Equilibrium 587(6)
Constants
Standards-Based Assessment 593(1)
Chapter 19 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 594(22)
1 Oxidation and Reduction 595(6)
2 Balancing Redox Equations 601(5)
3 Oxidizing and Reducing Agents 606(10)
Why It Matters Photochromic Lenses 598(2)
Why It Matters Skunk-Spray Remedy 600(8)
QuickLab Redox Reactions 608(2)
Math Tutor Balancing Redox Equations 610(5)
Standards-Based Assessment 615(1)
Chapter 20 Electrochemistry 616(25)
1 Introduction to Electrochemistry 617(3)
2 Voltaic Cells 620(9)
3 Electrolytic Cells 629(12)
Why It Matters Fuel-Cell Cars 628(5)
Why It Matters Sodium Production by 633(1)
Electrolysis
Math Tutor Calculating Cell Potentials 634(5)
Standards-Based Assessment 639(2)
Chapter 21 Nuclear Chemistry
1 The Nucleus 641(4)
2 Radioactive Decay 645(8)
3 Nuclear Radiation 653(4)
4 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion 657(11)
Disciplinary Connection Quarks 642(18)
Chemistry Explorers An Unexpected 660(2)
Finding
Math Tutor Calculating with Half-Life 662(5)
Standards-Based Assessment 667(1)
Chapter 22 Organic Chemistry 668(38)
1 Organic Compounds 669(5)
2 Hydrocarbons 674(14)
3 Functional Groups 688(5)
4 Organic Reactions 693(13)
Chemistry Explorers The Beginnings of 673(5)
Organic Chemistry
Careers in Chemistry Petroleum Engineer 678(5)
Why It Matters Carbon Allotropes 683(15)
Math Tutor Calculating Empirical 698(7)
Formulas
Standards-Based Assessment 705(1)
Chapter 23 Biological Chemistry 706
1 Carbohydrates and Lipids 707(5)
2 Amino Acids and Proteins 712(10)
3 Metabolism 722(4)
4 Nucleic Acids 726
Chemistry Explorers Charles Drew and 728(12)
Blood Transfusions
Careers in Chemistry Forensic Chemist 730(2)
Math Tutor Interpretation of the 732(5)
Genetic Code
Standards-Based Assessment 737
REFERENCE
APPENDIX A ELEMENTS HANDBOOK 2 (56)
Group 1 Alkali Metals 4 (4)
Application Technology
Sodium Vapor Lighting 4 (1)
Application Health
Electrolyte Balance in the Body 5 (3)
Group 2 Alkaline-Earth Metals 8 (6)
Application Technology
Fireworks 10 (2)
Application Health
Calcium: An Essential Mineral in the 12 (1)
Diet
Magnesium: An Essential Mineral in the 12 (2)
Diet
Groups 3-12 Transition Metals 14 (10)
Application Geology
Gemstones and Color 17 (1)
Application Technology
Alloys 18 (3)
Application the Environment
Mercury Poisoning 21 (1)
Application Health
Elements in the Body 22 (1)
Role of Iron 23 (1)
Group 13 Boron Family 24 (4)
Application Technology
Aluminum 26 (1)
Aluminum Alloys 27 (1)
Group 14 Carbon Family 28 (16)
Application Chemical Industry
Carbon and the Reduction of Iron Ore 30 (1)
Carbon Dioxide 31 (1)
Carbon Monoxide 31 (1)
Application Biochemistry
Carbon Dioxide and Respiration 32 (2)
Application the Environment
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning 34 (1)
Application Biochemistry
Macromolecules 35 (6)
Application Chemical Industry
Silicon and Silicates 41 (1)
Silicones 41 (1)
Application Technology
Semiconductors 42 (2)
Group 15 Nitrogen Family 44 (4)
Application Biology
Plants and Nitrogen 46 (1)
Application Chemical Industry
Fertilizers 47 (1)
Group 16 Oxygen Family 48 (6)
Application Chemical Industry
Oxides 50 (2)
Application the Environment
Ozone 52 (1)
Application Chemical Industry
Sulfuric Acid 53 (1)
Group 17 Halogen Family 54 (4)
Application the Environment
Chlorine in Water Treatment 56 (1)
Fluoride and Tooth Decay 57 (1)
APPENDIX B REFERENCE TABLES 58 (10)
APPENDIX C MATH SKILLS HANDBOOK AND CHEMISTRY 68 (16)
EQUATIONS
APPENDIX D PROBLEM BANK 84 (35)
APPENDIX E SELECTED ANSWERS 119(8)
Glossary 127(21)
Index 148