Invitation to Public Speaking with Infotrac (Wadsworth Series in Speech Communication) (PAP/CDR)

  • ポイントキャンペーン

Invitation to Public Speaking with Infotrac (Wadsworth Series in Speech Communication) (PAP/CDR)

  • ただいまウェブストアではご注文を受け付けておりません。 ⇒古書を探す
  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 544 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780534579241
  • DDC分類 808.51

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xvii
About the Authors xxv
Why Speak in Public? 2 (20)
The Power and Influence of Public Speaking 2 (5)
Speech Step 1.1 / Choose an Approach to 7 (1)
Public Speaking
Culture and Speaking Style 7 (2)
What Is Public Speaking? 9 (3)
Public Speaking Creates a Community 10 (1)
Public Speaking Is Audience Centered 11 (1)
Public Speaking Encourages Dialogue 12 (1)
Speech Step 1.2 / Consider the Unique 12 (1)
Aspects of Public Speaking
A Public Speaking Model 12 (10)
When Do We Speak in a Public Setting? 14 (1)
We Decide to Speak on Matters of 14 (1)
Importance
We Are Asked to Speak About Our 15 (1)
Experiences and Expertise
We Are Required to Speak in Class or at 16 (1)
Work
Speech Step 1.3 / Consider Why You 17 (1)
Would Speak in Public
Chapter summary 18 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 19 (1)
Key Concepts 19 (1)
Review Questions 19 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 20 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 21 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Entering the Public Dialogue with 22 (26)
Confidence: Your First Speech
Types of Public Speaking 24 (4)
Informative Speeches 24 (1)
Invitational Speeches 25 (1)
Persuasive Speeches 26 (1)
Speaking on Special Occasions 26 (2)
Speaking in Small Groups 28 (1)
An Overview of the Speaking Process 28 (9)
Invention: Choosing Your Topic and 29 (3)
Purpose and Gathering Your Materials
Arrangement: Organizing Your Ideas 32 (2)
Style: Considering Language and Figures 34 (1)
of Speech
Memory: Practicing Your Speech 35 (1)
Delivery: Giving Your Speech 36 (1)
Ten Steps to Entering the Public Dialogue 37 (1)
Successfully
Speech Step 2.1 / Design a Speech of 38 (1)
Introduction or Self-Introduction
Overcoming Nervousness in Public Speaking 38 (10)
Be Prepared by Doing Your Research 39 (1)
Practice Your Speech 40 (1)
Have Realistic Expectations About Your 40 (1)
Delivery
Practice Visualization and Affirmations 41 (2)
Find Points of Connection with Your 43 (1)
Audience
Be a Good Member of an Audience Yourself 43 (1)
Student Speech with Commentary 44 (1)
Self-Introduction
Tiffany Brisco
Speech Step 2.2 / Reduce Any Anxiety 45 (1)
You Feel About Giving a Speech
Chapter summary 45 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 46 (1)
Key Concepts 46 (1)
Review Questions 46 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 46 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 47 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Effective Listening 48 (28)
Why Listen to Others? 50 (1)
Why We Sometimes Fail to Listen 51 (11)
Listener Interference 51 (1)
Differences in Listening Styles 52 (1)
Speaker Interference Caused by 53 (1)
Information
Speaker Interference Caused by Language 54 (6)
Speaker Interference Caused by 60 (2)
Differences
Speech Step 3.1 / Help Your Audience 62 (1)
Listen to Your Speech
How to Listen Effectively 62 (3)
Listen for the Speaker's Purpose 62 (1)
Listen for the Main Ideas 62 (1)
Listen for the Links Between the Ideas 62 (1)
Listen for Supporting Evidence and 63 (1)
Sources
Listen for Consistency of Delivery and 63 (1)
Content
Write Down New Words and Ideas 63 (1)
Write Down Questions 63 (1)
Offer Nonverbal Feedback 63 (1)
Listen for the Conclusion 63 (1)
Take Stock at the End of the Speech 64 (1)
Make Adjustments for Listening Styles 64 (1)
Speech Step 3.2 / Assess Your 65 (1)
Effectiveness as a Listener
How to Listen Critically 65 (2)
Speech Step 3.3 / Practice Listening 66 (1)
Critically
How to Listen Ethically 67 (1)
Suspend Judgment 67 (1)
Assess Information and Respond to the 68 (1)
Speaker's Ideas
Speakers as Listeners 68 (8)
Audiences Who Are Uninterested 68 (2)
Audiences Who Are Distracted or 70 (1)
Disruptive
Audiences Who Are Distracted by the 70 (1)
Speaker
Audiences Who Are Confused 71 (1)
Audiences Who Plan Their Responses 71 (1)
Rather Than Listen
Chapter summary 71 (2)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 73 (1)
Key Concepts 73 (1)
Review Questions 73 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 74 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 75 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Developing Your Speech Topic and Purpose 76 (24)
How Context Influences Our Speaking Goals 79 (2)
Deciding to Speak 79 (1)
Being Asked to Speak 79 (1)
Being Required to Speak 80 (1)
Choosing Your Speech Topic 81 (8)
The Classroom Setting 81 (1)
Choosing Your Topic When You Are 82 (3)
Required to Speak
Brainstorming 85 (3)
Narrowing Your Topic When You Are Asked 88 (1)
to or Decide to Speak
Speech Step 4.1 / Generate a List of 89 (1)
Possible Speech Topics
Articulating Your Purpose 89 (5)
General Speaking Purposes 89 (1)
Specific Speaking Purposes 90 (3)
Speech Step 4.2 / Write a 93 (1)
General-Purpose Statement and a
Specific-Purpose Statement
Stating Your Thesis 94 (6)
Speech Step 4.3 / Write a Thesis 96 (1)
Statement
Chapter summary 97 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 97 (1)
Key Concepts 97 (1)
Review Questions 97 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 98 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 99 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Your Audience and Speaking Environment 100 (24)
What Is an Audience? 102 (1)
Considering an Audience as a Group of 103 (4)
Diverse People
Master Statuses 103 (1)
Standpoints, Attitudes, Beliefs, and 104 (1)
Values
Demographic Audience Analysis 105 (2)
Speech Step 5.1 / Conduct a Demographic 107 (1)
Audience Analysis
Considering an Audience as a Community 107 (3)
Voluntary Audiences 108 (1)
Involuntary Audiences 109 (1)
Speech Step 5.2 / Determine Whether 110 (1)
Your Audience Is Voluntary of
Involuntary
Considering Your Speaking Environment 110 (5)
Size and Physical Arrangement 110 (2)
Technology 112 (1)
Temporal Factors 113 (2)
Speech Step 5.3 / Consider Your 115 (1)
Speaking Environment
Adapting to Audience Expectations 115 (9)
Expectations About the Form of a Speech 116 (1)
Expectations About the Speaker 117 (1)
Expectations About Speaker-Audience 118 (2)
Discussions
Chapter summary 120 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 121 (1)
Key Concepts 121 (1)
Review Questions 121 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 122 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 123 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Gathering Supporting Materials 124 (30)
Determine What Types of Information You 126 (2)
Need
Speech Step 6.1 / Prepare Your Research 128 (1)
Inventory
Use Your Personal Knowledge and Experience 128 (1)
Search for Materials on the Internet 129 (4)
Internet Basics 129 (1)
Search Engines 130 (1)
Evaluating Internet Information 131 (2)
Research Materials at the Library 133 (8)
Orientations 133 (1)
Librarians 134 (1)
Print and Online Catalogs 135 (1)
Databases and Indexes 135 (2)
Government Documents 137 (1)
Reference Works 138 (2)
Evaluating Library Resources 140 (1)
Speech Step 6.2 / Research and Evaluate 140 (1)
Internet and Library Sources
Conduct Research Interviews 141 (4)
Determine Who to Interview 141 (1)
Schedule the Interview 142 (1)
Prepare for the Interview 142 (2)
Conduct the Interview 144 (1)
Follow Up the Interview 144 (1)
Act Professionally and Dress 144 (1)
Appropriately
Ethical Interviews 145 (1)
Research Tips 145 (9)
Begin by Filling Out Your Research 145 (1)
Inventory
Take Notes and Make Copies 146 (1)
Avoid Plagiarism 146 (1)
Set Up a Filing System 146 (1)
Gather More Material Than You Think 147 (1)
You'll Need
Begin Your Bibliography with Your First 147 (1)
Source
Thank Others for Their Assistance 147 (1)
Speech Step 6.3 / Prepare Your 148 (2)
Preliminary Bibliography
Chapter summary 150 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 151 (1)
Key Concepts 151 (1)
Review Questions 151 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 152 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 153 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Developing and Supporting Your Ideas 154 (26)
Examples 157 (3)
Use Examples to Clarify Concepts 157 (1)
Use Examples to Reinforce Points 158 (1)
Use Examples to Bring Concepts to Life 158 (1)
or to Elicit Emotions
Use Examples to Build Your Case or Make 159 (1)
Credible Generalizations
Tips for Using Examples Effectively 159 (1)
Narratives 160 (3)
Use Narratives to Personalize a Point 160 (1)
Use Narratives to Challenge an Audience 161 (1)
to Think in New Ways
Use Narratives to Draw an Audience in 161 (1)
Emotionally
Use Narratives to Unite the Speaker and 162 (1)
the Audience
Tips for Using Narratives Effectively 162 (1)
Statistics 163 (5)
Types of Statistics 164 (2)
Use Statistics to Synthesize Large 166 (1)
Amounts of Information
Use Statistics When the Numbers Tell a 166 (1)
Powerful Story
Use Statistics When Numerical Evidence 166 (1)
Strengthens a Claim
Tips for Using Statistics Effectively 167 (1)
Testimony 168 (4)
Use Testimony When You Need the Voice 169 (1)
of an Expert
Use Testimony to Illustrate Differences 169 (1)
or Agreements
Use Your Own Testimony When Your 170 (1)
Experience Says It Best
Paraphrase Testimony to Improve 170 (1)
Listenability
Tips for Using Testimony Effectively 171 (1)
Definitions 172 (8)
Use Definitions to Clarify and Create 173 (1)
Understanding
Use Definitions to Clarify an 173 (1)
Emotionally or Politically Charged Word
Use Definitions to Illustrate What 174 (1)
Something Is Not
Use Definitions to Trace the History of 174 (1)
a Word
Tips for Using Definitions Effectively 174 (2)
Speech Step 7.1 / Gather and Evaluate 176 (1)
Your Supporting Evidence
Chapter summary 176 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 177 (1)
Key Concepts 177 (1)
Review Questions 177 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 178 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 178 (2)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Reasoning 180 (22)
Patterns of Reasoning 182 (10)
Induction, or Reasoning from Specific 183 (2)
Instances
Deduction, or Reasoning from General 185 (3)
Principle
Causal Reasoning 188 (1)
Analogical Reasoning 189 (2)
Reasoning by Sign 191 (1)
Speech Step 8.1 / Test the Reasoning of 192 (1)
Your Arguments
A Map of Reasoning 192 (3)
Speech Step 8.2 / Apply Toulmin's Model 195 (1)
of Reasoning to Your Arguments
Tips for Reasoning Ethically 195 (7)
Build Your Credibility 195 (1)
Speech Step 8.3 / Build Your 196 (1)
Credibility with Sound Reasoning
Use Accurate Evidence 196 (1)
Verify the Structure of Your Reasoning 196 (1)
Chapter summary 197 (2)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 199 (1)
Key Concepts 199 (1)
Review Questions 199 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 200 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 201 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Organizing Your Speech 202 (24)
Organize for Clarity 204 (1)
Main Points 205 (11)
Identify Your Main Points 205 (2)
Use an Appropriate Number of Main Points 207 (1)
Speech Step 9.1 / Identify and Narrow 208 (1)
Down Your Main Points
Order Your Main Points 209 (4)
Speech Step 9.2 / Select an 213 (1)
Organizational Pattern for Your Main
Points
Tips for Preparing Main Points 214 (2)
Speech Step 9.3 / Refine the Wording 216 (1)
and Balance of Your Main Points
Connectives 216 (4)
Transitions 217 (1)
Internal Previews 217 (1)
Internal Summaries 218 (1)
Signposts 218 (1)
Speech Step 9.4 / Prepare the 219 (1)
Connectives for Your Speech
Citing Sources in Speeches 220 (6)
Citing Sources Adds Credibility to Your 220 (1)
Ideas
Citing Sources Adds to Your Own 220 (1)
Credibility
Rules for Citing Sources 220 (2)
Chapter summary 222 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 223 (1)
Key Concepts 223 (1)
Review Questions 223 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 224 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 224 (2)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Introductions and Conclusions 226 (22)
The Introduction 228 (2)
Catch the Audience's Attention 228 (1)
Reveal the Topic of Your Speech 229 (1)
Establish Your Credibility 229 (1)
Preview Your Speech 229 (1)
Preparing a Compelling Introduction 230 (8)
Ask a Question 230 (1)
Tell a Story 231 (1)
Recite a Quotation or a Poem 231 (1)
Give a Demonstration 232 (1)
Make an Intriguing or Startling 233 (2)
Statement
State the Importance of the Topic 235 (1)
Share Your Expertise 236 (1)
State What's to Come 236 (1)
Speech Step 10.1 / Prepare Your 237 (1)
Introduction
Tips for Your Introduction 237 (1)
Speech Step 10.2 / Refine Your 238 (1)
Introduction
The Conclusion 238 (2)
End Your Speech 239 (1)
Reinforce Your Thesis Statement 239 (1)
Preparing a Compelling Conclusion 240 (8)
Summarize Your Main Points 240 (1)
Answer Your Introductory Question 241 (1)
Refer Back to the Introduction 241 (1)
Recite a Quotation 241 (1)
Speech Step 10.3 / Prepare Your 242 (1)
Conclusion
Tips for Your Conclusion 242 (1)
Speech Step 10.4 / Refine Your 243 (1)
Conclusion
Student Speech with Commentary 243 (1)
Foothills Gateway: Vote YES on
Referendum 1A
Mike Piel
Chapter summary 244 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 245 (1)
Key Concepts 245 (1)
Review Questions 245 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 246 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 247 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Outlining Your Speech 248 (26)
The Preparation Outline 250 (13)
Title, Specific Purpose, and Thesis 251 (1)
Statement
Introduction 251 (1)
Main Points, Subpoints, and 252 (2)
Sub-Subpoints
Conclusion 254 (1)
Connectives 254 (1)
Works Cited 255 (1)
Speech Step 11.1 / Build Your 255 (1)
Preparation Outline
Tips for the Preparation Outline 255 (4)
Speech Step 11.2 / Check the 259 (1)
Effectiveness of Your Preparation
Outline
Preparation Outline with Commentary 260 (3)
Why Pi?
Katy Mazz
The Speaking Outline 263 (6)
Tips for the Speaking Outline 264 (2)
Speech Step 11.3 / Build Your Speaking 266 (1)
Outline
Speaking Outline with Commentary 267 (2)
Why Pi?
Katy Mazz
Note Cards 269 (5)
Speech Step 11.4 / Check the 270 (1)
Effectiveness of Your Speaking Outline
Chapter summary 271 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 272 (1)
Key Concepts 272 (1)
Review Questions 272 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 272 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 273 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Language 274 (20)
Language Is Ambiguous 276 (2)
Language and Culture 278 (1)
Language and Gender 279 (1)
Language and Accuracy 280 (2)
Speech Step 12.1 / Evaluate the 282 (1)
Inclusiveness and Accuracy of the
Language in Your Speech
Language and Public Speaking 282 (2)
Spoken Language Is More Interactive 282 (1)
Spoken Language Is More Casual 283 (1)
Spoken Language Is More Repetitive 283 (1)
Language, Imagery, and Rhythm 284 (10)
Language That Creates Memorable Imagery 284 (3)
Speech Step 12.2 / Evaluate the Style 287 (1)
and Imagery of the Language in Your
Speech
Language That Creates a Pleasing Rhythm 287 (3)
Speech Step 12.3 / Evaluate the Rhythm 290 (1)
of Your Speech
Chapter summary 290 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 291 (1)
Key Concepts 291 (1)
Review Questions 291 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 292 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 293 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Delivering Your Speech 294 (26)
Methods of Delivery 296 (6)
Extemporaneous Delivery 296 (1)
Impromptu Delivery 297 (2)
Manuscript Delivery 299 (1)
Memorized Delivery 300 (2)
Speech Step 13.1 / Select Your Method 302 (1)
of Delivery
Verbal Components of Delivery 302 (4)
Volume 302 (1)
Rate 303 (1)
Pitch and Inflection 303 (1)
Pauses 304 (1)
Articulation 305 (1)
Pronunciation 305 (1)
Dialect 306 (1)
Speech Step 13.2 / Refine the Verbal 306 (1)
Components of Your Delivery
Nonverbal Components of Delivery 306 (5)
Personal Appearance 307 (1)
Eye Contact 308 (1)
Facial Expression 309 (1)
Posture 309 (1)
Gestures 310 (1)
Proxemics 310 (1)
Rehearsing Your Speech 311 (1)
Speech Step 13.3 / Refine the Nonverbal 312 (1)
Components of Your Delivery
Question-and-Answer Sessions 312 (8)
Preparing for Questions 312 (1)
Managing the Question-and-Answer Session 313 (3)
Speech Step 13.4 / Prepare for a 316 (1)
Question-and Answer Session
Chapter summary 316 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 317 (1)
Key Concepts 317 (1)
Review Questions 317 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 318 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 319 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Visual Aids 320 (30)
Why Are Visual Aids Important? 322 (2)
Visual Aids Help Gain and Maintain 322 (1)
Audience Attention
Visual Aids Help Audiences Recall 322 (1)
Information
Visual Aids Help Explain and Clarify 323 (1)
Information
Visual Aids May Increase Persuasiveness 323 (1)
Visual Aids May Enhance Credibility 324 (1)
Visual Aids May Reduce Nervousness 324 (1)
Types of Visual Aids 324 (8)
Objects, Models, and Demonstrations 324 (2)
Handouts 326 (1)
Chalkboards and White Boards 326 (1)
Poster Boards and Flip Charts 327 (1)
Overhead Projectors 328 (1)
Slides 329 (1)
Videotapes and Audiotapes 330 (1)
Computer-Projected Technology 331 (1)
Speech Step 14.1 / Identify Visual Aids 332 (1)
to Use in Your Speech
What to Show on a Visual Aid 332 (8)
Lists 332 (1)
Charts 333 (2)
Graphs 335 (1)
Drawings 336 (1)
Photographs 337 (1)
Maps 338 (1)
Speech Step 14.2 / Identify What You 339 (1)
Want to Show on Your Visual Aids
Formats for Visual Aids 340 (5)
Font Style and Size 340 (1)
Color 341 (2)
Balance 343 (1)
Speech Step 14.3 / Design Your Visual 344 (1)
Aids
Guidelines for Effective Visual Aids 345 (5)
Prepare in Advance 345 (1)
Practice in Advance 345 (1)
Use Your Visual Aids Only When You 345 (1)
Discuss Them
Explain What Is Shown on Each Visual Aid 345 (1)
Talk to the Audience, Not the Visual Aid 345 (1)
Chapter summary 346 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 347 (1)
Key Concepts 347 (1)
Review Questions 347 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 348 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 349 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Informative Speaking 350 (22)
Types of Informative Speeches 352 (6)
Speeches About Processes 353 (1)
Speeches About Events 354 (2)
Speeches About Places and People 356 (1)
Speeches About Objects 357 (1)
Speeches About Concepts 358 (1)
Speech Step 15.1 / Select an 358 (1)
Informative Speech Type
Organizational Patterns for Informative 358 (5)
Speeches
Chronological Organizational Pattern 359 (1)
Spatial Organizational Pattern 360 (1)
Causal Organizational Pattern 361 (1)
Topical Organizational Pattern 362 (1)
Speech Step 15.2 / Select an 363 (1)
Organizational Pattern for Your
Informative Speech
Tips for Giving Effective Informative 363 (3)
Speeches
Bring Topics to Life 363 (1)
Tailor Your Information to Your Audience 364 (1)
Use Language That Is Clear and Unbiased 365 (1)
Ethical Informative Speaking 366 (6)
Student Speech with Commentary 367 (2)
U.S. Flag Etiquette
Cindy Gardner
Chapter summary 369 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 370 (1)
Key Concepts 370 (1)
Review Questions 370 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 370 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 371 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Invitational Speaking 372 (28)
The Invitational Speaking Environment 375 (2)
The Condition of Equality 376 (1)
The Condition of Value 376 (1)
The Condition of Self-Determination 376 (1)
Types of Invitational Speeches 377 (5)
Speeches to Articulate a Position 377 (2)
Speeches to Explore an Issue 379 (3)
Speech Step 16.1 / Select an 382 (1)
Invitational Speech Type
Organizational Patterns for Invitational 382 (6)
Speeches
Chronological Organizational Pattern 382 (2)
Spatial Organizational Pattern 384 (1)
Topical Organizational Pattern 384 (1)
Multiple Perspectives Organizational 385 (3)
Pattern
Speech Step 16.2 / Select an 388 (1)
Organizational Pattern for Your
Invitational Speech
Tips for Invitational Speaking 388 (2)
Know Your Own Position 388 (1)
Use Invitational Language 389 (1)
Allow Time for Discussion 389 (1)
Ethical Invitational Speaking 390 (10)
Student Speech with Commentary 391 (5)
Creationism vs. Big Bang Theory
Cara Buckley-Ott
Chapter summary 396 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 397 (1)
Key Concepts 397 (1)
Review Questions 397 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 398 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 399 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Persuasive Speaking 400 (24)
Types of Persuasive Speeches 402 (3)
Questions of Fact 403 (1)
Questions of Value 403 (1)
Questions of Policy 403 (1)
Speech Step 17.1 / Select a Persuasive 404 (1)
Speech Type
Organization of Speeches on Questions of 405 (1)
Fact
Organization of Speeches on Questions of 406 (1)
Value
Organization of Speeches on Questions of 407 (6)
Policy
Problem-Solution Organization 408 (2)
Problem-Cause-Solution Organization 410 (2)
Comparative Advantages Organization 412 (1)
Monroe's Motivated Sequence 412 (1)
Speech Step 17.2 / Select an 413 (1)
Organizational Pattern for Your
Persuasive Speech
Tips for Effective Persuasive Speaking 413 (4)
Be Realistic About Changing Your 414 (1)
Audience's Views
Use Evidence Fairly and Strategically 415 (1)
Use Language That Encourages an 416 (1)
Audience to Change
Ethical Persuasive Speaking 417 (7)
Student Speech with Commentary 418 (3)
No More Sugar!
Hans Erian
Chapter summary 421 (1)
Review Questions 422 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 422 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 423 (1)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Persuasion and Reasoning 424 (27)
Evidence and Persuasion 426 (2)
Use Specific Evidence 427 (1)
Present Novel Information 427 (1)
Use Credible Sources 427 (1)
Credibility and Persuasion 428 (4)
Types of Credibility 429 (1)
Enhancing Your Credibility 430 (2)
Emotion and Persuasion 432 (4)
Stay Audience Centered 433 (1)
Use Vivid Language 434 (1)
Balance Emotion and Reason 435 (1)
Mythos and Persuasion 436 (2)
A Part of the Story Can Tell the Whole 436 (1)
Story
Mythos Has a Logic 437 (1)
Different Cultures Have Different Myths 437 (1)
Speech Step 18.1 / Consider Your 438 (1)
Reasoning Strategies and Credibility
Fallacies 438 (13)
Ad Hominem: Against the Person 438 (1)
Bandwagon: Everyone Else Agrees 439 (1)
Either-Or: A False Dilemma 440 (1)
Red Herring: Raising an Irrelevant Issue 440 (1)
Slippery Slope: The Second Step Is 441 (1)
Inevitable
Speech Step 18.2 / Check Your 441 (1)
Persuasive Speech for Fallacies
Student Speech with Commentary 442 (4)
Fat Discrimination
Carol Godart
Chapter summary 446 (1)
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 447 (1)
Key Concepts 447 (1)
Review Questions 447 (1)
The Invitation to Public Speaking Web 448 (1)
Site
Speech Interactive on the Invitation to 449 (2)
Public Speaking CD-ROM
Speaking on Special Occasions 451 (14)
Speeches of Introduction 452 (3)
Be Brief 454 (1)
Be Accurate 454 (1)
Be Appropriate 455 (1)
Speeches of Commemoration 455 (3)
Share What Is Unique and Special 457 (1)
Express Sincere Appreciation 458 (1)
Tell the Truth 458 (1)
Speech Step 19.1 / Design a Speech of 458 (1)
Commemoration
Speeches of Acceptance 458 (2)
Understand the Purpose of the Award 459 (1)
Recognize Others 459 (1)
Respect the Time Limitations 459 (1)
Speech Step 19.2 / Design a Speech of 460 (1)
Acceptance
Speeches to Entertain 460 (5)
Use Humor Carefully 462 (1)
Speak About Meaningful Issues 462 (1)
Pay Careful Attention to Your Delivery 462 (1)
Speech Step 19.3 / Design a Speech to 463 (1)
Entertain
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 463 (1)
Key Concepts 463 (2)
Speaking in Small Groups 465 (1)
Small Groups and the Public Dialogue 466 (2)
Defining Small Groups 466 (1)
Why Do People Speak in Small Groups? 467 (1)
Communicating Leadership 468 (2)
What Types of Communication Make an 468 (2)
Effective Leader?
Tips for Being an Effective Leader 470 (1)
Participating in Groups 470 (3)
Help the Group Complete Tasks 471 (1)
Successfully
Help Build and Maintain the Group 471 (1)
Avoid Placing Individual Needs Above 471 (1)
Group Needs
Tips for Being an Effective Group 472 (1)
Participant
Speech Step 20.1 / Consider How Your 472 (1)
Speaking Situation and Communication
Affects a Group
Group Problem Solving 473 (2)
Identify the Problem 473 (1)
Analyze the Problem 473 (1)
Suggest Possible Solutions 474 (1)
Consider the Implications of the 474 (1)
Solution
Reach a Decision About the Best Solution 475 (1)
Implement the Solution 475 (1)
Speech Step 20.2 / Practice Your Group 475 (1)
Problem-Solving Skills
Conducting Meetings 475 (2)
Provide an Agenda in Advance 476 (1)
Specify the Time and Location of the 476 (1)
Meeting
Be Prepared for the Meeting 476 (1)
Use an Effective Procedure for 476 (1)
Conducting Meetings
Communicate Effectively as a Leader 476 (1)
Distribute the Minutes of the Meeting 477 (1)
to Group Members
Making Group Presentations 477 (1)
Oral Reports 477 (1)
Panel Discussions 478 (1)
Symposiums 478 (1)
Team Presentations 479 (1)
Tips for Effective Group Presentations 480 (1)
Speech Step 20.3 / Design a Group 480 (1)
Presentation Speech
Invitation to Public Speaking Online 481 (1)
Key Concepts 481
Glossary 1 (1)
Notes 1 (1)
Index 1