アフリカ系アメリカ人英語:言語学的概論<br>African American English : A Linguistic Introduction

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アフリカ系アメリカ人英語:言語学的概論
African American English : A Linguistic Introduction

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 285 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521891387
  • DDC分類 427.97308996073

基本説明

This authoritative introduction to African American English (AAE) is the first textbook to look at the grammar as a whole.

Full Description


This authoritative introduction to African American English (AAE) is the first textbook to look at the grammar as a whole. Clearly organised, it describes patterns in the sentence structure, sound system, word formation and word use in AAE. The book uses linguistic description and data from conversation to explain that AAE is not a compilation of random deviations from mainstream English but that it is a rule-governed system. The textbook examines topics such as education, speech events in the secular and religious world, and the use of language in literature and the media to create black images. This much-needed book includes exercises to accompany each chapter and will be essential reading for students in linguistics, education, anthropology, African American studies and literature.

Table of Contents

Foreword                                           ix
John R. Rickford
Preface xi
Introduction 1 (1)
Goals and structure of the book 1 (4)
On naming the variety 5 (3)
On accounting for the origin of AAE 8 (4)
Lexicons and meaning 12 (22)
Introduction 12 (2)
Lexicons and AAE: a review of three types 14 (5)
Structuring the lexicon 19 (8)
Slang: adding words to the lexicon 27 (7)
Summary 31 (1)
Exercises 32 (2)
Syntax part 1: verbal markers in AAE 34 (42)
Introduction 34 (2)
Auxiliaries 36 (8)
Aspectual markers (verbal markers): be, 44 (26)
BIN, d∂n
Preverbal markers: finna, steady, come 70 (6)
Summary 74 (1)
Exercises 74 (2)
Syntax part 2: syntactic and morphosyntactic 76 (30)
properties in AAE
Introduction 76 (1)
Syntactic properties 77 (1)
Negation 77 (3)
Existential it and dey 80 (4)
Questions 84 (5)
Relative clauses 89 (2)
Preterite had 91 (3)
Summary 93 (1)
Morphosyntactic properties 94 (1)
Morphosyntactic patterns in AAE 94 (12)
Summary 103(1)
Exercises 103(3)
Phonology of AAE 106(28)
Introduction 106(1)
Final consonant sounds 107(9)
Devoicing 116(1)
Sound patterns and th 117(2)
r and l: liquid vocalization 119(2)
Additional phonological patterns 121(3)
Prosodic features: stress and intonation 124(10)
Summary 132(1)
Exercises 132(2)
Speech events and rules of interaction in AAE 134(30)
Introduction 134(1)
Overview of speech events 135(2)
Verbal strategies 137(5)
Expressions in nonverbal communication 142(4)
Speech events and language use in African 146(8)
American church services
Extensions of call-response 154(1)
Language use and rap 155(6)
Speech events and communicative competence 161(3)
Summary 162(1)
Exercises 163(1)
AAE in literature 164(36)
Introduction 164(1)
General overview 165(2)
Representation of AAE in literature to the 167(11)
early twentieth century
From the Harlem Renaissance to the mid 178(10)
twentieth century
AAE in literature from the mid twentieth 188(12)
century to the present
Summary 197(1)
Exercises 198(2)
AAE in the media 200(16)
Introduction 200(1)
``Chances for plenty of action and 201(5)
clowning''
Speech events in television and film 206(5)
Indicators of adolescent street language 211(5)
Summary 214(1)
Exercises 214(2)
Approaches, attitudes and education 216(29)
Introduction 216(2)
Approaches to AAE 218(3)
Attitudes toward AAE as a legitimate variety 221(2)
Attitudes toward AAE and employment 223(3)
AAE and education 226(19)
Summary 242(1)
Exercises 242(3)
Endnotes 245(10)
References 255(14)
Acknowledgments 269(2)
Index 271