中国における産業労働の誕生:国家、革命と労使管理<br>The Making of the Chinese Industrial Workplace : State, Revolution, and Labor Management (Cambridge Modern China Series)

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中国における産業労働の誕生:国家、革命と労使管理
The Making of the Chinese Industrial Workplace : State, Revolution, and Labor Management (Cambridge Modern China Series)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 286 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521800211
  • DDC分類 331.0951

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2002. Traces the origins of the 'iron rice bowl' of comprehensive cradle-to-grave benefits and lifetime employment in Chinese factories.

Full Description


State workers in China have until recently enjoyed the 'iron rice bowl' of comprehensive cradle-to-grave benefits and lifetime employment. This central institution in Chinese politics emerged over the course of various crises that swept through China's industrial sector prior to and after revolution in 1949. Frazier explores critical phases in the expansion of the Chinese state during the middle third of the twentieth century to reveal how different labour institutions reflected state power. While the 'iron rice bowl' is usually seen as an outgrowth of Communist labour policy, Frazier's account shows that is has longer historical roots. As a product of the Chinese state, the iron rice bowl's dismantling in the 1990s has raised sensitive issues about the way in which the contemporary Chinese state exerts control over urban industrial society. This book sheds light on state and society relations in China under the Nationalist and Communist regimes.

Table of Contents

        List of Tables                             ix
List of Acronyms xi
Preface xiii
Introduction 1 (22)
Explaining Factory Institutions in China 6 (7)
Political Regimes and Workplace Regimes in 13 (5)
China
The Empirical Approach 18 (5)
Labor Management and Its Opponents, 1927--1937 23 (37)
The Modernization of Labor Management 26 (10)
Nationalist Labor Policy and Enterprise 36 (24)
Cases
Welfare and Wages in Wartime 60 (32)
Wartime Labor Policy 62 (4)
Enterprise Welfare Provision in Postwar 66 (26)
China
Takeover Policies and Labor Politics, 92 (40)
1949--1952
City and Factory Takeovers 93 (17)
The Failure of Labor-Management Cooperation 110 (4)
Factory Campaigns, 1951--1952 114 (18)
Adjusting to the Command Economy 132 (32)
Enterprise Welfare 138 (5)
Wages 143 (5)
Wage Adjustments 148 (3)
Incentive Bonuses 151 (4)
Labor Allocation 155 (4)
Party-Government Rivalry 159 (2)
Labor Competitions 161 (3)
Enterprise Perspectives on the Command Economy 164 (32)
Jiangnan Shipyard 165 (10)
Shenxin Number Six Mill 175 (8)
Huangpu Naval Shipyard 183 (6)
Guangdong Textile Mill 189 (5)
Command Economics, Local Controls 194 (2)
The Rise of ``Party Committee Factories'' 196 (38)
Strike Waves, Rectification, and 197 (18)
Decentralization
Re-(de)centralization after the Great Leap 215 (19)
Forward
Conclusion 234 (25)
Culture and Institutional Change 241 (2)
Crises and Factory Institutions 243 (3)
Building Workplace Institutions: Taiwan in 246 (4)
the 1950s
Epilogue: Old Factories, New Institutions 250 (9)
Archives Consulted 259 (1)
Bibliography 260 (13)
Index 273