Child and Adolescent Obesity : Causes and Consequences, Prevention and Management

Child and Adolescent Obesity : Causes and Consequences, Prevention and Management

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 416 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521652377
  • DDC分類 618.92398

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2002.

Table of Contents

        List of contributors                       xi
Foreword xv
William H. Dietz
Preface xix
Part I Causes 1 (128)
Measurement and definition 3 (25)
Tim J. Cole
Marie Francoise Rolland-Cachera
Introduction 3 (1)
Natural history of adiposity 4 (1)
Measurement of body fat 4 (10)
Adiposity as proxy for later adiposity, 14 (1)
morbidity and mortality
Definition of childhood obesity 15 (7)
Conclusions 22 (1)
References 22 (6)
Epidemiology 28 (22)
Michele Guillaume
Inge Lissau
Introduction 28 (1)
Epidemiology and methods 28 (6)
The scale of the problem 34 (10)
Conclusions 44 (1)
References 45 (5)
Molecular and biological factors with 50 (19)
emphasis on adipose tissue development
Martin Wabitsch
Introduction 50 (1)
Regulation of body weight 51 (1)
Single gene defects 52 (3)
Regulation of body energy stores at adipose 55 (1)
tissue level
Changes of body fat stores during 55 (2)
development
Changes at cellular level related to 57 (1)
changes in body fat
Lipid storage in adipose tissue 58 (1)
(lipogenesis)
Lipid mobilization (lipolysis) 59 (1)
Preadipocytes in human adipose tissue 60 (1)
Proliferation and differentiation of 60 (1)
preadipocytes
Adipogenic activity of human serum 60 (2)
Hormonal and nutritional factors regulating 62 (3)
adipose differentiation
Human adipocytes are secretory cells 65 (1)
Conclusions 66 (1)
References 66 (3)
Nutrition 69 (24)
Marie Francoise Rolland-Cachera
France Bellisle
Introduction 69 (1)
Secular trends of nutrition and obesity 69 (5)
Relationship between nutrition and adiposity 74 (5)
Qualitative assessment of intake behaviour 79 (4)
Lifestyle 83 (2)
Conclusions 85 (1)
References 86 (7)
Physical Activity 93 (16)
Yves Schutz
Claudio Maffeis
Introduction 93 (1)
Energy expenditure assessment 93 (1)
Energy intake vs. energy expenditure 94 (1)
Components of total energy expenditure 95 (3)
Excess energy intake vs. low energy 98 (3)
expenditure
Aerobic capacity (VO2 max) in obesity 101(1)
Substrate oxidation and substrate balance 102(2)
Conclusions 104(1)
References 105(4)
Psychosocial factors 109(20)
Andrew J. Hill
Inge Lissau
Children's social background 109(2)
Attitudes to obesity 111(4)
Children's self-worth 115(3)
Parents and peers 118(4)
Conclusions 122(1)
References 123(6)
Part II Consequences 129(112)
Clinical features, adverse effects and outcome 131(23)
Karl F.M. Zwiauer
Margherita Caroli
Ewa Malecka-Tendera
Elizabeth M.E. Poskitt
Clinical findings and immediate adverse 131(11)
effects
Intermediate medical consequences 142(3)
Long-term consequences 145(2)
References 147(7)
The obese adolescent 154(17)
Marie-Laure Frelut
Carl-Erik Flodmark
Biophysical factors 154(6)
Psychological aspects 160(6)
References 166(5)
Prader--Willi and other syndromes 171(18)
Giuseppe Chiumello
Elizabeth M.E. Poskitt
Introduction 171(1)
Endocrine problems 171(3)
Prader--Willi syndrome (PWS) 174(6)
Other obesity syndromes 180(4)
References 184(5)
Hormonal and metabolic changes 189(32)
Ewa Malecka-Tendera
Denes Molnar
Pituitary--adrenal axis 190(2)
Pituitary--gonadal axis 192(2)
Pituitary--thyroid axis 194(1)
Growth hormone and insulin-like growth 195(3)
factors
Hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance 198(5)
Leptin 203(6)
References 209(12)
Risk of cardiovascular complications 221(20)
David S. Freedman
Sathanur R. Srinivasan
Gerald S. Berenson
Introduction 221(2)
Secular trends 223(1)
Associations with risk factors 224(6)
Body fat patterning 230(4)
Longitudinal analyses 234(1)
Conclusions 235(1)
References 235(6)
Part III Prevention and management 241(162)
Prevention 243(27)
Inge Lissau
Walter Burniat
Elizabeth M.E. Poskitt
Tim J. Cole
Prevention before management 243(1)
Why prevention? 243(2)
Prevention strategy 245(3)
Responsibilities for prevention 248(4)
Reduce sedentary activity 252(5)
Reduce poor dietary habits 257(6)
Prevention programmes 263(1)
Monitoring and evaluation 264(1)
Conclusions 264(1)
References 265(5)
Home-based management 270(12)
Elizabeth M.E. Poskitt
Introduction 270(3)
Principles of modifying lifestyles to 273(2)
encourage slimming in obese children
What can be recommended? 275(2)
Eating and diet 277(3)
Conclusions 280(1)
References 280(2)
Dietary management 282(25)
Margherita Caroli
Walter Burniat
Introduction 282(1)
History of dietary therapy 282(1)
Aims of dietary treatment 283(1)
Types of diet 284(6)
Consequences of dieting 290(9)
Guidelines for weight goals and dietetic 299(2)
treatments
Conclusions 301(1)
References 302(5)
Management through activity 307(20)
Jana Parizkova
Claudio Maffeis
Elizabeth M.E. Poskitt
Introduction 307(1)
Aims of the programmes 308(2)
Efficacy of exercise in lowering fat mass 310(3)
General principles 313(1)
Physical activity and exercise programmes 314(6)
How to improve compliance 320(1)
The role of the family 321(1)
Conclusions 322(1)
References 323(4)
Psychotherapy 327(18)
Carl-Erik Flodmark
Inge Lissau
Obesity -- a disease put into perspective 327(1)
The treatment of obesity 328(12)
Conclusions 340(1)
References 341(4)
Drug therapy 345(10)
Denes Molnar
Ewa Malecka-Tendera
Appetite suppressants 345(3)
Thermogenic agents 348(1)
Digestive inhibitors 349(1)
Hormone analogues and antagonists 350(2)
References 352(3)
Surgical treatment 355(6)
Alessandro Salvatoni
Introduction 355(1)
Surgical techniques and their complications 355(2)
Bariatric surgery in adolescence 357(1)
Conclusions 358(1)
References 358(3)
Interdisciplinary outpatient management 361(16)
Beatrice Bauer
Claudio Maffeis
Goal and general philosophy 361(3)
Multifaceted treatment programmes 364(6)
Organizing team work 370(4)
Acknowledgements 374(1)
References 374(3)
Interdisciplinary residential management 377(12)
Marie-Laure Frelut
Historical background and implementation 377(1)
A comprehensive approach 378(7)
Results and outcome 385(1)
Conclusions 386(1)
References 386(3)
The future 389(14)
W. Philip T. James
Introduction 389(1)
Assessment of childhood obesity 389(2)
Ethnic differences in children's 391(2)
anthropometry
The Thrifty Genotype 393(1)
The prevalence of childhood obesity 394(1)
Weaning practices and early eating habits 395(1)
The `obesogenic' environment 396(1)
Can policy initiatives work? 397(2)
Devising and implementing new policies 399(2)
References 401(2)
Index 403