Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet (Reprint)

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Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet (Reprint)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 280 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521589079
  • DDC分類 489

Full Description


Who invented the Greek alphabet and why? The purpose of this challenging book is to inquire systematically into the historical causes that underlay the radical shift from earlier and less efficient writing systems to the use of alphabetic writing. The author reaches the conclusion that a single man, perhaps from the island of Euboea, invented the Greek alphabet specifically in order to record the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer.

Table of Contents

        List of figures                            page xiii(1)
List of tables xiv (1)
Acknowledgements xv (1)
Abbreviations xvi (3)
A note on terms and phonetic transcriptions xix (1)
Chronological charts xx (2)
Maps xxii
Foreword: Why was the Greek alphabet invented? 1 (4)
1 Review of criticism: What we know about 5 (63)
the origin of the Greek alphabet
Phoenician origins 5 (5)
Single introduction by a single man 10 (2)
The place of adaptation 12 (6)
The date of transmission 18 (2)
The moment of transmission 20 (12)
The names of the signs 32 (6)
The sounds of the signs 38 (4)
The vowels 42 (4)
The problem of the sibilants 46 (2)
The problem of the supplemental XXX X XXX 48 (15)
The adapter's system 63 (3)
Summary and conclusions 66 (2)
2 Argument from the history of writing: How 68 (51)
writing worked before the Greek alphabet
Elements in the art of writing 69 (7)
How logo-syllabic writing works: Egyptian 76 (13)
hieroglyphic
How syllabic writing works: the Cypriote 89 (12)
syllabary
How syllabic writing works: Phoenician 101 (4)
Summary and conclusions 105 (14)
3 Argument from the material remains: Greek 119 (68)
inscriptions from the beginning to c. 650 B.C.
The lack of semantic devices in early Greek 119 (4)
writing
I. "Short" Greek inscriptions from the 123 (35)
beginning to c. 650 B.C.
II. "Long" Greek inscriptions from the 158 (23)
beginning to c. 650 B.C.
Conclusions 181 (6)
4 Argument from coincidence: Dating Greece's 187 (34)
earliest poet
I. What dates does archaeology give for 190 (17)
objects, practices, and social realities
mentioned in Homer?
II. Is there anything about the language 207 (1)
of the Iliad and the Odyssey that can be
dated?
III. What are the earliest outside 208 (9)
references to Homer?
IV. Homer's date in ancient tradition 217 (2)
Conclusions: the date of Homer 219 (2)
5 Conclusions from probability: how the 221 (17)
Iliad and Odyssey were written down
Writing and traditional song in Homer's day 221 (10)
Conclusions 231 (7)
APPENDIX I: Gelb's theory of the syllabic 238 (8)
nature of West Semitic writing
APPENDIX II: Homeric references in poets of 246 (3)
the seventh century
Definitions 249 (5)
Bibliography 254 (23)
Index 277