Observing Comets, Asteroids, Meteors, and the Zodiacal Light (Practical Astronomy Handbooks 5)

Observing Comets, Asteroids, Meteors, and the Zodiacal Light (Practical Astronomy Handbooks 5)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 256 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521420037
  • DDC分類 523.6

Table of Contents

Author's notes                                     xiii
Acknowledgements xv
Introduction 1 (2)
General observation techniques 3 (8)
Dark adaptation, averted vision, and eye 3 (1)
sensitivity
Atmospheric transparency and sky 4 (1)
brightness
Seeing and optical quality 4 (1)
Scientific observing 5 (1)
Record keeping and submission 5 (1)
Finding objects in the sky 6 (3)
Time 9 (2)
Comets 11 (61)
For whome the coment tolls 11 (1)
Historical notes 12 (7)
The nineteenth century 14 (1)
Bright twentieth century comets 15 (4)
Cometary phenomena and nomenclature 19 (14)
Anatomy: how are comets made? 20 (9)
families of comets 29 (2)
Sungrazing comets 31 (1)
Comet nomenclature 32 (1)
Comet hunting 33 (14)
Background 33 (3)
Preparation 36 (1)
Patterns of search 37 (1)
Equipment required 37 (1)
Methods of hunting 38 (1)
When to hunt for comets 38 (1)
Where to hunt 39 (1)
Sun vicinity 39 (1)
Horizon at twilight 40 (1)
Areas to avoid 40 (1)
Ways to ruin an otherwise pleasant 41 (1)
observing session
Eleven statistics regarding comet 42 (1)
discovries
Photographic search procedures 43 (1)
Checking out suspects 44 (1)
Discovering a comet 45 (2)
Visual comet studies 47 (17)
Magnitude estimates 47 (6)
Coma size measurement 53 (1)
Degree of condensation 54 (2)
Tail measurements 56 (3)
Drawings 59 (3)
Polarization studies 62 (2)
Photographic observations and electronic 64 (7)
imaging
Imaging technique 65 (1)
Tracking a comet 65 (2)
General comet photography 67 (1)
wide angle photography 68 (2)
Moderate scale photography 70 (1)
Near-nucleus photography 70 (1)
Conclusion 71 (1)
Asteroids 72 (36)
Introduction 72 (1)
Some historical notes 73 (8)
Origins 73 (3)
Discovery and naming of asteroids 76 (5)
The nature and origin of the asteroids 81 (7)
The distribution of asteroids in space 83 (2)
Near-earth asteroids 85 (1)
Asteroids and comets 86 (2)
The future 88 (1)
Observing asteroids 88 (11)
Starting your observing program 88 (1)
A life-list 88 (11)
Photography and electronic imaging 99 (3)
modern asteroid search methods 102 (1)
Observing occulatations by steroids and 103 (4)
of asteroids
Conclusion 107 (1)
Meteors 108 (43)
Introduction 108 (1)
Historical notes 109 (1)
Meteor astronomy 110 (4)
Meteor showers 114 (5)
Major annual showers 114 (3)
List of annual meteor showers 117 (2)
The meteor observer 119 (3)
Planning: moonlight and weather 119 (1)
Comfort 119 (2)
Staying awake 121 (1)
Safety 121 (1)
Observing overview 122 (1)
Visual observing procedures 123 (19)
Weather report 123 (1)
Time 124 (1)
Magnitude 125 (2)
Color 127 (1)
Shower membership 127 (1)
Comments 127 (1)
Plotting 128 (1)
Observing meteor storms 128 (2)
Minor shower and `sporadic' nights 130 (1)
Fireballs, trains, and electrophonic 131 (2)
sounds
Re-entering satellites 133 (1)
Telescopic meteor observations 133 (1)
Recording data 134 (1)
Report forms 134 (1)
Making the observations 135 (1)
Single observer 135 (1)
Group observing 136 (6)
Meteor photography 142 (7)
Lens and film selection 142 (2)
Aiming 144 (1)
Using a stationary support 144 (1)
Using a clock drive system 144 (2)
Electronic image intensifiers - meteors 146 (1)
and television
Meteor choppers 147 (1)
Meteor train photography 148 (1)
Radio methods of meteor observation 149 (2)
The zodical light 151 (16)
Introduction and historical notes 151 (2)
Astronomy of the zodical light 153 (4)
Visually observing the zodiacal light 157 (7)
Photographing the zodiacal light 164 (1)
Dust satellites of Earth? 165 (2)
Advanced observing techniques 167 (35)
Astrometry 167 (11)
Technique 167 (1)
Measuring positions 168 (1)
Data reduction 169 (4)
Triangulation 173 (5)
An example of meteor triangulation 178 (1)
Spectroscopy 178 (10)
Methods and equipment 181 (2)
Technique 183 (4)
Meteor spectrophotography 187 (1)
Photoelectric photometry 188 (14)
Observing procedures in photometry 191 (1)
Observing asteroids with a 192 (2)
photoelectric photometer
Observing with a CCD 194 (1)
Photometry of comets 194 (5)
Photometry of the zodiacal light 199 (2)
Conclusion 201 (1)
Appendix I: Glossary 202 (6)
Appendix II: Report forms 208 (9)
Appendix III: Working list of meteor streams 217 (3)
Appendix IV: A simple reduction program for 220 (4)
astrometry
Appendix V: Addresses of organizations and 224 (3)
publications
Appendix VI: References and bibliography 227 (11)
Index 238