Plato and the Hero : Courage, Manliness, and the Impersonal Good

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Plato and the Hero : Courage, Manliness, and the Impersonal Good

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 280 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521417334
  • DDC分類 179.6092

基本説明

New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2000.

Full Description


Plato's thinking on courage, manliness and heroism is both profound and central to his work, but these areas of his thought remain under-explored. This book examines his developing critique of both the notions and embodiments of manliness prevalent in his culture (particularly those in Homer), and his attempt to redefine them in accordance with his own ethical, psychological and metaphysical principles. It further seeks to locate the discussion within the framework of his general approach to ethics, an approach which focuses on concepts of flourishing and virtue, rather than on consequences or duty. The question of why courage is necessary in the flourishing life in its turn leads to Plato's bid to unify the noble and the beneficial and the tensions this unification creates between human and divine ideals. The issue of manliness also raises problems of gender: does Plato conceive of the ethical subject as human or male?

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements                                   x
Preface xii
Glossary xvi
The puzzle of Plato's thumos 1 (49)
The life of reason and the life of desire 1 (2)
The puzzle of the thumos 3 (3)
Thumos or thumoeides? 6 (1)
Thumos in Homer 7 (1)
The thumos in the Republic 8 (22)
Book 2 8 (3)
Primary education (Books 2 and 3) 11 (3)
Book 4 14 (9)
Books 8 and 9 23 (4)
The timocratic state and man 27 (3)
The thumos as a coherent whole 30 (1)
The thumos and Plato's general psychology 31 (6)
The meaning of psuche 31 (2)
The meaning of `part' 33 (4)
Aristotle 37 (4)
Nietzsche 41 (3)
Adler 44 (2)
Freud 46 (4)
Thumos, andreia and the ethics of flourishing 50 (26)
Plato's ethical framework 50 (2)
Happiness and virtue 52 (2)
Just persons and just acts 54 (1)
Reason, desire and the self 54 (2)
The norms of nature 56 (1)
First- and second-order desires 57 (2)
Role models 59 (8)
Role models and society 67 (1)
Male and female virtue 68 (6)
The complexity of courage 74 (2)
Arms and the man: andreia in the Laches 76 (37)
Training men 76 (3)
Fighting in armour: Nicias' defence 79 (3)
Fighting in armour: Laches' critique 82 (2)
Matter and method 84 (2)
Socrates' questioning of Laches 86 (13)
Socrates' questioning of Nicias 99 (11)
Conclusion 110(3)
Odd virtue out: courage and goodness in the 113(24)
Protagoras
Virtue and the virtues 113(2)
Courage, daring and technique 115(8)
The unification of values 123(7)
The pleasures of courage 130(5)
Conclusion 135(2)
Why should I be good? Callicles, Thrasymachus 137(38)
and the egoist challenge
Man and superman 137(4)
The use and abuse of pleasure 141(6)
The Calliclean challenge 147(4)
Socrates' response to Callicles 151(7)
The philosopher as role model 158(4)
The need for the thumos 162(2)
Thrasymachus and the law 164(6)
Socrates' response to Thrasymachus 170(5)
Heroes and role models: the Apology, Hippias 175(24)
Major and Hippias Minor
Homeric role models and Alexander the Great 175(3)
The Apology 178(8)
The Crito 186(1)
The Hippias Major 187(6)
The Hippias Minor 193(6)
The threat of Achilles 199(21)
Thumos amok 199(11)
The tragic shadow 210(10)
Plato's response: the valuable as one 220(30)
The Beautiful and the Good 220(7)
Beauty, goodness and early education 227(4)
Andreia revisited 231(4)
Role models for a new age 235(5)
The philosophic ideal 240(10)
Alcibiades' revenge: thumos in the Symposium 250(12)
Self-perpetuating heroes 250(1)
The Symposium: thumos as intermediary 250(4)
Alcibiades and the tragic victory 254(8)
Epilogue The weaver's art: andreia in the 262(6)
Politicus and Laws
Bibliography 268(9)
Index 277