Addresses the historica development of the knowledge base upon which the public policies of the democratic state depend.
The State and Social Investigation in Britain and the United States addresses the historical development of the knowledge base upon which the public policies of the democratic state depend. This comparative study stretches from the Enlightenment origins of the impulse to base legislation on scientific knowledge to the twentieth-century development of specialised institutions and professions engaged in social investigation and public policy-making. It probes investigators' biases and omissions as well as their strengths as factors shaping social learning. It illuminates the vital link between social empiricism and the late nineteenth-century emergence of the New Liberalism in both Britain and the United States. And it ponders the impact on social investigation and social policy today of relativism, antistatism, devolution and privatisation as these currents have developed in both societies since the 1970s.
Table of Contents
Foreword Michael J. Lacey
Part I. Knowledge and Government: 1. Social
investigation, social knowledge, and the state:
an introduction Michael J. Lacey and Mary O.
2. The science of the legislator: the
Enlightenment heritage Donald Winch
Part II. Empiricism and the New Liberalism: 3.
Experts, investigators, and the state in 1860:
British social scientists through American eyes
4. The world of the bureaus: government and the
positivist project in the late nineteenth
century Michael J. Lacey
5. The republican tradition and the new
liberalism: social investigation, state
building, and social learning in the gilded age
Mary O. Furner
6. The state and social investigation in
Britain, 1880-1914 Roger Davidson
Part III. Pluralism, Skepticism, and the Modern
State: 7. Think tanks, antistatism, and
democracy: the nonpartisan ideal and policy
research in the United States, 1913-1987 Donald
8. Social investigation and political learning
in the financing of World War I W. Elliot
9. The state and social investigation in
Britain between the world wars Barry Supple
10. War mobilization, institutional learning,
and state building in the United States,
1917-1941 Robert D. Cuff