The Red Cross and the Holocaust


The Red Cross and the Holocaust

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 353 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521415873
  • DDC分類 940.531835


Transl. by Beryl Fletcher.

Full Description

The Red Cross and the Holocaust presents a startling assessment of the role of the world's most famous charity in World War II. Was the Red Cross aware of the appalling sufferings of the victims of the concentration camps? How much did its International Committee know about the deportation and extermination of the Jews in Europe? Did it try to protect the persecuted Jews? In what ways could it have helped them, given the neutrality which was the basis of its foundation? These questions have remained unanswered for more than fifty years and have sparked off bitter debates. Jean-Claude Favez here presents a fundamental reappraisal, informed by unrivalled access to the archives of the Red Cross. This magisterial work includes a chronology, indices, biographical notes, and a statement by the charity's current leaders: anyone interested in the complexity and tragedy of the Holocaust will find this compelling reading.

Table of Contents

Author's preface to the English-language edition   ix
Acknowledgements xiii
Chronology xiv
List of abbreviations xxix
Map xxxii
Introduction 1 (12)
Part I: The Background
The Red Cross, political prisoners and racial 13 (9)
persecution before 1939
Secrecy, rumour, information 22 (31)
The door that stayed shut 53 (29)
Ways and means 82 (52)
Part II: The ICRC and Political and Racial
Persecution in Hitler's Europe
The occupied countries 134 (41)
The satellites 175 (23)
The Axis allies 198 (35)
Part III: Another Turn of the Screw
The drama of retreat, persecution and action 233 (18)
played out in Hungary
Aid and protection on the eve of liberation 251 (22)
Conclusion 273 (10)
Biographical notes: who was who in the ICRC 283 (6)
Appendix: Translation of documents in German 289 (18)
Notes 307 (27)
Bibliography 334 (8)
Index 342