Solar System Astronomy in America : Communities, Patronage, and Interdisciplinary Science, 1920-1960

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Solar System Astronomy in America : Communities, Patronage, and Interdisciplinary Science, 1920-1960

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 280 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521415736
  • DDC分類 523.209730904

Full Description


Between 1920 and 1960 astronomers began working with scientists in other fields in order to better understand the nature of the solar system. Researchers made wide-ranging attempts to solve such problems as the nature of lunar and terrestrial craters, the origin of comets and meteors and the birth of the solar system. While often tinged with controversy, this work provided the foundation for planetary science in the space age. Exploiting archival material, this book, first published in 1996, investigates this emerging interdisciplinary scientific community and its influence on astronomy, meteorology, geology and geophysics. It examines how studies in planetary science were influenced by shifts in institutional mandates, new research techniques, and Cold War government-military funding. Above all, the book explores an important branch of what is now called the environmental sciences.

Table of Contents

Acronyms and abbreviations
Plates
Preface and acknowledgements
Introduction
1. American astronomy in the foundation era
(1920-1940)
2. Planetary atmospheres and military patrons
(1945-1955)
3. Astronomers, chemists, and planetary
evolution (1945-1955)
4. Consensus to controversy: interdisciplinary
turmoil (1950-1957)
5. Geologists and astronomers: uneasy alliances
(1920-1960)
6. Splitting the discipline: patronage, turmoil
and transition (1952-1960)
Conclusion
Appendices
Notes
Bibliography.