Elements and the Cosmos : Proceedings of the 31st Herstmonceux Conference Held in Cambridge, England, 16-20 July 1990

Elements and the Cosmos : Proceedings of the 31st Herstmonceux Conference Held in Cambridge, England, 16-20 July 1990

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521414753
  • DDC分類 523.01

Full Description


In recent years there have been substantial advances in abundance analysis of stars, planetary nebulae and the interstellar medium due to improvements in instrumentation and in availability of basic atomic data which has led to increasing sophistication of models for the astrophysical light sources. These advances have enabled observers to make much more critical tests of the theory of Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis and of scenarios for galactic evolution than ever before. While there have been many books on cosmology and galactic and stellar evolution in which abundance analysis of astrophysical objects has played some part, this book is the first one for several years where specialists in the various relevant fields discuss the basis and implications of the subject as a whole. The subjects in this volume cover the particular interests of Professor B. E. J. Pagel, who has made substantial contributions in the course of a long career. The major aim of the book is to bring together the results from high redshift studies and Galactic studies in a coherent way, and to cover relevant aspects of nuclear and atomic physics.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Cosmological nucleosynthesis
3. Primordial nucleosynthesis
4. Baryon inhomogeneous cosmologies and
primordial nucleosynthesis of Li-Be-B
5. The primordial abundancies of Li and Be
6. Li and O in stellar populations of our galaxy
7. Signatures of inhomogeneity in the early
universe
8. Nuclear data relevant to nucleosynthesis
9. Theories of element synthesis in supernovae
10. Nucleosynthesis in type I and II SN
11. Nucleosynthesis in SNe II and a function of
progenitor mass
12. On the (O/Fe) vs (Fe/H) relationship at low
metallicity
13. Primordial lithium abundance from
observations of SN 1987A
14. Stellar opacities
15. Data for absorption line analysis
16. Precision spectroscopy and stellar
parameters from absorption line systems
17. Stellar abundance methods
18. Observational effects of nucleosynthesis in
evolved stars
19. Updating solar abundances
20. Abundance distribution in galactic stellar
populations
21. Stellar populations in other galaxies
22. Abundancies, star formation and nuclear
activity in galaxies
23. Global heating of the ionized gas in NGC1068
24. Observed nuclear abundance effects in
Planetary nebulae
25. Abundances in planetary nebulae in the
magellanic clouds and galactic halo
26. N/O ratios in planetary nebulae and central
star masses
27. Late decaying particles and the ionization
of HI regions
28. Photo-ionization models
29. Observations of the NII 122 microns line
30 Nebular abundances and the chemical
evolution of galaxies
31. Chemical evolution in nearby galaxies
32. The most metal poor stars
33. The mass-metallicity relation
34. Extremely low metallicity galaxies
35. Chemical evolution of high z galaxies
36. S-process abundances in metal poor stars
37. The chemical evolution of the light
S-elements: yields from massive stars
38. Abundance distribution in galactic stellar
populations
39. Abundance gradients in disk galaxies
40. A diatribe on the chemical evolution of
galaxies
41. Chemical and dynamical evolution of
galactic disks
42. The interstellar medium at high and low
redshifts
43. Abundances in interstellar gas in galaxies
in the field of QSOs
44. QSO absorption line absorbers
45. Metallicity measurements beyond z=o.3
46. Resumé
.