Observational Astronomy

Observational Astronomy

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 328 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521396936
  • DDC分類 522

Table of Contents

  1  The celestial sphere and coordinate systems   1  (14)
Coordinate systems 2 (7)
Measuring stellar coordinates 9 (3)
Finding the celestial pole 12 (3)
2 Time 15 (13)
Solar Time 15 (4)
Ephemeris Time and Dynamical Time 19 (1)
Sidereal Time 19 (1)
Finding the Sidereal Time 20 (3)
Julian Date 23 (3)
Heliocentric Time 26 (2)
3 Star charts and catalogs 28 (18)
Names of stars 28 (1)
Bayer and Flamsteed Catalogs 29 (1)
Yale Catalog of Bright Stars 30 (2)
Bonner Durchmusterung 32 (3)
National Geographic/Palomar Sky Survey 35 (2)
Ohio State overlays for the PSS 37 (1)
SAO Catalog and Atlas 38 (1)
Machine-readable catalogs 38 (2)
Atlas Coeli Skalnate Pleso 40 (1)
Tirion Atlas and Sky Catalog 2000.0 40 (1)
Uranometria 2000.0 40 (1)
Astronomical Almanac 41 (3)
Summary of stellar nomenclature 44 (2)
4 Applications of the spherical triangle 46 (26)
Basic formulae of spherical trigonometry 48 (2)
Hour angle 50 (1)
Conversion of coordinates 51 (3)
Ecliptic coordinates 54 (1)
Galactic coordinates 55 (1)
Location of the vernal equinox 56 (2)
Precession 58 (2)
Nutation 60 (1)
Proper motion 61 (2)
Total proper motion 63 (2)
Refraction 65 (7)
5 Photographic astrometry 72 (9)
Standard coordinates 73 (3)
Measurements on the plate 76 (1)
Plate constants 76 (1)
Finding the unknown coordinates 77 (1)
Telescopes for astrometry 78 (1)
The CCD in astrometry 79 (2)
6 Visual observations 81 (22)
The human eye 81 (4)
Astronomical seeing 85 (4)
Eyepieces 89 (5)
Field lens 94 (1)
Types of eyepieces 95 (2)
Field of view 97 (1)
The Barlow lens 98 (2)
Cross hairs and reticles 100(3)
7 The magnitude system 103(9)
Quantitative relationships 103(3)
Magnitude systems and color index 106(2)
International system 108(1)
UBV system 109(3)
8 Photographic photometry 112(19)
The Cuffey iris photometer 119(2)
Finding the scale and zero-point 121(4)
Methods of finding the magnitude scale 125(4)
Precision of photographic magnitudes 129(2)
9 Photoelectric photometry 131(27)
The photometer's construction 133(2)
Photomultipliers 135(4)
Photodiodes as detectors 139(2)
Pulse counting 141(2)
Magnitudes with the CCD 143(1)
Amplifier/recorder systems 144(1)
Observing procedures 145(2)
Reduction of the observations 147(1)
Atmospheric extinction 148(5)
Conversion to a standard system 153(1)
Photoelectric standards 154(1)
Automated observatories 155(3)
10 Applications and extensions of photometry 158(12)
Applications of UBV photometry 158(5)
Extensions into the infrared 163(2)
Narrow and intermediate band photometry 165(5)
11 The spectrograph 170(26)
Dispersion by a prism 171(4)
Dispersion by a grating 175(5)
Angular and linear dispersion 180(1)
Objective prism and objective grating 181(1)
Practical design of a spectrograph 182(4)
Resolving power 186(1)
Microdensitometer 187(1)
Other recording methods 188(4)
The coude spectrograph 192(1)
The echelle spectrograph 192(4)
12 Classification of stellar spectra 196(15)
Fraunhofer lines in the solar spectrum 196(2)
The Henry Draper Catalog -- 1918 198(2)
Classification features 200(3)
Luminosity classification 203(2)
Other spectral types 205(1)
Other spectral features 206(1)
Some historical notes 207(4)
13 Analysis of high-dispersion spectra 211(19)
Radial velocities 211(5)
Correction for daily rotation 216(2)
Correction for orbital motion of the earth 218(2)
Correction in right ascension and 220(3)
declination
Line profiles 223(3)
Widths of spectrum lines 226(2)
Axial rotation 228(1)
Interstellar lines 228(2)
14 Variable stars 230(23)
Naming variable stars 231(1)
General Catalog of Variable Stars 231(2)
American Association of Variable Star 233(1)
Observers
IBVS publications 236(1)
Observational data -- magnitudes 237(1)
Observational data -- time 238(1)
Preliminary light curve 239(2)
Finding a precise period 241(4)
Spurious periods 245(1)
Selection of variable stars for study 245(2)
Eclipsing binaries 247(1)
Heliocentric Time 248(5)
15 Observing the sun 253(25)
The sun with small telescopes 254(2)
Surface features in white light 256(1)
Sunspot cycle 257(3)
Photographing the sun 260(1)
Spectroheliograph 261(2)
Solar telescopes 263(3)
Eclipse observations 266(3)
Coronagraph 269(2)
High-altitude observations 271(2)
Tracking the sun 273(1)
Heliostat and coelostat 274(4)
16 Radio astronomy 278(19)
Sources of radio waves 279(1)
Radio telescopes 279(3)
Receivers and amplifiers 282(1)
Interpreting the radio data 283(3)
Radio interferometry 286(2)
Aperture synthesis 288(2)
Beginnings of radio astronomy 290(7)
Appendix 1 The photographic process 297(8)
Appendix 2 Time signals 305(2)
Appendix 3 Some statistical principles and the 307(7)
method of least squares
Appendix 4 The charge-coupled device or CCD 314(4)
Appendix 5 Aligning the polar axis 318(7)
Index 325