Bridges the gap between socioecology and population demography, in showing how animals and humans adjust their fertility to environmental conditions.
Fertility in animals reflects access to scarce resources, such as food and territory. In humans the situation is more complex. Patterns of breast feeding, contraception and ideas about age at marriage and desired family size all affect fertility. The relation between these and access to scarce resources such as housing and employment, via income, education and other factors that affect status, is explored. In this book, the gap between socio-ecology and population demography is bridged, by showing how animals and humans adjust their fertility to environmental conditions.
Table of Contents
List of contributors
1. Introduction J. Landers and V. Reynolds
2. Environmental and social determinants of
fecundity in primates R. I. M. Dunbar
3. Biological aspects of fertility among third
world populations L. Rosetta
4. A preliminary report on fertility and
socioeconomic changes in two Papua New Guinea
communities T. Taufa, V. Mea and J. Lourie
5. The cultural context of fertility transition
in immigrant mennonites J. C. Stevenson and P.
6. Inter-relationships between consanguinity,
religion and fertility in Karnataka, South
India A. H. Bittles, A. Radha Rama Devi and N.
7. Resources and the fertility transition in
the countryside of England and Wales P. R.
8. Fertility decline and birth spacing among
London Quakers J. Landers
9. Population growth, innovation and resource
exploitation E. Boserup
10. Fertility decline in developing countries:
the roles of economic modernisation, culture
and Government interventions J. Cleland
11. Understanding recent fertility trends in
the Third World A. G. Hill
12. Monogamy, landed property and demographic
regimes in pre-industrial Europe: regional
contrasts and temporal stabilities R. M. Smith