An Introduction to Composite Materials (Cambridge Solid State Science Series) (2ND)

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An Introduction to Composite Materials (Cambridge Solid State Science Series) (2ND)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 272 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521388559
  • DDC分類 620.118

Full Description


This edition has been greatly enlarged and updated to provide both scientists and engineers with a clear and comprehensive understanding of composite materials. In describing both theoretical and practical aspects of their production, properties and usage, the book crosses the borders of many disciplines. Topics covered include: fibres, matrices, laminates and interfaces; elastic deformation, stress and strain, strength, fatigue crack propagation and creep resistance; toughness and thermal properties; fatigue and deterioration under environmental conditions; fabrication and applications. Coverage has been increased to include polymeric, metallic and ceramic matrices and reinforcement in the form of long fibres, short fibres and particles. Designed primarily as a teaching text for final-year undergraduates in materials science and engineering, this book will also interest undergraduates and postgraduates in chemistry, physics, and mechanical engineering. In addition, it will be an excellent source book for academic and technological researchers on materials.

Table of Contents

From the preface to First Edition                  xiii
Preface to Second Edition xiv
General introduction 1 (8)
Types of composite material 1 (4)
Design of composite materals 5 (1)
The concept of load transfer 6 (3)
References and further reading 8 (1)
Fibres and matrices 9 (30)
Reinforcements 9 (13)
Carbon fibres 9 (5)
Glass fibres 14 (2)
Organic fibres 16 (1)
Silicon carbide 17 (4)
Alumina and aluminosilicates 21 (1)
The strength of reinforcements 22 (8)
Thermal stability 22 (1)
Compressive strength 23 (1)
Fibre fracture and flexibility 24 (3)
A statistical treatment of fibre strength 27 (3)
Matrices 30 (9)
Polymer matrices 30 (4)
Metal matrices 34 (1)
Ceramic matrices 35 (1)
References and further reading 36 (3)
Fibre architecture 39 (21)
General considerations 39 (4)
Volume fraction and weight fraction 39 (1)
Fibre packing arrangements 40 (2)
Clustering of fibres and particles 42 (1)
Long fibres 43 (6)
Laminates 43 (3)
Woven, braided and knitted fibre arrays 46 (2)
Characterisation of fibre orientations in 48 (1)
a plane
Short fibres 49 (6)
Fibre orientation distributions in three 49 (4)
dimensions
Fibre length distributions 53 (2)
Voids 55 (4)
Fibre orientation during processing 59 (1)
References and further reading 59 (1)
Elastic deformation of long-fibre composites 60 (18)
Axial stiffness 60 (2)
Transverse stiffness 62 (7)
Shear stiffness 69 (2)
Poisson contraction effects 71 (7)
References and further reading 77 (1)
Elastic deformation of laminates 78 (27)
Elastic deformation of anisotropic materials 78 (5)
Hooke's law 78 (2)
Effects of symmetry 80 (3)
Off-axis elastic constants of laminae 83 (10)
Calculation procedure 83 (4)
Engineering constants 87 (6)
Elastic deformation of laminates 93 (4)
Loading of a stack of plies 93 (2)
Predicted behaviour 95 (2)
Stresses and distortions 97 (8)
Balanced laminates 97 (1)
Stresses in individual plies of a laminate 98 (3)
Coupling stresses and symmetric laminates 101 (3)
References and further reading 104 (1)
Stresses and strains in short-fibre composites 105 (28)
The shear lag model 105 (16)
Stress and strain distributions 107 (2)
The stress transfer length 109 (5)
Transfer of normal stress across fibre 114 (1)
ends
Prediction of stiffness 115 (3)
Onset of inelastic behaviour 118 (3)
The Eshelby method 121 (12)
A misfitting ellipsoid 123 (1)
The equivalent homogeneous ellipsoid 123 (3)
The background stress 126 (1)
Composite stiffness 127 (4)
References and further reading 131 (2)
The interface region 133 (25)
Bonding mechanisms 133 (5)
Adsorption and wetting 133 (2)
Interdiffusion and chemical reaction 135 (2)
Electrostatic attraction 137 (1)
Mechanical keying 137 (1)
Residual stresses 138 (1)
Experimental measurement of bond strength 138 (9)
Single-fibre pull-out test 140 (3)
Single-fibre push-out and push-down tests 143 (3)
Other tests 146 (1)
Control of bond strength 147 (11)
Coupling agents and environmental effects 147 (4)
Toughness-reducing coatings 151 (1)
Interfacial chemical reaction and 152 (1)
diffusion barrier coatings
The interphase region 153 (2)
References and further reading 155 (3)
Strength of composites 158 (50)
Failure modes of long-fibre composites 158 (26)
Axial tensile failure 159 (12)
Transverse tensile failure 171 (6)
Shear failure 177 (1)
Failure in compression 178 (6)
Failure of laminae under off-axis loads 184 (7)
Maximum stress criterion 185 (1)
Other failure criteria 186 (2)
Experimental data for single laminae 188 (3)
Strength of laminates 191 (6)
Tensile cracking 192 (2)
Interlaminar stresses 194 (1)
Edge effects 195 (2)
Failure of tubes under internal pressure 197 (11)
Pure hoop loading 199 (2)
Combined hoop and axial loading 201 (2)
Netting analysis 203 (2)
References and further reading 205 (3)
Toughness of composites 208 (29)
Fracture mechanics 208 (9)
Basic concepts 208 (5)
Interfacial fracture and crack deflection 213 (4)
Contributions to work of fracture 217 (9)
Matrix deformation 217 (1)
Fibre fracture 218 (1)
Interfacial debonding 219 (1)
Frictional sliding and fibre pull-out 220 (3)
Effects of microstructure 223 (3)
Sub-critical crack growth 226 (11)
Fatigue 227 (6)
Stress corrosion cracking 233 (1)
References and further reading 234 (3)
Thermal behaviour of composites 237 (34)
Thermal expansion and thermal stresses 237 (14)
Thermal stresses and strains 237 (3)
Thermal expansivities 240 (4)
Thermal cycling of unidirectional 244 (3)
composites
Thermal cycling of laminates 247 (4)
Creep 251 (8)
Basics of matrix and fibre behaviour 251 (2)
Axial creep of long-fibre composites 253 (2)
Transverse creep and discontinuously 255 (4)
reinforced composites
Thermal conduction 259 (12)
Heat transfer mechanisms 259 (1)
Conductivity of composites 260 (4)
Interfacial thermal resistance 264 (5)
References and further reading 269 (2)
Fabrication 271 (24)
Polymer composites 271 (9)
Liquid resin impregnation routes 272 (2)
Pressurised consolidation of resin 274 (2)
pre-pregs
Consolidation of resin moulding compounds 276 (2)
Injection moulding of thermoplastics 278 (1)
Hot press moulding of thermoplastics 279 (1)
Metal composites 280 (6)
Squeeze infiltration 281 (1)
Stir casting 282 (1)
Spray deposition 283 (2)
Powder blending and consolidation 285 (1)
Diffusion bonding of foils 285 (1)
Physical vapour deposition (PVD) 286 (1)
Ceramic composites 286 (9)
Powder-based routes 288 (2)
Reactive processing 290 (1)
Layered ceramic composites 291 (1)
Carbon/carbon composites 291 (2)
References and further reading 293 (2)
Applications 295 (16)
Minesweeper hull 295 (2)
Sheet processing rolls 297 (2)
Helicopter rotor blade 299 (2)
Golf driving club 301 (2)
Racing bicycle 303 (1)
Diesel engine piston 303 (2)
Microelectronics housing 305 (2)
Gas turbine combustor can 307 (1)
Aircraft brakes 308 (3)
References and further reading 309 (2)
Appendix Nomenclature 311 (4)
Author index 315 (5)
Subject index 320