The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (New Approaches to European History)

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The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (New Approaches to European History)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 256 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521386852
  • DDC分類 940.285

Table of Contents

        List of illustrations                      ix (1)
Chronology of events x
Introduction 1 (4)
1 Society and social conflict in Europe 5 (50)
during the 1840s
The countryside 5 (7)
Crafts, manufacturing and their social 12 (8)
order
Social structure and elites 20 (3)
Social and economic trends 23 (3)
The state 26 (6)
Education and religion 32 (6)
Objects of social conflict in pre-1848 38 (15)
Europe
Conflict in the countryside 39 (5)
Conflicts in manufacturing and crafts 43 (4)
Conflicts with the state 47 (2)
Conflicts over religion 49 (4)
European society and its conflicts in the 53 (2)
1840s
2 The pre-revolutionary political universe 55 (50)
The framework of political life 55 (3)
Forms of political participation and 58 (6)
organization
Political doctrines and political movements 64 (22)
in mid-nineteenth-century Europe
Liberalism 64 (7)
Conservatism 71 (6)
Radicalism 77 (9)
Nationalism 86 (15)
Nation and nationalism in France 89 (1)
Nations and nationalism in Italy and 90 (5)
Germany
Nations and nationalism in the Habsburg 95 (6)
Empire and eastern Europe
Party of order/party of movement 101(4)
3 The outbreak of revolution 105(43)
Preceding the revolution: (1) the 105(3)
economic crisis
Preceding the revolution: (2) the 108(3)
political crisis
The verdict of the barricades 111(5)
The "springtime of the peoples" 116(1)
Points of conflict: (1) popular mass 117(9)
movements
Points of conflict: (2) national unity 126(12)
and national war
Points of conflict: (3) governmental 138(8)
power and elections
The revolution in the balance 146(2)
4 Varieties of revolutionary experience 148(47)
The new contours of public life 148(9)
The parliament as political focus 148(3)
Newspapers 151(2)
Politics in the streets 153(4)
Free to organize and associate 157(21)
Political clubs 158(9)
Association as a social and political 167(11)
theme
Tendencies of political development 178(17)
Bases of political support 178(9)
The direction of political life over the 187(8)
course of the revolution
5 Polarization and confrontation 195(44)
Patterns of confrontation, May-November 195(25)
1848
First steps in southern Italy 195(2)
The June Days 197(6)
Counter-revolution in the Austrian Empire 203(6)
Toward war with and in Hungary 209(3)
The crisis of September 1848 and the 212(3)
Frankfurt National Assembly
The October crisis 215(3)
The November crisis in Prussia 218(1)
The election of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte 219(1)
as French president
The second wave of revolution 220(19)
New political initiatives 221(4)
The crisis of the spring of 1849 225(2)
The outcome of the spring crisis 227(3)
The rule of the insurgent governments and 230(6)
their ultimate defeat
Epilogue: in the underground, 1849-51 236(3)
6 The mid-century revolutions in European 239(21)
history
The anatomy of a revolution 239(6)
1789-1848-1917 245(5)
Aspirations and accomplishments of the 1848 250(5)
revolutions
The 1848 revolutions as political mass 255(5)
movement
Bibliography 260(10)
Short biographies 270(6)
Index 276