Reform without Liberalization : China's National People's Congress and the Politics of Institutional Change

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Reform without Liberalization : China's National People's Congress and the Politics of Institutional Change

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521380867
  • DDC分類 328.51072

Full Description


Since its founding in 1954, the National People's Congress of China (NPC) has followed a difficult course of development, a course which has been characterized by periods of limited progress intermingled with periods of stagnation and regression. Political campaigns from the Anti-Rightist Movement (1957-1958) to the Great Leap Forward (1958-1960) to the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) frustrated the establishment of any consistent policy concerning the appropriate role of the legislature within the one-party, Maoist regime. Mao's death in 1976, however, ushered in a new era of political reform which has included the strengthening of the NPC. In this detailed study of the NPC, Kevin O'Brien examines how the NPC has changed from its founding under Mao through the regime of Deng Xiaoping. He describes the various functions it has served, from the management of intra-elite relations; to the incorporation, and co-optation, of criticisms of regime policies into regime debates; to legislation and supervision of government agencies.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Part I. Introduction: 1. Chinese legislatures
and political change
2. Origins of the NPC
Part II. The NPC Under Mao: 3. Development,
doubts, and decline
4. Structural features
5. The NPC in the political system
Part III. The NPC Under Deng: 6. Plenary
sessions and policy discussions
7. Structural reforms
8. The NPC and systemic change
Abbreviations
Notes
Bibliography
Index.