Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)

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Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 415 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521368070
  • DDC分類 320

Full Description


This 1991 book was the first ever English rendition of the classic statement of divine right absolutism, published in 1707. Jacques-Benigne Bossuet argues in the Politics that a general society of the entire human race, governed by Christian charity, has given way (after the Fall) to the necessity of politcs, law, and absolute hereditary monarchy. That monarchy - seen as natural, universal and divinely ordained (beginning with David and Solomon) is defended in the first half of the book. The last part, added soon before Bossuet's death, goes on to take up the rights of the Church, the distinction between absolutism and arbitrariness, and causes of just war. Patrick Riley has provided full supporting materials including a chronology, guide to further reading, and a lucid introduction placing Bossuet in his historical and intellectual context.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xi
Introduction xiii
Chronology lxix
Critical bibliography lxxi
A note on the text lxxiv
Biographical synopses lxxvi
Politics drawn from the Very Words of Holy 1 (1)
Scripture
Dedication 1 (2)
First Book. Of the principles of human society
Man is made to live in society 3 (5)
The society of mankind gives birth to civil 8 (6)
society, that is to say, to states, peoples,
and nations
To form nations and unite the people, it is 14 (5)
necessary to have a government
On laws 19 (5)
Consequences of the general principles of 24 (3)
humanity
On the love of country 27 (12)
Conclusion. To conclude this book, and to 36 (3)
reduce it to an abstract
Second Book. On authority: that the royal and
hereditary [type] is the most proper for
government
By whom authority has been exercised since 39 (13)
the beginning of the world
[on the right of conquest] 52 (5)
Conclusion 54 (3)
Third Book. In which one begins to explain the
nature and the properties of royal authority
Taking notice of the essential characteristics 57 (1)
Royal authority is sacred 57 (5)
Royal authority is paternal, and its proper 62 (19)
character is goodness
Fourth Book. On the characteristics of royalty
(continuation)
Royal authority is absolute 81 (15)
On softness, irresolution and false firmness 96 (7)
Fifth Book. Fourth and final characteristics of
royal authority
Royal authority is subject to reason 103 (26)
Means by which the prince can acquire 129 (25)
necessary knowledge
On dangerous curiosities and kinds of 154 (6)
knowledge: and on the confidence one must
place in God
Consequences of the preceding doctrine: 160 (7)
concerning majesty and its adjuncts
Sixth Book. The duties of subjects toward the
prince, based on the preceding doctrine
On the service one owes to the king 167 (6)
On the obedience due to the prince 173 (11)
Two difficulties drawn from Scripture: David 184 (7)
and the Maccabees
Seventh Book. On the particular duties of
royalty
General division of the prince's duties 191 (1)
On religion, inasmuch as it is the good of 192 (4)
nations and of civil society
That the true religion is known through 196 (15)
perceptible marks
Errors of men of the world and statesmen 211 (12)
concerning the affairs and practices of
religion
What care great kings have taken for the 223 (21)
worship of God
Religious motives peculiar to kings 244 (15)
Eighth Book. The particular duties of royalty,
continued: of justice
That justice is founded on religion 259 (4)
On government which is called arbitrary 263 (5)
On legislation and on judgments 268 (5)
On the virtues which must accompany justice 273 (8)
Obstacles to justice 281 (6)
Ninth Book. The supports of royalty: arms,
riches of finances, and counsels
On war and its just motives, general and 287 (6)
particular
On unjust motives for war 293 (9)
On wars between citizens, together with their 302 (13)
motives, and the rules which must be followed
Though God made war for his people in an 315 (7)
extraordinary and miraculous fashion, he
wanted to harden them by giving them warlike
kings and great captains
On military virtues, institutions, orders, 322 (11)
and exercises
On peace and war: various observations on 333 (12)
both of them
Tenth and Final Book. Continuation of helps to
royalty: Riches or finances; Counsel; the
inconveniences and temptations which accompany
royalty: and the remedies that one can bring to
them
On riches or on finances. On commerce, and on 345 (12)
taxes
On counsel 357 (14)
The prince is reminded of different 371 (12)
characters of ministers or counselors: good,
mixture of good and bad, and wicked
To help the prince to know men well, one 383 (6)
shows him, in a general way, some characters
drawn by the Holy Spirit in the Books of
Wisdom
On the conduct of the prince in his family, 389 (5)
and on the care he must have for his health
The disadvantages and temptations which 394 (17)
accompany royalty, and the remedies that one
can bring to them
Conclusion. In what the true happiness of 409 (2)
kings consists
Index 411