Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America : Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective


Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America : Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 290 p.
  • 言語 ENG
  • 商品コード 9780521016971
  • DDC分類 324.282083


Explains why some contemporary Latin American labor-based parties adapted successfully to the challenges of neoliberalism and working class decline.

Full Description

Why did some Latin American labor-based parties adapt successfully to the contemporary challenges of neoliberalism and working class decline while others did not? Drawing on a detailed study of the Argentine Peronism, as well as a broader comparative analysis, this book develops an organizational approach to party change. Levitsky's study breaks new ground in its focus on informal and weakly institutionalized party structures. It argues that loosely structured party organizations, such as those found in many populist labor-based parties, are often better equipped to adapt to rapid environmental change than are more bureaucratic labor-based parties. The argument is illustrated in the case of Peronism, a mass labor-based party with a highly fluid internal structure. The book shows how this weakly routinized structure allowed party reformers to undertake a set of far-reached coalitional and programmatic changes that enabled Peronism to survive, and even thrive, in the neoliberal era.

Table of Contents

        Figure and Tables                          viii
Acknowledgments xi
Labor-Based Party Adaptation in the 1 (34)
Neoliberal Era: Rethinking the Role of
Party Organization
Origins and Evolution of a Mass Populist 35 (23)
An ``Organized Disorganization'': The 58 (33)
Peronist Party Structure in the 1990s
Populism in Crisis: Environmental Change 91 (16)
and Party Failure, 1983--1985
From Labor Politics to Machine Politics: 107 (37)
The Transformation of the Peronist
Party--Union Linkage
Menemism and Neoliberalism: Programmatic 144 (42)
Adaptation in the 1990s
A View from Below: Party Activists and the 186 (31)
Transformation of Base-Level Peronism
The Paradox of Menemism: Party Adaptation 217 (14)
and Regime Stability in the 1990s
Crisis, Party Adaptation, and Democracy: 231 (20)
Argentina in Comparative Perspective
References 251 (20)
Index 271