原理主義の挑戦:イスラーム政治運動と新世界秩序(新版)<br>The Challenge of Fundamentalism : Political Islam and the New World Order (Comparative Studies in Religion and Society) (Updated)

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原理主義の挑戦:イスラーム政治運動と新世界秩序(新版)
The Challenge of Fundamentalism : Political Islam and the New World Order (Comparative Studies in Religion and Society) (Updated)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 256 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780520236905
  • DDC分類 320.550917671

基本説明

For this updated edition, Tibi has written a new preface and lengthy introduction addressing Islamic fundamentalism in light of and since September 11.

Full Description


Long before the tragic events of September 11, 2001, Islamic fundamentalism was exerting a significant influence in nearly every corner of the world. Bassam Tibi, a widely recognized expert on Islam and Arab culture, offers an important and disquieting analysis of this particular synthesis of religion and politics. A Muslim and descendant of a famous Damascene Islamic scholar family, Tibi sees Islamic fundamentalism as the result of Islam's confrontation with modernity and not only - as it is widely believed - economic adversity. The movement is unprecedented in Islamic history and parallels the inability of Islamic nation-states to integrate into the new world secular order. For this updated edition, Tibi has written a new preface and lengthy introduction addressing Islamic fundamentalism in light of and since September 11.

Table of Contents

Preface to the updated edition                     ix
Introduction to the updated edition xiii
Preface xxv
The Context: Globalization, Fragmentation, 1 (19)
and Disorder
Islamic Fundamentalism, the West, and World 2 (3)
Order
Fundamentalism: A Response to the Problems 5 (1)
of Globalization and Fragmentation
The Secular Nation-State: Prime Target of 6 (2)
Fundamentalism
After the Cold War: Further Fragmentation 8 (2)
The ``Islamic Resurgence'': Two Views 10 (2)
Political Islam as a Variety of 12 (3)
Fundamentalism
The Clash of Two Universalisms: A ``Clash 15 (5)
of Civilizations''?
The Study of Islamic Fundamentalism and the 20 (16)
Scope of the Inquiry
Religion, Fundamentalism, and Civilizations 20 (4)
Cultural Modernity in Reverse: Back to 24 (1)
Collectivities
Antagonizing Democracy and Creating Disorder 25 (4)
Inventing Tradition: The Legacy of Islamic 29 (3)
Reformism and Traditionalism
The Structure of This Inquiry 32 (4)
World Order and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein 36 (28)
The Legacy of the Gulf War 37 (5)
The Search for a New World Order 42 (4)
The Concept of Order between Cultural 46 (4)
Relativism and Neo-Absolutism
The Regionalization of World Politics and 50 (4)
the Politicization of Middle Eastern Islam
The Fundamentalist World Revolution: Jihad 54 (6)
between Peace and Militancy
An Islamic World Order? 60 (4)
The Sociocultural Background and the Exposure 64 (18)
to Cultural Modernity
Culture in World Politics: Globalized 65 (3)
Structures and Cultural Fragmentation
Islamic Fundamentalism as a Semi-Modern, 68 (7)
Backward-Oriented Utopia Contesting
Cultural Modernity
Between Private Religiosity and the 75 (4)
Politicization of Religious Beliefs
Conclusions 79 (3)
Cultural Fragmentation, the Decline in 82 (32)
Consensus, and the Diffusion of Power in
World Politics
Cultural Fragmentation and the 85 (4)
International Diffusion of Power
Islamic Fundamentalism as the Expression of 89 (4)
a Revolt against the West
The Political Claims of Religious Options 93 (6)
in a Secular World Order
The Islamic State as the Nucleus of an 99 (5)
Islamic World Order
The Islamic Challenge: A Divine Global 104 (3)
Order as an Alternative to Global
Secularization?
The Cultural Basis of World Politics in an 107 (6)
Age of Intercivilizational Conflict
Conclusions 113 (1)
The Crisis of the Nation-State: Islamic, 114 (24)
Pan-Arab, Ethnic, and Sectarian Identities in
Conflict
Understanding the Resort to Politicized 115 (1)
Religion
Is Political Islam the Solution? 116 (3)
Between the Government of the People and 119 (5)
the Government of God
The Nation-State: Between Ethnicity and 124 (4)
Fundamentalism
Ethnicity, Regionalism, and the Search for 128 (4)
Identity
The Institutionally Fragile Nominal 132 (4)
Nation-State
Conclusions 136 (2)
The Fundamentalist Ideology: Context and the 138 (20)
Textual Sources
The Repoliticization of Islam in Pursuit of 140 (4)
a New Order
The Regional and Global Context of the 144 (5)
Fundamentalist Writings
The Caliphate, the Fetwa, and the 149 (8)
Distortion of History and Scripture
Conclusions 157 (1)
The Idea of an Islamic State and the Call for 158 (21)
the Implementation of the Shari'a/Divine Law
Din wa dawla/Unity of Religion and State: 159 (6)
But What Else?
Is the Shari'a an Islamic Constitution for 165 (4)
an Islamic State?
Islamic Critics and the Islamic State: Is 169 (4)
It True that the Shari'a Rules?
Is Shura an Islamic Substitute for 173 (4)
Democracy?
Conclusions 177 (2)
Democracy and Democratization in Islam: An 179 (20)
Alternative to Fundamentalism
Democracy and International Morality 180 (3)
Islamic Civilization, the West, and 183 (5)
Democracy
The Accommodation of Democracy without a 188 (2)
Rethinking of Islam
The Requirements for Democracy: Political 190 (3)
Culture and Democratic Institutions
The Cases of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia 193 (3)
Conclusions 196 (3)
Human Rights in Islam and the West: 199 (16)
Cross-Cultural Foundations of Shared Values
Islam and the West: From Dissent to 200 (4)
International Morality
What Are ``Human Rights''? Why Do They 204 (3)
Matter for Muslims?
A Need for ``Rethinking Islam'': The 207 (2)
Cultural Accommodation of Human Rights
Local Cultures, Regional Civilizations, and 209 (3)
Their Exposure to Globalization
Conclusions 212 (3)
Notes 215 (38)
Names index 253 (4)
Subject index 257