Black Working Wives : Pioneers of the American Family Revolution


Black Working Wives : Pioneers of the American Family Revolution

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 273 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780520236820
  • DDC分類 305


New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2000. Argues that black middle-class women in two-parent families, by choosing to combine career with family, pioneered the contemporary dual-worker family.

Full Description

Long before the 1970s and the feminist revolution that shattered traditional notions of the family, black women in America had already accomplished their own revolution. Bart Landry's groundbreaking study adds immeasurably to our accepted concepts of 'traditional' and 'new' families: Landry argues that black middle-class women in two-parent families were practicing an egalitarian lifestyle that was envisioned by few of their white counterparts until many decades later. The primary transformation of the American family, Landry says, took place when nineteenth-century industrialization brought about the separation of home and workplace. Only then did the family we call traditional, in which the husband goes out to work while the wife stays at home, become the centerpiece of white middle-class ideology. Black women, excluded from this model of respectability, embraced a threefold commitment to family, community, and career. They embodied the notion that employment outside the home was the route to more equality in the home, and that work was worth pursuing for reasons other than economic survival. With a careful and convincing mix of biography, historical records, and demographic data, Landry shows how these black pioneers of the dual-career marriage created a paradigm for other women seeking to escape the cult of domesticity and thus foreshadowed the second great family transformation. If the two-parent nuclear family is to persist beyond the twentieth century, it may be because of what we can learn from these earlier women about an ideology of womanhood that combines the private and public spheres.

Table of Contents

        List of Illustrations                      ix
Preface xi
Introduction 1 (13)
The Rise and Fall of the Traditional Family 14 (18)
Black Families: A Challenge to the 32 (24)
Traditional Family Paradigm
Black Women and a New Definition of Womanhood 56 (26)
The New Family Paradigm Takes Root and Spreads 82 (30)
Dual-Career Couples: Prototypes of the Modern 112(24)
The Economic Contribution of Wives 136(12)
Husband and Housework: A Stalled Revolution? 148(16)
Conclusion: The Future of Dual-Worker Families 164(31)
Appendix A: Statistics on Family Households 195(5)
Appendix B: Supplementary Figures 200(4)
Appendix C: Logistic Regression Models 204(5)
Notes 209(32)
Bibliography 241(14)
Index 255