The Science and Engineering of Materials : Si Edition (6TH)

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The Science and Engineering of Materials : Si Edition (6TH)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 920 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495668022
  • DDC分類 670

Full Description


"The Science and Engineering of Materials Sixth Edition" describes the foundations and applications of materials science as predicated upon the structure-processing-properties paradigm with the goal of providing enough science so that the reader may understand basic materials phenomena, and enough engineering to prepare a wide range of students for competent professional practice. By selecting the appropriate topics from the wealth of material provided in "The Science and Engineering of Materials," instructors can emphasize materials, provide a general overview, concentrate on mechanical behavior, or focus on physical properties. Since the book has more material than is needed for a one-semester course, students will also have a useful reference for subsequent courses in manufacturing, materials, design, or materials selection.

Table of Contents

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Materials Science    3  (20)
and Engineering
1-1 What is Materials Science and 4 (3)
Engineering?
1-2 Classification of Materials 7 (4)
1-3 Functional Classification of Materials 11 (2)
1-4 Classification of Materials Based on 13 (1)
Structure
1-5 Environmental and Other Effects 13 (3)
1-6 Materials Design and Selection 16 (7)
Summary 17 (1)
Glossary 18 (1)
Problems 19 (4)
Chapter 2 Atomic Structure 23 (32)
2-1 The Structure of Materials: 24 (3)
Technological Relevance
2-2 The Structure of the Atom 27 (2)
2-3 The Electronic Structure of the Atom 29 (3)
2-4 The Periodic Table 32 (2)
2-5 Atomic Bonding 34 (7)
2-6 Binding Energy and Interatomic Spacing 41 (3)
2-7 The Many Forms of Carbon: 44 (11)
Relationships Between Arrangements of
Atoms and Materials Properties
Summary 48 (2)
Glossary 50 (2)
Problems 52 (3)
Chapter 3 Atomic and Ionic Arrangements 55 (58)
3-1 Short-Range Order versus Long-Range 56 (2)
Order
3-2 Amorphous Materials 58 (2)
3-3 Lattice, Basis, Unit Cells, and 60 (12)
Crystal Structures
3-4 Allotropic or Polymorphic 72 (1)
Transformations
3-5 Points, Directions, and Planes in the 73 (11)
Unit Cell
3-6 Interstitial Sites 84 (2)
3-7 Crystal Structures of Ionic Materials 86 (6)
3-8 Covalent Structures 92 (4)
3-9 Diffraction Techniques for Crystal 96 (17)
Structure Analysis
Summary 100(2)
Glossary 102(2)
Problems 104(9)
Chapter 4 Imperfections in the Atomic and 113(42)
Ionic Arrangements
4-1 Point Defects 114(6)
4-2 Other Point Defects 120(2)
4-3 Dislocations 122(8)
4-4 Significance of Dislocations 130(1)
4-5 Schmid's Law 131(3)
4-6 Influence of Crystal Structure 134(1)
4-7 Surface Defects 135(6)
4-8 Importance of Defects 141(14)
Summary 144(1)
Glossary 145(2)
Problems 147(8)
Chapter 5 Atom and Ion Movements in 155(42)
Materials
5-1 Applications of Diffusion 156(3)
5-2 Stability of Atoms and Ions 159(2)
5-3 Mechanisms for Diffusion 161(2)
5-4 Activation Energy for Diffusion 163(1)
5-5 Rate of Diffusion [Fick's First Law] 164(4)
5-6 Factors Affecting Diffusion 168(8)
5-7 Permeability of Polymers 176(1)
5-8 Composition Profile [Fick's Second 177(5)
Law]
5-9 Diffusion and Materials Processing 182(15)
Summary 187(1)
Glossary 188(2)
Problems 190(7)
Chapter 6 Mechanical Properties: Part One 197(50)
6-1 Technological Significance 198(1)
6-2 Terminology for Mechanical Properties 199(5)
6-3 The Tensile Test: Use of the 204(4)
Stress-Strain Diagram
6-4 Properties Obtained from the Tensile 208(8)
Test
6-5 True Stress and True Strain 216(2)
6-6 The Bend Test for Brittle Materials 218(3)
6-7 Hardness of Materials 221(2)
6-8 Nanoindentation 223(4)
6-9 Strain Rate Effects and Impact 227(1)
Behavior
6-10 Properties Obtained from the Impact 228(3)
Test
6-11 Bulk Metallic Glasses and Their 231(2)
Mechanical Behavior
6-12 Mechanical Behavior at Small Length 233(14)
Scales
Summary 235(1)
Glossary 236(3)
Problems 239(8)
Chapter 7 Mechanical Properties: Part Two 247(44)
7-1 Fracture Mechanics 248(2)
7-2 The Importance of Fracture Mechanics 250(4)
7-3 Microstructural Features of Fracture 254(4)
in Metallic Materials
7-4 Microstructural Features of Fracture 258(2)
in Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites
7-5 Weibull Statistics for Failure 260(5)
Strength Analysis
7-6 Fatigue 265(3)
7-7 Results of the Fatigue Test 268(2)
7-8 Application of Fatigue Testing 270(4)
7-9 Creep, Stress Rupture, and Stress 274(2)
Corrosion
7-10 Evaluation of Creep Behavior 276(2)
7-11 Use of Creep Data 278(13)
Summary 280(1)
Glossary 280(2)
Problems 282(9)
Chapter 8 Strain Hardening and Annealing 291(38)
8-1 Relationship of Cold Working to the 292(5)
Stress-Strain Curve
8-2 Strain-Hardening Mechanisms 297(2)
8-3 Properties versus Percent Cold Work 299(2)
8-4 Microstructure, Texture 301(5)
Strengthening, and Residual Stresses
8-5 Characteristics of Cold Working 306(2)
8-6 The Three Stages of Annealing 308(3)
8-7 Control of Annealing 311(2)
8-8 Annealing and Materials Processing 313(2)
8-9 Hot Working 315(14)
Summary 317(1)
Glossary 318(2)
Problems 320(9)
Chapter 9 Principles of Solidification 329(46)
9-1 Technological Significance 330(1)
9-2 Nucleation 330(5)
9-3 Applications of Controlled Nucleation 335(1)
9-4 Growth Mechanisms 336(2)
9-5 Solidification Time and Dendrite Size 338(5)
9-6 Cooling Curves 343(1)
9-7 Cast Structure 344(2)
9-8 Solidification Defects 346(5)
9-9 Casting Processes for Manufacturing 351(2)
Components
9-10 Continuous Casting and Ingot Casting 353(4)
9-11 Directional Solidification [DS], 357(2)
Single Crystal Growth, and Epitaxial
Growth
9-12 Solidification of Polymers and 359(1)
Inorganic Glasses
9-13 Joining of Metallic Materials 360(15)
Summary 362(1)
Glossary 363(2)
Problems 365(10)
Chapter 10 Solid Solutions and Phase 375(38)
Equilibrium
10-1 Phases and the Phase Diagram 376(4)
10-2 Solubility and Solid Solutions 380(2)
10-3 Conditions for Unlimited Solid 382(2)
Solubility
10-4 Solid-Solution Strengthening 384(3)
10-5 Isomorphous Phase Diagrams 387(8)
10-6 Relationship Between Properties and 395(2)
the Phase Diagram
10-7 Solidification of a Solid-Solution 397(2)
Alloy
10-8 Nonequilibrium Solidification and 399(14)
Segregation
Summary 403(1)
Glossary 404(1)
Problems 405(8)
Chapter 11 Dispersion Strengthening and 413(38)
Eutectic Phase Diagrams
11-1 Principles and Examples of 414(1)
Dispersion Strengthening
11-2 Intermetallic Compounds 414(3)
11-3 Phase Diagrams Containing 417(3)
Three-Phase Reactions
11-4 The Eutectic Phase Diagram 420(10)
11-5 Strength of Eutectic Alloys 430(6)
11-6 Eutectics and Materials Processing 436(2)
11-7 Nonequilibrium Freezing in the 438(1)
Eutectic System
11-8 Nanowires and the Eutectic Phase 438(13)
Diagram
Summary 441(1)
Glossary 441(2)
Problems 443(8)
Chapter 12 Dispersion Strengthening by 451(42)
Phase Transformations and Heat Treatment
12-1 Nucleation and Growth in Solid-State 452(4)
Reactions
12-2 Alloys Strengthened by Exceeding the 456(2)
Solubility Limit
12-3 Age or Precipitation Hardening 458(1)
12-4 Applications of Age-Hardened Alloys 459(1)
12-5 Microstructural Evolution in Age or 459(3)
Precipitation Hardening
12-6 Effects of Aging Temperature and Time 462(2)
12-7 Requirements for Age Hardening 464(1)
12-8 Use of Age-Hardenable Alloys at High 464(1)
Temperatures
12-9 The Eutectoid Reaction 465(5)
12-10 Controlling the Eutectoid Reaction 470(5)
12-11 The Martensitic Reaction and 475(4)
Tempering
12-12 The Shape-Memory Alloys [SMAs] 479(14)
Summary 480(2)
Glossary 482(1)
Problems 483(10)
Chapter 13 Heat Treatment of Steels and 493(46)
Cast Irons
13-1 Designations and Classification of 494(4)
Steels
13-2 Simple Heat Treatments 498(2)
13-3 Isothermal Heat Treatments 500(4)
13-4 Quench and Temper Heat Treatments 504(5)
13-5 Effect of Alloying Elements 509(2)
13-6 Application of Hardenability 511(3)
13-7 Specialty Steels 514(2)
13-8 Surface Treatments 516(2)
13-9 Weldability of Steel 518(1)
13-10 Stainless Steels 519(4)
13-11 Cast Irons 523(16)
Summary 529(1)
Glossary 529(3)
Problems 532(7)
Chapter 14 Nonferrous Alloys 539(32)
14-1 Aluminum Alloys 540(7)
14-2 Magnesium and Beryllium Alloys 547(1)
14-3 Copper Alloys 548(4)
14-4 Nickel and Cobalt Alloys 552(4)
14-5 Titanium Alloys 556(6)
14-6 Refractory and Precious Metals 562(9)
Summary 564(1)
Glossary 564(1)
Problems 565(6)
Chapter 15 Ceramic Materials 571(30)
15-1 Applications of Ceramics 572(2)
15-2 Properties of Ceramics 574(1)
15-3 Synthesis and Processing of Ceramic 575(5)
Powders
15-4 Characteristics of Sintered Ceramics 580(2)
15-5 Inorganic Glasses 582(6)
15-6 Glass-Ceramics 588(2)
15-7 Processing and Applications of Clay 590(1)
Products
15-8 Refractories 591(2)
15-9 Other Ceramic Materials 593(8)
Summary 595(1)
Glossary 596(1)
Problems 597(4)
Chapter 16 Polymers 601(50)
16-1 Classification of Polymers 602(3)
16-2 Addition and Condensation 605(5)
Polymerization
16-3 Degree of Polymerization 610(2)
16-4 Typical Thermoplastics 612(3)
16-5 Structure---Property Relationships 615(4)
in Thermoplastics
16-6 Effect of Temperature on 619(5)
Thermoplastics
16-7 Mechanical Properties of 624(6)
Thermoplastics
16-8 Elastomers [Rubbers] 630(5)
16-9 Thermosetting Polymers 635(2)
16-10 Adhesives 637(1)
16-11 Polymer Processing and Recycling 638(13)
Summary 643(1)
Glossary 644(1)
Problems 645(6)
Chapter 17 Composites: Teamwork and Synergy 651(46)
in Materials
17-1 Dispersion-Strengthened Composites 653(2)
17-2 Particulate Composites 655(6)
17-3 Fiber-Reinforced Composites 661(4)
17-4 Characteristics of Fiber-Reinforced 665(7)
Composites
17-5 Manufacturing Fibers and Composites 672(5)
17-6 Fiber-Reinforced Systems and 677(7)
Applications
17-7 Laminar Composite Materials 684(2)
17-8 Examples and Applications of Laminar 686(1)
Composites
17-9 Sandwich Structures 687(10)
Summary 689(1)
Glossary 689(2)
Problems 691(6)
Chapter 18 Construction Materials 697(22)
18-1 The Structure of Wood 698(2)
18-2 Moisture Content and Density of Wood 700(2)
18-3 Mechanical Properties of Wood 702(2)
18-4 Expansion and Contraction of Wood 704(1)
18-5 Plywood 705(1)
18-6 Concrete Materials 705(2)
18-7 Properties of Concrete 707(5)
18-8 Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete 712(1)
18-9 Asphalt 713(6)
Summary 714(1)
Glossary 714(1)
Problems 715(4)
Chapter 19 Electronic Materials 719(48)
19-1 Ohm's Law and Electrical Conductivity 720(5)
19-2 Band Structure of Solids 725(4)
19-3 Conductivity of Metals and Alloys 729(4)
19-4 Semiconductors 733(8)
19-5 Applications of Semiconductors 741(2)
19-6 General Overview of Integrated 743(3)
Circuit Processing
19-7 Deposition of Thin Films 746(2)
19-8 Conductivity in Other Materials 748(2)
19-9 Insulators and Dielectric Properties 750(1)
19-10 Polarization in Dielectrics 751(4)
19-11 Electrostriction, Piezoelectricity, 755(12)
and Ferroelectricity
Summary 758(1)
Glossary 759(2)
Problems 761(6)
Chapter 20 Magnetic Materials 767(32)
20-1 Classification of Magnetic Materials 768(1)
20-2 Magnetic Dipoles and Magnetic Moments 768(2)
20-3 Magnetization, Permeability, and the 770(3)
Magnetic Field
20-4 Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic, 773(3)
Ferromagnetic, Ferrimagnetic, and
Superparamagnetic Materials
20-5 Domain Structure and the Hysteresis 776(3)
Loop
20-6 The Curie Temperature 779(1)
20-7 Applications of Magnetic Materials 780(6)
20-8 Metallic and Ceramic Magnetic 786(13)
Materials
Summary 792(1)
Glossary 793(1)
Problems 794(5)
Chapter 21 Photonic Materials 799(32)
21-1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum 800(1)
21-2 Refraction, Reflection, Absorption, 800(13)
and Transmission
21-3 Selective Absorption, Transmission, 813(1)
or Reflection
21-4 Examples and Use of Emission 814(9)
Phenomena
21-5 Fiber-Optic Communication System 823(8)
Summary 824(1)
Glossary 824(1)
Problems 825(6)
Chapter 22 Thermal Properties of Materials 831(20)
22-1 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat 832(2)
22-2 Thermal Expansion 834(5)
22-3 Thermal Conductivity 839(4)
22-4 Thermal Stock 843(8)
Summary 845(1)
Glossary 846(1)
Problems 846(5)
Chapter 23 Corrosion and Wear 851(37)
23-1 Chemical Corrosion 852(2)
23-2 Electrochemical Corrosion 854(3)
23-3 The Electrode Potential in 857(4)
Electrochemical Cells
23-4 The Corrosion Current and 861(1)
Polarization
23-5 Types of Electrochemical Corrosion 862(6)
23-6 Protection Against Electrochemical 868(6)
Corrosion
23-7 Microbial Degradation and 874(1)
Biodegradable Polymers
23-8 Oxidation and Other Gas Reactions 875(4)
23-9 Wear and Erosion 879(9)
Summary 881(1)
Glossary 882(1)
Problems 883(5)
Appendix A Selected Physical Properties of 888(3)
Metals
Appendix B The Atomic and Ionic Radii of 891(2)
Selected Elements
Answers to Selected Problems 893(7)
Index 900