Inquiry into Physics (6 PCK)

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Inquiry into Physics (6 PCK)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 520 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495119432
  • DDC分類 530

Table of Contents

Preface                                            ix
Prologue: Getting Started 2 (1)
Why Learn Physics? 3 (1)
What Is Physics? 4 (1)
How Is Physics Done? 5 (1)
How Does One Learn Physics? 6 (3)
Physical Quantities and Measurement 9 (3)
Physics Potpourri: The Metric System: 11 (1)
``For All People, for All Time.''
The Study of Motion 12 (34)
Drag Racing 12 (1)
Fundamental Physical Quantities 13 (5)
Physics Potpourri: Time Out! 16 (2)
Speed and Velocity 18 (8)
Vector Addition 23 (3)
Acceleration 26 (5)
Centripetal Acceleration 28 (3)
Simple Types of Motion 31 (15)
Zero Velocity 31 (1)
Constant Velocity 31 (2)
Constant Acceleration 33 (5)
Physics Family Album 38 (1)
Aristotle 38 (1)
Galileo 39 (1)
Summary 40 (1)
Important Equations 41 (1)
Mapping It Out! 41 (1)
Questions 42 (1)
Problems 42 (2)
Challenges 44 (1)
Suggested Readings 45 (1)
Newton's Laws 46 (40)
New Horizons---Old Physics 46 (1)
Force 47 (4)
Newton's First Law of Motion 51 (4)
Physics Potpourri: Friction: A Sticky 52 (3)
Subject
Mass 55 (2)
Newton's Second Law of Motion 57 (3)
The International System of Units (SI) 60 (1)
Examples: Different Forces, Different 60 (7)
Motions
Simple Harmonic Motion 62 (2)
Falling Body with Air Resistance 64 (3)
Newton's Third Law of Motion 67 (3)
The Law of Universal Gravitation 70 (7)
Orbits 73 (1)
Gravitational Field 74 (2)
Physics Potpourri: Hooke-d! 76 (1)
Tides 77 (9)
Physics Family Album 80 (1)
Summary 80 (2)
Important Equations 82 (1)
Mapping It Out! 82 (1)
Questions 83 (1)
Problems 83 (1)
Challenges 84 (1)
Suggested Readings 85 (1)
Energy and Conservation Laws 86 (42)
Big Machines---Small Particles 86 (1)
Conservation Laws 87 (1)
Linear Momentum 88 (6)
Work: The Key to Energy 94 (5)
Energy 99 (5)
The Conservation of Energy 104(7)
Collisions: An Energy Point of View 111(4)
Physics Potpourri: Energy Conservation, 112(3)
Consumption, and Crisis
Power 115(3)
Rotation and Angular Momentum 118(10)
Physics Potpourri: Starquakes: A Glitch 120(3)
in Time
Physics Family Album 123(1)
Summary 124(1)
Important Equations 124(1)
Mapping It Out! 124(1)
Questions 124(1)
Problems 125(2)
Challenges 127(1)
Suggested Readings 127(1)
Physics of Matter 128(44)
Airships 128(1)
Matter: Phases, Forms, and Forces 128(10)
Behavior of Atoms and Molecules 133(3)
Physics Potpourri: What's in a Name? 136(2)
Pressure 138(5)
Density 143(4)
Fluid Pressure and Gravity 147(6)
Fluid Pressure in the Atmosphere 150(3)
Archimedes' Principle 153(8)
Physics Potpourri: 156(5)
Superfluids---Friction-Free Flow
Pascal's Principle 161(1)
Bernoulli's Principle 162(10)
Physics Family Album 165(1)
Fluids 165(2)
Summary 167(1)
Important Equations 167(1)
Mapping It Out! 167(1)
Questions 168(1)
Problems 169(1)
Challenges 170(1)
Suggested Readings 171(1)
Temperature and Heat 172(44)
Hurricanes 172(1)
Temperature 173(5)
Physics Potpourri: To Breathe or Not to 176(2)
Breathe, That Is the Question
Thermal Expansion 178(6)
Liquids 181(1)
Gases 182(2)
The First Law of Thermodynamics 184(4)
Heat Transfer 188(5)
Conduction 188(1)
Convection 189(1)
Radiation 190(1)
Combinations 191(2)
Specific Heat Capacity 193(5)
Physics Potpourri: Energy Flow in Stars 194(4)
Phase Transitions 198(6)
Humidity 201(3)
Heat Engines and The Second Law of 204(12)
Thermodynamics
Heat Movers 207(2)
Usable Energy 209(1)
Physics Family Album 210(1)
Heat 210(2)
Summary 212(1)
Important Equations 212(1)
Mapping It Out! 212(1)
Questions 213(1)
Problems 214(1)
Challenges 215(1)
Suggested Readings 215(1)
Waves and Sound 216(42)
Sound Medicine 216(1)
Waves---Types and Properties 217(8)
Aspects of Wave Propagation 225(10)
Reflection 226(2)
Doppler Effect 228(1)
Physics Potpourri: The Hubble Relation 228(3)
--- Expanding Our Horizons
Bow Waves and Shock Waves 231(1)
Diffraction 231(2)
Interference 233(2)
Sound 235(5)
Sound Applications 237(1)
Physics Potpourri: Putting Sound to Work 238(2)
Production of Sound 240(3)
Propagation of Sound 243(3)
Perception of Sound 246(12)
Pitch 246(1)
Loudness 246(3)
Tone Quality 249(3)
Physics Family Album 252(1)
Sound 252(1)
Summary 253(1)
Important Equations 254(1)
Mapping It Out! 254(1)
Questions 254(1)
Problems 255(1)
Challenges 256(1)
Suggested Readings 257(1)
Electricity 258(32)
iPod 258(1)
Electric Charge 258(3)
Electric Force and Coulomb's Law 261(8)
Physics Potpourri: Electrifying Sights 266(3)
and Sounds: A Thunderstorm Primer
Electric Currents---Superconductivity 269(3)
Resistance 270(1)
Superconductivity 271(1)
Electric Circuits and Ohm's Law 272(6)
Series and Parallel Circuits 274(2)
Physics Potpourri: Electricity and the 276(2)
Human Body
Power and Energy in Electric Currents 278(3)
AC and DC 281(9)
Physics Family Album 283(2)
Summary 285(1)
Important Equations 286(1)
Mapping It Out! 286(1)
Questions 286(1)
Problems 287(1)
Challenges 288(1)
Suggested Readings 289(1)
Electromagnetism and EM Waves 290(44)
Metal Detectors 290(1)
Magnetism 291(4)
Interactions Between Electricity and 295(7)
Magnetism
Principles of Electromagnetism 302(2)
Applications to Sound Reproduction 304(4)
Digital Sound 307(1)
Electromagnetic Waves 308(8)
Radio Waves 310(1)
Microwaves 311(1)
Infrared 312(1)
Visible Light 312(1)
Ultraviolet Radiation 313(1)
X Rays 313(1)
Physics Potpourri: N Rays: ``C'est une 314(2)
erreur.''
Gamma Rays 316(1)
Blackbody Radiation 316(7)
Temperature Measurement 318(1)
Detection of Warm Objects 319(1)
Physics Potpourri: Cosmic Background 320(3)
Radiation (CBR) --- A Relic of the Big
Bang
EM Waves and the Earth's Atmosphere 323(11)
Ozone Layer 323(1)
Greenhouse Effect 324(1)
The Ionosphere 325(1)
Astronomy 325(2)
Physics Family Album 327(3)
Summary 330(1)
Important Equations 330(1)
Mapping It Out! 330(1)
Questions 331(1)
Problems 331(1)
Challenges 332(1)
Suggested Readings 333(1)
Optics 334(54)
Doggone It! 334(1)
Light Waves 334(9)
Reflection 335(2)
Diffraction 337(1)
Interference 338(2)
Polarization 340(3)
Mirrors: Plane and Not So Simple 343(8)
``One-Way Mirror'' 344(1)
Curved Mirrors 345(2)
Astronomical Telescope Mirrors 347(4)
Refraction 351(6)
Total Internal Reflection 354(3)
Lenses and Images 357(11)
Physics Potpourri: Fresnel, Pharos, and 358(3)
Physics
Image Formation 361(3)
Magnification 364(1)
Aberrations 365(1)
Physics Potpourri: The Camera Obscura: 366(2)
A Room with a View
The Human Eye 368(3)
Eye Surgery 370(1)
Dispersion and Color 371(2)
Atmospheric Optics: Rainbows, Halos, Blue 373(15)
Skies
Rainbows 373(3)
Halos 376(1)
Blue Skies 377(2)
Physics Family Album 379(3)
Summary 382(1)
Important Equations 382(1)
Mapping It Out! 382(1)
Questions 383(2)
Problems 385(1)
Challenges 386(1)
Suggested Readings 387(1)
Atomic Physics 388(40)
Something Old, Something New 388(1)
The Quantum Hypothesis 388(4)
Blackbody Radiation 389(3)
The Photoelectric Effect and Photons 392(4)
Atomic Spectra 396(2)
The Bohr Model of the Atom 398(5)
Physics Potpourri: Cosmic Chemistry, 398(5)
``. . . To Dream of Such a Thing.''
Quantum Mechanics 403(4)
Atomic Structure 407(8)
X-Ray Spectra 415(1)
Lasers 416(12)
Physics Potpourri: Holograms---3-D 418(4)
Images, No Glasses Required
Physics Family Album 422(1)
Summary 423(1)
Important Equations 424(1)
Mapping It Out! 424(1)
Questions 424(1)
Problems 425(1)
Challenges 426(1)
Suggested Readings 427(1)
Nuclear Physics 428(36)
Radioactive Sentinel 428(1)
The Nucleus 428(4)
Radioactivity 432(6)
Alpha Decay 433(1)
Beta Decay 434(1)
Gamma Decay 435(1)
Radioactivity and Energy 436(1)
Applications 436(2)
Half-Life 438(5)
Dating 441(1)
Physics Potpourri: Radiation: A Killer 442(1)
Turned Lifesaver
Artificial Nuclear Reactions 443(1)
Nuclear Binding Energy 444(2)
Nuclear Fission 446(5)
Atomic Bombs 448(1)
Nuclear Power Plants 449(2)
Nuclear Fusion 451(13)
Fusion in Stars 452(1)
Thermonuclear Weapons 452(1)
Controlled Fusion 453(1)
Physics Potpourri: Big Bang 454(3)
Nucleosynthesis
Cold Fusion 457(1)
Physics Family Album 458(3)
Summary 461(1)
Mapping It Out! 461(1)
Questions 461(1)
Problems 462(1)
Challenges 462(1)
Suggested Readings 463(1)
Special Relativity and Elementary Particles 464(44)
Antimatter: Available at a Medical 464(1)
Facility Near You
Special Relativity: The Physics of High 465(7)
Velocity
Postulates of Special Relativity 465(1)
Predictions of Special Relativity 466(6)
Forces and Particles 472(7)
The Four Forces: Natural Interactions 472(2)
among Particles
Classification Schemes for Particles 474(1)
Spin 475(2)
Elementary Particle Lexicon 477(2)
Conservation Laws, Revisited 479(9)
New Conservation Laws 480(1)
Conservation of Baryon and Lepton 480(2)
Numbers
Physics Potpourri: Symmetry and 482(2)
Conservation Laws
Conservation of Strangeness 484(2)
Physics Potpourri: Does Nature 486(2)
Distinguish Left from Right?
Quarks: Order out of Chaos 488(6)
Quarks 490(4)
The Standard Model and GUTs 494(14)
Charm, Truth, and Beauty 496(3)
The Electroweak Interaction and GUTs 499(3)
Physics Family Album 502(1)
Summary 503(1)
Important Equations 503(1)
Mapping It Out! 504(1)
Questions 504(1)
Problems 505(1)
Challenges 506(1)
Suggested Readings 507(1)
Web Sites of Interest 507(1)
Epilogue 508
General Relativity 510(5)
Cosmology 515(5)
Suggested Readings 520
Appendixes
Winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics 1 (1)
Math Review 1 (1)
Answers 1 (1)
Glossary 1 (1)
Credits 1 (1)
Index 1