Nutrition and Diet Therapy with Infotrac : Principles and Practice (7 PCK PAP/)

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Nutrition and Diet Therapy with Infotrac : Principles and Practice (7 PCK PAP/)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 880 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495119166
  • DDC分類 615.854

Full Description


NUTRITION AND DIET THERAPY is the only text organized by diets rather than by organ systems or disease states and distinguishes itself through rich pedagogical features that will help you begin to the learn the skills needed to be successful in your future careers. It provides core nutrition concepts and up-to-date clinical content at a level that is accessible to the range of health care team members who are responsible for a client's nutrition needs. The text provides the basic facts and a wealth of practical information you will need for your future career in nutrition care.

Table of Contents

  PART ONE Basic Nutrition
Overview of Nutrition and Health 1 (36)
Food Choices 3 (4)
The Nutrients 7 (2)
Nutrient Recommendations 9 (5)
Dietary Reference Intakes 9 (2)
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution 11 (1)
Ranges (AMDR)
Nutrition Surveys 12 (2)
Dietary Guidelines and Food Guides 14 (10)
Dietary Ideals 14 (1)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans 15 (2)
The USDA Food Guide 17 (6)
My Pyramid 23 (1)
Food Labels 24 (10)
Nutrition in Practice: Finding the Truth 34 (3)
about Nutrition
Carbohydrates 37 (26)
The Chemist's View of Carbohydrates 38 (4)
Monosaccharides 38 (1)
Disaccharides 39 (1)
Polysaccharides 40 (2)
Health Effects and Recommended Intakes of 42 (4)
Sugars
Health Effects of Sugars 42 (1)
Controversies Surrounding Sugars 43 (1)
Recommended Sugar Intakes 44 (2)
Health Effects of Alternative Sweeteners 46 (4)
Alternative Sweeteners: Sugar Alcohols 47 (1)
Alternative Sweeteners: Artificial 47 (3)
Sweeteners
Health Effects of Starch and Dietary 50 (10)
Fibers
Carbohydrates: Disease Prevention and 51 (4)
Recommendations
Carbohydrates: Food Sources 55 (1)
Carbohydrates: Food Labels and Health 56 (4)
Claims
Nutrition in Practice: Nutrition and 60 (3)
Dental Health
Lipids 63 (28)
Roles of Body Fat 64 (1)
The Chemist's View of Lipids 65 (5)
Triglycerides 65 (1)
Fatty Acids 66 (2)
Phospholipids 68 (1)
Sterols 69 (1)
Health Effects and Recommended Intakes of 70 (5)
Fats
Fats and Heart Health 70 (3)
Recommendations 73 (2)
Fats in Foods 75 (10)
Finding the Fats in Foods 75 (2)
Cutting Fat Intake and Choosing 77 (8)
Unsaturated Fats
Nutrition in Practice: Figuring Out Fats 85 (6)
Proteins and Amino Acids 91 (22)
The Chemist's View of Proteins 92 (2)
The Structure of Proteins 92 (1)
Essential Amino Acids 93 (1)
Proteins in the Body 94 (4)
Protein and Health 98 (5)
Protein-Energy Malnutrition 98 (3)
Protein Excess 101(1)
Protein and Amino Acid Supplements 102(1)
Protein Recommendations and Nitrogen 102(1)
Balance
Protein in Foods 103(6)
Protein Quality 103(2)
Protein Sparing 105(4)
Nutrition in Practice: Vegetarian Diets 109(4)
Digestion and Absorption 113(26)
Anatomy of the Digestive Tract 114(6)
The Digestive Organs 114(3)
The Involuntary Muscles and the Glands 117(3)
The Process of Digestion 120(3)
Digestion in the Mouth 121(1)
Digestion in the Stomach 121(1)
Digestion in the Small and Large 121(2)
Intestines
The Absorptive System 123(2)
The Small Intestine 123(2)
Absorption of Nutrients 125(1)
Transport of Nutrients 125(3)
The Vascular System 125(1)
The Lymphatic System 126(1)
Transport of Lipids: Lipoproteins 126(2)
The System at Its Best 128(2)
Nutrition in Practice: Food Safety 130(9)
Metabolism, Energy Balance, and Body 139(32)
Composition
The Organs and Their Metabolic Roles 140(2)
The Principal Organs 140(1)
The Body's Metabolic Work 141(1)
The Body's Use of Fuels 142(4)
Energy Metabolism 142(2)
Glucose Production 144(2)
Energy Imbalance 146(3)
Feasting 146(1)
Fasting 147(2)
Energy Balance 149(5)
Energy In 149(1)
Energy Out 149(2)
Estimating Energy Requirements 151(3)
Body Weight, Body Composition, and Health 154(9)
Defining Healthy Body Weight 154(1)
Body Composition 155(2)
Risks of Overweight and Obesity 157(6)
Nutrition in Practice: Eating Disorders 163(8)
Weight Management: Overweight and 171(30)
Underweight
Causes of Obesity 172(4)
Obesity Treatment: Who Should Lose? 176(1)
Inappropriate Obesity Treatments 177(2)
Over-the-Counter Weight-Loss 177(1)
Supplements and Drugs
Herbal Products and Dietary Supplements 177(1)
Other Gimmicks 178(1)
Aggressive Treatments of Obesity 179(1)
Obesity Drugs 179(1)
Surgery 179(1)
Reasonable Strategies for Weight Loss 180(8)
A Healthful Eating Plan 181(2)
Physical Activity 183(2)
Behavior and Attitude 185(3)
Underweight 188(1)
Strategies for Weight Gain 188(6)
Nutrition in Practice: Fad Diets 194(7)
The Vitamins 201(38)
Vitamins---An Overview 202(1)
Fat-Soluble Vitamins 203(11)
Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene 203(5)
Vitamin D 208(2)
Vitamin E 210(2)
Vitamin K 212(2)
Water-Soluble Vitamins 214(18)
B Vitamins 215(1)
Thiamin 216(1)
Riboflavin 217(1)
Niacin 217(1)
Pantothenic Acid and Biotin 217(1)
Vitamin B6 218(1)
Mate 219(1)
Vitamin B12 220(2)
Non-B Vitamins 222(1)
Vitamin C 222(10)
Nutrition in Practice: Phytochemicals and 232(7)
Functional Foods
Water and the Minerals 239(34)
Water and Body Fluids 240(3)
Water Balance 240(2)
Fluid and Electrolyte Balance 242(1)
Acid-Base Balance 243(1)
Major Minerals 243(11)
Sodium 244(2)
Chloride 246(1)
Potassium 246(1)
Calcium 247(4)
Phosphorus 251(1)
Magnesium 251(2)
Sulfate 253(1)
Trace Minerals 254(15)
Iron 254(5)
Zinc 259(2)
Selenium 261(1)
Iodine 261(1)
Copper 262(1)
Fluoride 263(1)
Manganese 263(1)
Chromium 264(1)
Other Trace Minerals 265(4)
Nutrition in Practice: Vitamin and 269(4)
Mineral Supplements
Fitness and Nutrition 273(32)
Fitness 274(6)
Benefits of Fitness 274(3)
The Essentials of Fitness 277(3)
The Active Body's Use of Fuels 280(8)
Glucose Use and Storage 281(3)
Fat Use During Activity 284(2)
Protein Use During Activity 286(2)
Vitamins and Minerals to Support Activity 288(2)
Supplements 288(1)
Nutrients of Special Concern 288(2)
Fluids and Electrolytes in Physical 290(3)
Activity
Temperature Regulation 290(1)
Fluid Needs during Physical Activity 290(3)
Other Beverages 293(1)
Diets for Physically Active People 293(8)
Nutrition in Practice: Supplements and 301(4)
Ergogenic Aids Athletes Use
PART TWO Nutrition Throughout Life
Nutrition through the Life Span: Pregnancy 305(32)
and Lactation
Pregnancy: The Impact of Nutrition on the 306(19)
Future
Nutrition Prior to Pregnancy 306(1)
Prepregnancy Weight 307(1)
Healthy Support Tissues 307(1)
The Events of Pregnancy 308(2)
Nutrient Needs during Pregnancy 310(5)
Food Assistance Programs 315(1)
Weight Gain 316(1)
Physical Activity 317(1)
Common Nutrition-Related Concerns of 318(2)
Pregnancy
Problems in Pregnancy 320(1)
Practices to Avoid 321(3)
Adolescent Pregnancy 324(1)
Breastfeeding 325(8)
Nutrition during Lactation 325(1)
Contraindications to Breastfeeding 326(7)
Nutrition in Practice: Encouraging 333(4)
Successful Breastfeeding
Nutrition Through the Life Span: Infancy, 337(42)
Childhood, and Adolescence
Nutrition of the Infant 338(9)
Nutrient Needs during Infancy 338(2)
Breast Milk 340(2)
Infant Formula 342(1)
The Transition to Cow's Milk 343(1)
Introducing First Foods 343(3)
Looking Ahead 346(1)
Mealtimes 346(1)
Early and Middle Childhood 347(10)
Energy and Nutrient Needs 347(3)
Malnutrition in Children 350(3)
Lead Poisoning in Children 353(2)
Food Allergies 355(1)
Hyperactivity 356(1)
Food Choices and Eating Habits of Children 357(5)
Mealtimes at Home 357(3)
Nutrition at School 360(2)
The Teen Years 362(10)
Growth and Development during 362(1)
Adolescence
Energy and Nutrient Needs 363(1)
Food Choices and Health Habits 364(8)
Nutrition in Practice: Childhood Obesity 372(7)
and the Early Development of Chronic
Diseases
Nutrition Through The Life Span: Later 379(28)
Adulthood
Nutrition and Longevity 380(4)
Slowing the Aging Process 381(2)
Nutrition and Disease Prevention 383(1)
Nutrition-Related Concerns during Late 384(3)
Adulthood
Cataracts and Macular Degeneration 384(1)
Arthritis 384(1)
The Aging Brain 385(2)
Energy and Nutrient Needs during Late 387(5)
Adulthood
Energy and Energy Nutrients 388(1)
Water 389(1)
Vitamins and Minerals 390(1)
Nutrient Supplements for Older Adults 391(1)
The Effects of Drugs on Nutrients 392(1)
Food Choices and Eating Habits of Older 392(9)
Adults
Food Assistance Programs 394(1)
Meals for Singles 394(7)
Nutrition in Practice: Hunger and 401(6)
Community Nutrition
PART THREE Nutrition in Health Care
Illness and Nutrition Care 407(30)
Nutrition in Health Care 408(3)
Effects of Illness on Nutrition Status 408(1)
Responsibility for Nutrition Care 409(1)
Nutrition Screening 410(1)
The Nutrition Care Process 410(1)
Nutrition Assessment 411(12)
Historical Information 412(1)
Food Intake Data 412(3)
Anthropometric Data 415(3)
Biochemical Analyses 418(3)
Physical Examinations 421(1)
Integrating Assessment Data 422(1)
Implementing Nutrition Care 423(10)
Dietary Modifications 424(1)
Determining Energy Requirements 425(2)
Approaches to Nutrition Care 427(1)
Documentating Nutrition Care 428(1)
Improving Food Intake 429(4)
Nutrition in Practice: Nutritional 433(4)
Genomics
Medications, Herbal Supplements, and 437(20)
Diet-Drug Interactions
Medications in Disease Treatment 438(3)
Risks from Medications 439(1)
Patients at High Risk of Adverse Effects 440(1)
Herbal Supplements 441(4)
Effectiveness and Safety of Herbal 441(3)
Products
Use of Herbal Products in Illness 444(1)
Diet-Drug Interactions 445(8)
Drug Effects on Food Intake 445(2)
Drug Effects on Nutrient Absorption 447(1)
Dietary Effects on Drug Absorption 447(1)
Drug Effects on Nutrient Metabolism 448(1)
Dietary Effects on Drug Metabolism 448(1)
Drug Effects on Nutrient Excretion 449(1)
Dietary Effects on Drug Excretion 450(1)
Diet-Drug Interactions and Toxicity 450(3)
Nutrition in Practice: Complementary and 453(4)
Alternative Therapies
Specialized Nutrition Support: Enteral and 457(30)
Parenteral Nutrition
Enteral Nutrition Support 458(13)
Enteral Formulas 458(2)
Enteral Nutrition in Medical Care 460(4)
Administration of Tube Feedings 464(5)
Delivering Medications Through Feeding 469(1)
Tubes
Complications of Tube Feeding 469(2)
Parenteral Nutrition Support 471(6)
Indications for Parenteral Support 471(1)
Venous Access 471(1)
Parenteral Solutions 472(2)
Administering Parenteral Nutrition 474(2)
Managing Metabolic Complications 476(1)
Nutrition Support at Home 477(6)
Candidates for Home Nutrition Support 478(1)
Planning Home Nutrition Care 478(1)
Quality of Life Issues 479(4)
Nutrition in Practice: Inborn Errors of 483(4)
Metabolism
PART FOUR Medical Nutrition Therapy
Consistency-Modified and Other Diets for 487(26)
Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders
Modifications in Food Texture and 488(2)
Consistency
Mechanically Altered Diets 488(1)
Clear Liquid Diet 489(1)
Conditions Affecting the Mouth and 490(7)
Esophagus
Dry Mouth 490(1)
Dysphagia 491(2)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease 493(4)
Conditions Affecting the Stomach 497(4)
Dyspepsia 497(1)
Nausea and Vomiting 498(1)
Gastritis 498(1)
Peptic Ulcer Disease 499(2)
Gastric Surgery 501(8)
Gastrectomy 501(3)
Bariatric Surgery 504(5)
Nutrition in Practice: Helping People 509(4)
with Feeding Disabilities
Fiber-Modified Diets for Lower 513(18)
Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders
Modifying Fiber Intake 514(1)
Disorders of Bowel Function 515(4)
Constipation 515(2)
Diarrhea 517(1)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome 517(2)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 519(3)
Diverticular Disease of the Colon 522(1)
Colostomies and Ileostomies 523(5)
Nutrition in Practice: Probiotics and 528(3)
Intestinal Health
Carbohydrate- and Fat-Modified Diets for 531(20)
Malabsorption
Malabsorption Syndromes 532(4)
Evaluating Malabsorption 532(1)
Fat Malabsorption 533(2)
Bacterial Overgrowth 535(1)
Lactose Intolerance 536(1)
Disorders of the Pancreas 537(3)
Pancreatitis 537(1)
Cystic Fibrosis 538(2)
Disorders of the Small Intestine 540(7)
Celiac Disease 540(2)
Short-Bowel Syndrome 542(5)
Nutrition in Practice: Anemia in Illness 547(4)
Nutrition Therapy for Liver and Gallbladder 551(22)
Diseases
Fatty Liver and Hepatitis 552(2)
Fatty Liver 552(1)
Hepatitis 553(1)
Cirrhosis 554(7)
Consequences of Cirrhosis 555(2)
Treatment of Cirrhosis 557(1)
Medical Nutrition Therapy for Cirrhosis 557(4)
Liver Transplantation 561(1)
Gallbladder Disease 562(7)
Types of Gallstones 562(1)
Consequences of Gallstones 563(1)
Risk Factors for Gallstones 564(1)
Treatment for Gallstones 565(4)
Nutrition in Practice: Alcohol in Health 569(4)
and Disease
Carbohydrate-Controlled Diets for Diabetes 573(28)
Mellitus
Overview of Diabetes Mellitus 574(5)
Symptoms of Diabetes 574(1)
Diagnosis of Diabetes 574(1)
Types of Diabetes 575(2)
Acute Complications of Diabetes 577(1)
Chronic Complications of Diabetes 578(1)
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus 579(12)
Treatment Goals 579(1)
Evaluating Diabetes Treatment 580(1)
Body Weight Concerns 581(1)
Medical Nutrition Therapy: Nutrient 581(2)
Recommendations
Medical Nutrition Therapy: 583(3)
Meal-Planning Strategies
Insulin Therapy 586(2)
Oral Antidiabetic Agents 588(1)
Physical Activity and Diabetes 588(2)
Management
Sick-Day Management 590(1)
Diabetes Management in Pregnancy 591(6)
Pregnancy in Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes 591(1)
Gestational Diabetes 591(6)
Nutrition in Practice: The Glycemic Index 597(4)
in Nutrition Practice
Fat-Controlled, Mineral-Modified Diets for 601(28)
Cardiovascular Diseases
Atherosclerosis 602(3)
Consequences of Atherosclerosis 602(1)
Causes of Atherosclerosis 603(2)
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) 605(9)
Evaluating Risk for Coronary Heart 606(1)
Disease
Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes for 607(5)
Lowering CHD Risk
Lifestyle Changes for 612(1)
Hypertriglyceridemia
Vitamin Supplementation and CHD Risk 612(1)
Drug Therapies for CHD Prevention 612(2)
Treatment for Heart Attack 614(1)
Hypertension 614(5)
Factors That Influence Blood Pressure 615(1)
Contributing Factors for Hypertension 616(1)
Treatment of Hypertension 616(3)
Congestive Heart Failure 619(2)
Consequences of Congestive Heart Failure 620(1)
Medical Management of Congestive Heart 620(1)
Failure
Stroke 621(5)
Stroke Prevention 621(1)
Stroke Management 621(5)
Nutrition in Practice: The Metabolic 626(3)
Syndrome
Protein-, Mineral-, and Fluid-Modified 629(26)
Diets for Kidney Diseases
Nephrotic Syndrome 631(3)
Consequences of Nephrotic Syndrome 631(1)
Treatment of Nephrotic Syndrome 631(3)
Acute Renal Failure 634(3)
Causes of Acute Renal Failure 634(1)
Consequences of Acute Renal Failure 634(1)
Treatment of Acute Renal Failure 635(2)
Chronic Kidney Disease 637(7)
Consequences of Chronic Kidney Disease 637(1)
Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease 638(4)
Kidney Transplants 642(2)
Kidney Stones 644(7)
Formation of Kidney Stones 644(2)
Consequences of Kidney Stones 646(1)
Prevention and Treatment of Kidney 646(5)
Stones
Nutrition in Practice: Dialysis 651(4)
Energy- and Protein-Modified Diets for 655(18)
Metabolic and Respiratory Stress
The Body's Responses to Stress and Injury 656(3)
Hormonal Responses to Stress 656(1)
The Inflammatory Response 657(2)
Nutrition Treatment of Acute Stress 659(3)
Determining Nutritional Requirements 659(2)
Approaches to Nutrition Care 661(1)
Nutrition and Respiratory Stress 662(8)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 662(3)
Respiratory Failure 665(5)
Nutrition in Practice: Multiple Organ 670(3)
Failure
Energy- and Protein-Modified Diets for 673(24)
Cancer and HIV Infection
Cancer 674(10)
How Cancer Develops 674(1)
Nutrition and Cancer Risk 675(2)
Consequences of Cancer 677(1)
Treatments for Cancer 678(2)
Medical Nutrition Therapy for Cancer 680(4)
HIV Infection 684(10)
Consequences of HIV Infection 684(2)
Treatments for HIV Infection 686(2)
Medical Nutrition Therapy for HIV 688(6)
Infection
Nutrition in Practice: Ethical Issues in 694(3)
Nutrition Care
Appendix A Table of Food Composition 697(102)
Appendix B WHO: Nutrition Recommendations 799(12)
Canada: Guidelines and Meal Planning
Appendix C United States: Exchange Lists 811(10)
Appendix D Physical Activity and Energy 821(8)
Requirements
Appendix E Nutrition Assessment 829(12)
Appendix F Aids to Calculation 841(2)
Appendix G Enteral Formulas 843(6)
Appendix H Answers to Self Check Questions 849(2)
Glossary 851(10)
Index 861