Basics of Introductory Chemistry with Math Review : With Printed Access Card Thomsonnow : an Active Learning Approach (1 PCK)

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Basics of Introductory Chemistry with Math Review : With Printed Access Card Thomsonnow : an Active Learning Approach (1 PCK)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 816 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495119111
  • DDC分類 540

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xi
Introduction to Chemistry; Introduction to 1 (14)
Active Learning
Lavoisier and the Beginning of 3 (2)
Experimental Chemistry
Science and the Scientific Method 5 (1)
The Science of Chemistry Today 6 (1)
Learning How to Learn Chemistry 7 (2)
Your Textbook 9 (5)
A Choice 14 (1)
Matter and Energy 15 (32)
Representations of Matter: Models and 16 (3)
Symbols
States of Matter 19 (2)
Physical and Chemical Properties and 21 (3)
Changes
Pure Substances and Mixtures 24 (4)
Everyday Chemistry: The Ultimate 25 (3)
Physical Property?
Separation of Mixtures 28 (2)
Elements and Compounds 30 (5)
The Electrical Character of Matter 35 (1)
Characteristics of a Chemical Change 36 (1)
Conservation Laws and Chemical Change 37 (10)
Measurement and Chemical Calculations 47 (48)
Introduction to Measurement 49 (1)
Exponential (Scientific) Notation 49 (4)
Dimensional Analysis 53 (8)
Metric Units 61 (6)
Significant Figures 67 (8)
Metric--USCS Conversions 75 (1)
Temperature 76 (4)
Everyday Chemistry: Should the United 78 (2)
States Convert to Metric Units? An
Editorial
Proportionality and Density 80 (5)
A Strategy for Solving Problems 85 (1)
Thoughtful and Reflective Practice 86 (9)
Introduction to Cases 95 (24)
Properties of Gases 96 (1)
The Kinetic Theory of Gases and the Ideal 97 (2)
Gas Model
Gas Measurements 99 (5)
Everyday Chemistry: The Weather Machine 103(1)
Charles's Law 104(4)
Boyle's Law 108(3)
The Combined Gas Law 111(8)
Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom 119(22)
Dalton's Atomic Theory 120(1)
Subatomic Particles 121(1)
The Nuclear Atom 122(2)
Isotopes 124(3)
Atomic Mass 127(2)
The Periodic Table 129(4)
Everyday Chemistry: International 132(1)
Relations and the Periodic Table
Elemental Symbols and the Periodic Table 133(8)
Chemical Nomenclature 141(32)
Introduction to Nomenclature 142(1)
Formulas of Elements 142(2)
Compounds Made from Two Nonmetals 144(2)
Names and Formulas of Ions Formed by One 146(3)
Element
Acids and the Anions Derived from Their 149(7)
Total Ionization
Names and Formulas of Acid Anions 156(1)
Names and Formulas of Other Acids and Ions 157(2)
Formulas of Ionic Compounds 159(2)
Names of Ionic Compounds 161(1)
Hydrates 162(1)
Summary of the Nomenclature System 163(1)
Common Names of Chemicals 163(10)
Everyday Chemistry: Common Names of 166(7)
Chemicals
Chemical Formula Relationships 173(28)
The Number of Atoms in a Formula 174(1)
Molecular Mass and Formula Mass 175(4)
The Mole Concept 179(1)
Molar Mass 180(2)
Conversion Among Mass, Number of Moles, 182(2)
and Number of Units
Mass Relationships Among Elements in a 184(3)
Compound: Percentage Composition
Empirical Formula of a Compound 187(6)
Everyday Chemistry: How to Read a Food 192(1)
Label
Determination of a Molecular Formula 193(8)
Chemical Reactions 201(30)
Evidence of a Chemical Change 202(2)
Evolution of a Chemical Equation 204(2)
Balancing Chemical Equations 206(5)
Interpreting Chemical Equations 211(1)
Writing Chemical Equations 212(1)
Combination Reactions 213(1)
Decomposition Reactions 214(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Femtochemistry 217(1)
Single-Replacement Reactions 218(2)
Double-Replacement Reactions 220(3)
Summary of Reactions and Equations 223(8)
Chemical Change 231(36)
Electrolytes and Solution Conductivity 232(2)
Solutions of the Ionic Compounds 234(3)
Strong and Weak Acids 237(3)
Net Ionic Equations: What They Are and 240(3)
How to Write Them
Single-Replacement Oxidation--Reduction 243(5)
(Redox) Reactions
Oxidation--Reduction Reactions of Some 248(1)
Common Organic Compounds
Everyday Chemistry: An Every-Moment 249(1)
Type of Chemical Reaction
Double-Replacement Precipitation Reactions 249(6)
Everyday Chemistry: Green Chemistry 255(1)
Double-Replacement Molecule-Formation 255(3)
Reactions
Double-Replacement Reactions That Form 258(1)
Unstable Products
Double-Replacement Reactions with 259(1)
Undissolved Reactants
Other Double-Replacement Reactions 260(1)
Summary of Net Ionic Equations 261(6)
Quantity Relationships in Chemical Reactions 267(36)
Conversion Factors from a Chemical 268(3)
Equation
Mass--Mass Stoichiometry 271(4)
Percent Yield 275(6)
Everyday Chemistry: The Stoichiometry 276(5)
of CO2 Emissions in Automobile Exhaust
Limiting Reactants: The Problem 281(1)
Limiting Reactants: Comparison-of-Moles 282(4)
Method
Limiting Reactants: Smaller-Amount Method 286(3)
Energy 289(1)
Thermochemical Equations 290(2)
Thermochemical Stoichiometry 292(11)
Atomic Theory: The Quantum Model of the Atom 303(34)
Electromagnetic Radiation 304(3)
The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom 307(2)
The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom 309(6)
Everyday Chemistry: Simply Pure Darn 314(1)
Foolishness?
Electron Configuration 315(6)
Valence Electrons 321(1)
Trends in the Periodic Table 322(15)
Chemical Bonding 337(22)
Monatomic Ions with Noble-Gas Electron 338(3)
Configurations
Ionic Bonds 341(2)
Covalent Bonds 343(3)
Polar and Nonpolar Covalent Bonds 346(2)
Multiple Bonds 348(1)
Atoms That Are Bonded to Two or More 349(1)
Other Atoms
Exceptions to the Octet Rule 350(1)
Metallic Bonds 351(8)
Everyday Chemistry: The Influence of 352(7)
Bonding on Macroscopic Properties
Structure and Shape 359(32)
Drawing Lewis Diagrams 360(8)
Electron-Pair Repulsion: Electron-Pair 368(2)
Geometry
Molecular Geometry 370(7)
Everyday Chemistry: Chirality 376(1)
The Geometry of Multiple Bonds 377(1)
Polarity of Molecules 378(3)
The Structure of Some Organic Compounds 381(10)
(Optional)
The Ideal Gas Law and Its Applications 391(28)
Gases Revisited 392(1)
Avogadro's Law 393(2)
The Ideal Gas Law 395(2)
The Ideal Gas Equation: Determination of 397(2)
a Single Variable
Gas Density and Molar Volume 399(4)
Gas Stoichiometry at Standard Temperature 403(2)
and Pressure
Gas Stoichiometry: Molar Volume Method 405(3)
Gas Stoichiometry: Ideal Gas Equation 408(2)
Method
Volume--Volume Gas Stoichiometry 410(9)
Everyday Chemistry: Automobile Air Bags 411(8)
Gases, Liquids, and Solids 419(38)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures 420(2)
Properties of Liquids 422(4)
Types of Intermolecular Forces 426(4)
Liquid--Vapor Equilibrium 430(4)
The Boiling Process 434(1)
Water---An ``Unusual'' Compound 435(1)
The Solid State 436(2)
Types of Crystalline Solids 438(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Buckyballs 440(2)
Energy and Change of State 442(2)
Energy and Change of Temperature: 444(3)
Specific Heat
Change in Temperature Plus Change of State 447(10)
Solutions 457(44)
The Characteristics of a Solution 458(1)
Solution Terminology 458(3)
The Formation of a Solution 461(2)
Factors That Determine Solubility 463(3)
Solution Concentration: Percentage by Mass 466(3)
Everyday Chemistry: The World's Oceans: 468(1)
The Most Abundant Solution
Solution Concentration: Molarity 469(4)
Solution Concentration: Molality 473(1)
(Optional)
Solution Concentration: Normality 474(5)
(Optional)
Solution Concentration: A Summary 479(1)
Dilution of Concentrated Solutions 480(2)
Solution Stoichiometry 482(3)
Titration Using Molarity 485(3)
Titration Using Normality (Optional) 488(2)
Colligative Properties of Solutions 490(11)
(Optional)
Acid--Base (Proton-Transfer) Reactions 501(26)
The Arrhenius Theory of Acids and Bases 502(1)
(Optional)
The Brønsted--Lowry Theory of 503(3)
Acids and Bases
The Lewis Theory of Acids and Bases 506(1)
(Optional)
Conjugate Acid--Base Pairs 507(2)
Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases 509(2)
Predicting Acid--Base Reactions 511(2)
Acid--Base Reactions and Redox Reactions 513(1)
Compared
The Water Equilibrium 513(2)
pH and pOH (Integer Values Only) 515(6)
Everyday Chemistry: Acid--Base Reactions 520(1)
Noninteger pH--[H+] and pOH--[OH--] 521(6)
Conversions (Optional)
Chemical Equilibrium 527(38)
The Character of an Equilibrium 528(1)
The Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions 528(2)
Energy Changes During a Molecular 530(2)
Collision
Conditions That Affect the Rate of a 532(3)
Chemical Reaction
The Development of a Chemical Equilibrium 535(1)
Le Chatelier's Principle 536(7)
Everyday Chemistry: Fertilization of 542(1)
the World's Crops
The Equilibrium Constant 543(3)
The Significance of the Value of K 546(1)
Equilibrium Calculations (Optional) 547(18)
Oxidation--Reduction (Redox) Reactions 565(26)
Electrolytic and Voltaic Cells 566(2)
Electron-Transfer Reactions 568(5)
Oxidation Numbers and Redox Reactions 573(3)
Oxidizing Agents (Oxidizers) and Reducing 576(1)
Agents (Reducers)
Strengths of Oxidizing Agents and 577(2)
Reducing Agents
Predicting Redox Reactions 579(4)
Everyday Chemistry: Batteries 582(1)
Redox Reactions and Acid--Base Reactions 583(1)
Compared
Writing Redox Equations (Optional) 583(8)
Appendix I Chemical Calculations 591(10)
Part A The Hand Calculator 591(4)
Part B Arithmetic and Algebra 595(3)
Part C Logarithms 598(1)
Part D Estimating Calculation Results 599(2)
Answers to Practice Problems in 599(2)
Appendix 1
Appendix II The SI System of Units 601(2)
Base Units 601(1)
Derived Units 601(1)
Some Choices 601(2)
Answers 603
Glossary 1 (1)
Index 1 (1)
Essential Algebra for Chemistry Students 1
David W. Ball