Strengths-based Generalist Practice : A Collaborative Approach (3TH)

  • ポイントキャンペーン

Strengths-based Generalist Practice : A Collaborative Approach (3TH)

  • ただいまウェブストアではご注文を受け付けておりません。 ⇒古書を探す
  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 643 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495115878
  • DDC分類 361.32

Full Description


STRENGTHS-BASED GENERALIST PRACTICEEdition, presents an introductory model of generalist practice that helps you master core practice skills, learn to build trust in the helping relationship, and empower disadvantaged clients. The book integrates empirical practice methods with a strengths-based approach to micro and macro generalist practice. Written in a clear style that you can understand, the book includes fascinating and useful case examples, and chapters on special populations authored and contributed by experts in the area covered.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xxi
About the Contributors xiii
PART I GENERALIST SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE
Principles and Concepts of Generalist 1 (27)
Practice
Strengths-Based Generalist Social Work 2 (6)
Practice
Definition of Generalist Practice 3 (1)
Types of Generalist Social Work 3 (3)
Interventions
Use of Self 6 (2)
Social Work Clients 8 (3)
Types of Clients 9 (2)
The Reluctant Client 11 (5)
The Experience of Being a Client 11 (1)
Prior Experiences with Helping 12 (1)
Professionals
Expectations about the Helping 13 (1)
Experience
Cultural and Ethnic Diversity 13 (2)
Client Skills and Knowledge 15 (1)
Social Work Values and Ethics 16 (6)
Core Social Work Values 16 (1)
Service to Others 16 (1)
Social Justice 16 (1)
Human Dignity and Self-Worth 17 (1)
Importance of Human Relationships 18 (1)
Ethical Standards 19 (1)
Ethical Dilemmas 19 (3)
Summary 22 (1)
Case Example 23 (5)
Discussion Questions 25 (1)
References 25 (3)
Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks for 28 (17)
Generalist Practice
Modern and Postmodern Perspectives 29 (2)
Ecosystems Perspective 31 (2)
Strengths Perspective 33 (6)
Principles of Strengths-Based Practice 34 (1)
Principle 1: Every individual, group, 35 (1)
family, and community has strengths
Principle 2: Trauma, abuse, illness, 35 (1)
and struggle may be injurious, but they
may also be sources of challenge and
opportunity
Principle 3: Assume that you do not 35 (1)
know the upper limits of the capacity
to grow and change, and take
individual, group, and community
aspirations seriously
Principle 4: We best serve clients by 35 (1)
collaborating with them
Principle 5: Every environment is full 36 (1)
of resources
Principle 6: Caring, caretaking, and 36 (1)
context are important
Attachment Theory 36 (2)
Critical Thinking and Generalist Social 38 (1)
Work Practice
Evidence-Based Practice 39 (1)
Summary 39 (1)
Case Example 40 (5)
Discussion Questions 42 (1)
References 43 (2)
The Collaborative Model Principles and 45 (27)
Concepts
Theoretical Propositions 46 (5)
Proposition 1: Disadvantaged and 47 (1)
oppressed (reluctant) clients often
mistrust helping professionals
Proposition 2: Client change occurs 47 (2)
through a collaborative helping
relationship
Proposition 3: Relationships are built 49 (2)
on trust
Practice Principles 51 (1)
Practice Principle 1: Focus on client 51 (5)
strengths
Practice Principle 2: Put clients in 53 (1)
charge of the helping process
Practice Principle 3: Continually 54 (2)
evaluate your work and the client's
progress
Strengths-Based Assessment 56 (3)
Assessment versus Diagnosis 56 (1)
Assessing Client Strengths 56 (2)
Identifying and Analyzing 58 (1)
Person-in-Environment Factors
The Collaborative Model 59 (6)
Phases 61 (1)
Inputs 61 (1)
Skills 62 (1)
Outputs 62 (1)
Assessing the Helping Relationship 62 (1)
Scoring the HRI 62 (2)
Applications of the HRI for Social Work 64 (1)
Practice
Summary 65 (1)
Case Example 66 (6)
Discussion Questions 68 (1)
References 69 (3)
Evaluation and Generalist Social Work 72 (33)
Practice
Measurement Guidelines 74 (5)
Measurement Tools 79 (10)
Client Logs 80 (1)
Behavioral Observations 81 (3)
Rating Scales 84 (2)
Goal Attainment Scales 86 (2)
Standardized Measures 88 (1)
Designing the Evaluation 89 (4)
Components of Single-System Designs 90 (1)
Establishing Baselines 91 (1)
Making Comparisons 91 (2)
Analyzing Single-System Data 93 (6)
Clinical Significance 94 (1)
Visual Significance 94 (3)
Statistical Significance 97 (2)
Summary 99 (1)
Case Example 100 (5)
Discussion Questions 102 (1)
References 103 (2)
The Collaborative Model Tasks, Inputs, and 105 (30)
Practice Skills
Pre-Engagement Phase of Collaborative 107 (13)
Social Work
Studying Your Client's Culture, Values, 107 (1)
Beliefs, and Environment
Inputs: Understanding and Sensitivity 107 (1)
Practice Skills: Information Retrieval 108 (1)
and Resource Identification
Outputs: Increased Knowledge and 109 (1)
Competence
Asking Your Client to Tell His or Her 109 (1)
Story
Inputs: Respect and Acceptance 110 (1)
Elaboration Practice Skills 111 (3)
Outputs: Identification of Needs, 114 (1)
Concerns, Strengths, and Coping Skills
Listening for Meaning and Feelings 114 (1)
Inputs: Understanding and Empathy 115 (1)
Empathic Skills 116 (1)
Outputs: Identification of Feeling 117 (1)
Content and Validation
Clarify How You and the Client Will 118 (1)
Work Together
Inputs: Cooperative Intentions 119 (1)
Outputs: Mutual Understanding and 119 (1)
Collaboration
The Intervention Phase of Collaborative 120 (9)
Social Work
Articulate Your Focus and Plan of Action 120 (1)
Inputs: Hopefulness and Partnership 120 (1)
Contracting Skills 121 (3)
Outputs: Change Goals, Action Plan, and 124 (1)
Evaluation Plan
Persevere in Carrying Out Your Work 124 (1)
Together
Inputs: Support and Commitment 125 (1)
Intervention Skills 126 (3)
Output: Client Change 129 (1)
The Disengagement Phase of Collaborative 129 (4)
Social Work
Solidifying the Changes Achieved 129 (1)
Input: Confidence 130 (1)
Ending Skills 130 (3)
Outputs: Evaluation, Generalization, 133 (1)
and Aftercare
Summary 133 (1)
Case Example 133 (2)
DVD Exercises 134 (1)
References 134 (1)
Generalist Practice with Individuals 135 (49)
Pre-Engagement 136 (3)
Assessing Individual Client Systems 137 (1)
Demographic Characteristics 137 (1)
Ethnicity and Culture 138 (1)
Personal Characteristics 138 (1)
Life Experiences 139 (1)
Assessment Forms 139 (3)
Strengths-Based Assessment Worksheets 139 (1)
Biopsychosocial Assessment Form 140 (2)
Mental Status Evaluation 142 (2)
Appearance 142 (1)
Speech 143 (1)
Emotions 143 (1)
Thought Process 143 (1)
Sensory Perceptions 143 (1)
Mental Capacities 143 (1)
Attitude 144 (1)
Input and Output Checklist 144 (1)
Graphic Displays 145 (2)
Strengths and Obstacles Plot Form 145 (1)
Ecomaps 146 (1)
Engagement 147 (1)
Determining Goals 147 (16)
Purpose of Goals 148 (1)
Goals and Objectives 148 (1)
Selecting and Defining Objectives 149 (2)
Goals, Objectives, and the Helping 151 (1)
Relationship
Developing the Intervention and 152 (1)
Evaluation Plan
Generalist Practice Interventions with 153 (1)
Individual Clients
Counseling 154 (1)
Supportive Counseling 154 (3)
Problem-Solving Therapy 157 (2)
Education and Training 159 (1)
Case Management 159 (1)
Service Linkage 159 (1)
Service Coordination 160 (1)
Service Negotiation 161 (1)
Resource Mobilization 161 (2)
Disengagement 163 (3)
Types of Termination 164 (1)
Planned Endings 164 (1)
Unanticipated Endings 165 (1)
Clients' Reactions to Termination 165 (1)
Summary 166 (1)
Case Example 167 (17)
Discussion Questions 170 (1)
References 170 (14)
Generalist Practice with Families 184 (35)
What Is a Family? 186 (1)
Family Diversity: Types of Families 186 (1)
From Interdependence to Individualism 187 (3)
Working with Family Strengths 190 (1)
Strengths-Based/Assets-Based Approach 190 (1)
Developing and Working on Plans with 190 (1)
Families
Family Involvement 191 (1)
Cultural Competence 191 (1)
When to Focus on the Family 191 (7)
When Families Have Multiple Challenges 192 (1)
Family Group Conferences 193 (1)
Family-Centered Programs 194 (2)
Family Systems Approach 196 (2)
Doing Assessment with Families 198 (1)
Family Development Plan 199 (4)
Family Systems Assessment 203 (1)
Family Subsystems Assessment 203 (10)
Structure 204 (1)
Authority 204 (1)
Relationship Subsystems 205 (1)
Ethnicity and Culture 205 (1)
Culture-Based Rules 206 (1)
Life-Cycle Stage 206 (2)
Emotional Climate 208 (1)
Communication Patterns 209 (2)
Boundaries 211 (2)
Summary: Engaging in a Helping 213 (1)
Partnership with Families
Case Example 213 (6)
Discussion Questions 217 (1)
References 217 (2)
Generalist Social Work Practice with Groups 219 (35)
Generalist Practice with Groups 220 (1)
Types and Purposes of Groups 221 (1)
Group Membership 221 (6)
Group Resistance 221 (1)
Successful Group Work 222 (1)
The Need to Be Seen, Heard, and Known 223 (2)
Reducing Group Anxiety 225 (1)
Defense Mechanisms Function in the Group 226 (1)
Pre-Engagement, Engagement, and 227 (1)
Disengagement
Group Leaders/Facilitators 227 (2)
Group Dynamics 229 (7)
An Introduction to Group Dynamics 229 (1)
Group Influences 230 (1)
Pseudocommunity/Initiation Stage 231 (1)
Chaos/Struggle Stage 231 (1)
Emptying/Resolution Stage 232 (1)
Community/Working Stage 232 (2)
Resist the Urge to Control the Group 234 (1)
Process versus Content 235 (1)
Termination 235 (1)
Tools for Group Leaders/Facilitators 236 (11)
Setting the Stage 236 (1)
Process versus Content 236 (1)
Examples of Useful Tools 237 (1)
Talking Paper 238 (1)
Common Ground Process 239 (2)
An Example of Integration of Group 241 (3)
Process and Common Ground Process
Group Intervention Models 244 (3)
Summary 247 (1)
Case Example 247 (7)
Discussion Questions 251 (1)
References 251 (3)
Generalist Practice with Organizations 254 (68)
Pre-Engagement 257 (2)
Assessment 259 (19)
The Starting Point---Something's Wrong 259 (1)
What to Assess 260 (1)
Organizational Identity 260 (3)
Internal Organizational Considerations 263 (1)
Foundation Policies 263 (1)
Internal Structure 264 (2)
Internal Processes 266 (4)
Organization Environmental 270 (2)
Considerations
Legal/Policy Environment 272 (1)
Other Environmental Considerations 273 (1)
Organizational Assessment: How to 273 (1)
Assess and What Tools to Use
Focus Groups 274 (1)
Observational Performance Ratings 274 (4)
Engagement 278 (4)
Setting Goals 278 (4)
Interventions 282 (8)
Developing the Intervention and 282 (1)
Evaluation Plan
Productivity Improvements 283 (1)
Staff Development: Education and 284 (1)
Training
Program Planning and Development: 285 (1)
Strategic Planning
Resource Development 286 (1)
Grant Writing 286 (4)
Evaluation and Termination 290 (3)
Termination 290 (1)
Evaluation 291 (2)
Case Example 293 (29)
Discussion Questions 295 (1)
References 296 (26)
PART II GENERALIST PRACTICE WITH SPECIAL
POPULATIONS
Generalist Practice with Communities 322 (50)
Social Work Practice with Communities 323 (3)
Ethnicity and Culture 324 (1)
Community Conditions 324 (1)
Community Services and Resources 324 (1)
Perspectives in Working with Communities 325 (1)
Deficit Approach to Addressing 325 (1)
Community Problems
Empowerment Approach to Assessing 326 (1)
Community Needs
The Collaborative Model and Community 326 (1)
Practice
Pre-Engagement 327 (16)
Needs Assessments 329 (1)
Steps in the Needs Assessment Process 329 (2)
Research Literature 331 (1)
Population and Resource Data 331 (1)
Observation 332 (1)
Surveys 333 (1)
Key Informant Surveys 334 (1)
Community Surveys 334 (1)
Client Satisfaction Surveys 334 (1)
Focus Groups 334 (1)
Data Collection 335 (1)
Sensitive Issues 335 (2)
Confidentiality and Informed Consent 337 (1)
Assets Assessment 338 (1)
Asset Mapping 339 (1)
Individual Capacity Assessment 340 (1)
Organizational Capacity Assessment 340 (1)
Resource Mapping 340 (1)
Geographic Information System (GIS) 341 (2)
Engagement 343 (6)
Community Interventions 343 (1)
Community Development 343 (1)
Coalition Building 343 (1)
Advocacy 344 (1)
Education and Training 344 (1)
Program Planning 344 (3)
Evaluation and Termination 347 (2)
Summary 349 (1)
Case Example 350 (22)
Discussion Questions 353 (1)
References 353 (19)
Generalist Practice with Economically 372 (43)
Disadvantage People and Communities
The Problem of Poverty and the Welfare 374 (5)
Response
The Problem of Poverty 374 (2)
Measuring Poverty 376 (2)
Welfare 378 (1)
The Causes and Consequences of Poverty 379 (9)
Theories of Causation on the Micro 379 (1)
Level (Individuals and Families)
Individual Deficits 380 (1)
Social and Structural Causes 380 (3)
Individual-Social Linkages 383 (1)
Employment and Income 384 (4)
Summary 388 (1)
Poverty Causation on the Macro 388 (2)
Level---Communities and Larger Systems
Economic Issues 388 (1)
Political Power 389 (1)
Broken Windows 389 (1)
Client Needs: The Consequences of Poverty 390 (3)
for Individuals and Families
Hunger and Nutrition 390 (1)
Shelter 391 (1)
Other Consequences 392 (1)
The Consequences of Community Poverty 392 (1)
Policy Issues 393 (7)
Health Policy 394 (1)
Cash Assistance 395 (1)
Social Security Old Age, Survivors, and 395 (1)
Disability Insurance (OASDI)
Old Age 396 (1)
Survivors 396 (1)
Disability 396 (1)
Unemployment Insurance 396 (1)
Supplemental Security Income 397 (1)
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families 397 (1)
(TANF)
Food and Nutrition Programs 398 (1)
Food Stamps 398 (1)
Housing and Energy 399 (1)
Public Housing & Section 8 399 (1)
Tax Policy 400 (1)
Practice Issues 400 (1)
Pre-engagement 400 (1)
The Bottom Line: What to Assess 400 (1)
Engagement 401 (4)
The Range of Target Problems and Goal 401 (2)
Setting
Collaboration, Coalition-Building, and 403 (2)
the Importance of Relationships
Summary 405 (1)
Case Examples 406 (9)
Discussion Questions 410 (1)
References 410 (5)
Generalist Practice with People Affected by 415 (34)
Addictions
Addiction Overview 417 (1)
Classification of Drugs and Their Effects 418 (4)
Assessment 422 (4)
Use, Abuse, Dependence, and Addiction 422 (4)
Adolescence and Addictions 426 (1)
Teenagers at Risk 426 (1)
What is Addiction? 427 (2)
Neurobiology 429 (2)
The Pleasure or Reward Circuit 429 (2)
The Addiction Cycle 431 (1)
Different Theoretical Models 432 (2)
The Moral Model 432 (1)
The Sociocultural Model 433 (1)
Disease Model/Psychological Model 433 (1)
Interventions 434 (2)
Motivational Interviewing 436 (2)
The Motivational Stages of Change 437 (1)
Types of Treatment 438 (5)
Detoxification 438 (1)
Agonist Maintenance Treatment 439 (1)
Court-Mandated Treatment 439 (1)
Residential Treatment Programs 439 (1)
Therapeutic Communities 440 (1)
Outpatient Treatment 441 (1)
Counseling 441 (1)
Self-Help Groups 442 (1)
Online Support 442 (1)
Nonstep Support Groups 443 (1)
Adolescent Treatment (Teen Programs) 443 (1)
Summary 444 (5)
Discussion Questions 447 (1)
References 447 (2)
Generalist Social Work Practice with the 449 (42)
Elderly
Demographics in Aging 450 (3)
Policy Issues 453 (2)
Generalist Social Work practice with 455 (6)
Elderly Clients
Assessment 461 (17)
Resources 469 (9)
Interventions 478 (8)
Engagement Strategies 478 (2)
Advocacy 480 (2)
Case Management 482 (1)
Life Review 483 (1)
Supportive Counseling 484 (1)
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 485 (1)
Summary 486 (1)
Case Example 486 (5)
Discussion Questions 488 (1)
References 488 (3)
Generalist Practice with Gay, Lesbian, 491 (35)
Bisexual, and Transgender People
Client Population Needs and Circumstances 492 (9)
Sexual Orientation 493 (1)
Forces of Oppression 493 (1)
Homophobia 493 (1)
Heterosexism 493 (1)
Bi-negativity 494 (1)
Orientation---Behavior-Identity 494 (1)
The Kinsey Scale 495 (1)
GLB Identity Development 496 (2)
Gender Identity 498 (3)
Forces of Oppression 501 (1)
Transgender Identity Development 501 (1)
Specific Populations in the GLBT Community 501 (4)
GLBT Youth 501 (1)
GLBT People of Color 502 (2)
Lesbian and Gay Parents and their 504 (1)
Children
Lesbian and Gay Parents 504 (1)
Children of Gay and Lesbian Parents 504 (1)
GLBT Older Adults 505 (1)
Social Policy Issues 505 (3)
Marriage Equity 505 (1)
Nondiscrimination Policies 506 (1)
A Policy Example 507 (1)
Practice Issues and Best Practice 508 (8)
Recommendations
Oppression in Practice 508 (1)
Gay and Lesbian Clients 508 (1)
Bisexual Clients 509 (1)
Transgender Clients 510 (1)
Practice Recommendations: A Strengths 510 (2)
Perspective
Affirmative Practice 512 (3)
Best Practice Recommendations for 515 (1)
Working with GLBT Clients
Guidelines for Working with Transgender 516 (1)
Clients
Evidence-Based Practice 516 (3)
Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions 516 (1)
Assessment and Interventions 517 (1)
Gay-Straight Alliances 518 (1)
Summary 519 (1)
Case Example 519 (7)
Discussion Questions 520 (1)
References 521 (5)
Generalist Practice with Abused and 526 (48)
Neglected Children and Their Families
Child Welfare as a Field of Practice 528 (2)
Child Maltreatment Defined 528 (1)
Prevalence of Child Maltreatment 529 (1)
The Evolution of Child and Family Welfare 530 (8)
Policy
Children as Property (1600s--1700s) 530 (1)
Emergence of Public Concern for 531 (1)
Children (1800s)
The Federal Mandate to Protect Children 532 (5)
in the 20th Century (1900s)
Child Welfare in the 21st Century 537 (1)
(2000s)
Child Welfare: Generalist Practice Skills 538 (7)
Strengths-Based Practice---An 538 (1)
Overarching Paradigm
Critical Thinking 539 (1)
Solution-Focused Approaches 540 (1)
Engagement: Working with the 541 (4)
Involuntary or Mandated Client
Child Welfare: Generalist Practice 545 (15)
Functions
Safety and Risk Assessment 545 (7)
The Planning Phase 552 (4)
The Family Service Plan 556 (4)
Child Welfare Services 560 (9)
In-home Family Services 560 (3)
Foster Care 563 (2)
Promising Approaches in Addressing the 565 (2)
Challenges of Foster Care
Supporting Children in Temporary Foster 567 (2)
Care
Summary 569 (5)
Discussion Questions 572 (1)
References 572 (2)
Generalist Practice with People Who Have 574 (61)
Experienced Trauma
Psychological Trauma 576 (1)
Type I and Type II Traumas 576 (1)
Diagnostic Categories in the DSM-IV-TR 576 (8)
(Diagnostic and Statistic Manual)
An Expanded Diagnosis: Complex PTSD 579 (1)
The Plastic Brain: The Neurobiology of 580 (1)
Attachment versus Neglect
The Neurobiology of Attachment 580 (1)
Nurturing Attunement 580 (1)
Neglect, a Lack of Attunement 581 (1)
Plastic throughout Life: The 581 (1)
Impressionable Brain
Neuroplastic Implications 582 (1)
State-Dependent Learning 582 (2)
Symptoms of Trauma 584 (11)
The Biological Impact of Trauma on the 584 (1)
Brain and Body
The Survival Response: Flight, Fight, 584 (1)
and Freeze
Biological Changes and Trauma Symptoms 585 (10)
Recovery from Trauma 595 (20)
Phase 1---Stabilization and Skill 596 (1)
Building
Restoration of Safety 596 (1)
Assessment 597 (1)
Building a Relationship 597 (2)
Nadia, Phase 1: Assessment 599 (1)
Psychoeducation and Skill Building 599 (2)
Self-Care and Self-Soothing Exercises 601 (2)
Managing Self-Injurious Behaviors 603 (1)
Dialectical Behavior Therapy 604 (2)
Other Cognitive Therapy Approaches 606 (1)
Phase 2---Remembering 607 (1)
Safely Telling the Trauma Story 608 (1)
EMDR 608 (1)
Nadia, Phase 2: Remembering 609 (1)
Phase 3---Reconnection 610 (1)
Nadia, Phase 3: Reconnection and 610 (1)
Transformation
Substance Abuse and PTSD 611 (1)
Trauma Interventions for Children 611 (2)
Play Therapy 613 (2)
Psychological First Aid: Immediate 615 (6)
Posttrauma Interventions
Group Work 617 (1)
Screening and Preparing Potential 618 (1)
Members
Tips Specific to Running a Trauma Group 619 (2)
War Veterans 621 (1)
The Rewards and Challenges of Working 622 (4)
with Trauma Survivors
Definition of Vicarious Traumatization 622 (1)
Signs of Vicarious Traumatization 622 (1)
Strategies to Minimize Vicarious 623 (1)
Traumatization
Self-Care 623 (1)
Physical Self-Care 623 (1)
Emotional Self-Care 624 (1)
Spiritual Self-Care 625 (1)
Professional Self-Care 625 (1)
Guidelines for the Workplace 625 (1)
Summary 626 (1)
Case Example 627 (7)
Discussion Questions 629 (1)
References 629 (5)
Web Resources 634 (1)
Index 635