Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics : Chapters 1-46 (7 PCK HAR/)

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics : Chapters 1-46 (7 PCK HAR/)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 1392 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495112457
  • DDC分類 530

Table of Contents

About the Authors                                  xv
Preface xvii
To the Student xxix
PART 1 MECHANICS 1 (416)
Physics and Measurement 2 (17)
Standards of Length, Mass, and Time 3 (3)
Matter and Model Building 6 (1)
Dimensional Analysis 7 (3)
Conversion of Units 10 (1)
Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude 11 (1)
Calculations
Significant Figures 12 (7)
Motion in One Dimension 19 (34)
Position, Velocity, and Speed 20 (3)
Instantaneous Velocity and Speed 23 (3)
Analysis Models: The Particle Under 26 (1)
Constant Velocity
Acceleration 27 (4)
Motion Diagrams 31 (1)
The Particle Under Constant Acceleration 32 (4)
Freely Falling Objects 36 (3)
Kinematic Equations Derived from Calculus 39 (14)
General Problem-Solving Strategy 42 (11)
Vectors 53 (18)
Coordinate Systems 53 (2)
Vector and Scalar Quantities 55 (1)
Some Properties of Vectors 55 (4)
Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors 59 (12)
Motion in Two Dimensions 71 (29)
The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration 71 (3)
Vectors
Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant 74 (3)
Acceleration
Projectile Motion 77 (7)
The Particle in Uniform Circular Motion 84 (2)
Tangential and Radial Acceleration 86 (1)
Relative Velocity and Relative 87 (13)
Acceleration
The Laws of Motion 100 (37)
The Concept of Force 100 (2)
Newton's First Law and Inertial Frames 102 (1)
Mass 103 (1)
Newton's Second Law 104 (2)
The Gravitational Force and Weight 106 (1)
Newton's Third Law 107 (2)
Some Applications of Newton's Laws 109 (10)
Forces of Friction 119 (18)
Circular Motion and Other Applications of 137 (26)
Newton's Laws
Newton's Second Law for a Particle in 137 (6)
Uniform Circular Motion
Nonuniform Circular Motion 143 (2)
Motion in Accelerated Frames 145 (3)
Motion in the Presence of Resistive Forces 148 (15)
Energy of a System 163 (32)
Systems and Environments 164 (1)
Work Done by a Constant Force 164 (3)
The Scalar Product of Two Vectors 167 (2)
Work Done by a Varying Force 169 (5)
Kinetic Energy and the Work-Kinetic 174 (3)
Energy Theorem
Potential Energy of a System 177 (4)
Conservative and Nonconservative Forces 181 (2)
Relationship Between Conservative Forces 183 (2)
and Potential Energy
Energy Diagrams and Equilibrium of a 185 (10)
System
Conservation of Energy 195 (32)
The Nonisolated System: Conservation of 196 (2)
Energy
The Isolated System 198 (6)
Situations Involving Kinetic Friction 204 (5)
Changes in Mechanical Energy for 209 (4)
Nonconservative Forces
Power 213 (14)
Linear Momentum and Collisions 227 (42)
Linear Momentum and Its Conservation 228 (4)
Impulse and Momentum 232 (2)
Collisions in One Dimension 234 (8)
Collisions in Two Dimensions 242 (3)
The Center of Mass 245 (5)
Motion of a System of Particles 250 (5)
Deformable Systems 255 (1)
Rocket Propulsion 255 (14)
Rotation of a Rigid Object About a Fixed 269 (42)
Axis
Angular Position, Velocity, and 269 (3)
Acceleration
Rotational Kinematics: The Rigid Object 272 (1)
Under Constant Angular Acceleration
Angular and Translational Quantities 273 (3)
Rotational Kinetic Energy 276 (2)
Calculation of Moments of Inertia 278 (4)
Torque 282 (1)
The Rigid Object Under a Net Torque 283 (4)
Energy Considerations in Rotational Motion 287 (4)
Rolling Motion of a Rigid Object 291 (20)
Angular Momentum 311 (26)
The Vector Product and Torque 311 (3)
Angular Momentum: The Nonisolated System 314 (4)
Angular Momentum of a Rotating Rigid 318 (3)
Object
The Isolated System: Conservation of 321 (5)
Angular Momentum
The Motion of Gyroscopes and Tops 326 (11)
Static Equilibrium and Elasticity 337 (25)
The Rigid Object in Equilibrium 337 (3)
More on the Center of Gravity 340 (1)
Examples of Rigid Objects in Static 341 (6)
Equilibrium
Elastic Properties of Solids 347 (15)
Universal Gravitation 362 (27)
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation 363 (2)
Free-Fall Acceleration and the 365 (2)
Gravitational Force
Kepler's Laws and the Motion of Planets 367 (5)
The Gravitational Field 372 (1)
Gravitational Potential Energy 373 (2)
Energy Considerations in Planetary and 375 (14)
Satellite Motion
Fluid Mechanics 389 (28)
Pressure 390 (1)
Variation of Pressure with Depth 391 (4)
Pressure Measurements 395 (1)
Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle 395 (4)
Fluid Dynamics 399 (3)
Bernoulli's Equation 402 (3)
Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics 405 (12)
PART 2 OSCILLATIONS AND MECHANICAL WAVES 417 (114)
Oscillatory Motion 418 (31)
Motion of an Object Attached to a Spring 419 (1)
The Particle in Simple Harmonic Motion 420 (6)
Energy of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator 426 (3)
Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with 429 (3)
Uniform Circular Motion
The Pendulum 432 (4)
Damped Oscillations 436 (1)
Forced Oscillations 437 (12)
Wave Motion 449 (25)
Propagation of a Disturbance 450 (4)
The Traveling Wave Model 454 (4)
The Speed of Waves on Strings 458 (3)
Reflection and Transmission 461 (2)
Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal 463 (2)
Waves on Strings
The Linear Wave Equation 465 (9)
Sound Waves 474 (26)
Speed of Sound Waves 475 (1)
Periodic Sound Waves 476 (2)
Intensity of Periodic Sound Waves 478 (5)
The Doppler Effect 483 (5)
Digital Sound Recording 488 (3)
Motion Picture Sound 491 (9)
Superposition and Standing Waves 500 (31)
Superposition and Interference 501 (4)
Standing Waves 505 (3)
Standing Waves in a String Fixed at Both 508 (4)
Ends
Resonance 512 (1)
Standing Waves in Air Columns 512 (4)
Standing Waves in Rods and Membranes 516 (1)
Beats: Interference in Time 516 (3)
Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns 519 (12)
PART 3 THERMODYNAMICS 531 (110)
Temperature 532 (21)
Temperature and the Zeroth Law of 532 (2)
Thermodynamics
Thermometers and the Celsius Temperature 534 (1)
Scale
The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer and 535 (2)
the Absolute Temperature Scale
Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids 537 (5)
Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas 542 (11)
The First Law of Thermodynamics 553 (34)
Heat and Internal Energy 554 (2)
Specific Heat and Calorimetry 556 (4)
Latent Heat 560 (4)
Work and Heat in Thermodynamic Processes 564 (2)
The First Law of Thermodynamics 566 (1)
Some Applications of the First Law of 567 (5)
Thermodynamics
Energy Transfer Mechanisms 572 (15)
The Kinetic Theory of Gases 587 (25)
Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas 587 (5)
Molar Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas 592 (3)
Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas 595 (2)
The Equipartition of Energy 597 (3)
Distribution of Molecular Speeds 600 (12)
Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law 612 (29)
of Thermodynamics
Heat Engines and the Second Law of 613 (2)
Thermodynamics
Heat Pumps and Refrigerators 615 (2)
Reversible and Irreversible Processes 617 (1)
The Carnot Engine 618 (4)
Gasoline and Diesel Engines 622 (2)
Entropy 624 (1)
Entropy Changes in Irreversible Processes 624 (5)
Entropy on a Microscopic Scale 629 (12)
PART 4 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 641 (336)
Electric Fields 642 (31)
Properties of Electric Charges 642 (2)
Charging Objects by Induction 644 (1)
Coulomb's Law 645 (6)
The Electric Field 651 (3)
Electric Field of a Continuous Charge 654 (5)
Distribution
Electric Field Lines 659 (2)
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform 661 (12)
Electric Field
Gauss's Law 673 (19)
Electric Flux 673 (3)
Gauss's Law 676 (2)
Application of Gauss's Law to Various 678
Charge Distributions
Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium 652 (40)
Electric Potential 692 (30)
Electric Potential and Potential 692 (2)
Difference
Potential Difference in a Uniform 694 (3)
Electric Field
Electric Potential and Potential Energy 697 (4)
Due to Point Charges
Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field 701 (2)
from the Electric Potential
Electric Potential Due to Continuous 703 (4)
Charge Distributions
Electric Potential Due to a Charged 707 (2)
Conductor
The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment 709 (1)
Applications of Electrostatics 710 (12)
Capacitance and Dielectrics 722 (30)
Definition of Capacitance 722 (2)
Calculating Capacitance 724 (3)
Combinations of Capacitors 727 (4)
Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor 731 (4)
Capacitors with Dielectrics 735 (3)
Electric Dipole in an Electric Field 738 (2)
An Atomic Description of Dielectrics 740 (12)
Current and Resistance 752 (23)
Electric Current 752 (4)
Resistance 756 (4)
A Model for Electrical Conduction 760 (2)
Resistance and Temperature 762 (1)
Superconductors 762 (1)
Electrical Power 763 (12)
Direct Current Circuits 775 (33)
Electromotive Force 775 (3)
Resistors in Series and Parallel 778 (7)
Kirchhoff's Rules 785 (3)
RC Circuits 788 (6)
Electrical Meters 794 (2)
Household Wiring and Electrical Safety 796 (12)
Magnetic Fields 808 (29)
Magnetic Fields and Forces 809 (4)
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform 813 (3)
Magnetic Field
Applications Involving Charged Particles 816 (3)
Moving in a Magnetic Field
Magnetic Force Acting on a 819 (2)
Current-Carrying Conductor
Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform 821 (4)
Magnetic Field
The Hall Effect 825 (12)
Sources of the Magnetic Field 837 (30)
The Biot-Savart Law 837 (5)
The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel 842 (2)
Conductors
Ampere's Law 844 (4)
The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid 848 (2)
Gauss's Law in Magnetism 850 (2)
Magnetism in Matter 852 (3)
The Magnetic Field of the Earth 855 (12)
Faraday's Law 867 (30)
Faraday's Law of Induction 867 (4)
Motional emf 871 (5)
Lenz's Law 876 (2)
Induced emf and Electric Fields 878 (2)
Generators and Motors 880 (4)
Eddy Currents 884 (13)
Inductance 897 (26)
Self-Induction and Inductance 897 (3)
RL Circuits 900 (3)
Energy in a Magnetic Field 903 (3)
Mutual Inductance 906 (1)
Oscillations in an LC Circuit 907 (4)
The RLC Circuit 911 (12)
Alternating Current Circuits 923 (29)
AC Sources 923 (1)
Resistors in an AC Circuit 924 (3)
Inductors in an AC Circuit 927 (2)
Capacitors in an AC Circuit 929 (3)
The RLC Series Circuit 932 (3)
Power in an AC Circuit 935 (2)
Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit 937 (2)
The Transformer and Power Transmission 939 (3)
Rectifiers and Filters 942 (10)
Electromagnetic Waves 952 (25)
Displacement Current and the General Form 953 (2)
of Ampere's Law
Maxwell's Equations and Hertz's 955 (2)
Discoveries
Plane Electromagnetic Waves 957 (4)
Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves 961 (2)
Momentum and Radiation Pressure 963 (2)
Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an 965 (1)
Antenna
The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves 966 (11)
PART 5 LIGHT AND OPTICS 977 (134)
The Nature of Light and the Laws of 978 (30)
Geometric Optics
The Nature of Light 978 (1)
Measurements of the Speed of Light 979 (2)
The Ray Approximation in Geometric Optics 981 (1)
The Wave Under Reflection 981 (4)
The Wave Under Refraction 985 (5)
Huygens's Principle 990 (2)
Dispersion 992 (1)
Total Internal Reflection 993 (15)
Image Formation 1008(43)
Images Formed by Flat Mirrors 1008(2)
Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors 1010(7)
Images Formed by Refraction 1017(4)
Thin Lenses 1021(9)
Lens Aberrations 1030(1)
The Camera 1031(2)
The Eye 1033(2)
The Simple Magnifier 1035(2)
The Compound Microscope 1037(1)
The Telescope 1038(13)
Interference of Light Waves 1051(26)
Conditions for Interference 1051(1)
Young's Double-Slit Experiment 1052(2)
Light Waves in Interference 1054(2)
Intensity Distribution of the Double-Slit 1056(3)
Interference Pattern
Change of Phase Due to Reflection 1059(1)
Interference in Thin Films 1060(4)
The Michelson Interferometer 1064(13)
Diffraction Patterns and Polarization 1077(34)
Introduction to Diffraction Patterns 1077(1)
Diffraction Patterns from Narrow Slits 1078(5)
Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular 1083(3)
Apertures
The Diffraction Grating 1086(5)
Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals 1091(4)
Polarization of Light Waves 1095(16)
PART 6 MODERN PHYSICS 1111(1)
Relativity 1112(41)
The Principle of Galilean Relativity 1113(3)
The Michelson Morley Experiment 1116(2)
Einstein's Principle of Relativity 1118(1)
Consequences of the Special Theory of 1119(11)
Relativity
The Lorentz Transformation Equations 1130(1)
The Lorentz Velocity Transformation 1131(3)
Equations
Relativistic Linear Momentum 1134(1)
Relativistic Energy 1135(4)
Mass and Energy 1139(1)
The General Theory of Relativity 1140(13)
Introduction to Quantum Physics 1153(33)
Blackbody Radiation and Planck's 1154(6)
Hypothesis
The Photoelectric Effect 1160(5)
The Compton Effect 1165(2)
Photons and Electromagnetic Waves 1167(1)
The Wave Properties of Particles 1168(3)
The Quantum Particle 1171(3)
The Double-Slit Experiment Revisited 1174(1)
The Uncertainty Principle 1175(11)
Quantum Mechanics 1186(29)
An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics 1186(5)
The Quantum Particle Under Boundary 1191(5)
Conditions
The Schrodinger Equation 1196(2)
A Particle in a Well of Finite Height 1198(2)
Tunneling Through a Potential Energy 1200(2)
Barrier
Applications of Tunneling 1202(3)
The Simple Harmonic Oscillator 1205(10)
Atomic Physics 1215(42)
Atomic Spectra of Gases 1216(2)
Early Models of the Atom 1218(1)
Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atom 1219(5)
The Quantum Model of the Hydrogen Atom 1224(3)
The Wave Functions for Hydrogen 1227(3)
Physical Interpretation of the Quantum 1230(7)
Numbers
The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic 1237(4)
Table
More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-Ray 1241(3)
Spontaneous and Stimulated Transitions 1244(1)
Lasers 1245(12)
Molecules and Solids 1257(36)
Molecular Bonds 1258(3)
Energy States and Spectra of Molecules 1261(7)
Bonding in Solids 1268(2)
Free-Electron Theory of Metals 1270(4)
Band Theory of Solids 1274(2)
Electrical Conduction in Metals, 1276(3)
Insulators, and Semiconductors
Semiconductor Devices 1279(4)
Superconductivity 1283(10)
Nuclear Structure 1293(36)
Some Properties of Nuclei 1294(5)
Nuclear Binding Energy 1299(1)
Nuclear Models 1300(4)
Radioactivity 1304(4)
The Decay Processes 1308(9)
Natural Radioactivity 1317(1)
Nuclear Reactions 1318(1)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic 1319(10)
Resonance Imaging
Applications of Nuclear Physics 1329(28)
Interactions Involving Neutrons 1329(1)
Nuclear Fission 1330(2)
Nuclear Reactors 1332(3)
Nuclear Fusion 1335(7)
Radiation Damage 1342(2)
Radiation Detectors 1344(3)
Uses of Radiation 1347(10)
Particle Physics and Cosmology 1357(1)
The Fundamental Forces in Nature 1358(1)
Positrons and Other Antiparticles 1358(3)
Mesons and the Beginning of Particle 1361(2)
Physics
Classification of Particles 1363(2)
Conservation Laws 1365(4)
Strange Particles and Strangeness 1369(1)
Finding Patterns in the Particles 1370(2)
Quarks 1372(3)
Multicolored Quarks 1375(2)
The Standard Model 1377(1)
The Cosmic Connection 1378(5)
Problems and Perspectives 1383
Appendix A Tables 1 (3)
Table A.1 Conversion Factors 1 (1)
Table A.2 Symbols, Dimensions, and Units 2 (2)
of Physical Quantities
Appendix B Mathematics Review 4 (18)
B.1 Scientific Notation 4 (1)
B.2 Algebra 5 (4)
B.3 Geometry 9 (1)
B.4 Trigonometry 10 (2)
B.5 Series Expansions 12 (1)
B.6 Differential Calculus 13 (3)
B.7 Integral Calculus 16 (4)
B.8 Propagation of Uncertainty 20 (2)
Appendix C Periodic Table of the Elements 22 (2)
Appendix D SI Units 24 (1)
D.1 SI Units 24 (1)
D.2 Some Derived SI Units 24 (1)
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems 25
Index 1