Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics 〈2〉 (7 PCK HAR/)

Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics 〈2〉 (7 PCK HAR/)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495112440
  • DDC分類 530

Table of Contents

About the Authors                                  xv
Preface xvii
To the Student xxix
PART 4 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 641 (336)
Electric Fields 642 (31)
Properties of Electric Charges 642 (2)
Charging Objects by Induction 644 (1)
Coulomb's Law 645 (6)
The Electric Field 651 (3)
Electric Field of a Continuous Charge 654 (5)
Distribution
Electric Field Lines 659 (2)
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform 661 (12)
Electric Field
Gauss's Law 673 (19)
Electric Flux 673 (3)
Gauss's Law 676 (2)
Application of Gauss's Law to Various 678 (4)
Charge Distributions
Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium 682 (10)
Electric Potential 692 (30)
Electric Potential and Potential 692 (2)
Difference
Potential Difference in a Uniform 694 (3)
Electric Field
Electric Potential and Potential Energy 697 (4)
Due to Point Charges
Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field 701 (2)
from the Electric Potential
Electric Potential Due to Continuous 703 (4)
Charge Distributions
Electric Potential Due to a Charged 707 (2)
Conductor
The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment 709 (1)
Applications of Electrostatics 710 (12)
Capacitance and Dielectrics 722 (30)
Definition of Capacitance 722 (2)
Calculating Capacitance 724 (3)
Combinations of Capacitors 727 (4)
Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor 731 (4)
Capacitors with Dielectrics 735 (3)
Electric Dipole in an Electric Field 738 (2)
An Atomic Description of Dielectrics 740 (12)
Current and Resistance 752 (23)
Electric Current 752 (4)
Resistance 756 (4)
A Model for Electrical Conduction 760 (2)
Resistance and Temperature 762 (1)
Superconductors 762 (1)
Electrical Power 763 (12)
Direct Current Circuits 775 (33)
Electromotive Force 775 (3)
Resistors in Series and Parallel 778 (7)
Kirchhoff's Rules 785 (3)
RC Circuits 788 (6)
Electrical Meters 794 (2)
Household Wiring and Electrical Safety 796 (12)
Magnetic Fields 808 (29)
Magnetic Fields and Forces 809 (4)
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform 813 (3)
Magnetic Field
Applications Involving Charged Particles 816 (3)
Moving in a Magnetic Field
Magnetic Force Acting on a 819 (2)
Current-Carrying Conductor
Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform 821 (4)
Magnetic Field
The Hall Effect 825 (12)
Sources of the Magnetic Field 837 (30)
The Biot--Savart Law 837 (5)
The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel 842 (2)
Conductors
Ampere's Law 844 (4)
The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid 848 (2)
Gauss's Law in Magnetism 850 (2)
Magnetism in Matter 852 (3)
The Magnetic Field of the Earth 855 (12)
Faraday's Law 867 (30)
Faraday's Law of Induction 867 (4)
Motional emf 871 (5)
Lenz's Law 876 (2)
Induced emf and Electric Fields 878 (2)
Generators and Motors 880 (4)
Eddy Currents 884 (13)
Inductance 897 (26)
Self-Induction and Inductance 897 (3)
RL Circuits 900 (3)
Energy in a Magnetic Field 903 (3)
Mutual Inductance 906 (1)
Oscillations in an LC Circuit 907 (4)
The RLC Circuit 911 (12)
Alternating Current Circuits 923 (29)
AC Sources 923 (1)
Resistors in an AC Circuit 924 (3)
Inductors in an AC Circuit 927 (2)
Capacitors in an AC Circuit 929 (3)
The RLC Series Circuit 932 (3)
Power in an AC Circuit 935 (2)
Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit 937 (2)
The Transformer and Power Transmission 939 (3)
Rectifiers and Filters 942 (10)
Electromagnetic Waves 952 (25)
Displacement Current and the General Form 953 (2)
of Ampere's Law
Maxwell's Equations and Hertz's 955 (2)
Discoveries
Plane Electromagnetic Waves 957 (4)
Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves 961 (2)
Momentum and Radiation Pressure 963 (2)
Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an 965 (1)
Antenna
The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves 966 (11)
PART 5 LIGHT AND OPTICS 977 (134)
The Nature of Light and the Laws of 978 (30)
Geometric Optics
The Nature of Light 978 (1)
Measurements of the Speed of Light 979 (2)
The Ray Approximation in Geometric Optics 981 (1)
The Wave Under Reflection 981 (4)
The Wave Under Refraction 985 (5)
Huygens's Principle 990 (2)
Dispersion 992 (1)
Total Internal Reflection 993 (15)
Image Formation 1008(43)
Images Formed by Flat Mirrors 1008(2)
Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors 1010(7)
Images Formed by Refraction 1017(4)
Thin Lenses 1021(9)
Lens Aberrations 1030(1)
The Camera 1031(2)
The Eye 1033(2)
The Simple Magnifier 1035(2)
The Compound Microscope 1037(1)
The Telescope 1038(13)
Interference of Light Waves 1051(26)
Conditions for Interference 1051(1)
Young's Double-Slit Experiment 1052(2)
Light Waves in Interference 1054(2)
Intensity Distribution of the Double-Slit 1056(3)
Interference Pattern
Change of Phase Due to Reflection 1059(1)
Interference in Thin Films 1060(4)
The Michelson Interferometer 1064(13)
Diffraction Patterns and Polarization 1077(34)
Introduction to Diffraction Patterns 1077(1)
Diffraction Patterns from Narrow Slits 1078(5)
Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular 1083(3)
Apertures
The Diffraction Grating 1086(5)
Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals 1091(2)
Polarization of Light Waves 1093(18)
PART 6 MODERN PHYSICS 1111
Relativity 1112(41)
The Principle of Galilean Relativity 1113(3)
The Michelson--Morley Experiment 1116(2)
Einstein's Principle of Relativity 1118(1)
Consequences of the Special Theory of 1119(11)
Relativity
The Lorentz Transformation Equations 1130(1)
The Lorentz Velocity Transformation 1131(3)
Equations
Relativistic Linear Momentum 1134(1)
Relativistic Energy 1135(4)
Mass and Energy 1139(1)
The General Theory of Relativity 1140(13)
Introduction to Quantum Physics 1153(33)
Blackbody Radiation and Planck's 1154(6)
Hypothesis
The Photoelectric Effect 1160(5)
The Compton Effect 1165(2)
Photons and Electromagnetic Waves 1167(1)
The Wave Properties of Particles 1168(3)
The Quantum Particle 1171(3)
The Double-Slit Experiment Revisited 1174(1)
The Uncertainty Principle 1175(11)
Quantum Mechanics 1186(29)
An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics 1186(5)
The Quantum Particle Under Boundary 1191(5)
Conditions
The Schrodinger Equation 1196(2)
A Particle in a Well of Finite Height 1198(2)
Tunneling Through a Potential Energy 1200(2)
Barrier
Applications of Tunneling 1202(3)
The Simple Harmonic Oscillator 1205(10)
Atomic Physics 1215(42)
Atomic Spectra of Gases 1216(2)
Early Models of the Atom 1218(1)
Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atom 1219(5)
The Quantum Model of the Hydrogen Atom 1224(3)
The Wave Functions for Hydrogen 1227(3)
Physical Interpretation of the Quantum 1230(7)
Numbers
The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic 1237(4)
Table
More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-Ray 1241(3)
Spontaneous and Stimulated Transitions 1244(1)
Lasers 1245(12)
Molecules and Solids 1257(36)
Molecular Bonds 1258(3)
Energy States and Spectra of Molecules 1261(7)
Bonding in Solids 1268(2)
Free-Electron Theory of Metals 1270(4)
Band Theory of Solids 1274(2)
Electrical Conduction in Metals, 1276(3)
Insulators, and Semiconductors
Semiconductor Devices 1279(4)
Superconductivity 1283(10)
Nuclear Structure 1293(36)
Some Properties of Nuclei 1294(5)
Nuclear Binding Energy 1299(1)
Nuclear Models 1300(4)
Radioactivity 1304(4)
The Decay Processes 1308(9)
Natural Radioactivity 1317(1)
Nuclear Reactions 1318(1)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic 1319(10)
Resonance Imaging
Applications of Nuclear Physics 1329(28)
Interactions Involving Neutrons 1329(1)
Nuclear Fission 1330(2)
Nuclear Reactors 1332(3)
Nuclear Fusion 1335(7)
Radiation Damage 1342(2)
Radiation Detectors 1344(3)
Uses of Radiation 1347(10)
Particle Physics and Cosmology 1357
The Fundamental Forces in Nature 1358(1)
Positrons and Other Antiparticles 1358(3)
Mesons and the Beginning of Particle 1361(2)
Physics
Classification of Particles 1363(2)
Conservation Laws 1365(4)
Strange Particles and Strangeness 1369(1)
Finding Patterns in the Particles 1370(2)
Quarks 1372(3)
Multicolored Quarks 1375(2)
The Standard Model 1377(1)
The Cosmic Connection 1378(5)
Problems and Perspectives 1383
Appendix A Tables 1 (3)
Table A.1 Conversion Factors 1 (1)
Table A.2 Symbols, Dimensions, and Units 2 (2)
of Physical Quantities
Appendix B Mathematics Review 4 (18)
Scientific Notation 4 (1)
Algebra 5 (4)
Geometry 9 (1)
Trigonometry 10 (2)
Series Expansions 12 (1)
Differential Calculus 13 (3)
Integral Calculus 16 (4)
Propagation of Uncertainty 20 (2)
Appendix C Periodic Table of the Elements 22 (2)
Appendix D SI Units 24 (1)
SI Units 24 (1)
Some Derived SI Units 24 (1)
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems 25
Index 1