Chemistry : The Molecular Science (3 PCK HAR/)

Chemistry : The Molecular Science (3 PCK HAR/)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 1105 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495105213
  • DDC分類 540

Table of Contents

    The Nature of Chemistry                        1   (40)
Why Care About Chemistry? 2 (1)
Molecular Medicine 3 (3)
How Science Is Done 6 (1)
Identifying Matter: Physical Properties 7 (5)
Chemical Changes and Chemical Properties 12 (2)
Classifying Matter: Substances and 14 (2)
Mixtures
Classifying Matter: Elements and Compounds 16 (3)
Nanoscale Theories and Models 19 (3)
The Atomic Theory 22 (2)
The Chemical Elements 24 (4)
Communicating Chemistry: Symbolism 28 (2)
Modern Chemical Sciences 30 (11)
Portrait of a Scientist: Susan Band 4 (17)
Horwitz
Chemistry in the News: Nanoscale 21 (3)
Transistors
Estimation: How Tiny Are Atoms and 24 (4)
Molecules?
Portrait of a Scientist: Sir Harold 28 (13)
Kroto
Atoms and Elements 41 (37)
Atomic Structure and Subatomic Particles 42 (3)
The Nuclear Atom 45 (1)
The Sizes of Atoms and the Units Used to 46 (6)
Represent Them
Uncertainty and Significant Figures 52 (2)
Atomic Numbers and Mass Numbers 54 (4)
Isotopes and Atomic Weight 58 (3)
Amounts of Substances: The Mole 61 (1)
Molar Mass and Problem Solving 62 (2)
The Periodic Table 64 (14)
Portrait of a Scientist: Ernest 46 (2)
Rutherford
Tools of Chemistry Scanning Tunneling 48 (8)
Microscopy
Tools of Chemistry Mass Spectrometer 56 (6)
Estimation: The Size of Avogadro's 62 (2)
Number
Portrait of a Scientist: Dmitri 64 (5)
Mendeleev
Chemistry in the News: Running Out of 69 (1)
an Element?
Chemistry You Can Do: Preparing a Pure 70 (8)
Sample of an Element
Chemical Compounds 78 (44)
Molecular Compounds 79 (3)
Naming Binary Inorganic Compounds 82 (2)
Hydrocarbons 84 (2)
Alkanes and Their Isomers 86 (3)
Ions and Ionic Compounds 89 (7)
Naming Ions and Ionic Compounds 96 (2)
Properties of Ionic Compounds 98 (3)
Moles of Compounds 101 (4)
Percent Composition 105 (2)
Determining Empirical and Molecular 107 (2)
Formulas
The Biological Periodic Table 109 (13)
Estimation: Number of Alkane Isomers 88 (23)
Chemistry in the News: Dietary Selenium 111 (1)
Chemistry You Can Do: Pumping Iron: How 112 (1)
Strong Is Your Breakfast Cereal?
Chemistry in the News: Removing Arsenic 112 (10)
from Drinking Water
Quantities of Reactants and Products 122 (41)
Chemical Equations 123 (2)
Patterns of Chemical Reactions 125 (6)
Balancing Chemical Equations 131 (3)
The Mole and Chemical Reactions: The 134 (6)
Macro--Nano Connection
Reactions with One Reactant in Limited 140 (5)
Supply
Evaluating the Success of a Synthesis: 145 (3)
Percent Yield
Percent Composition and Empirical Formulas 148 (15)
Portrait of a Scientist: Antoine 124 (4)
Lavoisier
Portrait of a Scientist: Alfred Nobel 128 (12)
Estimation: How Much CO2 Is Produced by 140 (5)
Your Car?
Chemistry in the News: Smothering 145 (1)
Fire--Water That Isn't Wet
Chemistry You Can Do: Vinegar and 146 (17)
Baking Soda: A Stoichiometry Experiment
Chemical Reactions 163 (50)
Exchange Reactions: Precipitation and Net 164 (7)
Ionic Equations
Acids, Bases, and Acid-Base Exchange 171 (8)
Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 179 (5)
Oxidation Numbers and Redox Reactions 184 (3)
Displacement Reactions, Redox, and the 187 (4)
Activity Series
Solution Concentration 191 (7)
Molarity and Reactions in Aqueous 198 (3)
Solutions
Aqueous Solution Titrations 201 (12)
Chemistry in the News: The Breathalyzer 189 (3)
Chemistry You Can Do: Pennies, Redox, 192 (21)
and the Activity Series of Metals
Energy and Chemical Reactions 213 (59)
The Nature of Energy 214 (3)
Conservation of Energy 217 (5)
Heat Capacity 222 (5)
Energy and Enthalpy 227 (6)
Thermochemical Expressions 233 (2)
Enthalpy Changes for Chemical Reactions 235 (5)
Where Does the Energy Come From? 240 (2)
Measuring Enthalpy Changes: Calorimetry 242 (4)
Hess's Law 246 (2)
Standard Molar Enthalpies of Formation 248 (5)
Chemical Fuels for Home and Industry 253 (3)
Foods: Fuels for Our Bodies 256 (16)
Portrait of a Scientist: James P. Joule 215 (2)
Estimation: Earth's Kinetic Energy 217 (17)
Chemistry You Can Do: Work and Volume 234 (5)
Change
Chemistry You Can Do: Rusting and 239 (6)
Heating
Chemistry in the News: How Small Can a 245 (6)
Calorimeter Be?
Portrait of a Scientist: Reatha Clark 251 (4)
King
Chemistry in the News: Can Hydrogen Be 255 (17)
Stored in Tiny Tanks?
Electron Configurations and the Periodic 272 (60)
Table
Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter 273 (3)
Planck's Quantum Theory 276 (4)
The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom 280 (6)
Beyond the Bohr Model: The Quantum 286 (3)
Mechanical Model of the Atom
Quantum Numbers, Energy Levels, and 289 (6)
Atomic Orbitals
Shapes of Atomic Orbitals 295 (2)
Atom Electron Configurations 297 (7)
Ion Electron Configurations 304 (6)
Periodic Trends: Atomic Radii 310 (3)
Periodic Trends: Ionic Radii 313 (2)
Periodic Trends: Ionization Energies 315 (3)
Periodic Trends: Electron Affinities 318 (1)
Ion Formation and Ionic Compounds 319 (1)
Energy Considerations in Ionic Compound 319 (13)
Formation
Estimation: Turning on the Light Bulb 278 (7)
Portrait of a Scientist: Niels Bohr 285 (1)
Chemistry You Can Do: Using a Compact 286 (8)
Disc (CD) as a Diffraction Grating
Chemistry in the News: Single-Electron 294 (14)
Spin Measurement
Tools of Chemistry Nuclear Magnetic 308 (24)
Resonance and Its Applications
Covalent Bonding 332 (48)
Covalent Bonding 333 (1)
Single Covalent Bonds and Lewis Structures 334 (5)
Single Covalent Bonds in Hydrocarbons 339 (3)
Multiple Covalent Bonds 342 (2)
Multiple Covalent Bonds in Hydrocarbons 344 (3)
Bond Properties: Bond Length and Bond 347 (5)
Energy
Bond Properties: Bond Polarity and 352 (3)
Electronegativity
Formal Charge 355 (2)
Lewis Structures and Resonance 357 (4)
Exceptions to the Octet Rule 361 (2)
Aromatic Compounds 363 (2)
Molecular Orbital Theory 365 (15)
Portrait of a Scientist: Gilbert Newton 334 (20)
Lewis
Portrait of a Scientist: Linus Pauling 354 (12)
Chemistry in the News: Olive Oil and 366 (14)
Ibuprofen
Molecular Structures 380 (49)
Using Molecular Models 381 (1)
Predicting Molecular Shapes: VSEPR 382 (12)
Orbitals Consistent with Molecular 394 (7)
Shapes: Hybridization
Hybridization in Molecules with Multiple 401 (2)
Bonds
Molecular Polarity 403 (4)
Noncovalent Interactions and Forces 407 (9)
Between Molecules
Biomolecules: DNA and the Importance of 416 (13)
Molecular Structure
Tools of Chemistry Infrared Spectroscopy 392 (11)
Portrait of a Scientist: Peter Debye 403 (3)
Tools of Chemistry Ultraviolet-Visible 406 (8)
Spectroscopy
Chemistry in the News: Hydrogen Bonding 414 (1)
and Atmospheric Aerosol Pollution
Chemistry You Can Do: Molecular 415 (3)
Structure and Biological Activity
Portrait of a Scientist: Rosalind 418 (2)
Franklin
Estimation: Base Pairs and DNA 420 (9)
Gases and the Atmosphere 429 (59)
The Atmosphere 430 (2)
Properties of Gases 432 (4)
Kinetic-Molecular Theory 436 (3)
The Behavior of Ideal Gases 439 (6)
The Ideal Gas Law 445 (4)
Quantities of Gases in Chemical Reactions 449 (3)
Gas Density and Molar Masses 452 (2)
Gas Mixtures and Partial Pressures 454 (5)
The Behavior of Real Gases 459 (3)
Chemical Reactions in the Atmosphere 462 (1)
Ozone and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion 462 (4)
Chemistry and Pollution in the Troposphere 466 (7)
Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, the 473 (15)
Greenhouse Effect, and Global Warming
Estimation: Thickness of Earth's 434 (3)
Atmosphere
Chemistry in the News: Nitrogen in Tires 437 (6)
Portrait of a Scientist: Jacques 443 (10)
Alexandre Cesar Charles
Estimation: Helium Balloon Buoyancy 453 (11)
Portrait of a Scientist: F. Sherwood 464 (1)
Rowland
Portrait of a Scientist: Susan Solomon 465 (2)
Chemistry You Can Do: Particle Size and 467 (1)
Visibility
Chemistry in the News: Hazy Observations 468 (20)
Liquids, Solids, and Materials 488 (57)
The Liquid State 489 (3)
Vapor Pressure 492 (3)
Phase Changes: Solids, Liquids, and Gases 495 (12)
Water: An Important Liquid with Unusual 507 (3)
Properties
Types of Solids 510 (2)
Crystalline Solids 512 (7)
Network Solids 519 (2)
Materials Science 521 (3)
Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators 524 (5)
Silicon and the Chip 529 (3)
Cement, Ceramics, and Glass 532 (13)
Chemistry You Can Do: Melting Ice with 506 (3)
Pressure
Chemistry in the News: Melting Below 509 (9)
Zero
Chemistry You Can Do: Closest Packing 518 (3)
of Spheres
Portrait of a Scientist: Dorothy 521 (1)
Crowfoot Hodgkin
Tools of Chemistry X-Ray Crystallography 522 (13)
Chemistry in the News: Brilliant Colors 535 (10)
in Paintings
Fuels, Organic Chemicals, and Polymers 545 (62)
Petroleum 546 (8)
Natural Gas and Coal 554 (2)
Energy Conversions 556 (2)
Organic Chemicals 558 (3)
Alcohols and Their Oxidation Products 561 (8)
Carboxylic Acids and Esters 569 (6)
Synthetic Organic Polymers 575 (15)
Biopolymers: Proteins and Polysaccharides 590 (17)
Tools of Chemistry Gas Chromatography 555 (3)
Estimation: Burning Coal 558 (11)
Portrait of a Scientist: Percy Lavon 569 (12)
Julian
Chemistry You Can Do: Making ``Gluep'' 581 (4)
Chemistry in the News: Superabsorbent 585 (3)
Polymers
Portrait of a Scientist: Stephanie 588 (19)
Louise Kwolek
Chemical Kinetics: Rates of Reactions 607 (64)
Reaction Rate 608 (6)
Effect of Concentration on Reaction Rate 614 (4)
Rate Law and Order of Reaction 618 (6)
A Nanoscale View: Elementary Reactions 624 (7)
Temperature and Reaction Rate: The 631 (4)
Arrhenius Equation
Rate Laws for Elementary Reactions 635 (2)
Reaction Mechanisms 637 (5)
Catalysts and Reaction Rate 642 (3)
Enzymes: Biological Catalysts 645 (7)
Catalysis in Industry 652 (19)
Chemistry You Can Do: Simulating 622 (3)
First-Order and Zeroth-Order Reactions
Estimation: Pesticide Decay 625 (3)
Chemistry You Can Do: Kinetics and 628 (3)
Vision
Portrait of a Scientist: Ahmed H. Zewail 631 (15)
Chemistry You Can Do: Enzymes: 646 (5)
Biological Catalysts
Chemistry in the News: Protease 651 (3)
Inhibitors and AIDS
Chemistry in the News: Catalysis and 654 (17)
Coal
Chemical Equilibrium 671 (50)
Characteristics of Chemical Equilibrium 672 (3)
The Equilibrium Constant 675 (7)
Determining Equilibrium Constants 682 (4)
The Meaning of the Equilibrium Constant 686 (3)
Using Equilibrium Constants 689 (6)
Shifting a Chemical Equilibrium: Le 695 (9)
Chatelier's Principle
Equilibrium at the Nanoscale 704 (2)
Controlling Chemical Reactions: The 706 (15)
Haber-Bosch Process
Chemistry in the News: Bacteria 698 (3)
Communicate Chemically
Estimation: Generating Gaseous Fuel 701 (6)
Portrait of a Scientist: Fritz Haber 707 (14)
The Chemistry of Solutes and Solutions 721 (49)
Solubility and Intermolecular Forces 722 (6)
Enthalpy, Entropy, and Dissolving Solutes 728 (1)
Solubility and Equilibrium 729 (4)
Temperature and Solubility 733 (1)
Pressure and Dissolving Gases in Liquids: 734 (2)
Henry's Law
Solution Concentration: Keeping Track of 736 (8)
Units
Vapor Pressures, Boiling Points, and 744 (8)
Freezing Points of Solutions
Osmotic Pressure of Solutions 752 (4)
Colloids 756 (2)
Surfactants 758 (1)
Water: Natural, Clean, and Otherwise 759 (11)
Chemistry in the News: Bubbling Away: 737 (7)
Delicate and Stout
Chemistry in the News: Buckyballs and 744 (7)
the Environment
Portrait of a Scientist: Jacobus 751 (1)
Henricus van't Hoff
Chemistry in the News: Snow, Salt, and 751 (6)
Environmental Damage
Chemistry You Can Do: Curdled Colloids 757 (13)
Acids and Bases 770 (52)
The Brønsted-Lowry Concept of 771 (6)
Acids and Bases
Carboxylic Acids and Amines 777 (2)
The Autoionization of Water 779 (2)
The pH Scale 781 (3)
Ionization Constants of Acids and Bases 784 (6)
Molecular Structure and Acid Strength 790 (5)
Problem Solving Using Ka and Kb 795 (5)
Acid-Base Reactions of Salts 800 (5)
Lewis Acids and Bases 805 (3)
Practical Acid-Base Chemistry 808 (14)
Chemistry in the News: Acids in Hippo 778 (5)
Sweat
Portrait of a Scientist: Arnold Beckman 783 (28)
Estimation: Using an Antacid 811 (2)
Chemistry You Can Do: Aspirin and 813 (9)
Digestion
Additional Aqueous Equilibria 822 (45)
Buffer Solutions 823 (12)
Acid-Base Titrations 835 (8)
Acid Rain 843 (2)
Solubility Equilibria and the Solubility 845 (3)
Product Constant, Ksp
Factors Affecting Solubility 848 (8)
Precipitation: Will It Occur? 856 (11)
Chemistry in the News: Plant Crystals 858 (9)
Thermodynamics: Directionality of Chemical 867 (53)
Reactions
Reactant-Favored and Product-Favored 868 (1)
Processes
Chemical Reactions and Dispersal of Energy 869 (2)
Measuring Dispersal of Energy: Entropy 871 (7)
Calculating Entropy Changes 878 (1)
Entropy and the Second Law of 878 (5)
Thermodynamics
Gibbs Free Energy 883 (4)
Gibbs Free Energy Changes and Equilibrium 887 (5)
Constants
Gibbs Free Energy, Maximum Work, and 892 (3)
Energy Resources
Gibbs Free Energy and Biological Systems 895 (7)
Conservation of Gibbs Free Energy 902 (3)
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability 905 (15)
Chemistry You Can Do: Energy 872 (1)
Distributions
Portrait of a Scientist: Ludwig 873 (30)
Boltzmann
Estimation: Gibbs Free Energy and 903 (1)
Automobile Travel
Chemistry in the News: Biofuels 904 (16)
Electrochemistry and Its Applications 920 (57)
Redox Reactions 921 (2)
Using Half-Reactions to Understand Redox 923 (6)
Reactions
Electrochemical Cells 929 (4)
Electrochemical Cells and Voltage 933 (5)
Using Standard Cell Potentials 938 (4)
E° and Gibbs Free Energy 942 (4)
Effect of Concentration on Cell Potential 946 (4)
Neuron Cells 950 (3)
Common Batteries 953 (5)
Fuel Cells 958 (1)
Electrolysis--Causing Reactant-Favored 959 (4)
Redox Reactions to Occur
Counting Electrons 963 (3)
Corrosion--Product-Favored Redox Reactions 966 (11)
Chemistry You Can Do: Remove Tarnish 940 (3)
the Easy Way
Portrait of a Scientist: Michael Faraday 943 (11)
Portrait of a Scientist: Wilson 954 (3)
Greatbatch
Chemistry in the News: Hybrid Cars 957 (9)
Estimation: The Cost of Aluminum in a 966 (11)
Beverage Can
Nuclear Chemistry 977 (39)
The Nature of Radioactivity 978 (2)
Nuclear Reactions 980 (3)
Stability of Atomic Nuclei 983 (5)
Rates of Disintegration Reactions 988 (7)
Artificial Transmutations 995 (1)
Nuclear Fission 996 (6)
Nuclear Fusion 1002(1)
Nuclear Radiation: Effects and Units 1003(3)
Applications of Radioactivity 1006(10)
Portrait of a Scientist: Glenn Seaborg 995 (1)
Portrait of a Scientist: Darleane C. 996 (5)
Hoffman
Chemistry in the News: Building a 1001(4)
Repository for High-Level Nuclear Waste
Chemistry You Can Do: Counting 1005(2)
Millirems: Your Radiation Exposure
Estimation: Radioactivity of Common 1007(9)
Foods
The Chemistry of the Main Group Elements 1016(46)
Formation of the Elements 1017(2)
Terrestrial Elements 1019(6)
Some Main Group Elements Extracted by 1025(2)
Physical Methods: Nitrogen, Oxygen, and
Sulfur
Some Main Group Elements Extracted by 1027(6)
Electrolysis: Sodium, Chlorine,
Magnesium, and Aluminum
Some Main Group Elements Extracted by 1033(3)
Chemical Oxidation-Reduction: Phosphorus,
Bromine, and Iodine
A Periodic Perspective: The Main Group 1036(26)
Elements
Chemistry in the News: Glass Sea 1022(10)
Sponge: Delicate but Strong
Portrait of a Scientist: Charles Martin 1032(3)
Hall
Portrait of a Scientist: Herbert H. Dow 1035(27)
Chemistry of Selected Transition Elements 1062
and Coordination Compounds
Properties of the Transition (d-Block) 1063(5)
Elements
Iron and Steel: The Use of Pyrometallurgy 1068(5)
Copper: A Coinage Metal 1073(4)
Silver and Gold: The Other Coinage Metals 1077(1)
Chromium 1078(3)
Coordinate Covalent Bonds: Complex Ions 1081(12)
and Coordination Compounds
Crystal-Field Theory: Color and Magnetism 1093
in Coordination Compounds
Estimation: Steeling Automobiles 1070(9)
Chemistry in the News: Gold 1079(9)
Nanoparticles in Drug Delivery
Chemistry You Can Do: A Penny for Your 1088(1)
Thoughts
Portrait of a Scientist: Alfred Werner 1089
Appendices 1 (1)
Answers to Problem-Solving Practice 45 (18)
Problems
Answers to Exercises 63 (20)
Answers to Selected Questions for Review 83
and Thought
Glossary 1 (1)
Index 1