The Human Services Internship : Getting the Most from Your Experience (2ND)

The Human Services Internship : Getting the Most from Your Experience (2ND)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 342 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495092261
  • DDC分類 361.007155

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xiii
Introduction xix
Getting Ready 1 (20)
So What Is an Internship? 2 (1)
Myths About Internships 3 (4)
Myth #1: My Fieldwork Will Probably 3 (1)
Lead to a Job Within That Agency
Myth #2: While Doing My Fieldwork, I 4 (1)
Will Learn by Doing and Will Not Have
Assignments and Homework as in
Traditional Classes
Myth #3: An Internship Is Like an 4 (1)
Apprenticeship. I Will Work Under a
Qualified Professional and Learn to Do
as He or She Does
Myth #4: As an Intern I Will Have the 5 (1)
Responsibilities and Autonomy of a
Professional Staff Person
Myth #5: Doing an Internship Is Like 5 (1)
Being a Volunteer in the Organization
Myth #6: Doing an Internship Is Like 6 (1)
Doing a Service-Learning Project
Myth #7: If I Do Not Enjoy My 6 (1)
Internship, I Must Have Chosen the
Wrong Field Site or the Wrong Career
Myth #8: For My Fieldwork to Be Most 7 (1)
Useful, It Should Be in the Same Type
of Job I Would Like to Find After
Graduation
Myth #9: Everyone Gets an ``A'' in the 7 (1)
Internship
Why Do an Internship? 7 (2)
Understanding Your Internship as 9 (6)
Developing Over Time
Stage 1: Preplacement Stage 10 (1)
Stage 2: Initiation Stage 10 (2)
Stage 3: Working Stage 12 (1)
Stage 4: Termination Stage 13 (2)
Developing an Electronic Portfolio 15 (2)
Educational E-Portfolios 15 (1)
E-Portfolio Benefits 16 (1)
E-Portfolio Formats 17 (1)
Conclusion 17 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 18 (1)
References 18 (3)
Getting Started 21 (20)
Selecting a Field Site 22 (8)
Considering Populations 23 (1)
Considering Fields of Practice 24 (3)
(Settings)
Considering Agency/Worker Function 27 (3)
The Initial Meeting with Your Prospective 30 (3)
Supervisor
Developing a Learning Plan 33 (5)
Identifying Goals 34 (1)
Identifying Strategies 35 (1)
Identifying Methods of Assessment 35 (3)
Conclusion 38 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 39 (1)
References 39 (2)
Getting Acquainted 41 (28)
Getting to Know Your Agency 42 (1)
Getting to Know Your Co-Workers 43 (3)
Understanding Your Role in the 45 (1)
Organization
Learning About the Agency's Mission, 46 (3)
Goals, Objectives, and Strategies
Learning About the Agency's 49 (2)
Organizational Structure
Learning About Agency Funding 51 (2)
Learning About the Agency's Network 53 (2)
Learning About Your Client Groups 55 (2)
Learning About the Context of Your 57 (8)
Organization
Getting to Know the Community 57 (5)
Understanding the Agency's Legal, 62 (3)
Social, and Political Contexts
Conclusion 65 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 66 (1)
References 66 (3)
Learning to Learn from Experience: The 69 (24)
Integrative Processing Model
The Role of Reflection in Learning from 69 (1)
Experience
Student Example 70 (2)
An Overview of the Integrative Processing 72 (1)
Model
Step 1: Gathering Objective Data from 73 (2)
Concrete Experience
Step 2: Reflecting 75 (1)
Step 3: Identifying Relevant Theory and 76 (1)
Knowledge
Step 4: Examining Dissonance 77 (2)
Step 5: Articulating Learning 79 (1)
Step 6: Developing a Plan 80 (3)
Applying the Integrative Processing Model 83 (7)
Case Example 1: A Direct Service 83 (3)
Situation
Case Example 2: An Administrative 86 (4)
Services Situation
Conclusion 90 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 90 (1)
References 91 (2)
Using Supervision 93 (16)
Understanding the Supervisory Relationship 94 (1)
Supervisor Characteristics 95 (3)
Student Characteristics 98 (2)
Working Within the Supervisory 100 (7)
Relationship
Supervision Is a Planned Contact 100 (1)
Supervision Is Prepared For 101 (1)
Supervision Involves Discussing 101 (1)
Professional Issues
Supervision Includes Planning 102 (1)
Supervision Generates Feedback 103 (4)
Conclusion 107 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 107 (1)
References 107 (2)
Communicating with Clients 109 (32)
The Basic Skills 110 (9)
Values and Attitudes 110 (2)
Active Listening 112 (2)
Client Interviewing 114 (2)
Exploration Skills 116 (1)
Action Skills 117 (2)
Working with Individuals 119 (6)
Working with Reluctant Clients 119 (3)
Case Management and Advocacy 122 (3)
Working with Families 125 (3)
Working with Groups 128 (6)
Working with Communities 134 (4)
Community Education 134 (1)
Community Organization 135 (1)
Political Engagement 135 (3)
Conclusion 138 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 138 (1)
References 138 (3)
Dealing with Diversity 141 (28)
An Overview 141 (1)
Understanding Concepts Related to 142 (2)
Diversity
Experiencing Diverse Groups 144 (2)
Increasing Your Knowledge About Other 146 (2)
Cultures
Developing Awareness of Your Own Culture 148 (3)
Decreasing Ethnocentrism 151 (3)
Case Example: One Placement + Two 152 (2)
Students = Cultural Insight
Understanding Biculturalism as an 154 (9)
Adaptive Mechanism
Case Example: A Client Learns to Be 155 (2)
Bicultural
Understanding Social Location 157 (2)
Understanding Power Differentials 159 (3)
Considering the Isms and You 162 (1)
Understanding Agency Culture 163 (2)
Conclusion 165 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 166 (1)
References 166 (3)
Developing Ethical Competence 169 (22)
An Overview 170 (1)
Competency 1: Understanding the Ethical 171 (4)
and Legal Foundations of the Profession
Ethical Standards of the Human Service 171 (1)
Profession
Legal Issues and Standards of the 172 (3)
Profession
Competency 2: Understanding the Values 175 (1)
and Ideals That Should Guide Responsible
Human Services Practice
Competency 3: Recognizing the Ethical, 176 (6)
Legal, and Values Issues Involved in Any
Given Practice Situation
Case Example 1 176 (2)
Case Example 2 178 (1)
Case Example 3 179 (3)
Competency 4: Weighing Conflicting 182 (7)
Ethical and Values Positions in a Given
Situation and Making Decisions Between
Them
The Ethical Principles Screen 182 (1)
Case Example 4 183 (2)
Ethical Decision Making 185 (4)
Conclusion 189 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 189 (1)
References 189 (2)
Writing and Reporting Within Your Field 191 (28)
Agency
Writing in Human Service Settings 192 (2)
Case Examples: Two Cautionary Tales on 193 (1)
the Importance of Documentation
Written Reports Related to Direct 194 (12)
Services to Clients
Purposes of Documentation 195 (2)
Ground Rules for Documentation 197 (1)
Common Types of Written Reports 198 (8)
Regarding Direct Client Care
Written Reports Related to Administrative 206 (5)
Services
Reports About Agency Programs 206 (1)
Time Interval Reports 206 (1)
Reports to the Board of Directors 207 (1)
Funding Requests 208 (2)
Public Relations 210 (1)
Oral Reporting 211 (5)
Conclusion 216 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 216 (1)
References 217 (2)
Managing Your Feelings and Your Stress 219 (24)
Developing Self-Awareness 220 (1)
Developing Self-Understanding 221 (1)
Developing Assertiveness 222 (3)
Case Example: A Nonassertive Response 224 (1)
to a Problem
Developing Conflict Resolution Skills 225 (3)
Developing Positive Self-Talk 228 (3)
Developing Self-Control 231 (2)
Learning to Manage Your Stress 233 (6)
Conclusion 239 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 240 (1)
References 240 (3)
Trouble-Shooting 243 (28)
Making Mistakes and Learning from Them 244 (1)
Case Example 1 244 (1)
Making More Serious Mistakes 245 (3)
Case Example 2 246 (2)
Maintaining Good Work Habits 248 (2)
Case Example 3 248 (2)
Maintaining Appropriate Professional 250 (3)
Boundaries
Case Example 4 251 (1)
Case Example 5 252 (1)
Guarding Against Dual Relationships 253 (5)
Case Example 6 254 (2)
Case Example 7 256 (2)
Maintaining a Balance Between Your Work 258 (6)
Life and Your Personal Life
Case Example 8 259 (3)
Case Example 9 262 (2)
Keeping Safe 264 (3)
Conclusion 267 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 267 (1)
References 268 (3)
Ending Your Internship 271 (30)
Evaluating Your Performance 272 (1)
Understanding the Final Evaluation 272 (2)
Preparing for Your Evaluation 274 (2)
The Field Supervisor's Perspective 276 (1)
The Evaluation Conference 277 (3)
The Faculty Liaison's Perspective 280 (1)
Leaving Your Internship 281 (1)
General Guidelines for Positive 282 (7)
Termination
Be Aware of Your Previous Experiences 282 (2)
and Patterns with Terminations
Be Self-Aware, Recognizing Your Needs 284 (1)
and Wants
Reflect Upon and Deal with Your Feelings 285 (1)
Review the Experience 286 (1)
Acknowledge the Progress and the 286 (3)
Changes That You Have Made
Saying Good-Bye to Your Supervisor 289 (2)
Saying Good-Bye to Your Clients 291 (4)
Transferring Your Work 295 (2)
Termination Rituals 297 (1)
Conclusion 298 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 298 (1)
References 299 (2)
Planning Your Career 301 (26)
Where Are You Now? Thinking About the 302 (1)
``Answered Questions''
Where Are You Now? Thinking About the 303 (2)
``Unanswered Questions''
Where Are You Going? Clarifying Your 305 (3)
Career Goals
Case Example 1: Defining Skills 305 (1)
Case Example 2: Finding a Niche 306 (2)
Achieving Your Career Goals 308 (3)
Case Example 3: Finding the Right Focus 308 (1)
Case Example 4: Finding a Specialization 309 (1)
Case Example 5: Finding a Way 309 (1)
Case Example 6: Finding a Job 310 (1)
Basic Steps in Career Development 311 (6)
Step 1: Clarifying Long-Term Goals as 311 (2)
Distinct from Short-Term Goals or
Intermediate Goals
Step 2: Doing Your Research (For a Job 313 (1)
or an Advanced Academic Program)
Case Example 6 Continued: Research 314 (2)
Step 3: Conducting a Job Search 316 (1)
Case Example 6 Continued: The Job Search 316 (1)
Developing a Resume 317 (2)
Writing Effective Letters 319 (2)
Developing Interviewing Skills 321 (2)
Maintaining a Positive Outlook 323 (1)
Conclusion 324 (1)
For Your E-Portfolio 324 (1)
References 325 (2)
Appendix Ethical Standards of Human Service 327 (6)
Professionals
Index 333