Introduction to Counseling : Voices from the Field (6TH)

Introduction to Counseling : Voices from the Field (6TH)

  • ただいまウェブストアではご注文を受け付けておりません。 ⇒古書を探す
  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 572 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495092094
  • DDC分類 616

Full Description


INTRODUCTION TO COUNSELING brings you the most complete and up-to-date information on what counseling is as well as its history, theoretical orientations, applications, and professional issues. In this edition, new co-author David S. Shepard adds his years experience to the text to show you how to apply the most recent counseling theories to your future professional practice. Throughout the text, you will explore unflinching accounts of the day-to-day realities of being a counselor that will help you prepare for a career with your eyes and heart wide open.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xvi
Part 1 The Professional Counselor 1 (124)
What Counseling Is and How It Works 3 (24)
Why Be a Counselor? 4 (5)
To Be a Counselor 9 (7)
Dealing with Anxiety 10 (1)
Making a Commitment 10 (1)
Striving for Excellence 11 (2)
Adopting a Neutral Posture 13 (1)
Subjugating Personal Needs 14 (1)
Coping with Discomfort 15 (1)
Dealing with Ambiguity 16 (1)
Definitions of Counseling 16 (3)
Why Does Counseling Work? 19 (4)
Significance of the Self 21 (2)
Summary 23 (1)
Self-Guided Explorations 24 (1)
Suggested Readings 25 (2)
Foundations of Counseling 27 (30)
Basics of History and Research 28 (1)
The Identity of Counseling 28 (4)
History of Counseling 32 (12)
The Ancient Philosophers 33 (1)
The First Psychiatrists 33 (2)
Influences from Psychology 35 (1)
The Guidance Era 36 (2)
The Counseling Era 38 (2)
The Era of Counseling 40 (4)
Licensing and Regulation in Counseling 44 (2)
Research Foundations of Counseling 46 (4)
Counselors as Scientist-Practitioners 46 (1)
Research for the Counselor 47 (3)
Two Different Approaches to Research 50 (3)
Quantitative Research: Measuring 50 (1)
Experiences
Qualitative Research: Exploring 50 (2)
Experiences
Counseling and Research Process 52 (1)
Becoming an Informed Consumer of Research 53 (1)
Summary 54 (1)
Self-Guided Explorations 54 (1)
Suggested Readings 55 (2)
Settings for Counseling 57 (35)
What Counselors Have in Common 59 (9)
A Unique Identity 60 (1)
Many Different Roles 61 (2)
A Set of Generic Skills 63 (1)
A Set of Common Goals 64 (1)
Both Developmental and Remedial 65 (2)
Orientation
Teamwork 67 (1)
A Day in the Life 68 (13)
High School 68 (2)
Private Practice 70 (2)
Preschool 72 (2)
Mental Health Center 74 (1)
Crisis Center 75 (2)
Street Ministry 77 (2)
University Counseling Center 79 (1)
Counseling in Industry 79 (2)
The Future Is Now: New Issues in 81 (4)
Counseling
Counseling on the Internet 81 (4)
The Value of a Flexible Specialty 85 (4)
Guidelines for Selecting a Counseling 87 (2)
Specialty
Summary 89 (1)
Self-Guided Explorations 90 (1)
Suggested Readings 90 (2)
The Therapeutic Relationship 92 (33)
Qualities of Counseling Relationships 93 (5)
Perspectives on Helping Relationships 98 (5)
A Bit More of History 98 (1)
Congruence, Positive Regard, and Empathy 99 (1)
Working Alliance 100(1)
Multiple Models of Relationship 101(2)
Counselors as Relationship Specialists 103(3)
Conflict Resolution in Relationships 106(2)
Practical Dimensions of the Therapeutic 108(6)
Relationship
Commitment 108(1)
Trust 109(1)
Empathy 109(2)
Confidentiality 111(1)
Benevolent Power 111(1)
Reciprocal Effects in the Helping 112(1)
Relationship
Experiencing the Therapeutic 113(1)
Relationship as a Client
Creating a Relationship in the Initial 114(8)
Interview
Establishing Rules 115(1)
Planting Hope 116(1)
Assuring Confidentiality 117(1)
Assessing Expectations 117(1)
Collecting Information 118(1)
Identifying Problems 119(1)
Beginning Intervention 120(1)
First-Session Agenda Review 120(2)
Summary 122(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 123(1)
Suggested Readings 124(1)
Part 2 Counseling Approaches 125(138)
Insight-Oriented Approaches 127(37)
Introduction to Theory Construction 128(4)
Approximation of Truth and Reality 130(2)
Client-Centered Counseling 132(6)
Aliases: Nondirective, Person-Centered, 132(1)
Humanistic, Rogerian, Emotion-Focused
Basic Assumptions 133(2)
Favorite Techniques 135(1)
Criticisms of Client-Centered Counseling 136(2)
Personal Applications 138(1)
Existential Counseling 138(5)
Aliases: Humanistic, Phenomenological, 138(2)
Experiential
Premises of Existential Counseling 140(2)
Criticisms of Existential Counseling 142(1)
Personal Applications 142(1)
Psychoanalytic Counseling 143(7)
Aliases: Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic 143(1)
Therapy, Object Relations, Self
Psychology
Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts 144(1)
Layers of Awareness 144(1)
Stages of Personal Development 145(1)
Structure of the Psyche 145(1)
Defense Mechanisms 146(3)
Criticisms of Psychoanalytic Counseling 149(1)
Personal Applications 150(1)
Gestalt Counseling 150(4)
Originators and Basic Concepts 150(2)
Techniques of Gestalt Counseling 152(1)
Criticisms of Gestalt Counseling 153(1)
Honorable Mentions 154(5)
Adlerian Counseling 154(2)
Narrative Therapy 156(1)
Feminist Therapies 157(2)
The Future Is Now: New Issues in 159(1)
Counseling
Interpersonal Neurobiology 159(1)
Summary 160(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 160(2)
Suggested Readings 162(2)
Action-Oriented Approaches 164(30)
Behavioral Counseling 166(6)
Aliases: Behaviorism, Behavior 166(1)
Modification, Behavior Therapy
Early Background 167(1)
Behavioral Technology 168(4)
Criticisms of the Behavioral Approach 172(1)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Rational 172(8)
Emotive Behavior Therapy
Aliases: CBT, REBT, Rational Behavior 172(4)
Therapy, Cognitive Restructuring
Basic Points of CBT 176(2)
Criticisms of Cognitive-Based Therapies 178(1)
Personal Applications 179(1)
Solution-Focused Counseling 180(6)
Aliases: Solution-Oriented Counseling, 180(4)
Single-Session Therapy, Problem-Solving
Therapy, Brief Therapy
Criticisms of Solution-Focused 184(1)
Counseling
Personal Applications 185(1)
Honorable Mentions 186(5)
Multimodal Counseling 186(1)
Reality Therapy 186(1)
Expressive Therapies 187(4)
Summary 191(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 191(2)
Suggested Readings 193(1)
Integrating Theory and Counseling Skills 194(31)
A Personal Journey 195(2)
Movement toward Integration 197(2)
The Future Is Now: New Issues in 199(2)
Counseling
Transpersonal Counseling 199(2)
Grabbing Truth by the Tail 201(1)
A Personal Theory 202(2)
Criteria of Effectiveness 202(1)
Guidelines for Usefulness 203(1)
Stages in Developing a Personal Theory 204(6)
Entry 204(2)
Mentorhood 206(1)
Eclecticism 207(1)
Experimentation 207(1)
Pragmatism 207(2)
Evidence-Based Practice 209(1)
How Are You Doing So Far? 210(5)
Generic Counseling Skills 213(1)
Stages of the Counseling Process 213(2)
Pivotal Counseling Skills 215(6)
Being Intentional and Reliable 215(1)
Significance of Attending Skills 216(5)
Summary 221(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 222(2)
Suggested Readings 224(1)
Assessment, Testing, and the Diagnostic 225(38)
Process
Listening versus Assessing 227(2)
What Is Assessment? 229(1)
The Role of Testing in the Assessment 230(4)
Process
Technology and Assessment 232(1)
Why Study Testing? 232(2)
Standardized Measures 234(7)
Tests of Ability 235(1)
Tests of Aptitude 236(1)
Tests of Achievement 237(1)
Tests of Typical Performance 237(3)
Selecting Tests 240(1)
Nonstandardized Measures 241(2)
Observational Assessment 241(1)
Rating Scales 242(1)
Self-Assessment 242(1)
Using Assessment Methods in Counseling 243(6)
Test Interpretation 243(1)
Summary of Assessment Principles 244(1)
Critical Application of Assessment 245(1)
Principles: Recognizing Red Flags
Reporting Child Abuse 246(1)
Clients at Risk of Harming Themselves 247(2)
or Others
Formal and Functional Diagnosis 249(11)
Diagnosis 251(5)
Ethical Concerns 256(3)
Behavioral Diagnosis 259(1)
Summary 260(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 260(1)
Suggested Readings 261(2)
PART 3 COUNSELING APPLICATIONS 263(174)
Group Counseling 265(31)
Survey of Groups 266(9)
Encounter Groups 269(1)
An Encounter Group in Action 269(1)
Psychoeducational Groups 270(1)
A Psychoeducational Group in Action 271(1)
Counseling Groups 271(1)
A Counseling Group in Action 272(1)
Therapy Groups 273(1)
A Therapy Group in Action 273(1)
Self-Help and Support Groups 273(2)
Some Considerations in the Use of Group 275(1)
Modalities
Counteracting Potential Limitations 276(1)
Advantages of Group Work 277(4)
Cost Efficiency 277(1)
Spectator Effects 277(1)
Stimulation Value 278(1)
Opportunities for Feedback 278(1)
Support 279(1)
Structured Practice 280(1)
Basic Assumptions about Groups 281(8)
Group Process Stages 285(2)
High-Functioning Groups 287(2)
Cues for Intervention 289(2)
Abusive Behavior 289(1)
Rambling and Digressions 289(1)
Withdrawal and Passivity 290(1)
Lethargy and Boredom 290(1)
Semantic Errors 291(1)
Specialized Skills of Group Work 291(3)
Special Training 293(1)
Summary 294(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 294(1)
Suggested Readings 295(1)
Marital, Family, and Sex Counseling 296(34)
Family versus Individual Counseling 298(2)
Family Counseling Theories 300(2)
Power in Relationships 302(4)
Symptoms as Solutions 306(1)
Interpreting Symptoms as Metaphors 306(1)
Diagnostic Questions 307(1)
Reframing 308(3)
Directives 311(4)
Forcing the Spontaneous 312(1)
Opposition through Compliance 312(1)
Pretending 313(1)
Slowing Down 314(1)
Couples Counseling 315(4)
Goals of Couples Counseling 316(1)
Dealing with Anger 317(2)
Theories of Couples Counseling 319(5)
Problem-Solving Theories 319(5)
Ethical Issues in Couples and Family 324(1)
Counseling
Sex Counseling 325(2)
Sensate Focus Exercises 326(1)
Summary 327(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 327(2)
Suggested Readings 329(1)
Career Counseling 330(32)
Career Development: A Case Example 331(3)
The Functions of Work 334(1)
Roles of Counseling 335(5)
Facilitating Self-Awareness 336(1)
Becoming Familiar with the World of Work 337(1)
Teaching Decision-Making Skills 338(1)
Teaching Employability Skills 339(1)
Life Coaching 339(1)
Theories of Career Development 340(12)
Theodore Caplow's Theory 341(1)
Donald Super's Theory 341(2)
John Holland's Theory 343(2)
Robert Hoppock's Theory 345(2)
Anne Roe's Theory 347(1)
John Krumboltz's Theory 348(1)
Linda Gottfredson's Theory 349(2)
Postmodern Theories 351(1)
Career Education 352(2)
Abilities 353(1)
Interests 353(1)
Values 354(1)
Career Decision Making 354(1)
Trends and Issues in Career Counseling 355(2)
Changes in the Workplace 356(1)
Work and Leisure 357(1)
The Future Is Now: New Issues in 357(2)
Counseling
The Impact of Technology 357(2)
Summary 359(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 359(1)
Suggested Readings 360(2)
Addictions Counseling and Psychopharmacology 362(35)
The Pervasive Condition of Addiction 363(1)
Symptoms of Addiction 364(1)
Drug Use and Drug Abuse 365(3)
Our Drug Culture 368(2)
Effects of Drug Abuse 370(1)
Adolescent Drug Use 370(1)
Prevention 371(1)
The Future Is Now: New Issues in 372(2)
Counseling
Internet Addiction 372(2)
Principles for Counseling the Chemically 374(13)
Dependent
Medical Model 374(2)
AA/NA Model 376(3)
Therapeutic Model 379(1)
Relapse Prevention 380(3)
Psychopharmacology for Counselors 383(4)
Psychopharmacological Treatment of 387(5)
Emotional Disorders
Medications for Depression 387(1)
Medications for Bipolar Disorders 388(1)
Medications for Anxiety 389(2)
Medications for Psychotic Disorders 391(1)
Psychopharmacology and Children 392(1)
Counselor Self-Reflection 393(1)
Summary 394(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 395(1)
Suggested Readings 396(1)
Counseling Diverse Clients 397(40)
Multiple Conceptions of Culture 398(2)
Being Culturally Sensitive 400(3)
Influence of Biases 403(4)
Identity Issues 407(2)
Preferred Clients 409(1)
Counseling Women 410(4)
Counseling Men 414(2)
Counseling Ethnic Minorities 416(5)
Counseling the Aged 421(3)
Counseling Lesbians and Gay Men 424(3)
Counseling Clients Who Are Physically 427(2)
Challenged
The Future Is Now: New Issues in 429(4)
Counseling
Counseling Clients with Strong 429(4)
Religious/Spiritual Values
Summary 433(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 433(2)
Suggested Readings 435(2)
PART 4 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE 437(50)
Ethical and Legal Issues 439(30)
Client Rights 440(2)
Professional Codes 442(1)
Divided Loyalties 443(1)
Areas of Ethical Difficulty 444(15)
Multiple Relationships 445(2)
Sexual Improprieties 447(2)
Clinical Misjudgments and Failures 449(2)
Deception and Informed Consent 451(2)
Confidentiality and Privileged 453(1)
Communication
Recent Trends 454(5)
Making Ethical Decisions 459(3)
Legal Issues in Counseling 462(5)
Summary 467(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 467(1)
Suggested Readings 468(1)
Toward Closure: Advice for the Passionately 469(18)
Committed Counseling Student
Be Self-Directed 470(1)
Read 470(1)
Find a Mentor 471(1)
Network 471(1)
Volunteer to Do Research 472(1)
Ask Questions 472(1)
Challenge Your Teachers 472(1)
Challenge Yourself 473(1)
Experience Counseling as a Client 473(1)
Personalize Everything 473(1)
Expand Your World 474(1)
Become Active in Professional 475(1)
Organizations
Develop a Flexible Specialty 476(1)
Resist Burnout 476(1)
Confront Your Fears of Failure 477(1)
Get the Most from Supervision 478(1)
Seize the Day 478(1)
What Most Students Don't Learn Until It 479(5)
Is Way Too Late
Variations on a Theme 484(1)
A Closing Voice from the Field 484(1)
Self-Guided Explorations 485(1)
Personal Reflections 485(1)
Suggested Readings 485(2)
Appendix A American Counseling Association 487(57)
(ACA) Code of Ethics
References 544(18)
Index 562