The Rhetorical Act : Thinking, Speaking and Writing Critically (4TH)

The Rhetorical Act : Thinking, Speaking and Writing Critically (4TH)

  • ただいまウェブストアではご注文を受け付けておりません。 ⇒古書を探す
  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 324 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495091721
  • DDC分類 808

Full Description


THE RHETORICAL ACTEdition, teaches you how to craft and critique rhetorical messages that influence, inviting and enabling you to become an articulate rhetor and critic of the symbolic universe. The text combines thorough coverage of rhetorical criticism, media literacy, and strategic public speaking, providing a solid grounding in essential concepts while helping you hone your skills in each area.

Table of Contents

Preface                                            xv
Prologue: ``Why Study Rhetoric?'' xviii
PART ONE Fundamentals of Rhetorical Action
A Rhetorical Perspective 1 (21)
What Is Rhetoric? 3 (4)
Rhetorical Acts 7 (1)
Rhetorical Purposes 8 (6)
Creating Virtual Experience 8 (1)
Altering Perception 9 (1)
Explaining 10 (1)
Formulating Belief 11 (1)
Initiating Action 12 (1)
Maintaining Action 13 (1)
The Discipline of Rhetoric 14 (1)
Criticism Is Feedback 15 (1)
Material for Analysis 16 (2)
Excerpt from Janine DiGiovanni, 16 (2)
``Madness Visible: Kosovo Diary,''
Questions for Analysis 18 (1)
Exercises 18 (2)
Critical Thinking Exercises 18 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 19 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 20 (1)
Notes 20 (2)
The Rhetorical Act 22 (14)
Elements of Rhetorical Action 24 (1)
Material for Analysis I 25 (3)
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address 25 (1)
Rhetorical Analysis of Lincoln's 26 (1)
Gettysburg Address
Elements of Descriptive Analysis Applied 26 (2)
Questions for Analysis: Gettysburg 28 (1)
Address
Material for Analysis II 28 (6)
Conclusion of the Reverend Martin 29 (1)
Luther King Jr.'s Speech, April 4, 1968
Sample Critique: ``I've Been to the 30 (4)
Mountaintop''
Exercises 34 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 34 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 35 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 35 (1)
Notes 35 (1)
Crafting Your Rhetorical Act 36 (43)
Understanding Speech Anxiety 36 (2)
Picking a Topic 38 (2)
Ways to Captivate An Audience 40 (1)
Presentation Guidelines 41 (2)
Researching a Subject 43 (4)
General Sources 43 (4)
Organizing Your Material 47 (6)
Narrowing or Limiting Your Topic 47 (2)
Choosing a Thesis 49 (3)
Outlining 52 (1)
Introductions and Conclusions 53 (2)
Preparing Your Presentation 55 (3)
Transitions 56 (1)
Practicing and Editing 57 (1)
Delivering a Speech 58 (2)
Preparing a Scene 58 (1)
Using Visual Aids 59 (1)
Nonverbal Presentation Guidelines 60 (2)
Appearance 60 (1)
Facial Expression 61 (1)
Posture 61 (1)
Gesture 61 (1)
Eye Contact 61 (1)
Movement 62 (1)
Verbal Presentation Guidelines 62 (3)
Rate 62 (1)
Volume 63 (1)
Pitch 63 (1)
Enunciation 63 (1)
Dramatic Pause 63 (2)
Strategy Report 65 (2)
Material for Analysis 67 (9)
Speaking to Alter Perception 67 (2)
Questions for Analysis 69 (1)
Speaking to Explain 69 (2)
Questions for Analysis 71 (1)
Speaking to Initiate Action 72 (4)
Questions for Analysis 76 (1)
Exercises 76 (2)
Critical Thinking Exercises 76 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 77 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 77 (1)
Notes 78 (1)
PART TWO Resources for Rhetorical Action
The Resources of Evidence 79 (24)
Stories 81 (2)
Statistics 83 (4)
Visuals 87 (3)
Analogies 90 (3)
Literal Analogies 90 (1)
Figurative Analogies 91 (2)
Expertise or Authority 93 (2)
Material for Analysis 95 (6)
Eliot Weinburger, What I Heard about 95 (6)
Iraq in 2005
Questions for Analysis 101 (1)
Exercises 101 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 101 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 102 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 102 (1)
Notes 102 (1)
The Resources of Argument 103 (29)
Claims 104 (1)
Reasons 105 (1)
Issues 106 (4)
Questions of Fact 106 (1)
Questions of Value 107 (1)
Questions of Policy 107 (3)
Invention 110 (4)
Enthymemes 114 (3)
Dimensions of Rhetorical Action 117 (9)
Instrumental--Consummatory 118 (1)
Justificatory--Ritualistic 118 (1)
Logical--Associative 119 (1)
Literal--Figurative 120 (1)
Factual--Psychological 121 (1)
Strategies of Proof 121 (5)
Material for Analysis 126 (3)
Dale Bumpers, High Crimes and 126 (2)
Misdemeanors, Testimony at Impeachment
Trial
Questions for Analysis 128 (1)
Exercises 129 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 129 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 129 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 130 (1)
Notes 130 (2)
The Resources of Organization 132 (27)
The Thesis 133 (1)
Outlining 133 (3)
Forms of Organization 136 (9)
Sequence Structures 136 (2)
The Little Girl and the Wolf 138 (2)
Topical Structures 140 (2)
Logical Structures 142 (3)
Adapting Structure to the Audience 145 (5)
Introductions 146 (1)
Conclusions 147 (3)
Adapting Your Outline to the Audience 150 (3)
Deductive Structure 150 (1)
Inductive Structure 151 (1)
Two-Sided or Refutative Structure 151 (2)
Material for Analysis 153 (4)
Condoleezza Rice, Commencement Address 153 (4)
at Michigan State University, 2004
Questions for Analysis 157 (1)
Exercises 157 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 157 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 157 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 157 (1)
Notes 158 (1)
The Resources of Language 159 (31)
The Characteristics of Language 159 (6)
Naming 160 (2)
Abstracting 162 (2)
Negating 164 (1)
Style 165 (4)
Formality/Informality 165 (1)
Precision/Ambiguity 166 (1)
Literal/Figurative 166 (1)
Economy/Redundancy 167 (1)
Evaluating Style 168 (1)
Strategies 169 (13)
Strategies to Animate and Vivify 169 (7)
Strategies to Change Connotations 176 (6)
Material for Analysis I 182 (3)
Frederick Douglass, ``What to the Slave 182 (3)
Is the Fourth of July?''
Questions for Analysis 185 (1)
Material for Analysis II 185 (2)
Donna Britt, ``A One-Word Assault on 185 (2)
Women
Questions for Analysis 187 (1)
Exercises 187 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 187 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 188 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 188 (1)
Notes 188 (2)
PART THREE Context of Rhetorical Action
Challenges Arising from the Audience 190 (22)
The Audience 192 (3)
The Empirical Audience 192 (1)
The Target Audience 193 (1)
The Agents of Change 193 (1)
The Created Audience 193 (2)
Inattention 195 (1)
Misperception and Misinterpretation 196 (4)
Attitudes 197 (1)
Beliefs 198 (1)
Decoding 198 (2)
Lack of Motivation 200 (2)
Needs 200 (1)
Values 201 (1)
Inertia 202 (2)
Material for Analysis 204 (4)
Angelina Grimke, Address at 205 (3)
Pennsylvania Hall, 1838
Questions for Analysis 208 (1)
Exercises 208 (2)
Critical Thinking Exercises 208 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 209 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 210 (1)
Notes 210 (2)
Challenges Arising from the Subject and 212 (19)
Purpose
Subject-Related Challenges 213 (6)
Complexity 213 (2)
Cultural History 215 (1)
The Star-Spangled Earache: What So 215 (4)
Loudly We Wail
Purpose-Related Challenges 219 (2)
Cost 219 (1)
Control 220 (1)
Material for Analysis 221 (7)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, ``The Solitude 222 (6)
of Self''
Questions for Analysis 228 (1)
Exercises 228 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 228 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 229 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 229 (1)
Notes 229 (2)
Opportunities and Challenges Arising from 231 (15)
the Rhetor
Prior Ethos 233 (5)
Reputation 234 (1)
Appearance 235 (2)
Your Introduction 237 (1)
The Context 237 (1)
The Occasion 237 (1)
Ethos from the Rhetorical Act 238 (4)
Identification 239 (1)
Social Power 240 (1)
Participation 240 (2)
The Rhetorical Context: Interrelationships 242 (1)
Material for Analysis 242 (2)
Alexander Cockburn, ``Is Global Warming 242 (2)
a Sin?''
Questions for Analysis 244 (1)
Exercises 244 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 244 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 245 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 245 (1)
Notes 245 (1)
PART FOUR Special Constraints on Rhetorical
Action
Understanding Evaluation 246 (15)
Standards for Evaluation 247 (6)
The Artistic Standard 247 (2)
The Effects Standard 249 (1)
The Truth Standard 250 (1)
The Ethical Standard 251 (2)
Special Constraints 253 (3)
Competing Rhetorical Action 253 (1)
Preceding or Subsequent Events 254 (2)
Material for Analysis 256 (3)
Malcolm X, Statement on ``The Ballot or 256 (2)
The Bullet'', 1964
Questions for Analysis 258 (1)
Exercises 259 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 259 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 259 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 260 (1)
Note 260 (1)
Understanding Visual Rhetoric 261 (14)
Principles of Visual Rhetoric 263 (3)
Visual Messages and Elements of 266 (3)
Descriptive Analysis
Problems of Visual Rhetoric 269 (2)
Material for Analysis 271 (1)
Hollywood Squares Montage of Visuals 271 (1)
Questions for Analysis 272 (1)
Exercises 272 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 272 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 272 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 273 (1)
Notes 273 (2)
Understanding the Medium of Transmission 275 (18)
The Mass Media as Rhetorical Construct 276 (3)
The Medium Is the Message 279 (4)
Mass Media and Campaigns and Movements 283 (3)
Women's Strike for Equality 286 (2)
Material for Analysis 288 (2)
Jack Thompson, Restrict Sales of 288 (1)
Violent Video Games
Questions for Analysis 289 (1)
Exercises 290 (1)
Critical Thinking Exercises 290 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 290 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 291 (1)
Notes 291 (1)
Answers to Mock Quiz 292 (1)
Understanding Occasion 293 (19)
Our Grouping Impulse and Aristotle's 294 (4)
Rhetorical Genres
Genre Violations and Rhetorical Hybrids 298 (3)
The Apologetic Genre and the Media Age 301 (3)
Material for Analysis I 304 (3)
President Ronald Reagan's Challenger 305 (1)
Tribute, January 29, 1986
Questions for Analysis 306 (1)
Material for Analysis II 307 (2)
Franklin D. Roosevelt, ``Pearl Harbor 307 (1)
War Speech''
Questions for Analysis 308 (1)
Exercises 309 (2)
Critical Thinking Exercises 309 (1)
Analytical Writing Exercises 310 (1)
Strategic Speaking Exercises 310 (1)
Notes 311 (1)
Epilogue: What Is Rhetoric? 312 (7)
Index 319