American Passages : A History of the United States (2ND)

American Passages : A History of the United States (2ND)

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 1120 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780495091424
  • DDC分類 973

Table of Contents

  Passages Prehistory to 1763                      2  (120)
Contact, Conflict, and Exchange in the 8 (28)
Atlantic World to 1590
The First Americans 9 (5)
Native American Societies Before Contact 9 (3)
People of the Eastern Woodlands 12 (2)
Picturing the Past: Great Serpent Mound 14 (1)
Beginning of European Overseas Expansion 15 (1)
Trade with the East 15 (1)
Picturing the Past: Woman and Girl of 16 (3)
Pomeioc
Portugal Explores the West African Coast 16 (2)
New Technology 18 (1)
Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade 19 (2)
West African Cultures 19 (1)
The Atlantic Slave Trade Begins 20 (1)
Spain and Portugal Divide the Globe 21 (2)
Columbus Sails West 21 (1)
Spanish and Portuguese ``Spheres'' 22 (1)
An Expanding World 22 (1)
Document: Admiral Christopher Columbus's 23 (2)
Diary Account of Reaching America,
October 12, 1492
The Spanish Empire in America 25 (1)
Spanish Invasion 25 (1)
Document: An Aztec Report of the Fall of 26 (5)
Tenochtitlan 1521
Exploration of Florida and the American 27 (1)
Southwest
Demographic Catastrophe and Cultural 28 (1)
Exchange
Religion 28 (1)
Spanish Imperial Government 29 (1)
Spanish Mercantilism 29 (1)
Forced Labor Systems 30 (1)
Protestant Northern Europeans Challenge 31 (1)
Catholic Spain
The Protestant Reformation 31 (1)
Picturing the Past: Queen Elizabeth I 32 (4)
French Huguenots and English Sea Dogs 33 (3)
Colonization of North America, 1590--1675 36 (28)
The Spanish in North America 37 (2)
Settlement of New Mexico 37 (2)
Spanish Missions in New Mexico and 39 (1)
Florida
The English Invade Virginia 39 (2)
English Context of Colonization 40 (1)
Picturing the Past: London in 1616 41 (5)
Jamestown 41 (2)
The Struggle for Virginia 43 (1)
Tobacco Boom 44 (1)
Africans in Early Virginia 45 (1)
The Colony Expands 45 (1)
Document: Richard Frethorne, a Virginia 46 (1)
Colonist, Writes Home, 1623
Fishing, Furs, and Settlements in the 47 (3)
North
New France 47 (2)
New Netherland 49 (1)
New England Before the Pilgrims 50 (1)
Religious Exiles From England 50 (1)
English Calvinists 50 (1)
The Plymouth Colony 51 (1)
Document: The Mayflower Compact, 1620 51 (5)
Massachusetts Bay 52 (2)
New England Society 54 (1)
Connecticut and New Haven 55 (1)
Picturing the Past: Pequot War Diagram 56 (3)
Exiles to Rhode Island 57 (1)
The Proprietary Colony of Maryland 57 (1)
The Impact of the English Civil War 58 (1)
English Colonization After 1660 59 (2)
Navigation Acts 59 (1)
Carolina 60 (1)
New York and New Jersey 60 (1)
Picturing the Past: New Amsterdam in 1643 61 (3)
Crisis and Change, 1675--1720 64 (29)
Rebellions and War 66 (2)
Decline of New England Orthodoxy 66 (2)
Picturing the Past: A Quaker Woman 68 (1)
Preaching
King Philip's War 68 (1)
Document: Mary Rowlandson's Narrative of 69 (3)
Her Capture by Narragansett Indians, 1676
War in the Chesapeake 71 (1)
Picturing the Past: Maryland Planter's 72 (2)
House
The Pueblo Revolt 73 (1)
William Penn's ``Holy Experiment'' 74 (2)
Plans for Pennsylvania 74 (1)
A Diverse Society 75 (1)
Picturing the Past: Dutch Edition of Some 76 (1)
Account
The Glorious Revolution and Its Aftermath 77 (3)
Dominion of New England 77 (1)
Revolutions of 1689 78 (1)
Witchcraft in New England 79 (1)
Document: The Trial of Bridget Bishop, an 80 (1)
Accused Witch, Salem, 1692
Wars and Rivalry for North America 81 (3)
Florida and Guale 82 (1)
Louisiana and Texas 83 (1)
Canada 84 (1)
The Entrenchment of Slavery in British 84 (4)
America
Adopting Slavery 84 (1)
The Slave Trade 85 (1)
Systems of Slavery in British North 86 (1)
America
Resistance and Rebellion 87 (1)
Early Abolitionists 88 (1)
Economic Development in the British 88 (5)
Colonies
Northern Economies 88 (1)
Life in the Seaports 89 (1)
Plantation Economies in the Chesapeake 90 (3)
and South Carolina
The Expansion of Colonial British America, 93 (29)
1720--1763
Intellectual Trends in the Eighteenth 95 (3)
Century
Newton and Locke 95 (1)
Education in the British Colonies 95 (2)
The Growth of Science 97 (1)
Changes in Medical Practice 97 (1)
The Great Awakening 98 (3)
Religious Diversity Before the Great 98 (1)
Awakening
Early Revivals in the Middle Colonies 99 (1)
and New England
Revivalism Takes Fire 99 (1)
The Awakening's Impact 100(1)
Cultural Diversity and Expansion 101(3)
German and Scots-Irish Immigrants 101(1)
The Founding of Georgia 102(1)
The Growth of the African American 103(1)
Population
Document: Venture Smith Resists Slavery 104(2)
Picturing the Past: Slave Advertisements 106(2)
Native American Worlds in the 107(1)
Mid-Eighteenth Century
Document: David Brainerd's Mission to the 108(1)
Conoy and Lenape Indians, 1745
Wars for Empire 109(6)
The Southern Frontier 110(1)
King George's War 110(1)
The Seven Years' War 111(3)
The Indians Renew War in the Ohio Valley 114(1)
Picturing the Past: Treaty Negotiations 115(1)
The British Provinces in 1763 115(2)
The Economy 116(1)
Picturing the Past: Colonial Overseas 117(5)
Trade
Politics 118(4)
Passages 1764 to 1814 122(120)
Wars for Independence, 1764--1783 128(32)
Realignments in the Spanish Borderlands 129(2)
Florida and Louisiana 129(2)
Fortifying the Southwest 131(1)
The British Colonies Resist Imperial 131(2)
Reform
The Sugar and Currency Acts 131(1)
The Stamp Act 132(1)
Document: Virginia Resolves Against the 133(5)
Stamp Act, 1765
Protest Widens in the Lower South 134(1)
The Townshend Revenue Act 134(2)
Crisis in Boston 136(1)
The Gaspee Incident 137(1)
Picturing the Past: Samuel Adams 138(2)
The Boston Tea Party 138(1)
The First Continental Congress 139(1)
Resistance Becomes a War for Independence 140(5)
Lexington and Concord 140(2)
The Second Continental Congress 142(1)
``An Open and Avowed Rebellion'' 142(1)
Taking Sides 143(2)
Picturing the Past: Deborah Sampson 145(3)
Independence and Confederation 146(2)
War in the North, 1776--1779 148(4)
Invasions of New York 148(1)
The British Occupy Philadelphia 149(2)
Alliance with France 151(1)
The Wartime Economy 151(1)
Picturing the Past: Continental Currency 152(1)
The War Moves West and South 152(2)
The Frontier War 152(1)
The Southern Campaigns 153(1)
Document: The Narrative of Mary Jemison, 154(6)
1775--1779
The Peace Settlement 157(3)
Toward a More Perfect Union, 1783--1788 160(27)
Politics and Change in the New Republic 161(2)
Republican Politics 162(1)
Picturing the Past: North America in 1783 163(3)
Women's Rights 164(1)
The Question of Abolishing Slavery 165(1)
Picturing the Past: Pennsylvania 166(2)
Abolition Society Broadside
Defining Religious Liberty 167(1)
Document: Petition of Philadelphia Jews 168(1)
for Equal Rights, 1783
Challenges to the Confederation 168(2)
Military Demobilization 169(1)
Economic Troubles 169(1)
Picturing the Past: Robert Morris and 170(5)
Gouverneur Morris
Foreign Affairs 172(2)
The Northwest Ordinances 174(1)
Political and Economic Turmoil 175(2)
Creditors Versus Debtors 175(1)
Farmers Demand Reform 176(1)
Shays's Rebellion 176(1)
The Movement for Constitutional Reform 177(5)
The Philadelphia Convention 177(1)
The Great Compromise 178(2)
The Executive, Slavery, and Commerce 180(2)
Document: Patrick Henry Opposes the 182(5)
Constitution, 1788
Ratification 183(4)
The Federalist Republic, 1789--1799 187(26)
The New Government 188(1)
George Washington Becomes President 188(1)
Picturing the Past: George Washington in 189(2)
New York City
The Bill of Rights 190(1)
Document: The Bill of Rights, 1791 191(2)
The First Census 192(1)
Opposing Visions of America 193(1)
Hamilton Versus Jefferson 193(1)
Document: U.S. Federal Census of 1790 194(6)
Funding the National Debt 196(1)
Planning Washington, D.C. 197(1)
The National Bank 197(1)
Encouragement of Manufacturing 198(2)
Picturing the Past: Samuel Slater's 200(1)
Spinning Frame
Expansion and Conflict in the West 201(5)
Kentucky and Tennessee 201(2)
The Ohio Country 203(1)
The Whiskey Rebellion 203(1)
The Spanish Frontier 204(2)
Foreign Entanglements 206(2)
Neutrality 206(1)
The Jay Treaty 207(1)
Washington Retires 207(1)
The Adams Presidency 208(1)
Election of 1796 208(1)
``Quasi-War'' with France 208(1)
Picturing the Past: John Adams 209(4)
The Alien and Sedition Acts 210(1)
The Republican Opposition Grows 211(2)
The New Republic Faces a New Century, 213(29)
1800--1815
Religion in American Society 215(2)
The Second Great Awakening 215(1)
Growth of Sects 215(1)
Revivalism among Native Americans 216(1)
Picturing the Past: Tenskwatawa, the 217(1)
Shawnee Prophet
African Americans 218(2)
Free Blacks in the North 218(2)
Picturing the Past: The African Episcopal 220(1)
Church of St. Thomas
Slave Rebellion in the South 220(1)
Jefferson's Republic 221(3)
The Election of 1800 221(2)
Jefferson's ``Revolution'' 223(1)
Document: Thomas Jefferson's First 224(2)
Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801
The Judiciary 225(1)
Domestic Politics 226(1)
The Louisiana Purchase 226(1)
Picturing the Past: Plan of New Orleans, 227(1)
1801
The Bargain with Napoleon 227(1)
Document: The Journals of Meriwether 228(4)
Lewis and William Clark 1805
Disputes with Spain 229(1)
The Lewis and Clark Expedition 229(1)
Spies and Infiltrators 230(2)
The Burr Conspiracy 232(1)
More Foreign Entanglements 232(1)
A Perilous Neutrality 232(1)
The Embargo of 1807 233(1)
Madison and the War of 1812 233(9)
The Election of 1808 234(1)
Heading for War 235(1)
The War of 1812 Begins 236(2)
Victories and Losses, 1813-1814 238(1)
The Hartford Convention 239(1)
The Treaty of Ghent 239(1)
Battle of New Orleans 239(3)
Passages 1815 to 1855 242(112)
Exploded Boundaries, 1815--1828 246(27)
New Borders 247(2)
Native Peoples 248(1)
Document: American Society for Improving 249(1)
Indian Tribes, 1824
The Spanish in Florida 250(1)
Building a National Economy 250(1)
Picturing the Past: Redrawing the 251(3)
Nation's Boundaries
Banks, Corporations, and Law 252(1)
Roads and Canals 253(1)
Document: Ohio Board of Canal 254(1)
Commissioners, 1828, Annual Report
Picturing the Past: Steamboat 255(2)
Steamboats 256(1)
Regional Growth 257(6)
The Creation of the Cotton South 257(2)
Emergence of the Northwest 259(2)
Farm and Factory in the Northeast 261(2)
Picturing the Past: The Early Textile 263(1)
Mills
Consequences of Expansion 263(4)
The Panic of 1819 263(1)
The Missouri Compromise 264(2)
Vesey's Revolt 266(1)
The Monroe Doctrine 266(1)
The Reinvention of Politics 267(6)
Lafayette's Return 267(1)
The Election of 1824 268(1)
The Adams Twilight 269(1)
Anti-Masons 269(1)
Birth of the Democrats 270(3)
The Years of Andrew Jackson, 1829--1836 273(26)
Andrew Jackson Takes Charge 274(2)
The People's President 274(1)
Jackson and the ``Spoils System'' 275(1)
Struggles Over Slavery 276(4)
The Tariff of Abominations, 277(1)
Nullification, and States' Rights
Free Blacks and African American 278(1)
Abolitionism
The Crisis of Slavery in Virginia 279(1)
Document: David Walker, Appeal . . . to 280(1)
the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829
Picturing the Past: Nat Turner 281(1)
Political Turmoil and the Election of 1832 282(2)
Taking Sides 282(1)
The Bank War 283(1)
Picturing the Past: The Bank of the 284(1)
United States as a Monster
The Indian Peoples and the Mexican Nation 285(1)
Jackson and the American Indians 285(1)
Document: Memorial and Protest of the 286(4)
Cherokee Nation, 1836
Conflict with Mexico 289(1)
Picturing the Past: The Alamo 290(1)
Revival 290(3)
Revivalism 291(1)
The Birth of Mormonism 292(1)
Character Development 293(6)
Women at Home and Beyond 293(1)
An Eruption of Reform Movements 294(1)
Abolitionism 295(4)
Panic and Boom, 1837--1845 299(28)
Economic Crisis and Innovation 300(1)
Panic and Depression 300(1)
Document: Alexis de Tocqueville Democracy 301(3)
in America, 1840
The Charles River Bridge Case 302(1)
Railroads 303(1)
Life in the New Slave South 304(1)
Picturing the Past: Paths of the Slave 305(3)
Trade
African Americans and the South 305(1)
Plantations and Farms 306(2)
The Politics of the White South 308(1)
Reform Takes Root 308(1)
Document: Horace Mann, Absolute Right to 309(3)
an Education, 1846
Public Schools 310(1)
The Washingtonians 310(1)
Abolitionism Strengthened and Challenged 311(1)
Picturing the Past: The Dangers of Drink 312(2)
Development of an American Culture 314(4)
Transcendentalism 314(2)
Emergence of a Popular Culture 316(2)
The Transformation of American Politics 318(2)
The Election of 1840 318(2)
Picturing the Past: The Election of 1840 320(1)
Tyler, Webster, and Diplomacy 320(1)
The Challenge of the West 321(6)
The ``Wests'' 321(1)
Manifest Destiny 322(2)
Politics in Turmoil 324(3)
Expansion and Reaction, 1846--1854 327(27)
War With Mexico 328(2)
The United States at War 329(1)
The Consequences of War 329(1)
Picturing the Past: War with Mexico, 330(2)
1846--1847
War and Politics 331(1)
Americans on the Move 332(1)
Rails, Sails, and Steam 332(1)
Picturing the Past: Clipper Ship 333(4)
The Gold Rush 333(1)
The Mormon Migration 334(2)
The High Tide of Immigration 336(1)
The Quest for Perfection 337(3)
Perfect Communities 337(1)
Woman's Rights 338(2)
Document: ``Declaration of Sentiments'' 340(1)
of the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1848
Popular Culture and High Culture 341(2)
Mass Appeal 341(1)
Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman 341(2)
Slavery and a New Crisis in Politics 343(4)
The Crisis of 1850 343(2)
African Americans and the White North 345(2)
Document: Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle 347(1)
Tom's Cabin, 1852
Picturing the Past: Minstrelsy 348(1)
Politics in Chaos 348(6)
The Know-Nothings 348(2)
A Hunger for Expansion 350(1)
Kansas-Nebraska Lets Loose the Storm 350(4)
Passages 1855 to 1877 354(116)
Broken Bonds, 1855--1861 358(25)
North and South Collide 359(2)
The White South Fortifies Itself 359(2)
Picturing The Past: A Yeoman Farm 361(4)
Bleeding Kansas 362(2)
The Republicans Challenge the South 364(1)
Picturing the Past: The Election of 1856 365(2)
Dred Scott 366(1)
American Society in Crisis 367(1)
Document: Hinton Helper The Impending 368(2)
Crisis of the South, 1857
Document: James D. B. DeBow ``The 370(2)
Interest in Slavery of the Southern
Non-slaveholder,'' 1860
Financial Panic and Spiritual Revival 371(1)
The Agony of Kansas 371(1)
Picturing the Past: The Panic of 1857 372(3)
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates 373(1)
John Brown and Harpers Ferry 374(1)
The North and South Call Each Other's 375(4)
Bluff
The Election of 1860 376(1)
The South Debates Independence 377(2)
The First Secession 379(4)
Lincoln Becomes President 379(1)
The Decision at Fort Sumter 380(3)
Descent into War, 1861--1862 383(29)
War Begins: April 1861 to July 1861 384(2)
Lincoln Calls for Troops 384(1)
The States Divide 384(2)
Picturing the Past: Southern Secession 386(6)
The Numbers 387(1)
The Strategies 387(1)
Leadership 388(1)
The First Conflicts 388(1)
Mobilization 389(1)
The First Battle 389(3)
Document: Louisa May Alcott ``Journal,'' 392(2)
April 1861
Women and War 393(1)
War Takes Command: August 1861 to March 394(3)
1862
McClellan Assumes Control 394(1)
The War in the West Begins 394(1)
Paying for War 395(1)
The Confederate Homefront 395(1)
Navies 396(1)
Picturing the Past: Confederate Ships 397(4)
Under Construction in England
Diplomacy and the Trent Affair 398(1)
The Rivers of the West 399(1)
The Monitor and the Virginia 400(1)
The Union on the Offensive: March to 401(3)
September 1862
The Peninsular Campaign Begins 401(1)
Shiloh 401(1)
New Orleans 402(1)
The Confederate Draft 403(1)
Document: Sarah Morgan, ``Diary'' 404(2)
The Seven Days 405(1)
Slavery Under Attack 405(1)
Picturing the Past: Missionaries at Port 406(6)
Royal
Second Manassas and Antietam 407(2)
Stalemate 409(3)
Blood and Freedom, 1863--1867 412(30)
People at War: Spring 1863 413(4)
Life in the Field 413(1)
Purposes 413(2)
The Problems of the Confederate 415(1)
Government
The Northern Homefront 415(1)
African American Soldiers 416(1)
The Battlefields of Summer: 1863 417(6)
Vicksburg and Chancellorsville 417(2)
Gettysburg 419(2)
The New York City Draft Riots 421(1)
Chickamauga 422(1)
The Gettysburg Address 422(1)
Document: Abraham Lincoln, ``The 423(1)
Gettysburg Address'' 1863
The Winter of Discontent: 1863--1864 423(5)
Politics North and South 423(1)
Prisons 424(1)
Union Resolve 425(2)
The Northern Election of 1864 427(1)
The March to the Sea 427(1)
Picturing the Past: The Election of 1864 428(1)
From War to Reconstruction: 1865--1867 429(4)
War's Climax 429(1)
Appomattox and Assassination 430(1)
The Costs and Consequences of the War 431(1)
Emancipation and the South 432(1)
Picturing the Past: Desolation of the 433(1)
South
Black Mobilization 433(1)
Picturing The Past: A Black School 434(2)
Andrew Johnson 434(1)
Johnson and the Radicals 435(1)
Document: ``Letter to the Union 436(6)
Convention, 1865'', Black Citizens of
Tennessee
The Reconstruction Act 438(1)
Reconstruction Begins 439(3)
Reconstruction Abandoned, 1867--1877 442(28)
A Presidency Under Siege: Andrew Johnson 444(1)
Impeached
The Purchase of Alaska 444(1)
The Election of 1868 444(1)
The Fifteenth Amendment and Woman 444(1)
Suffrage
Document: The Fifteenth Amendment 1870 445(1)
The Grant Era 446(3)
The Railroads Meet 446(1)
Grant's ``Peace Policy'' 447(2)
The Peace Policy in Action 449(1)
An Era of Scandals 449(2)
Grant and Congress 450(1)
Grant and His Party 450(1)
Toward the 1870 Elections 450(1)
The Ku Klux Klan in the South 450(1)
Picturing the Past: A Cartoonist Attacks 451(3)
the Ku Klux Klan
The Government and the Klan 451(1)
Breaking the Power of the Klan 452(1)
The Tweed Ring in New York 452(1)
Liberal Republicans Challenge Grant 453(1)
The 1872 Election 454(1)
A Surge of Scandals 454(1)
The Panic of 1873 and Its Consequences 454(2)
The Plight of the Unemployed 455(1)
Distress and Protest among the Farmers 456(1)
Regulating the Railroads 456(1)
Inflationary Solutions 456(1)
Women in the 1870s 456(4)
Overcoming Barriers to Equality 457(1)
Document: Minor v. Happersett, 21 458(1)
Wallace, 162 1875
The Rise of Voluntary Associations 459(1)
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union 459(1)
Picturing the Past: The War Against Drink 460(1)
Women at Work 460(1)
Politics in the Gilded Age 461(2)
The Stigma of Corruption 461(1)
The Resurgence of the Democrats 462(1)
Why Reconstruction Failed 463(1)
The End of Native American Resistance 463(1)
Annihilation of the Buffalo Herds 463(1)
Picturing the Past: Slaughter of the 464(1)
Buffalo
A Last Stand for Custer and the Indians 464(1)
The Election of 1876 465(5)
The Continuing Shadow of Scandal 465(1)
Marking the Centennial 465(1)
The Race for the White House 466(4)
Passages 1877 to 1909 470(108)
An Economy Transformed: The Rise of Big 476(29)
Business 1877--1887
Railroads and A ``Locomotive People'' 477(2)
Creating the Railroad Network 477(1)
Organizing the Railroad Business 478(1)
Picturing the Past: The Railroad Network 479(2)
The Railroad as a Political Issue 479(1)
Regulating the Railroads 480(1)
The Railroad Commission 480(1)
The Interstate Commerce Act 481(1)
Big Business Arrives 481(8)
John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil 481(1)
The Emergence of the Trust 481(1)
Andrew Carnegie and the Steel Industry 482(1)
The Pace of Invention 483(1)
Americans in the Workplace 484(1)
Skilled Workers 484(1)
The Dangers of Industrialism 485(1)
The Rise of Unions 485(1)
The Railroad Strike of 1877 485(1)
The Knights of Labor 486(1)
The Knights in Decline 487(1)
The Haymarket Affair 487(1)
The American Federation of Labor 487(1)
Social Darwinism 488(1)
The Changing South and West 489(4)
The Fate of Native Americans 489(1)
The Dawes Act (1887) 490(1)
The Mining Frontier 490(1)
The Cattle Country 490(1)
The Life of the Cowboy 491(1)
The End of the Cattle Boom 491(1)
Farming on the Great Plains 491(1)
Land and Debt 491(1)
Fences and Water 492(1)
Document: Howard Ruede, Sod-House Days, 493(1)
1877
Farm Life on the Plains 493(1)
Picturing the Past: The Harshness of Farm 494(3)
Life
The Chinese in the West 495(1)
From Territories to States 495(1)
The New South 495(1)
The Industrial South 495(1)
Problems of Southern Agriculture 496(1)
A Colonial Economy 496(1)
Segregation 497(1)
Life and Culture During the 1880s 497(1)
Picturing the Past: A Refreshing Pause 498(7)
Their Daily Bread 498(1)
Power for the Home 498(1)
The Middle-Class Family 499(1)
Leisure in the 1880s 499(1)
Politics and Public Policy, 1877--1887 500(1)
From Hayes to Arthur 501(1)
Blaine Versus Cleveland, 1884 501(1)
Cleveland in Office 502(3)
Urban Growth and Farm Protest, 1887--1893 505(24)
The New Urban Society 506(3)
The Exploding Urban Population 507(1)
The Structure of the City 507(1)
Skyscrapers and Tenements 507(1)
The Tenement and Its Residents 508(1)
The Need for Services 508(1)
The New Immigration 508(1)
Picturing the Past: Tenement Life in 509(2)
Growing Cities
Immigrant Life in the United States 509(1)
The Rise of Ethnic Communities 509(1)
The Nativist Reaction 510(1)
The Urban Political Machine 510(1)
The Diminishing Rights of Minority Groups 511(1)
Native Americans 511(1)
Document: ``The Indian Situation'', 1891 512(2)
Mexican Americans 512(1)
Chinese Immigrants 513(1)
African Americans 513(1)
A Victorian Society 514(2)
The Rules of Life 514(1)
The Moral Code 514(1)
A Godly Society 514(1)
Sports and Leisure 514(1)
Beyond the Gridiron 515(1)
Voices of Protest and Reform 516(1)
The Social Gospel 516(1)
Organized Women 516(1)
Looking Outward: Foreign Policy in the 517(3)
Early 1890s
Overseas Markets and Foreign Policy 517(1)
The Roots of Imperialism 517(1)
New Departures During the 1880s 518(1)
The Pan-American Impulse 518(1)
The Hawaiian Involvement 519(1)
The Hawaiian Revolt 519(1)
The Angry Farmers 520(1)
The Reaction to Republican Activism 520(1)
The Rise of the Populists 520(1)
Document: Populist Party Platform, 1892 521(1)
The Farmers Alliance 521(1)
Picturing the Past: Populism as Radicalism 522(2)
The Rising Tide of Farm Protest 522(1)
The Subtreasury Plan 523(1)
The Alliance in the 1890 Election 523(1)
The People's Party 524(1)
The Shift to Free Silver 524(1)
The Presidential Election of 1892 524(1)
Picturing the Past: An Election Wager 525(1)
The Homestead Strike 525(1)
The Populist Campaign 525(1)
The ``Great White City'' 526(3)
A Troubled Nation Expands Outward, 529(26)
1893--1901
The Panic of 1893 and Its Consequences 530(4)
Effects of the Depression 530(1)
The Special Session 530(1)
The Tariff Disaster 530(1)
The Industrial Armies 531(1)
The Pullman Strike 531(1)
A National Railroad Strike 532(1)
1894: A Realigning Election 533(1)
The Populist Dilemma 533(1)
The Economic and Social Impact of Hard 534(1)
Times
Reshaping the Economy 534(1)
Picturing the Past: Child Labor in the 535(5)
1890s
The Revolt Against Bigness 535(1)
Women and Reform in the 1890s 536(1)
Liquor Control and Reform 536(1)
Reform in the Cities and States 537(1)
Reform in the States 537(1)
Resistance from the Courts 537(1)
The Philosophy of Pragmatism 538(1)
Literary Naturalism and Realism 538(1)
African Americans and Segregation 539(1)
Document: Petition from the citizens of 540(1)
New Jersey to the U. S. Congress praying
for Congress to make the act of lynching
a crime in the United States, 1900
Picturing the Past: ``Civilizing'' Native 541(1)
American
Native Americans 542(1)
Foreign Policy and National Politics 542(4)
Diplomatic Problems: Hawaii and 542(1)
Venezuela
The Cuban Rebellion 542(1)
The American Stake in Cuba 542(1)
The Election of 1896 543(1)
The Political Lineup 543(1)
The Rise of William Jennings Bryan 543(1)
The Cross of Gold 543(1)
The Populists and the Campaign 543(1)
Bryan Versus McKinley 544(1)
A Decisive Election 545(1)
The Mckinley Presidency: Achieving World 546(2)
Power
The Road to Empire 546(1)
The Sinking of the Maine 546(1)
The Last Drive for Peace 546(1)
The War Begins 547(1)
Picturing the Past: ``Smoked Yankees'' 548(4)
and the War with Spain
A Broadening Commitment in the Pacific 548(1)
The ``Smoked Yankees'' in the War with 548(1)
Spain
Victory in Cuba 549(1)
From War to Peace 549(1)
The Peace Talks 549(1)
Approval of the Treaty 550(1)
War in the Philippines 550(1)
The Battle over Imperialism 550(1)
The Open Door in China and Beyond 551(1)
Toward a Canal Across Central America 551(1)
The 1900 Election 551(1)
McKinley's Second Term 552(1)
The United States on the Eve of the 552(1)
Twentieth Century
Calls for Change 552(1)
Document: William McKinley: Reciprocal 553(2)
Trade Agreements, 1901
Theodore Roosevelt and Progressive Reform, 555(23)
1901--1909
The Age of Theodore Roosevelt 556(1)
Picturing the Past: Immigration into the 557(4)
U.S., 1901--1909
The Roosevelt Agenda 557(1)
The United States at the Outset of the 557(1)
Twentieth Century
A Longer Life Span 558(1)
Children at Work 558(1)
Changes in the Family 558(1)
Women at Work 558(1)
A Nation of Consumers 559(1)
The Role of Advertising 559(1)
The Example of Sears 559(1)
Race Relations in the Roosevelt Era 560(1)
Black Life in the Early Twentieth 560(1)
Century
Exclusion from Politics 560(1)
Document: W. E. B. Du Bois on what blacks 561(1)
felt during the age of Roosevelt, 1903
The Stirrings of Militant Protest 561(1)
Picturing the Past: W.E.B. DuBois and the 562(1)
Struggle for African American Rights
Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency: The 562(3)
First Term
The Challenge of United States Steel 563(1)
Controlling the Trusts 563(1)
The Square Deal in the Coal Strike 563(1)
Roosevelt and Foreign Policy 564(1)
Document: The Roosevelt Corollary to the 565(1)
Monroe Doctrine, 1904, 1905
Picturing the Past: Theodore Roosevelt 566(1)
and the Strong Presidency
The Election of 1904 566(1)
Progressive Campaigns to Reform the Nation 567(4)
Consumers and Reformers 567(1)
The Currents of Reform 567(1)
Differing Methods of Reform 567(1)
The Ambiguities of Progressivism 567(1)
The Muckrakers 568(1)
The Impact of McClure's Magazine 568(1)
The End of Muckraking 568(1)
Women and Progressive Reform 568(1)
The Continuing Fight for Woman Suffrage 569(1)
Reform in the Cities 569(1)
Reform in the States 569(1)
Increasing Regulatory Power 570(1)
La Follette of Wisconsin 570(1)
Progressivism as a National Force 570(1)
The Problems of Reform 571(1)
Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency: The 571(7)
Second Term
Railroad Regulation and the Hepburn Act 571(1)
The Expansion of Regulation 571(1)
Roosevelt and World Politics 572(1)
The Algeciras Conference 573(1)
The Gentlemen's Agreement 573(1)
The Great White Fleet 573(1)
Labor and Socialists Challenge Roosevelt 573(1)
The 1906 Elections 574(1)
Problems with the Supreme Court 574(1)
Roosevelt and Conservation 574(1)
Deteriorating Race Relations 575(1)
Roosevelt's Last Years of Power 575(1)
The 1908 Presidential Election 576(2)
Passages 1909 to 1933 578(106)
Progressivism at High Tide, 1909--1914 584(25)
Taft's Presidency 585(3)
A Conservative President 586(1)
The Dilemma of the Tariff 586(1)
The Political Consequences 586(1)
The Battle over Conservation 586(2)
Roosevelt's Return 588(1)
Roosevelt and the New Nationalism 588(1)
Progressive Victories 588(2)
Woman Suffrage 588(1)
Prohibition 589(1)
Picturing the Past: Chinese Immigration 590(1)
on the West Coast
Restriction of Immigration 590(1)
Progressivism and the Immigrant 590(1)
Saving the Children 590(1)
Labor Protest in a Changing Workplace 591(2)
Changes in the Corporation 591(1)
New Rules for the Workplace 591(1)
The Limits of Paternalism 592(1)
Unorganized Workers 592(1)
Varieties of Labor Protest 592(1)
Strikes in Lawrence and Ludlow 592(1)
Document: The New York Tribune Reports 593(1)
the Triangle Fire, March 26, 1911
Dollar Diplomacy 593(1)
Republican Discord and Democratic 594(3)
Opportunity
Taft's Embattled Presidency 594(1)
The Struggle Between Roosevelt and Taft 594(1)
The Democratic Opportunity 595(1)
The Wilson Candidacy 595(1)
The Socialist Challenge 595(1)
The Creation of the Progressive Party 595(1)
Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom 596(1)
Wilson Victorious 597(1)
Wilson's Presidency 597(2)
Launching the New Freedom Program 597(1)
The Federal Reserve System 598(1)
Document: The Social Cost of 599(1)
Industrialism: An Excerpt from Woodrow
Wilson's First Inaugural Address, March
4, 1913
Picturing the Past: Woodrow Wilson 600(1)
Addresses Congress in Person
Wilson and the Trusts 600(1)
Wilson and the Progressive Agenda 601(1)
Social and Cultural Change During the 601(1)
Wilson Years
Automobiles for a Mass Market 601(1)
Picturing the Past: Manufacturing and 602(2)
Marketing of Model T. Fords, 1908--1916
The Growing Use of Electricity 603(1)
Artistic and Social Ferment 603(1)
Americans at Play 604(1)
Motion Pictures and the Vaudeville Stage 604(1)
New Freedom Diplomacy 604(2)
Woodrow Wilson and the World 605(1)
Wilsonian Ideas in Practice 605(1)
The Mexican Involvement 605(1)
Hispanics in the Southwest 606(1)
World War I 606(3)
The Road to World War 607(1)
America and the European War 608(1)
Over There and Over Here: The Impact of 609(28)
World War I, 1914--1921
Staying Neutral in a World Conflict 610(3)
The War and National Politics 610(1)
The Dilemma of Neutrality 610(1)
The Course of the War and American 610(1)
Public Opinion
The Lusitania Crisis 611(1)
Wilson and the Submarine Crisis 611(1)
The United States and Its World Role 612(1)
Social Change During the Period of 613(1)
Neutrality
Picturing the Past: The Great Migration 614(2)
of African Americans to the North
The Great Migration 614(1)
The Rise of the Movies 615(1)
Shifting Attitudes Toward Sex 616(1)
Birth Control 616(1)
The Persistence of Reform 616(2)
Renewed Momentum for Woman Suffrage 616(1)
The Drys on the Offensive 617(1)
Closing the Golden Door 617(1)
The Enactment of Reform 617(1)
Foreign Policy and the 1916 Election 618(2)
The Sussex Pledge 618(1)
Seeking a Negotiated Peace 618(1)
The Mexican Problem 618(1)
The 1916 Elections 619(1)
The Republicans Select Hughes 619(1)
Picturing the Past: The Zimmerman 620(1)
Telegram and Code Breaking
``He Kept Us Out of War'' 620(1)
Wilson's Attempts to Mediate 620(1)
American Intervention in the War 621(1)
The Outbreak of Hostilities 621(1)
A Nation At War 621(1)
Document: Wilson's War Message to 622(5)
Congress, April 2, 1917
The State of the Conflict in 1917 622(1)
U.S. Armed Forces 623(1)
Training the Army 623(1)
Financing the War 623(1)
Herbert Hoover and Food for the Allies 623(1)
Prohibition and the War Effort 624(1)
Managing the Wartime Economy 624(1)
Wartime Economic Problems 625(1)
Bernard Baruch and the War Board 625(1)
Labor and the War 625(1)
Black Americans in the War 625(1)
Growing Racial Tension 625(1)
Women in Wartime 626(1)
Civil Liberties in Wartime 626(1)
The Limits of Dissent 627(1)
Wartime Hysteria 627(1)
The Political Legacy of Repression 627(1)
The Road to Victory 627(3)
Wilson's Peace Program 628(1)
The End of the Fighting 629(1)
The 1918 Elections 629(1)
The Paris Peace Conference 629(1)
The President in Europe 629(1)
Document: President Wilson's Appeal to 630(3)
the Voters to Return a Democratic
Congress October 24, 1918
The Shadow of Bolshevism 630(1)
The Terms of Peace 631(1)
The League of Nations 631(1)
Wilson and the Treaty of Versailles 631(1)
The Senate and the League 632(1)
Wilson's Tour and Collapse 632(1)
Picturing the Past: The Influenza 633(1)
Epidemic of 1918
The Defeat of the League 633(1)
From War to Peace 633(4)
The Waning Spirit of Progressivism 634(1)
The Struggles of Labor 634(1)
The Reaction Against Strikes 634(1)
An Upsurge of Racial Violence 634(1)
The Communist ``Menace'' 635(1)
Harding and ``Normalcy'' 635(2)
The Age of Jazz and Mass Culture, 1921--1927 637(24)
The Aftermath of War 638(3)
A More Urban Nation 638(1)
Immigration Restricted 639(1)
Immigration Quotas 639(1)
New Patterns of Immigration 639(1)
The Ku Klux Klan 639(1)
The Rise of Black Militance 640(1)
Marcus Garvey and Black Nationalism 640(1)
Dry America: The First Phase 640(1)
Document: Claude McKay, If We Must Die!, 641(1)
1922
Harding as President 641(1)
Picturing the Past: Estimated Alcohol 642(1)
Consumption in the United States
1920--1930
Harding and the World 642(1)
The Washington Conference and Beyond 643(1)
The New Economy 643(4)
Prosperity and Its Benefits 643(1)
The Car Culture 643(1)
Henry Ford Gives Way to General Motors 644(1)
Electrical America 644(1)
Movies in the Silent Era 644(1)
Advertising America 645(1)
Those Left Behind 646(1)
Labor in Retreat 646(1)
Picturing the Past: The Changing Face of 647(2)
Agriculture
The Harding Scandals 647(1)
Keep Cool with Coolidge 648(1)
The Discordant Democrats 648(1)
The 1924 Election in Perspective 648(1)
A Blossoming in Art and Literature 649(2)
The Harlem Renaissance 649(1)
The Sound of Jazz 649(1)
An Age of Artistic Achievement 650(1)
Picturing the Past: F. Scott Fitzgerald 651(1)
and the Jazz Age
Fundamentalism and Traditional Values 651(3)
The Klan in Decline 651(1)
The Continuing Controversy over Sacco 652(1)
and Vanzetti
The Fundamentalist Movement 652(1)
The Scopes Trial 652(1)
Prohibition in Retreat 652(1)
Flaming Youth 653(1)
Big-Time Sports 653(1)
Baseball: The National Sport 654(1)
New Roles for Women 654(1)
Women in Politics 654(1)
Document: Elsie Hill on Why Women Should 655(1)
Have Full Legal Equality, 1922
The Flapper and the New Woman 656(1)
Women on the Job 656(1)
The Plight of the Career Woman 656(1)
Coolidge in the White House 656(1)
Coolidge's Foreign Policy 656(1)
Diplomacy and Finance in the 1920s 657(1)
1927: The Year of the Decade 657(4)
A Heyday for Sports and a Big Change 658(1)
for Films
Ford Introduces the Model A 658(1)
The Execution of Sacco and Vanzetti 658(1)
``I Do Not Choose to Run'' 659(2)
The Great Depression, 1927--1933 661(23)
The Election of 1928 662(3)
Herbert Hoover: The Engineer as 662(1)
Candidate
From the Sidewalks of New York: Al Smith 663(1)
Smith's Political Weaknesses 663(1)
Hoover Versus Smith: The 1928 Campaign 663(1)
The Smith Response to Hoover 663(1)
A Landslide for Hoover 664(1)
Hoover Takes Office 664(1)
The Stock Market Crash of 1929 665(2)
The Crash Occurs 665(1)
Causes of the Stock Market Crash 666(1)
Playing the Market: Margin Buying and 666(1)
Investment Trusts
The Impact of the Crash 666(1)
The Great Depression 667(3)
Other Economic Problems 667(1)
The International Situation 667(1)
A Worsening Economic Situation 668(1)
The President, Congress, and the 668(1)
Depression
Foreign Policy in the Depression 669(1)
The Effects of the Economic Crisis 669(1)
Domestic Issues for Hoover 669(1)
The Deepening Depression 670(1)
Hoover's Programs to Fight the Depression 670(1)
The Persistence of Unemployment 670(1)
Everyday Life During the Depression 670(1)
Picturing the Past: Unemployment, 671(1)
1927--1933
Picturing The Past: Distress on the Farm 672(2)
in the Great Depression
Crisis on the Farms 672(1)
The Plight of the Homeless 673(1)
Mass Culture During the Depression 673(1)
Picturing the Past: A Bank Fails 674(1)
Off to the Movies 674(1)
A Darkening World 675(1)
A Challenge to the League of Nations 675(1)
Germany Moves Toward the Nazis 676(1)
A Political Opportunity for the Democrats 676(1)
Document: Franklin D. Roosevelt: 677(7)
Commonwealth Club Address
The Democrats in Congress 678(1)
The Rise of Franklin D. Roosevelt 678(1)
Roosevelt's Illness and Political 678(1)
Comeback
The Roosevelt Appeal 678(1)
The Struggle for the Nomination 678(1)
A New Deal 679(1)
The Economy in Distress 679(1)
The Bonus March 679(1)
A Violent Climax to the Bonus March 679(1)
The 1932 Election 680(1)
Roosevelt's Campaign 681(1)
Hoover Defeated 681(1)
Roosevelt and Hoover 681(1)
The Banking System Nears Collapse 682(1)
A Spreading Sense of Crisis 682(2)
Passages 1933 to 1960 684(106)
The New Deal, 1933--1939 688(27)
Rock Bottom 689(1)
Taking Charge 689(1)
Picturing the Past: FDR and Polio 690(3)
The Bank Crisis 690(1)
Extending Relief 691(1)
Conservation, Regional Planning, and 692(1)
Public Power
Economic Recovery 693(3)
Trouble on the Land 693(1)
Tenants and Landowners 694(1)
Centralized Economic Planning 695(1)
New Deal Diplomacy 696(1)
Picturing the Past: Child Labor in the 697(1)
1930s
The Soviet Question 697(1)
The Good Neighbor 698(1)
Critics: Right and Left 698(2)
The American Liberty League and the 698(1)
1934 Election
``Every Man a King'' 699(1)
The Radio Priest and the Pension Doctor 699(1)
The Second New Deal 700(1)
Jobs, Jobs, Jobs 700(1)
Document: Huey P. Long Condemns FDR and 701(1)
the New Deal
Social Security 701(1)
Picturing the Past: The New Deal and the 702(2)
Arts
``Class Warfare'' 702(2)
The Fascist Challenge 704(1)
Hitler and Mussolini 704(1)
The Neutrality Acts 704(1)
Mandate from the People 705(2)
The 1936 Election 705(1)
African Americans and the New Deal 706(1)
Popular Culture in the Depression 707(2)
The Big Screen 707(1)
The Radio Age 708(1)
The Second Term 709(1)
Union Struggles 710(1)
Losing Ground 710(2)
Fascist Advances 710(1)
The Rising Nazi Menace 711(1)
An End to Reform 712(3)
The Second World War, 1940--1945 715(26)
War in Europe 716(2)
Blitzkrieg 716(1)
A Third Term for FDR 717(1)
Picturing the Past: Breaking Tradition: A 718(1)
Presidential Third Term
The End of Neutrality 718(3)
Lend-Lease 719(1)
The Road to Pearl Harbor 719(2)
Document: An American Soldier Remembers 721(1)
The Bataan Death March
Early Defeats 721(1)
The Homefront 722(2)
War Production 722(1)
Making Do 723(1)
Opportunity and Discrimination 724(2)
Women and the War Effort 724(1)
The ``Double V'' Campaign 725(1)
Picturing the Past: African American 726(3)
Nurses in World War II
Internment of Japanese Americans 728(1)
Document: Japanese Relocation Order 729(2)
February 19, 1942
The Grand Alliance 731(3)
North Africa, Stalingrad, and the 731(1)
Second Front
The Normandy Invasion 732(1)
Facing the Holocaust 732(2)
Picturing the Past: The War in the Pacific 734(1)
The Pacific War 735(1)
Turning the Tide 735(1)
Closing in on Japan 735(1)
A Change in Leadership 736(5)
The Yalta Accords 736(1)
Truman in Charge 737(1)
The Atomic Bomb 738(3)
Postwar America, 1946--1952 741(23)
Reconversion 742(2)
The Veterans Return 742(1)
Lurching Toward Prosperity 743(1)
Affluence and Anxiety 744(2)
The Postwar American Family 744(2)
Picturing the Past: Dr. Kinsey and the 746(2)
Sexual Revolution
Suburbia 747(1)
The Soviet Threat 748(2)
Containment 748(1)
The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall 749(1)
Plan
Document: The Truman Doctrine, March 12, 750(1)
1947
Liberalism in Retreat 751(5)
The Cold War at Home 751(1)
The Domestic Agenda 752(1)
Breaking the Color Line 753(1)
Man of the People 754(2)
Trouble in Asia 756(2)
The Fall of China 756(1)
War in Korea 757(1)
Mccarthyism and the Election of 1952 758(1)
Picturing the Past: The Blacklist 759(1)
The Rise of Joe McCarthy 759(1)
Picturing the Past: Civil Defense in the 760(4)
Atomic World
``I Like Ike'' 760(4)
The Eisenhower Years, 1953--1960 764(26)
A New Direction 765(1)
Modern Republicanism 765(1)
A Truce in Korea 766(1)
The Cold War at Home and Abroad 766(1)
Picturing the Past: Searching for 767(3)
``Reds'' in Government
The Hunt for ``Subversives'' 767(1)
Brinksmanship and Covert Action 768(2)
The Civil Rights Movement 770(1)
Brown v. Board of Education 770(1)
Document: Chief Justice Earl Warren, 771(2)
Opinion of the Court in Brown v. Board of
Education May 17, 1954
The Montgomery Bus Boycott 772(1)
The Age of Television 773(3)
The Magic Box 773(2)
The Quiz Show Scandals 775(1)
Youth Culture 776(3)
A New Kind of Music 776(1)
The Rise of Elvis 777(1)
The Beat Generation 778(1)
Crises and Celebration 779(1)
Conquering Polio 779(1)
Picturing the Past: America's Dream Car 780(3)
Interstate Highways 780(1)
Hungary and Suez 781(2)
A Second Term 783(2)
Confrontation at Little Rock 783(1)
Sputnik and Its Aftermath 783(1)
End of an Era 784(1)
Picturing the Past: The Kitchen Debate 785(2)
The Election of 1960 786(1)
Document: President Eisenhower's Farewell 787(3)
Address, Jan. 17, 1961
Passages 1960 to 2003 790(112)
The Turbulent Years, 1960--1968 796(30)
Early Tests 797(3)
Idealism and Caution 797(1)
The Bay of Pigs 798(1)
The Berlin Wall 799(1)
The Freedom Riders 799(1)
Picturing the Past: Poverty in America 800(1)
The New Economics 801(1)
Social and Political Challenges 801(2)
The Battle for Ole Miss 801(1)
The Missiles of October 801(1)
Trouble in Vietnam 802(1)
The Rights Revolution: Early Steps 803(2)
From Birmingham to Washington 803(1)
Feminist Stirrings 804(1)
Tragedy and Transition 805(4)
Dallas 805(1)
LBJ 806(1)
Tax Cuts and Civil Rights 807(1)
Landslide in 1964 808(1)
Picturing the Past: A New Era in 809(1)
Political Advertising
The Great Society 810(1)
Declaring War on Poverty 810(1)
Health Care and Immigration Reform 810(1)
The Expanding War 811(1)
Point of No Return 811(1)
Early Protests 812(1)
The Rights Revolution: Center Stage 812(6)
Voting Rights 812(1)
Picturing the Past: Black Voter 813(1)
Registration
The Watts Explosion 813(1)
Black Power 814(2)
``Sisterhood Is Powerful'' 816(1)
The Counterculture 817(1)
A Divided Nation 818(2)
The Tet Offensive 818(1)
The President Steps Aside 819(1)
A Violent Spring 819(1)
Document: An Open Letter to the Grape 820(6)
Industry
The Chicago Convention 822(1)
Nixon's the One 823(3)
Crisis of Confidence, 1969--1980 826(29)
America United and Divided 827(3)
The Miracles of 1969 828(1)
Vietnamization 829(1)
Confrontation at Home 829(1)
Picturing the Past: Tragedy at Jackson 830(2)
State
My Lai and the Pentagon Papers 831(1)
Picturing the Past: The Struggle for the 832(1)
Equal Rights Amendment
Activism, Rights, and Reform 832(4)
Expanding Women's Rights 832(1)
Minority Power 833(2)
Black Capitalism and Civil Rights 835(1)
Document: Roe v. Wade, 1973 836(2)
The Burger Court 837(1)
New Directions at Home and Abroad 838(3)
Rethinking Welfare 838(1)
Protecting the Environment 839(1)
A New World Order 839(1)
The China Opening 840(1)
Detente 840(1)
Four More Years? 841(2)
The Landslide of 1972 841(1)
Exit from Vietnam 842(1)
Document: The Nixon Tapes, 1973 843(3)
Watergate and the Abuse of Power 843(2)
OPEC and the Oil Embargo 845(1)
Gerald Ford in the White House 846(3)
The Watergate Legacy 846(1)
The Fall of South Vietnam 847(1)
Stumbling Toward Defeat 848(1)
The Election of 1976 848(1)
The Carter Years 849(3)
Civil Rights in a New Era 850(1)
Human Rights and Global Realities 850(1)
Economic Blues 851(1)
The Persian Gulf 851(1)
Picturing the Past: Three Mile Island 852(3)
Death in the Desert 853(2)
The Reagan-Bush Years, 1981--1992 855(25)
The Reagan Revolution 857(4)
Carter Versus Reagan 857(1)
``Are You Better Off?'' 857(1)
The Rise of the Christian Right 857(1)
Reagan in Office 858(1)
The Reagan Team 859(1)
The Early Months 859(1)
Defining the Reagan Presidency 859(1)
The Economic Agenda 860(1)
The Limits of the Reagan Revolution 860(1)
A Growing Deficit 860(1)
Reagan's Domestic Policies 860(1)
Picturing the Past: Federal Government 861(1)
Deficits, 1980--1989
The Savings and Loan Disaster 861(1)
The Social Security Crisis 861(1)
Reagan and Foreign Policy 862(1)
The 1982 Elections 862(1)
A Rebounding Economy and Foreign Policy 863(1)
Success
Star Wars: The Strategic Defense 863(1)
Initiative (SDI)
Social Tensions and Strains of The 1980s 863(2)
The Intertwining of Technology and 863(1)
Culture
The Personal Computer 864(1)
The Cable Generation 864(1)
The American Family in the 1980s 864(1)
Responses to Change 865(1)
The 1984 Presidential Election 865(1)
Mondale Versus Reagan 866(1)
Reagan's Second Term 866(1)
Tax Reform and Deficits 866(1)
The AIDS Crisis: The Second Phase 866(1)
Document: Ronald Reagan's Second 867(1)
Inaugural Address, January 1985
The 1986 Tax Reform Battle 867(1)
Picturing the Past: The Challenger 868(3)
Disaster
The Age of the Yuppie 868(1)
The Challenger Disaster 868(1)
Foreign Policy in the Second Reagan Term 869(1)
The Iran-Contra Affair 869(1)
Remaking the Supreme Court: The 870(1)
Nomination of Robert Bork
Reagan and Gorbachev: The Road to 871(1)
Understanding
The 1988 Presidential Election 871(2)
The Democratic Choice 872(1)
The Campaign 872(1)
The Reagan Legacy 872(1)
Kinder, Gentler George Herbert Walker Bush 873(4)
Bush's Domestic Policy 874(1)
The Continuing AIDS Crisis 874(1)
Foreign Policy Successes, 1989--1990 874(1)
The End of No New Taxes 875(1)
Iraq and Kuwait 875(1)
The Budget Battle 876(1)
War in the Persian Gulf 876(1)
Picturing the Past: Victory in the Gulf 877(3)
War
The Battle over the Clarence Thomas 878(1)
Nomination
A Sense of Unease 878(2)
From Prosperity to Terrorism, 1992--2003 880(22)
An Angry Nation: 1992 882(1)
The Embattled Bush Presidency 882(1)
Bill Clinton: A New Democrat 882(1)
The Perot Insurgency 882(1)
The 1992 Election Campaign 883(1)
The Clinton Presidency 884(2)
Clinton's Domestic Agenda 884(1)
Reforming Health Care 884(1)
Clinton's Political Troubles 885(1)
Clinton and the World 885(1)
The Republican Revolution: 1994 886(1)
Picturing the Past: The Republican 887(1)
Revolution of 1994
Race in the 1990s 887(1)
The O.J. Simpson Case 887(1)
Picturing the Past: Hispanics Enter 888(1)
Politics
The Immigration Backlash 888(1)
The Republicans in Power 888(2)
Tragedy in Oklahoma City 889(1)
The Republicans Falter 889(1)
The Race for the Republican Nomination 889(1)
Clinton Resurgent: Bosnia 890(1)
The Simpson Verdict and the Politics of 890(1)
Race
The Million Man March 890(1)
Culture Wars: Multiculturalism and 890(1)
Political Correctness
The Battle over Gay Rights 891(1)
Affirmative Action and Civil Rights 891(1)
Clinton Wins a Second Term 891(5)
Clinton's Political Fortunes Improve 891(1)
The First Lady Under Fire 892(1)
The Republicans Pick Dole 892(1)
The Rise of the Internet 892(1)
Welfare and Other Reforms in Congress 893(1)
The National Conventions 894(1)
Perot Again 894(1)
Campaign Scandals 894(1)
A Mixed Result 895(1)
A New Cabinet 895(1)
Modest Programs Modestly Advanced 895(1)
An Ambitious Foreign Policy 896(1)
An Economic Boom 896(1)
Clinton Embattled 896(3)
The Monica Lewinsky Scandal 897(1)
The 1998 Elections 898(1)
Clinton Impeached and Acquitted 898(1)
The 2000 Presidential Campaign: Bush 898(1)
Versus Gore
Terrorism and the Bush Presidency 899(2)
September 11, 2001, and After 900(1)
Picturing the Past: Ground Zero After the 901(1)
Attack of September 11, 2001
Document: President George W. Bush 902
Responds to Terrorism