The 'Vanity of the Philosopher' : From Equality to Hierarchy in Postclassical Economics

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The 'Vanity of the Philosopher' : From Equality to Hierarchy in Postclassical Economics

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  • 製本 Hardcover:ハードカバー版/ページ数 323 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780472114962
  • DDC分類 330.153

Full Description


Attempts to explain the shift from egalitarian Classical economic thought to the difference and hierarchy of post - Classical economic thinking Continuing the themes introduced in Levy's acclaimed book How the Dismal Subject Got Its Name, The Vanity of the Philosopher picks up the issues of racism, eugenies, hierarchy, and egalitarianism in classical economics and looks at the various attacks on classical economics' doctrine of human equality. Responding to accusations over the years from the left and the right that the market economy has created either inequality or too much equality, Peart and Levy look at the role of the eugenies movement in pushing economics away from the classical economists' respect for the individual toward a more racist view at the turn of the century. Thus the book attempts to demonstrate the consequences of hierarchy in social science. It show how the "vanity of the philosopher" has led to recommendations that range from the more benign but still objectionable "looking after" paternalism, to overriding preferences, and, in the extreme, to eliminating purportedly bad preferences. The conclusion is that, at least as a first approximation, an analytical system that abstracts from difference and presumes equal competence is morally compelling.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments                                    vii
Preface xi
List of Figures xvii
List of Tables xix
PART I: EQUALITY VERSUS HIERARCHY
Analytical Egalitarianism and Its Opposition 3 (12)
Perceiving Race and Hierarchy 15 (16)
PART II: CLASSICAL ECONOMICS AND THE CATTLE
HERDERS
Hierarchy and Transformation: ``Chemical 31 (27)
Political Economy''
Denying Human Homogeneity: Eugenics and the 58 (29)
Making of Postclassical Economics
Statistical Prejudice: From Eugenics to 87 (17)
Immigration
Picking Losers for Sterilization: Eugenics 104 (25)
as Demographic Central Planning
PART III: DEBATING SYMPATHY
Sympathy and Its Discontents: ``Greatest 129 (25)
Happiness'' versus the ``General Good''
``Who Are the Canters?'': The Coalition of 154 (26)
Evangelical-Economic Egalitarians
A Discipline without Sympathy: The 180 (28)
Happiness of the Majority and Its Demise
Darwin and the Differential Capacity for 208 (29)
Happiness: From Cardinal to Ordinal Utility
Theory
PART IV: THE THEORIST IN THE MODEL
Analytical Egalitarianism, Anecdotal 237 (28)
Evidence, and Information Aggregation via
Proverbial Wisdom
PART V: CONCLUSION
Sympathy and the Past: Our ``Stock in Dead 265 (8)
People'' Reconsidered
Postscript: A Letter from M. Ali Khan 270 (3)
Appendices: Galton's Two Papers on Voting as 273 (10)
Robust Estimation
Bibliography 283 (24)
Name Index 307 (8)
Subject Index 315