Re-Forming the State : The Politics of Privatization in Latin America and Europe (Interests, Identities, and Institutions in Comparative Politics)

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Re-Forming the State : The Politics of Privatization in Latin America and Europe (Interests, Identities, and Institutions in Comparative Politics)

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  • 製本 Paperback:紙装版/ペーパーバック版/ページ数 204 p.
  • 言語 ENG,ENG
  • 商品コード 9780472088508
  • DDC分類 338.925

基本説明

Compares the processes leading to market reform experiments and its political effects in Latin America and Europe.

Full Description


With evidence drawn from Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Great Britain, and Hungary, Re-forming the State examines the processes leading to, and the political effects of, market reform experiments and focuses specifically on the patterns of collective action and coalition building that drive privatization. The author's argument calls into question established approaches in the discipline of economics and in the fields of comparative and international political economy.The experience of privatization shows that the public and the private are neither contradictory nor mutually exclusive spheres, and that power relations between them are not necessarily zero-sum. To stress the point, the author borrows from the literature on state formation, which has extensively examined the historical processes of key private groups. The evidence presented shows why and how, by restructuring coalitional and institutional arenas, the state uses marketization to generate political order and to distribute political power. Thus, the author specifies the conditions under which political change is conceived in terms of and channeled through economic policy; in other words, how the state is "re-formed" through privatization. Re-forming the State thus highlights how privatization is simultaneously a movement from public to private, but also a movement from non-state to state, as the reduction of state assets leads to institutional changes that increase state capacities for defining and enforcing property rights, extracting revenue, and centralizing administrative and political resources.Hector E. Schamis is Assistant Professor of Government, Cornell University.

Table of Contents

        List of Tables                             ix
Acknowledgments xi
Part 1. The Approach
Introduction 3 (26)
Part 2. Stylizing the Approach: Chile's Reform
Experiment
From State to Market: The Chilean Policy 29 (19)
Reform Experiment
Distributional Coalitions and the Politics of 48 (19)
Market Reform and Privatization in Chile
Re-Forming the State: Privatization, 67 (20)
Centralization of Power, and Institutional
Change in Chile
Part 3. Privatization as Coalition Building and
State Formation: Comparative Perspectives on
Economic Reform
Britain: From Keynesianism to Thatcherism and 87 (25)
Beyond
Mexico and Argentina: From Import 112(30)
Substitution to Privatization under
Postpopulism
Hungary: From State Socialism to Democratic 142(31)
Capitalism
Part 4. Conclusions
Economic Reform, State Formation, and 173(24)
Democracy: Inconvenient Facts and Avenues for
Future Research
Index 197